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Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Microfilm  Editor 

Gregory  Field 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Elsa  Gltelman 
Leonard  DeGraaf 
Dennis  D.  Madden 

Mary  Ann  Hellrlgel 
Paul  B.  Israel 
Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Karen  A.  Detig 
Gregory  Jankunls 
Douglas  G.  Tarr 

Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 

Rutgers  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  SI 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

University  Publications  of  America 
Bethesda,  Maryland 
199  3 

Edison  signature  used  i 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

be  reproduced, ^stored0  fn  ^rehleva^syslem  'or  Iran!  ’T"’0"  °f  'r^  8Uide  a"d  indeX  °r  °f  the  microfilm  may 
mechanical,  or  chemical,  including  photocopying,  recordtag’orTapinToMrfoLT3"5-8”'’1^'  ?eCtr0nic' 
systems-without  written  permission  of  Rutgem,  The  State  University,  New^Bnln^S^jS?6  re‘fieVal 

New  jemet  “  ^  ^  ^  **  “  the  Edis°"  National  Historic  Site  at  West  Omnge, 

v-upyngm  <! 


ISBN  0-89093-702-8. 


Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  anti  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Associate  Director  and  Microfilm  Editor 

Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 

Helen  Endick 



Rutgers,  The  State  University  of 
New  Jersey 

Francis  L.  Lawrence 
Joseph  J.  Seneca 
Richard  F.  Foley 
Rudolph  M.  Bell 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Howard  L.  Green 

National  Park  Service 
John  Maounis 
Maryanne  Gerbauckas 
Nancy  Waters 
George  Tselos 
Smithsonian  Institution 
Bernard  Finn 
Arthur  P.  Molella 


James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
Alfred  D.  Chandler,  Jr.,  Harvard  University 
Neil  Harris,  University  of  Chicago 
Thomas  Parke  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Arthur  Link,  Princeton  University 
Nathan  Reingold,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Robert  E.  Schofield,  Iowa  State  University 


William  C.  Hittinger  (Chairman),  RCA  Corporation 
Edward  J.  Bloustein,  Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey  * 
Cees  Bruynes,  North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Paul  J.  Christiansen,  Charles  Edison  Fund 
Philip  F.  Dietz,  Westinghouse  Electric  Corporation 
Roland  W.  Schmitt,  General  Electric  Corporation 
Harold  W.  Sonn,  Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas  Company 
Morris  Tanenbaum,  AT&T 




The  Alfred  P.  Sloan  Foundation 
Charles  Edison  Fund 
The  Hyde  and  Watson  Foundation 
Geraldine  R.  Dodge  Foundation 


National  Science  Foundation 
National  Endowment  for  the  Humanities 
National  Historical  Publications  and 
Records  Commission 


Alabama  Power  Company 
Amerada  Hess  Corporation 

Atlantic  Electric 

Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 
Companies,  Inc. 

Battelle  Memorial  Institute 
The  Boston  Edison  Foundation 
Cabot  Corporation  Foundation,  Inc. 
Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company 
Consolidated  Edison  Company  of 
New  York,  Inc. 

Consumers  Power  Company 
Coming  Glass  Works  Foundation 
Duke  Power  Company 
Entergy  Corporation  (Middle  South 
Electric  Systems) 

Exxon  Corporation 
Florida  Power  &  Light  Company 
General  Electric  Foundation 
Gould  Inc.  Foundation 
Gulf  States  Utilities  Company 
Idaho  Power  Company 
International  Brotherhood  of  Electrical 

Iowa  Power  and  Light  Company 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  H.  Katz 
Matsushita  Electric  Industrial  Co.,  Ltd. 
McGraw-Edison  Company 
Minnesota  Power 
New  Jersey  Bell 
New  York  State  Electric  &  Gas 

North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Philadelphia  Electric  Company 
Philips  International  B.V. 

Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas 
RCA  Corporation 
Robert  Bosch  GmbH 
Rochester  Gas  and  Electric 

San  Diego  Gas  &  Electric 
Savannah  Electric  and  Power  Company 
Schering-Plough  Foundation 
Texas  Utilities  Company 
Thomas  &  Betts  Corporation 
Thomson  Grand  Public 
Transamerica  Delaval  Inc. 
Westinghouse  Educational  Foundation 
Wisconsin  Public  Service 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 

The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co.,  which  was  organized  to 
promote  Edison’s  coin-operated  phonograph.  Also  included  are  documents 
about  the  technical  development  of  the  coin-operated  phonograph  and  about 
the  company’s  lawsuit.  against  the  North  American  Phonograph  Co.  Many  of 
the  letters  are  by  Felix  Gottschalk,  president  of  the  company.  Some  of  the 
material  may  be  partially  illegible  due  to  water  damage. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal 
and  acknowledgement;  routine  business  correspondence  concerning  stock 
transfers  and  company  meetings;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 


Tel egr an  received  from  Mr.  Kdison. 

3*  Tate,  Charlotte  H.  C.  Fob.  IS,  1890. 

Find  Louis  Glass  and  have  him  see  Major  Hat on,  who 
Tri.ll  give  information  about  Choever  and  Gilliland. 

Get  a  list  of  all  Phonograph  Companies  and  write 
them  that  in  the  course  of  a  month  I  shall  be  able 
to  furnish  nickel  in  siot  attachment  at  factory 
prices,  and  they  need  not  pay  large  price  to  out¬ 
side  parties,  if  they  desire  such  a  device.  See 
Lippincott  about  this  before  you  do  so.  This  to 
head  off  the  Che over -Gilliland  deal.  Perhaps  Lippin¬ 
cott  has  the  right  to  prevent  Cheever.  If  so,  he 
bettor  do  it,  or  there  is  trouble  ahead  for  every¬ 

32  D,i  I  S 


0  N, 

Dear  Tate-  New  York  City»  February  17,  1890. 

Did  I  tell  you  that  Edison  says  he  does  not  want  his 
name  used  in  Cheever's  Company?  lie  wants  Gilliland's  name*' 
caken  out  altogether,  but  does  not  consent  to  have  his  own’ 
ased  and  prefers  that  it  should  not  be.  . 


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w  rfst*  c<_^l  ^Z-A^  (h'asisu^st*  Cc-t^sC'  /^i-okv^c.  tr^J 

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9  o^£-  .  ^ 

pAa^-s.  Q.’»  -  €k.  -k>  h, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  A.  P.  E.  Oo.  We  send  you  herewith,  for  your  files, 
original  agreements,  duly  executed  by  all  the  parties,  as  follows i 

(1)  Agreement  between  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Jesse  H.  Lippin- 
cott,  Thomas  R.  Lombard,  -the  North  American  Phonograph  Company, 
lewis  Glass,  Exploiting  Company  of  California  and  Automatic  Phono¬ 
graph  Exhibition  Company,  for  assigning  inventions  and  patents 
dated  April  19th,  1890. 

(3)  Agreement  between  same  parties  ani  Charles  A.  Oheev- 
er  and  Felix  Gottsohalk,  for  pooling  the  stock  of  the  A.P.E.Oo., 
dated  April  19th,  1890. 

Kindly  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  the  same,  and  oblige, 
Very  truly  yours, 



16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

44  WAT, I,  STREET, 

York,  . . SeptentoerSyd,  JSft 

A. 0. Tate,  Esq,' 

Edison  laboratory  . 

Orange,  n.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

X  have  yours  of  the  30th,  with  relation  to  the 
size  of  the  cabinet  for  the  Nickle-in-the-slot,  machine  and  the 

question  of  accommodating  the  Edison  Leland  battery  in  by  the  cabin 

X  would  o&  liked  to  have  sent  your  letter  on  to  Mr.Gottschalk 
but  it  is  not  of  the  character  that  i  can  very  well  send  to  him  as 
of  course  you  have  written  it  entirely  to  myself. 

Would  you  please  write  me  another  letter  setting  forth  the 

whole  matter  and  bearing  in  mind  that  t  want  to  send  the  whole  lets, 
-ts~  * 

ter  on^the  Niokle-in-the-slot  Co. 

I  will  take  thid  matter  up  in  connection  with  the  negotiations 
for  the  Phonograph  Works  to  go  ahead  making  the  apparatus. 

Yours  truly, 



13  PARK  ROW, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

. PMoMr...lO*h,._ 

I  beg  to  inform,  you  that  a  certificate  for  5500  shares 
of  the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company  is  at  your  disposal 
as  soon  as  you  can  call  at  the  office  and  receipt  for  same. 

This  terminates  the  ppoling^^April  19th,  1890. 

Respectf  uLly  ycrnrs , 

^  ~7  G  |  r' 

;  •  r,  ,  *2-  K 

n  ^  L 


Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co. 


13  PARK  ROW, 

. October . 11th. . 

from  the  - 

|  P  HO  NJ  'O  GRAP.H.) 


Mr.  A.  0.  Tate, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Tate 

Referring  to  your  enclosure  of  yesterday,  I 
am  anxious  to  see  both  Mr. .  Edison  ,and;  yourself  ori:  this  and  other'.' 
matters  connected  with  the  automatic  business,  and  ij£  convenient-/ 
please  telephone  Monday  morning  when  it  would  suit  ycta  b«jBt  '$o 
see  me  at  the  Laboratory.  ' Can  got  away  Monday  afterrioon'„or  TuesC 
day  morning.  .*  K  <  ;r  "j  U  *  "  r 

Yours  truly. 

J,  i  eT*  \  • 

In  regard  to  the  manufacture  of  Nickel  Slot, 
attachments  for  use  in  connection  with  the  phonograph,  the  agree¬ 
ment  between  the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company  and  the 
Edison  Phonograph  Works ,  of  the  19th  of  April,  1890,  5th  section, 
requires  the  Works  to  prepare  a  model  at  the  expanse  of  the  Auto¬ 
matic  Company,  according  to  the  best  judgment  and  skill  of  Thomas 
A.  Edison,  together  with  a  duplicate  of  the  said  modal. 

The  proper  way  for  us  to  start  under  this  agreement  is  to  •; 
carry  out  the  obligation  thus  imposed  and  get  a  speedy  decision 
on  a  permanent  model.  We  have  no  right  to  wait  for  the  Automatic 
Company  to  supply  a  model,  and  they  liave  absolutely  no  right  to, 
ask  us  to  do  so.  It  seems  to  me  that  Gilliland  is  taking  advan¬ 
tage  of  this  delay  to  manufacture  as  mary  machines  as  he  possibly 
can.  He  has  already  made  at  least  300  in  excess  of  the  500  which 
we  agreed  he  should  make,  and  I  believe  ha  is  still  delivering. 

PTutomhtic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co. 

13  PARK  ROW, 

•Personal » 

A*  0*  Tate,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

Ootober  23rd, . ■/(?$&§ 

I  herewith  enolose  to  yon  a  statement  from  the  ColnSMMl 
Phonograph  Co.  from  Sept.  1st  to  Oct.  15th,  showing  gross  rece|ft§ 
#2608.51,  out  of  whioh  our  Oonpany  receive  only  as  our  share  tf 
the  net  profit  during  the  six  weeks  #219.65. 

i  also  enolose  you  a  statement  of  the  batteries  owned  jointly 
by  the  Automatic  Company  and  Old  Dominion  Company,  189  storage 
batteries  costing  #2043.  You  will  understand  that  our  Company 
own  one  half  of  these  batteries,  and  that  Mr.  Edison  is  interested 
to  the  extent  of  one  quarter  of  what  we  own. 

I  also  enclose  you  a  letter  dated  Oct.  8th,  in  reference  to 
nmsioal  cylinders,  and  a  circular  sent  by  the  Hartford  Model  0o» 
to  the  various  looal  Phonograph  Companies  offering  to  furnish 
Automatic  Slot  machines.  After  a  careful  perusal  of  these  papers 
would  you  kindly  hand  them  to  Mr.  Edison  and  call  his  attention 
to  these  matters.  As  he  is  the  largest  personal  stockholder,  Z 
think  it  is  no  more  than  right,  that  Mr.  Edison  should  assist  US 
to  the  fullest  extent  possible  in  asserting  our  rights  in  these 
various  matt  era  and  bring  them  to  a  head  as  quickly  as  possiMs* 

A.  0.  T.  (S) 

Alloir  ms  to  suggest  to  you  that  an  automatic  register,  or 
bell  attached  to  a  set  of  your  batteries  by  which  the  user  could 
be  informed  when  about  the  battery  is  giving  out,,  say  within  five  ' 
hours,  would  greatly  enhanse  the  value  of  your  battery,  I 
should  think  Mr.  Bdison  would  have  no  difficulty  in  invent i** 
a  devioe  of  this  kind  for  you. 

Any  time  you  are  in  the  city  we  wish  you  would  take  the  tg|f$ 
to  call  in  and  see  us. 

Respectfully  yourB, 


MONTHLY  STATEMENT.  Sept.  1st,  to  Oct.  15,90# 

in" account  with, 




months  rental  Phonograph  at  $40.  per  annum. 

ToiMisc.  Expenses  including  music.  .  "  $795.21 

.  "  Placing  and  caring  for  machines.  '  “  705.96 

.  "  Commissions.  ’  268.81 

•  Batteries,  '  ;  247. S3 

TbtalyAm't  of.  expenses  to  Oct.  15th,  $2074.31 


2  j  532.20 

266.10  due  each  Qp 
46.45  freight 
due  Automatic  Co.  219.65“ 

1/2  Net  Profit  to  Auto.  Phono.  Ex.  Co. 

l/2  Net  Profit  to  Phonograph  Co. 

Us*.  : 

Total  receipt^ to  Oct,  15, ,1890. 






OCTOBER  18,  1890. 


«  16 
.  16 

Style  Oapaoity. 

•  Punpelly  .  240  Anp.  lira. 
.  Punipelly  V  190  Anp.  hrs. 
.'  Punpelly  .150  anip.  hra. 

•  Anglo-Am. » .300  amp.  lira. 
V  Anglo-Am. .  300  amp .  lira  • 
.  Potaah  . 






.  10.50 


Ooat .' 
•  200.00 
V  184.00 
i  1480.50 
.  ,  11.00 
.  il05?00 

• _ ^  62.50 


-  Cer* 



Manufacturers  of  the 
Hartford  Model  Hiokol-in-thc-Slot 
Attachments  for  Phonographs.1- 

Hartford,  Conn. 

■  -Hartford,  Conn'.Sopt .80,00. 

Minnesota  Phonograph  Co.  “  ,,  ;i 

Minneapolis,  Minn.  |  »  15* 

•Gentlemen:-  *  &  £  ■'*  £  “  V 

Wo  desire  to  call  your.rattentfon  to  the  “Hartford 
i  Model."  nick el-in-the-slot  attachment,  manufactured"- by  ‘this'  Com¬ 
pany  for  iis  e  with  the  phonograph v  jjf  /  f'.  ~  e 

This  attachment  is  simple  in  cons ^Sniot'l on“  purely,  automatic 
in  action,  is  compact,  neat,; and  reliable,  lit  requires' no  pre— 

■  paratory  change  or  alteration  in  the  phonograph  arid  can  be  attach¬ 
ed  or  removed  in  the  space  .qf  a  few?  minutes  and  with  but  little 
trouble  .  It  is  entirely  mechanical’  in  its! act  ion fusing  no 
oleotro-magnots  or- delicate,,  adjustments,  wj-ill  /serve  tpr  any  •  , 
length  of  cylinder,  is  nicely  nickel  plate’d  arid  makes'^  beauti¬ 
ful  and  attractive  addition  to  the  Phonograph.,  All  that  as  nec¬ 
essary  to  operate  the  mechanism  islithe  dropping  of  a  nickel  in 
the  tube-  the  attachment 'and  phonograph  do  the •  rest .  ;?The£ act •)  on 
of  t.ho  attachment  is  also  plainly  seen,  which  ^contfi but esc' mater¬ 
ially  to  the  interest  and  consequent  profits  of  the  automatic 
phonograph.  The  nickel  arrangement  is  unusually  prompt,  reliable 
and  satisfactory  and  the  combination  makes  the  simplest  and  best 
,■  attachment  of  the  kind  now  on  the  market . 

We  are  prepared  to  make  contracts  i^ith  your  company  for  the 
uf?  of .Model"  on  the  most  advantageous  terms.  'W@‘ 
will  rent  or-  sell  you -the  machines,  or,  if  you  prefer,  will  take 
charge  of  the.  business  in  your  territory,  leasing  phonographs  from 
your  company  on  such  terms1  as  may  be  agreed  upon.  Wo  require  no 
exclusive  contraot  and  make  no  extortionate  demands  and  we  be- 
—  •7?  1'®  oonpfmy  can  derive  a  great, er  profit  from, this  phase 
wavth0' bll°in0SS  by  th°  US®  °f  °lU>  Rttacl™ents  than '  in  ' any-  other 

idle  profitable  nature  of  the  business  is  probably  already 
known  to  you  and  wo  should  be  pleased  to  assist  you  in  its  de- 
I?/0™'  torritory-  If!?™  have  as  yet,  made  no  con- 
1™°**  °f  this  nature  'we  will  submit  for  your  consideration  our 
methods  of  work.  i. 

Hoping  to  “hoar  from  you  at  an  early  date,  we  remain, 

Hartford  Model  Co. 

,  ,  ,  Hugh  R.  Conyngton, 

.  ^  Secretary. 

Mutomhtic  Phonogrhph  Exhibition  Co. 

Mr*  Thomas 

Orange,  N.  J, 
Dear  SirJ- 

13  PARK 
d  1 

A.  Edison, 

October  25th, . Sty 3 * 

We  are  now  testing  an  improved  Automatic  Slot 
ine  in  connection  with  the  Phonograph,  and  during  this  coming  weofc 
expect  to  have  another  model  which  we  will  also  test*  As  sooft 3$ 
our  Company  have  decided  upon  the  standard  he  oh  ine  we  think  mH|f 
able  to  put  out  in  use,  we  will  see  that  you  have  a  model  fljf  $$$ 
same  without  delay* 

In  the  meantime,  we  understand  you  are  experimenting  in  th$£ 
direction  on  your  own  account,  and  would  kindly  request  you  t£ 
bear  in  mind  the:,  fact,  that  we  have  about  750  oabineta  not  negflg 
and  about  250  under  way  making  about  1000  all  told;  and  if  ygg  gj ft 
possibly  do  so,  we  wish  that  any  experimenta  you  make  in  thin 
may  be -made  in  view  of  using  the  oabineta  we  now  have  out  in  tfllOf 
a  sample  of  which  you  have  in  your  factory* 

Respectfully  yours. 

Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co. 


Mr*  Thomas  A*  Edison 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 


. Qctofaeracth, . Scffint 

ited  to  and  transcribe 

Enclosed  please  find  copy  of  a  oircular  letter  unde# 
date  of  Ootober  24th  from  the  Hartford  Model  Company,  alBo  oopy 
of  letter  from  the  Nebraska  Phonograph  Company,  whfoh  we  presume 
have  been  sent  to  all  the  local  Phonograph  Companies* 

We  are  convinced  that  circulars  of  this  description  will 
do  our  Company  harm  in  many  ways,  and  steps  ought  to  be  taken 
to  counteract  the  effeots  of  this  circular*  ? 

Respectfully  yours. 



THE  ' 


Hartford,  Conn.,'  'OotV  24,  1800. 

Gentlemen:-  .  o 

Hearing  that  you  had  aTlreacfy  nt-ide  a  contract  for 

machines,  we  did  not  expect  to  hear  from  you.  We' sliali  Boon  have ‘ 
men  on  the  road  with  machines  and  will- give'- yoir  an  'opportiniity  of 
Judging  of  their  merits.  ■"'l’  •> •  c--.'. 

The  Directors  have  decided  to  sell  ihb'machinbs  ^itright;1"  ’  - 
cash  on  delivery,  thus  avoiding  the  many' 'coc*  lio&Jbns 'and "obnox- ' 
ious1  obligations  incident  to  renting*'  aividi'ng'i?rofits,  !btc^l>'  ; 

We  can  easily  shov;  t  int  our  machines'  are  the  simplest  and  ' 
best,  and  hope  soon  to  give  you  a  practical  demonstration  of  t iks t 
Yours  truly, ' 

(signed)  Hartford  Model  Co. 




Omaha,  Nob.  Oct.  J34,  1800. 

I  herewith  enclose  you  photographs  of  a  multiple-tube 
attachment  for  the  nickel-in-th e-slot .  The  photographs  show  two 
tubes.  Three,  four  or  more  may  be  used,  but  probably  two  tubes  in 
addition  to  the  one  already  used  would  be  ampler  Photograph  No.  1 
Shows  the  air  tight  valves  closed,  so  no  sound  at  all  is  conveyed 
through  the  tubes.  No.  B.  shows. the  valves  open  ready  for  two 
persons  to  listen.  'A  nickel  passing  through  the  slot  opens  the 
valve.  It  requires  one  nickel  to  open  oaoh 'valve.  The  valves 
are  closed  by  the  carriage  as  it  returns,  it  is  exceedingly  sim¬ 
ple  and  a  sure  worker,  and  it  can  be  placed  on  any  nickel-in-tho- 
slot  machine.  It  is  held  in  placo  by  body  screw  of  phonograph. 

It  is  thought  that  this  device  will  double  the  earnings  of 
the  nickol-in-the-slot  phonograph.  It  is  proposed  to  furnish 
this  device  complete  (two  tubes);  for  five  cents  per  day,  or  §1.50 
per  month,  payable  monthly,  contract  to  continue  for  one  year. 
Ordors  can  bo  filled  in  about  twenty  or  thirty  days.  We  will  bo 
glad  to  receive  your  order  for  as  many  as  you  think  you  can  use  to 

Yours  truly, 

(signed)  E.  A.  Benson, 

,  0. 

||i  ill iillljp 


13  PARK  ROW, 

Mr.  A.  o.  Tate, 

.  . Npve^er  gjpd, _ . 

Herewith  I  hand  you  the  number  of  machines  in  ope: 
ation  held  by  the  respective  Phonograph  Companies:-  ;; 

New  York  Phonograph  Company  140  mchines 

Hew  England  Phonograph  Company  60 

Hew  Jersey  Phonograph  Company  .45  * 

Old  Dominion  Phonograph  Company  139  ■ Vy 

.Columbia  Phonograph  Company  136  *  \ 

Ohio  Phonograph  Company  05 • 

Georgia  Phonograph  Company  . ;«  ,17'-  ■  § 

Kentucky  Phonograph  Company  '40  '  *  ^  \ 

Florida  Phonograph  Company  '  /$£.  • 

Minnesota  Phonograph  Company  25  * 

Montana  Phonograph  Company  25  » 

Alabama  Phonograph  Company  39  _ 

Yours  truly, 

hcZtj — 
g_t  UZ-  ^  Ce>^ 



lxU  ^ 

f-' ""■*-- 

Cn-^fir  .  ^(X^ZZ^JL  -f--^ 

J~(f  ~  0  i-w.  ^  <2=^- 

<  e  J)r  - "■-  -t-  £ie.t-c^f~  C"'  v 

.  i^->-aaJ<* 

<*£  j 

>  (r^ 


Unless'  you  hear  . to  the  contrary  from  me  you  may  expeot 

at  the  Laboratory  next  Wednesday  afternoon  about  2  o’olook.  We 
are  rushing  the  working  model  of  the  iuproved .  Slot  attachment, 
and  I  hope  to  ship  the  same  to  you  some  day  this  coming  week. 

7/e  have  the  multiple  tube  machine  of  Mr.  Glass  at  our  office . 
This  is  an  automatic  four-way  tube  machine  working  electrically 
by  simply  dropping  a  nickel  in  the  slot.  If  the  sane  can  be„  of 
any  service  to  Mr.  Edison,  in  case  he  contemplates  raking  an 
automatic  machine,  I  am  sure  our  Company  would  only  be  too  glad" 
to  ship  the  same  to  your  Works. 

Yours  truly, 

Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co. 

13  PARK  ROW, 

. .N.Q.Ye.Pib.e.g.....3,.g.t.b.4 

Mr.  A.  0.  Tate, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir!-  <  •  » 

We  are  in  receipt  of  yoitr  telegram  as  followsj- 
"Please  send  oabinets  to  Laboratory  by  express  to-day  sure®,  mid 
beg  to  say,  that  the  oabinets  will  be  shipped ^by  express  to-day 
or  to-morrow.  ■ 

Res  dur  s. 

Enclosed  please  find  Minutes  of  the  last  Trustees' 
meeting  duly  signed  by  the  Commodore  and  myself.  Would  you  kindly 
look  over  the  same  and  if  correct,  send  them  with  a  few  lines  ' to 
Mr.  Insull  and  secure  his  signature  and  have  him  return  the  same 
to  me.  As  he  was  not  present  at  the  last  meeting  and  you  were 
his  substitute,  I  think  it  best  to  have  him  sign  the  Minutes 
of  the  proceeding. 

You  no  doubt  received  a  circular  from  Mr.  Price  regarding 
the  lecture  on  Thursday  evening  next  at  the  Electric  Club  to  be  . 
delivered  by  Professor  Hioolls  of  Cornell  University  on  the 
"Artificial  Light  of  the  Future!  As  this  promises  to  be  a  very 
interesting  lecture  and  no  doubt  would  be  worth  listening  to,  I 
thought  perhaps  you  might  find  time  to  come  over 'if  you  have  noth¬ 
ing  better  to  do.  If  so,  I  will  meet  you  Thursday  evening,  art 
we  can  have  that  promised  dinner  together, at  the  Club  and  then 
listen  to  the  lecture*  Perhaps  if  Mr..  Edison  has  nothing  better 
to  do  he  might  join  yotm. 

I  expect  a  woricing  model  of  the  new  attadhirent  by  Thursdayor 

Friday,  so  in  case  you  can  find  time  to  oome  over  here  Thursday 
tov/ards  evening,  I  may  be  able  to  shew  it  to  you.  I  intend  bring- 
ing  the  same  to  the  Faotory  by  the  end  of  this  wdel^  if  Mr. 

Edison  iB  at  home.  By. that  time  probably  the  Niak  el-in-the-Slot 
machine  which  he  is  new  constructing  may  be  ready. 

Edison  General  Electric  Co. 



1,1  Mould  be  checked  with  the  original  n 

Xante  of  Pet-eon  Receiving. 

Miss  .Main s  11,. 

. 1 1/20 . 

From  whom  received. 
To  whom  sent. 

Mr  A.  0.  Tate,  Labratory. 

Mr  Samuel  Insull,  Secorid  Vice  President  . 

X  sent  yesterday  ,  to  the  Nickel  &  Slot  Company,  the 
following  letter 

11  Dear  Sir:-  Referring  to  the  contract  between  us, 
dated  the  I9th  day  of  April,  1890,  and  more  particularly  to  the 
5th  section  thereof,  X  hereby  notify  you  that  Ihave  made  a  complet 
model  Slot  machine  and  a  duplicate  of  the  same,  which  is  to  be 
known  as  the  Standard  Slot  Machine  Phonograph, 

I  am  prepared  now  to  carry  out  all  the  provisions,  of 
this  arrangement  pertaining  to  manufactures. 

The  fith  section  provides  for  delivery  at  a  rate  not 
to  exceed  15  machines  per  day  ,  to  be  regulated  from  time  to 
time  upon  30  days  notice  . 

Please  advise  me  where  to  deliver  your  duplicate  model  V 
Yours  truly, 

(  Signed  )  Thomas  AEDISON" 

Mr  Gotts chalk  is  with  me  now  inspecting  the  new  model, 

In  regard  to  PhonograpWks  letter  to  North  American  Company  I 

o  sign. 

will  S( 

Eaton  and  obtai' 

draft  of  letti 

for  you  ti 


cJ&uM^<mA  November  21st.  1890. 

My  dear  Sir  : 

1  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  yesterday,  sug¬ 
gesting  that  during  the  absence  of  Mr.  Lippincott  I  shall  act  as 
E  DireCt0r  °f  The  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company,  and  in 
reply  would  say  that  I  shall  have  no  objection  to  assuming  the  du¬ 
ties,  provided  such  an  arrangement  meets  with  the  approval  of  Mr 
Lippincott.  I  will  confer  with  him  on  the  subject  and  write  you 
further  in  a  day  or  two. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N,  J. 

/•’/pM)  &t-i  .  '"V*- 


November  S5th.  1890, 

My  dear  Sir  : 

Further  replying  to  your  favor  of  November  20th,  on 
the  subject  of  myj arranging  to  have  myself  elected  as  a  Director 
of  the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co.,  would  say  that  I  am  in¬ 
formed  by  Mr.  Idppincott  that  he  will  be  very  glad  to  have  me  join 
the  Board  to  fill  the  vacancy  now  existing  and  for  which  it  is  un¬ 
derstood  he  is  to  nominate  a  candidate.  He  seems  to  think  that, 
upon  this  being  done,it  will  not  be  necessary  for  his  resignatiol 
to  be  tendered. 

Mr.  Lipp'incott  will  at  once  transfer  to  my  name  100 
shares  of  the  stock  of;,  the  Company  and  when  this’ is  done  I  shall 
be  qualified  for  election,  if  you  approve.  « 

'  Yourfl  veyj  truly ,  ?' 

Thomas  A.  Edison^  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J,.y 

Referring  to  the  tender  of  the  Automatic  Maohine  made  to 
this  Company  last  week  by  you,  we  would  ask  if  the  invention  of 
Mr.  J.  F.  ott  of  Orange,  N.  J.  is  the  one  you  intend  using  in 
connection  with,  the* phonograph,  and  if  this  invention  is  the  one. 
that  you  tender  to  this.  Company*  In  other  words  whether  Mr.'. 

Ott '8  application  belongs  i o  the  Automatic  Company  or' not.  $9  5  >" 

need  this  information  so  as  to.  know  how  to  file  our  answer  re- 
garding  the  interference  of  Mr'.  Ott  with  several  of  the  appli-  * 

cations  owned  by  this  Company.  •;  S  1  •/ 

£*tub'  p»- 1 


U  £ 

/2 f'K  /iy  -p  as/w 

'CM!/  ( ECJU  'TAB LE  B U !  LD I N  G ) 


’  &t9?yf/Wp.r.  .' 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


Dear  Sir:  ' 

.  Re  Parents  and  Applications  of  Automatic  Phonograph 

Exhibition  Company.  Enclosed  please  find  a  carbon  copy  of  mv  re¬ 
port  of  the  1st  inst.  to  this  Company  on  the  present  status  of  theii 
patents  and  applications. 

I  call  your  attention  particularly  to  what  I  say 
about  John  Ott  near  the  middle  of  page  eight. 

I  send  yr  '  ' 

this  rep_. 

is  going  on.  P-tease  return  it  to 
it,  and  oblige, 

Very  truly  your 

~V  v;  .  .--a 

'  >.  f  ■-*-  -  i  '■> 

i  order  that  you  may  know  what 
after  you  are  through  with 


L. . .o 


/,  'ry  o « 


Hesr  York  City,  Decenber  1st,  1890. 

Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company, 

Felix  Gottsohalk,  Esq.,  President. 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Pending  Applications  for  Patents  and  Patents  and  Assign¬ 
ments  thereof  to  you. 

I  bog  to  submit  for  your  information  the  following  statement 
of  how  these  things  now  stand: 

(1)  on  October  15,  1890,  I  sent  to  the  Patent  Office  for  re¬ 
cord,  assigments  from  the  Exploiting  Company  to  you,  of  patent  Nos. 
438,750  and  428,751,  and  of  application  for  patents  of  Glass  and 
Arnold,  filed  Feb.  15,  1890,  serial  No.  340,027,  for  joint  inven¬ 
tion  for  Numis  Motor  Phongraphs,  On  October  25,  1890,  I  received 
from  the  Patent  Office  notice  that  these  assignments  had  been  re¬ 
ceived,  and  that  they  would  be  recorded  in  due  course.  No  doubt 
the  Patent  Office  will  return  the  said  assignments  to  me  within 
the  next  week  or  so.  But  you  can  consider  the  assignments  as  hav¬ 
ing  boon  duly  recorded  as  of  the  date  when  they  were  received  by 
the  Patent  Office. 

(24  In. addition  to  the  above  two  patents  and  one  application, 
you  are  interested  in  three  other  applications,  as  follows: 

(a)  S.  H.  $40,687,  joint  invention  of  James  F.  Gilliland  and 
A.  K.  Keller,  application  for  patent  filed  in  the  Patent  Office 
Fob.  17,  1890.  This  invention,  the  whole  of  it,  was  originally 
assigned  by  tbSse  two  joint  4nve3K&nB,  to  Ezra  T.  Gilliland  on  Jan 
31,  1890,  which  was  before  the  application  was  filed.  Th>v*tt|fcd 


Gilliland  on  Fab.  10,  1890,  assigned  the  whole  of  the  same  to  you, 
which  was  done  sIbo  before  the  application  was  filed.  Under  the 
rules  of  the  Patent  Office  the  aforesaid  two  assignments  c-ould  not 
be  recorded,  because  they  failed  to  state  the  date  of  the  filing 
of  the  application.  In  fact  the  application  was  filed  after  the 
assignment  of  the  invention.  In  order  to  cure  this  defect,  a  new 
assignment  (  to  take  the  place  of  the  old  one  made  on  Jan.  31,1890, 
as  aforesaid)  was  made  by  James  F.  Gilliland  and  Albert  K.  Keller 
to  Ezra  T.  Gilliland,  by  written  instrument  dated  November  11,  1890. 
Unider  dA"tO“  of  Nov.  14,  1890,  the  said  Ezra  T.  Gilliland  made  ah  new 

assignment  (  to  tako^he^ place  of  the  aforesaid  assignment  of  Feb. 
10,  1890)  to  you.  Hte^two  last  named  assignments  are  now  in  my 

possession,  and  I  shall  forward  them  at  once  to  the  Patent  Offico 
for  record,  viz:  Assignment a of  Nov.  11,  1890,  from  James  P.  Gilli¬ 
land  and  Albert  K.  Keller  to  Ezra  T.  Gilliland  and  Assignment  of 
Nov.  14,  1890,  from  Ezra  T.  Gilliland  to  you,  both  assignments  re¬ 
lating  to  serial  No.  340,687.  This  will  give  you  a  complete  title 
to  the  whole  of  these  applications  and  will  result  in  the  patents 
when  thoy  are  allowed,  boing  issued  to  you,  as  assignee  of  the  in¬ 

£/v  Wojjr 

(b*  S&M52S&  invention  of  Ezra  T.  Gilliland  relating  to  im¬ 

provements  in  automatic  locking  and  releasing  devices.  This  applfc 
cation  has  been  allowed  and  Mr.  Kiddle  is  about  sending  final  fee 
to  the  Patent  Office  in  order  that  the  patent  may! isSue  at  Once. 
This  assignment  was  originally  made  for  the  whole  of  the  invention, 
by  instrument  dated  Eeb.  10,  1890,  but  in  consequence  of  the  date 
of  the  application  not  having  been  mentioned  in  that  assignment, 
because  the  application  was  really  filed  after  the  application  was 
made,  a  new  assignment  has  been  executed  by  Mr.  Gilliland  under 

^at0  of  *  1890  Mr*  Kiddle  will  forward  this  assigment,  to  the 


Patent  Office  at  once,  when  he  sends  the  final  fee  as  aforesaid. 


•«  =x  latesta-dine  Of  the  tatter  1.  ,tot  the  p.teht  .in  ierao 

in  your  name  aB  assignee  of  the  said  Gilliland. 


(c)  S.N.  U&ppps.,  application  for  patent  filed  March  6,  1890, 
joint  invention  of  Prank  W.  Toppan  and  K^ra  T.  Gilliland,  for 
attachments  for  automatically  operating  phonographs.  The  said 
Toppan  owned  one  half  of  this  invention,  and  the  said  Gilliland 
owned  the  other  half.  The  latter  half  was  sold  by  Mr.  Gilliland 
to  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company,  which,  X  believe,  owns  it, 
and  holds  the  title  to  it.  The  said  half  of  Mr.  Toppan  wan  ass¬ 
igned  to  you  by  instrument  dated  Feb .  10,  1890,  now  in  mjV possess¬ 
ion,  but  inasmuch  as  this  instrument  does  not  contain  date  of  fil¬ 
ing  application,  Which  was  really  at  a  X^date,  March  6,  1890, 
a  new  assignment  must  be  made  by  Mr.  Toppan  to  you.  This  document 
has  been  drawn  and  is  now  held  by  Mr.  Kiddle  awaiting  Mr.  Toppan's 
return  from  Europe  when  he  will  execute  it  and  it  will  then  be.  re¬ 
corded.  i  should  here  state  that  as  regards  this  assignment  and 
the  one  mentioned  above,  wherein  the  dates  of  filing  applications 
were  omitted,  the  assignments  themselves  are  valid  in  law  notwith¬ 
standing  said  omissions,  but  they  cannot  be  recorded  in  the  Patent 
Office  owing  to  its  peculiar  rules.  This  is  a  matter  which  merely 
relates  tp  convenience  of  record  but  does  not  Effect  the  validity 
and  legal  force  of  the  assignments  themselves. 

(8)  So  far  as  I  know,  your  present  interests  in  patents  a«l 
and  pending  applications  are  limited  to  the  applications  mentioned 
*ove  in  subdivision  (2,  and  to  the  two  patents  and  one  application 
mentioned  above  in  subdivision  (1).  But  in  saying  this  *  shall, 
put  in  a  saving  clause  as  regards  subdivision  (1),  viz:  that  owing 
to  my  lack  of  eft  definite  information  touching  the  applications  of 
Glass  and  Arnold,  I  am  in  some  doubt  whether  their  applications  to 
which  you  are  entitled,  were  five  in  a-.  ^ 


But  I  boliovo  that  the  latter  is  the  fact.  To  the  best  of  my  in¬ 
formation,  Glass  and  Arnold  made  three  applications  for  patents, 
to  wit:  S.N.  334,196,  filed  Decontoer  18,  1889;  S.1T.  339,069,  filed 
Fob.  3,  1890;  and  S.N.  340,627  filed  Feb.  15,  1890.  These  throe 
of  the30  applications  all  became  your  property.  On  the  first  tvfo^ 
patents  havo  been  granted.  On  the  last'  application  no  patents  has 
yet  boon  allowed  .  Does  this  agroo  with  your  understanding?  1  Ke- 


fee?  1„  it  is  so. 

(4)  Referring  now  to  the  last  named  application  of  Fob.  15, 
1890,  S.N.  340,627,  of  Glass  and  Arnold  for  inventions  for  Numis 
Motor  Phonographs,  that  application  has  been  put  in  interference 
with  the  aforosaid  application  of  Ezra  T.  Gilliland  and  Frank  W. 
Toppan  for  attachments  for  automatically  operating  phonographs  S.N. 
342,875,  filed  March  6,  1890. 

As  regards  the  said  application  of  Gilliland  and  Keller  No. 
340,687,  three  interferences  were  declared  last  week,  viz.  Inter¬ 
ference  No.  14,846  with  H.R.  and  T.  Conyngton  of  Gal vest an  and  H. 
Hooschen  of  Omaha,  to  an  electric  oirouit  for  operating  phonographs 
normally  open  at  two  points  and  closed  by  the  contact  of  a  coin; 
interference  No.  14,847,  with  the  aforosaid  Conyngtons,  relating 
to  moans  for  breaking  the  electric  oircdit  at  the  end  of  the  move¬ 
ment;  and  interference  No.  14,848,  withW.  S.  Burnett,  relating  to 
mechanisms  for  starting  and  stopping  the  motor  and  for  a  lifting 
devioe  for  the  arm. 

As  regards  the  said  application  of  Gilliland  and  Toppan,  S.N. 
342; 875,  three  interferences  were  declared  last  week,  viz:  Inter¬ 
ference  No.  14,625  with  Glass  and  Arnold,  relating  to  means  for 
holding  up  and  lowering  the  arm;  interference  No.  14,842^8Rjf&^S:., 
Clark  of  Pittsburgh  and  E.  E.  Flora  of  Chicago,  and  Glass  and 


Arnold,  for  means  for  raising  tho  arm;  and  interference  Mo.  14,844, 
with  John  Ott,  of  Orange,  relating  to  the  raised  position  of  the 
arm  and  tripping  devices. 

(5)  Referring  again  to  tho  interference  mentioned  above  in 
the  first  part  of  subdivision  (4),  viz:  interference  between  S.N. 
340,627  of  Glass  and  Arnold  and  S.N.  342,875  of  K.  T.  Gilliland  and 
Toppan,  there  is  a  question  still  open  which  needs  attention.  Tho 
subject  mattor  of  this  interference  is  this: 

A  phonograph  comprising  a  box  or  case,  a  phonogram  cylinder 
mounted  thereupon,  a  reproducer,  a  feed  and  return  mechanism  for 
said  reproducer,  an  armature,  eccentrically  connected  v/ith  said 
food  and  return  mechanism,  and  a  magnet  acting  upon  said  armature 
and  adapted  to  automatically  and  alternately  reverse  said  mechanism 

Tho  Patent  Office  holds  that  tho  foregoing  issue  is  covered 
by  all  of  the  twelve  claims  of  the  Gilliland  and  Toppan  application, 
but  by  only  the  first  of  the  fourteen  claims  of  the  Glass  and  Arn¬ 
old  application.  Both  applications  are  now  owned  toy. the  same  party 
except  as  regards  certain  pacific  coast  territory.  That  toeing  so, 
the  subject  matter  in  interference  can  be  by  consent  erased  from 
either  one  of  the  two  applications  if  it  be  desirable  to  dispose  of 
tho  subject  in  that  way,  although  it  should  not  be  erased  from  the 
former  application  because  all  of  the  twelve  claims  thereof  would 
bo  affected.  If  an  erasure  be  made,  it  from  the  Glass 

and  Arnold  application,  because  only  the'  first  of  its  fourteen 
claims  would  be  affected. 

Why  get  rid  of  tho  interference  by  erasure?  ^hy  not  let 
both  parties  to  the  interference  file  sworn  preliminary  staten^nts 
acting  up  dates  of  invention,  and  then  let  the  Patent  Office  award 
priority?  This  last  course,  is  open  to  the  objection  that  tho 
actual  dates  of  iwontion  would  become  a  matter  a-r  _ ,, 


in  tho  Patent  Office,  and  we  might  possibly  have  reason  to  regret 
much  publicity,  in  the  fhturo. 

TOiy  not  have  both  parties  to  this  interference  prepare  their 
final  statements,  setting  forth  the  actual  dates  of  invention,  and 
lot  us  then, without  filing  tho  said  affidavits  in  the  Patent  Office^ 
ourselves  award,  so  to  speak,  priority  to  tho  earlier  inventor?It 
seems  to  me  that  this  is  tho  best  course,  because  it  provides  us 
with  a  sworn  statement  of  the  actual  dates  of  the  inventions,  which 
ttay  be  of  value  to  us  at  some  fhturo  time  in  the  event  of  litigat¬ 
ion  with  infringers.  Wo  have  asked  Glass  and  Arnold  to  supply  us 
with  this  affidavit,  but  they  are  unwilling  to  do  so.  They  prefer 
that  wo  should  settle  this  interference  by  erasure,  by  consent,  as 
mentioned  above.  for  some  reason  they  do  not  wish  to  puton  paper 
the  dato  of  their  invention,  and  swear  to  it.  Possibly  their 
arrangements  with  the  Exploiting  Company^ as  aforesaid  provedsit  to 
be  less  remote  than  was  expected.  Be  that  as  it  nay,  they  have 
thus  far  boon  unwilling  to  make  the  affidavit.  They  must  now, 
however,  realize  that  an  affidavit  must  be  made,  in  consequence  ofa 
interference  No.  14,842,  mentioned  above  at  the  top  of  page  5.  The 
parties  ;io  that  interference  aro  beyond  our  control,  so  an  affida¬ 
vit  must  bo  made  by  Glass  and  Arnold  or  tho  invention  will  be  lost 
to  us  by  default.  ' 

In  view  of  the  above,  I  now  recommend  that  yam  write  to  Glass 
and  Arnold  and  insist  upon  their  preparing  and  sending  t<rryou,  the 
usual  sworn  statement  called  for  by  the  ruleB  of  the  Patent  Office, 
as  regards  interference  No.  14,625;  also  t hat - 
enbioNo.  14,842,  they  be  asked  to  do  the  same.  No. time  should  be 

lOBt  in  attending  to  this,  'As  regards  tho  said  Interference  No. 
14,625,  wo  do  not  want  from  thorn  a  concession  of  priority  of  iiivon 


tion,  nor  an  abandonment  either  by  erasure  or  by  formal  instrument, 
nor  a  disclaimer  either  by  erasing  old  matter  or  by  inserting  new, 
but  what  we  do  want,  and  should  insist  on,  is  a  formal  sworn  state¬ 
ment  getting  forth  the  actual  date  of  invention,  as  customary  in 
such  cases.  Will  you  kindly  attend  to  that  at  pnoe,  or . instruct 
mo  to? 

I  should  here  state  that  Mr.  Kiddle  has  given  me  a  lengthy 
opinion  on  this  subject  prepared  by  him,  dated  Nov.  14,1890,  which 
1  shall  file  away  for  future  reference. 

(6)  Referring  again  to  the  question  of  recording  in  the  Patent 
Office  the  two  patents  and  four  applications  discussed  above  in 
this  pardonj^for  rapaating  j  ^f^aa.i^ata 

you  of  the  two  patents  and  the  one  application,  of  Blass  and  Arnold 
are  already  filed  for  record  in  the  Patent  Office;  that  the  assign¬ 
ments  of  two  other  applications  are  in  my  hands  and  will  be  sent  to 
the  Patent  Office  for  record  today;  and  that  the  remaining  appli¬ 
cations,  No.  S.N.  340,775,  of  E.  T.  Gilliland  will  be  at  once  sent 
to  the  Patent  Office  by  Mr.  Kiddle.  Please  also  let  me  again  state 
that  as  regards  S.N.  342,875,  of  Toppan  and  K.  T.  Gilliland,  the 
interest  of  the  latter  is  owned  by  the  North  American  Phonograph 
Company, ,  Should  not  that  Company  bo  asked  to  formerly  transfer 
it  to  you,  without  further  consideration?  Referring^  theiafore- 
aaid  Interference  No.  14,844,  with  John  Ott,  would  it  not  be  well 
for  you  to  ascertain  whether  or  not  arrangements  can  be  made  with 
him  for  mutual  benefit  touching  the  object  matter  in  this  Inter¬ 

(7)  Regarding  English  Letters  Patent  No.  17, 937, of  1888,  for 
-Improvements  in-Mao, hines  for  Reproducing  Sound  and  Methods  fbr 
Advertising  by  the  same-,  I  have  read  Mr.  Kiddle’s  opinion  of  April 



Has  proper  attention  been  given  in  your  interest  to  Mr.  Kiddle' 
recommendation,  viz:  that  it  would  be  well  for  ym  to  procure  this 
patent  so  as  not  to  have  out  standing  perhaps  in  the  possession  of 
a  competitor  any  patent  upon  which  to  base  a  colorrof  right  to  the 
ownership  of  inventions  covered  by  the  patents  and  applications  now 
belonging  to  you? 

Is  not  the  time  come  for  you  to  adopt  my  recent  suggestion 
that  all  of  your  patents  and  inventions  be  submitted  to  a  first 
class  export  for  a  thorough  examination  and  report?  Those  patents 
and  applications  recited  by  mo  at  length  in  this  letter,  the  said 
English  Patent,  the  proposed  new  machine  about  to  be  constructed 
by  Mr.  Gilliland  and  containing  his  recent  inventions,  and  the  var¬ 
ious  applications  of  other  inventors  as  shown  by  the  recent  In£?r- 
feronces  mentioned  above,  all  const in  my  ju&nent, 
for  you  to  call  in  tho  advice  of  the  best  mechanical  expert  at  com¬ 
mand.  Your  business  is  worth  protecting,  and  tlie  expense  would  nPt 
be  heavy. 

(8)  Please  excuse  tho  length  of  this  report,  but  I  feel  that 
the  subject  merits  full  consideration,  to  the  end  that  you  may 
clearly  understand  just  what  is  the  present  condition  of  your 
patent  matters. 

Hoping  it  will  be  satisfactory,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 

(Signed)  SV  B.  Eaton. 

"  C]rs 

Hutomhtic  Phonogrhph  Exhibition  Co. 

13  PARK  ROW, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Laboratory,  Orange ,  N.  J, 
Dear  SirJ- 

. Doo.eraber....3rd,, . .  /eft?  0 

In  reply  to  your  favor-  of  the  2nd  inst  just  received, 
we  beg  to  state,  that  our  letter  of  November  21st  must  have  boon 
overlooked  by  you,  and  we  therefore  beg  to  enclose  you  copy  of  the 

same.  '  ,  ’  . 

On  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  19th  inst  the  writer  visit¬ 
ed  the ,  Laboratory ,  and  was  sham  the  nachine  which  you  had  ten¬ 
dered  our  Company;  and  the  letter  of  November  21st  to  you  1b  the 
personal  views  of  dir  President.  We  hardly  think  that  any  por¬ 
tion  of, that,  letter  can  be  misconstrued,  in  other  words,  we  do 
not  in  any  way  desire  to  curt  ail  your  privileges  under  your  con¬ 
tract,  on  the  contrary  it  is  the  unanimous  desire  of  every  impor¬ 
tant  stockholder,  that  this,  business  should  be  conducted  at  your 
workB  as  speedily  as  possiftle,  andVthe  fact  of  this  not  being  done 
is  not  our  fault.  - 

In  reference  to  our  letter  of  the  28th  regarding  Mr.  J.  F»  - 

ott *b  invention,  this  is  ptirely  a  technical  letter  regarding  in¬ 
ventions,  as  we  certainly  must  know  how  to  treat  this  natter,  and 

for  that  reason  desired  the  information  we  asked  of  you* 
Respectfully  yours. 



November  21st,  1890. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  are  in  receipt  of  .your  favor  of  the  10th  inst,  noti 
fying  us  that  you  have  a  complete  model  Slot  maohine  and  duplicate 
which  is  to  be  known  as  the "Standard  Slot  Maohine  Phonograph"* 
furthermore  that  you  are  prepared  to  carry  out  the  various  provis¬ 
ions  of  the  Agreement.  Your  letter  will  be  referred  to  the  Board 
of  Trustees  and  in  due  time  you  will  receive  answer  to  the  same* 

In  the  meantime,  our  President  saw  the  Slot  nachine  at  the 
laboratory  and  begs  to  say,  that  he  does  not  think  that  our  Com¬ 
pany  can  Accept  the  same  as  the  Standard  Machine,  or-  in  fact  that 
it  can  be  of  any  use  to  our  Company,  inasmuch  as  the  various  local 
Phonograph  Companies  with  whom  we  have  contracts  oannot  use  this 
Slot  attachment  with  the  phonographs  in  their  possession,  as  the 
model  is  useful  only  -with  the  old  style  spectical  nachine  with  a 
return  screw,  and  none  of  our  Companies  have  any  of  these  naohines 
in  their  possession.  ;  You  are  aware  that  our  Company  does  not 
furnish  the  phonograph,  but  only  the  Slot  attachment  and  cabinet, 
the  Phonograph  Companies  furnishing  the  phonographs  themselves, 
unless  therefore  some  arrangement  can  be  made  by  whioh  the  local 
Companies  are  put  in  possession  of  these  phonographs  and  we  are 
allowed  to  furnish  Slot  attachments  for  these  old  style  machines 



the  model  will  be,  of  no  use  to  our  Company  “I  think  the  Board 
of  Trustees  will  have  the  same  views  on  the  subject,  but  you  will 
hear  from  us  again  after  the  next  Board  meeting. 

•  Respectfully  yours, 

(Signed)  Felix  Gotts chalk. 


The  above  is  official,  but  personally  I  am  anxious  to  see  Mr. 
Edison  on  his  return  as  early  as  possible,  and  consult  as  to 
the  hest  mode  of  bringing  the  above  to  some  practical  business 
issue,  and  also  desire  to  confer  with  him  regarding  the  general 
Phonograph  and  Slot  business. 


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A. 0. Tate, Esq. ,  Private  Secretary, 
Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange.N.J . 

December  22ndi,I8cjO. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  yoursof  the  I8th,wlth  relation  to  the 
Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company. 

I  was  not  present  at  any  meeting  held- authorising 
the  officers  of  the  Company  to  commence  suit  against  the  North 
American  Company.  No  such  meeting  fias  been  held. 

1  have  seen  Mr. Edison  on  this  subject*. and  explained 
the  whole  matter  to  him, and  we  have  decided  to  do  nothing  whatever 
at  the  moment.  I  think  that  the  action  of  the  Automatic  Company 
puts  us  in  a  position  where  we  must  adopt  a  neutral  position. 

I  have  no  intention  of  attending  any  meetings  that 
they  may  call  of  tke  Board, aB  I  do  not  want  to  be  in  cnjr  way  ijivol-t 
ved,and  do  not  want  to  involve  Mr. Edison's  interests  in -any  Way  in 
the  controversy  in  question,  I  think  that  the  action  of  the  Aut- 
omatic  Company  is  very  ill-advised  and  eventually  they  must  be 

beaten.  . 

The  worse  that  can  possibly  be  dofte^is  to  teH  .thei 
North  American  Company  to  sell  Phonographs  subjeot  tp  the  .exhibi¬ 
tion  rights  of  the  Automatic  Company.  * 

Yours  very  truly ,  J? 

No  Enc. 


Copy  of  letter  from  T.  R,  Lombard  to  Capt.  J,  L.  Inglia. 

Deo.  18th,  1890. 

John  L.  Inglis,  Esq. 

Pres't  Georgia  Phonograph  Co. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Objeotions  have  been  made  by  one  of  the  officers 
of  a  local  Company  to  the  sale  of  machines,  he  giving  as  his 
reasons  the  following: - 

First:-  That  by  so  doing  outside  parties  are  enabled 
to  purchase  phonographs  and  apply  them  to  Nickel-in-the-Slot 

Second:-  That  there  will  be  difficulty  in  preserving 
the  territorial  rights  of  the  different  companies,  and  there  would 
be  a  liability  of  one  Company  selling  machines  to  go  into  the 
territory  of  another* 

As  these  two  objections  appear  at  the  first  glance  to  be 
serious,  I  desire  to  give  my  opinion  on  the  subject  for  youroare- 
ful  consideration. 

In  the  first  place,  I  will  take  up  the  question  of  the 
desirability  of  the  nickel— in— the-slot  business.  - 

It  is  a  question  to  my  mind,  if  that  business  is  either 
beneficial  to  the  enterprise  in  general,  or  is  as  profitable  as  at 
first  appearanoe  it  appears  to  be.  it  is -true  that  in  some  sec¬ 
tions  under  the  most  favorable  circumstances,  and  with  careful  • 
superintendence  of  an  inspector  staying  with -a  number  of  machines, 
so  as  to  keep  them  in  good  order,  frequent  changes  of  records,  etc, 
the  profits  have  apparently  been  very  satisfactory.  But  it  would  - 
be  eminently  unfair  for  us  to  apply  the  experience  of  one  locals 
ity  to  the  whole  country.  As  far  as  I  can. learn  it  seems  a  mooted 
question  in  many  sections,  whether  the  nickel-in-the -slot  business 
does  more  than  hold  its  own,  In  some  sections  it  is  believed  to 
be  an  expense  rather  than  a  profit.  Personally,  I. do.  not  believe 
in  a  large  profit  to  be  derived  from  that  branch,  although  I 
think  that  carefully  conducted  and  with  a  perfectly  automatic 
device,  it  might  be  made  a  source  of  revenue.  Aside  from- the 

^ever,  I  am  convinced  that  it  injures  the  general -enter¬ 
prise  by  lowering  the  estimation  in  which  the  machines  should 
be  held;  giving  wrong  impressions  to  people,  who  see  them-only 
under  these  conditions.  However,  as  this  is  merely  my  personal 
opinion,  I  will  take  it  for  granted  that  the  business  is  both  pro¬ 
fitable  and  desirable,  and  argue  mainly  from  that  basis  and  en-  .  • 
deavor  to  show  that  the  sales  of  machines  will  not  interfere  to 
any  serious  degree  with  the  control  of  the  slot  business  of  the 
local  Company. 

It  is  a  well  authenticated  fact,  that  ho  business  will 
prosper  that  is  not  thoroughly  organized,-  I  doubt  if  to-day  capi¬ 
tal  could  be  engaged  for  the  purpose  of  going  into  the  placing  of  . 
phonographs  with  a  nickel-in-the-slot  device  in  opposition  to  the 
local  Company  controlling  the  territory  in  which  they  were  to  oper¬ 
ate,  as  they  would  be  entirely  subject  to  that  local  Company -with  ■ 
the  very  ammunition  with  which  to  fight  them,  in  the  first  place, 

have  to  purchase  their  phonographs  from  that  company, 
buy  all  their  blanks,  go  to  them  for  repairs  on  maohines, .etc,*  to  a?* 


disheartening  at  the  outset,  and  even  were 
wo^d  U  not  b9  source  of  more  revenue  to  the  local 
as  S  woS^1  Vh0y  if1  th®  rnaohinea  thans elves,  being  freed 
It  SS  irl  b®  ^om  all  personal  care  or  expense-in  the  matter.2 
0  8,  ™0  ha  individuals  might  here  and  there  own  nickel-in-the 

thiL  if  thev  did  r?+Ur  that  if  in  the  main  U  would  b«  a. bad 
f  di?\  ^S,it  is  novr*  i^ing  the  Not  York  Company  for 
1  ^“kei-in-the-slot  business  is  almost  exclusively 
“1?  and  about  the  City  of  New  York,  and  they  find  it  only 

gather  witl^a8!^0^’  ^  0an  place  a  numbar  of  mehinwa-toi - 

ofmZhTv;!!  f  in  charge  to  care  for  them,  or  having  a  number-- 
of  machines  in  so  small  a  radius  as  to  enable  one  man  to  look  after 
and  care  for  a  number.  They  are  thus  debarred  from  covering  their 
territory  of  the  whole  State  of  New  York,  containing  as  it  dost, 
upwards  of  four  millions  of  people  exclusive  of  New  York  City. 


rr  - »f°* sfcsiJis*.. 

erd  Zn*  ;Vhat  appliee  *°  th«m  applies  to  every  local  company 
and  even  more  especially  to  those  companies  like  the  Texas  Z»nLn 
Colorado,  Utah  art  others,  whose  territory  is  so  large  Sat  Sv  ’ 

^\PrV$*bly  °anVaSB  -1*  exclusive  rental  system  y  ' 

which  heretofore  has  been  the  policy  of  this  Company.  ! 

1.,”™  ‘  aTtSSoS'o  r: 


S+!i  ^  S9ef11?  a  Phonograph  desires  to  purchase  one.  He  immed- 
ing  to  the  State -Company  of  Illinois,  xf  *[  aPP-*-y 

is.¥sp;  s  H&a: 


to  some  mutual  arrangement  wLrebjTi/ "A^is  embSSto^et^6 



‘S’te'tt/SSS.1"  “*“1’  “a  *'"'5  •»"“  "•  «  ™«onabl.  object- 

Sss  z\zr^~  Ss  * •=«  ^ „ 

"AB,s  territory  is  enabled  +n  -Piviri  ’  i5  A  while  travelling  in 

5.SS5  rsu  :^b‘jLrn“s 

"A"  lees  cost  of  delivery  and^ntftf,.!?  received  by-him  from 
i» .  ....  ■„  («,« wth  *hia 

....  to  tJ"e5iiSe.m"r?  s:  r°  r”*10”0  *ioh  h*v° 

sassyis*  swaa. 

Jr^rw^yrrs  ss r  ”  s=  sr  :r 

Vil.sss  botfL’.b  th«  past  Ld  th,  n  r7  18B1'  >"'i- 

pany  will  be  required  to  comply  with  all  +bf^*  ?/^nd  eaoh  Com" ' 

contract,  among  which  will  h«  S^1  ?h  conditions  of  the  • 

tory  controlled  by  them,  orough  canvassing  of  the  terri- 

anything  ■*'■***  d°** 

to  these  are  those  companies1whobhaJetinitheiri+°eS,-*The  exosPtions 
cities  where  they  have  been  able  +n  ?i*i  territory  large  . 
not  probably  in  the  whole  Uni+0d  *°Plao®  agencies.  There  are 

engaged  exclusively  in  the  business  of ?ihtrddhPften^ -VaSa0r? 
to  merchants  and  others  Tho  v-0<.  *  introducing  these  machines 

Companies  are  entirely  unaSe  "  ^  ^  is  that'the  local 
class  of  men,  such  as  are  to-dav  a  V  °OIl™Msion  to  attract  that 

ing  type-writers,  sewing-machines,  ftf!  *"  introducing  and  sell- 

szrsji:  s  s:„n 

sr™ _  «,  o?  -  - -ss-isr g  r1-4 

*>.  ,iu  ,Lu  32-,‘jSS  I'T.Vl. i  £”£;  p!i?”Ti‘ph  “» 

ing  machines  and  keening  thom  i1  paya  hira  the  °°st  of  plao- 

around  this  by  charging  Viarge  rent^l"^^  Si  C°mpanies  ^gotten 
storage  batteries,  etc.  This  is  If?  appliances,  euch  as' 
tised  upon  the  party  leasing  +ho  &  dlrect  deception  prac- 

« -pint  o?*s;  .oa‘s,:h;h?4nrfLrLJs  *is°  “ 

more  and  no  less  shall  h»  +v,«  *  ,  say  that  ?40»  a  year,  no 

that  leases  a  machine  and  doe  3*00+ &  0f.tfhe  "^ok*310*  Any  Company 
rental  is  $40.“ear  2  ™  ?P!°ify  ln  the  lea8a  that  the 

lump  sum  of  $60,  more  or  less  fnr’+?Ut  °nufha  oontpary  makes  a 
is  in  my  opinion  violating  that  sectiolT^ih  itS  ^liances 
refers  to  the  leasing  of^aSnes!  ^  °0ntraot  Whidh 

bring  intoIfhf8trLsufyio?  machine  sold  will  each  year 


►  (4) 

of  supplies,  making  of  repairs,  etc,  than  would  the  iraohine  leased. 
It  is  natural  for  a  party  owning  a  thing  to  be  more  interested 
in  it,  than  if  it  does  not  belong  to  him,  and  he  will  make  invest¬ 
ments  for  appliances  for  that  machine,  having  the  ownership,  far 
more  readily  than  he  will  for  a  leased  article.  Therefore  the 
sale  of  cabinets,  musical  records  and  the  repair  bills  will  in  my 
opinion  aggregate  more  profit,  as  I  stated  before,  than  the  profits 
from  the  receipts  from  rentals.  Furthermore,  each  owner  of  a 
machine  is  made  your  well  wisher.  If  he  owns  a  machine,  he  will, 
notwithstanding  that  at  first  he  may  have  trouble  in  using  it, 
persist  in  its  use,  until  he  makes  himself  familiar  with  it*  which 
when  once  done  will  wed  him  to  it  so  thoroughly  as  to  make  him 
your  enthusiastic  endorser.  On  the  contrary,  however,  a  man  who 
leases  the  machine  is  disheartened  often  by  the  first  failure, 
and  will  not  trouble  himself  to  learn  the  UBe  of  the  machine,  but 
prefers  to  lose  his  first  quarter's  rental,  tells  you  to  take  it 
out  of  his  office  and  becomes  a  skeptic  and  in  many  instances  your 

With  the  sale  system  an  era  of  prosperity  opens  for  all 
the  companies  who  will  see  their  advantage  and  push  their  business 
to  the  utmost,  and  I  predict  that  at  the  end  of  the  year  1S91 
there  will  be  but  one  universal  opinion,  and  that  will  be  that  the 
selling  system  was  adopted  none  to  soon. 

While  this  letter  is  entirely  unofficial,  setting  forth 
as  it  does  my  personal  opinions  and  conclusions  I  have  come  to  from 
my  experience  in  the  phonograph  business,  yet  I  am  convinced  that 
they  are  fully  concurred  by  each  member  of  the  Board  of  Directors 
of  this  Company, 

I  submit  the  same  in  the  hopes,  that  you  will  find  some 
thoughts  which  will  merit  your  careful  consideration. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)  Thos.  R*.  Lombard. 




Roanoke,  Va.  Oct,  8th,  1890. 

Mr.  Chas.  A.  Oheever, 

13  Park  Row,  N.  Y. 

My  dear  Sir:- 

We  are  exceedingly. desirous  of  making  a  good  show¬ 
ing  for  our  Company  at  the  end  of  its  year-  the  18th  of  next 
month.  This  is  the  interest  of  our  stock.  A  good  showing  will 
not  only  benefit  us  in  the  way  of  making  a  maricet  for  stock,  but 
will  be  of  an  advantage  to  the  Automatic  Company  in  as  nuch  as  the 

bulk  of  par  earnings  comes  from  the  nickel-in-the-Slot  feature. 

But  we  experience  difficulties  we  had  not  expected-  delays  in 
shipments  of  musical  bands  from  the  Companies  furnishing  them. 

Will  you  kindly  speak  to  the  management;,  of  the  New  York  do* 
and  urge  not  only  pronpt  shipments  but  good  selections. 

We  have  many  customers  whom.we  are  desirous  of  pleasing,  men 
who  visit  the  machines  regularly  eaoh  day.  We  have  sent  out  pastes 
when  we  have  gotten  good  nusio-  songs  with  orchestral  mdsio-  and 

we  have  been  paid  on?. Pains;  these  customers  would  not  only 

mention  on  the  streets  the i^good  character  of  the  nusio,  but 
wottld  ttfce  their  families  around  to  hear  it. 

Ycru  will  appreciate  the  straight  we  are  in  when  I  go  outside 

of  the  regular  method  and  ask  your  aid. 




Michigan  phono ohaph  company. 

®he  North  American  Phonograph  Co., 

ICO  B*iray,  N.  Y. 


circular  letter  Bo.  46  dated  December  4,  ear, 
Phoaoeraph  Oompa*,,  no,,,.  that  ..'and  .ft.r  December 'lo  ' 
1660.  the,  .call  b,  required  to  elr.  th.  publl.  lh,  ,p,t(m  „ 
buying  or  leasing  machines.  ------ 

0»  ieecter  6th,  1660.  r.  addr.c..d  „u  .  i.,t„  „0Malnli]g 
other  thing,  „  eaquinr  „  th.  .or,  of  ,1,1. 
he  etroa  ,0  or  Phoaograph^oalllng  ,o»r  ' 

.0  ....  embarrassment.  ...ending  u„o„ditlo„al  and  aara.trl.tad 

..lea.  Th,  contained  enqairie.  „„  oth„  ^ 

0.  «o  th...  poa  honored  a.  1th  a  pm,»pt  andoo„r,.on.  rap!,,  ha, 
““  610.  or  Phoaographa.  and  th,  cmnner  of  ling  th. 

•  “  «*•  M  »  have  baaa  «,h  „ 
»9Ply  to  our  questions  on  this  subject!  '  '  ~ 

««  6rt«;  of  oar  Oow  had  . 

»•*•»«  *»*  Year  h^-hpep,,  ^  ^ 

from  dihgn  h,  W.rMood  th*  »  1,  the  late*,,,  of  ^ 

1.  ah^l  *,  o***^  .  dfcacolutlon  Of-th.  in^ion, 

t***  «  »  at  ,r,„n,  r.atralaed,  «  prc.dbe  „  aaraam.,-  - 
“  “  ”n0“lll0“1  —  «**  Phonograph  6*^*,  „  ' 


;  2* 
advance  of  any  official  announcement  of  your  determination,  most 
earnestly  protests  against  such  a  palpable  violation  of  its  fran¬ 
chise  and  saorifioe  of  its  vested  rights.  .  " 

In  the  franchise  contained  in  the  agreement  of  Ootober  10", 
1888,  The  North  American  Phonograph  Company  grants  to  the  Michigan 
Phonograph  Company  a  territorial  monopoly  in  the  Edison  &  Bell  & 
Tainter  patents  and  the  .inventions  covered  thereby  i.e.  the  ex¬ 
clusive  right  to  use  and  license  others  to  use  Phonographs  and  not 
only  that  it  will  not  grant  similar  rights  toothers  to  use  Phono¬ 
graphs  and  Phonograph-Craphophones  and  appliances 'therefor^  And" 
it  covenants  not  only  that  it  will  not  grant  similar'rights  to 
o*h»rs  or  exercise  any  similar  rights  itself  within  the  State "of 
Michigan,  but  that  it  will  not,  either  directly  or  indirectly," 
through  agents  or  otherwise,  deal  in  any  machines,  instruments, 
contrivances  or  appliances  of  any  kind  or  description  within  said 
State  except  through  The  Michigan  Phonograph  Comp any. ' 

fee  very  essence  of  the  franchise  is  the  monopoly.  Within 
the  State  of  Michigan  the  grantee  acquires  the  saw  "exclusive 
#gh$fe  wh*eh  the  grantor  before  possessed*  it  buys  the  exclusive 
territory  there  can  be  no  use  of  Phonographs  foi 
any  without  its  license*  And  not  only  does  the  monopoly 

’IfS'liSte  th|e  general  publie,  but  It  excludes  The  North  American' 
’%p'og^h  Company,  acting  with  dineetionor  ipdwtion'threugh 
othertri'bel  .  "  "  ■ 


s  * 

The  Michigan  Phonograph  Company  paid  for  this  monopoly  a  very 
large  sum  of  moneys  She  oontraot  mentions  Thirty  Thousand  (30,000) 
dollars;  but  it  most  be  remembered  that  the  sale  of  the  franohise 
was  negotiated  by  promoters  authorized  by  The  North  American  Ocm- 
pany(  fortified  with, an  alluring  prospectus,  a  copy  of  which  is 
still  in  our  posseasion,  and  who  divided  the  eapital'stock  with 
the  actual  investors';  In  reality  the  franohise  was  taken  at  a 
valuation  of  between  Pifty  Thousand  ($50,000.)  and  One  Hundred 
thousand($100,0Q0» {dollars;  Considering 'the  money  expended  in 
the  development  of  the  business  and  the  possibilities  of  the’fut- 
*tt$,  W  have  a  right  to  estimate  its  present  value  at  a  sum  largely 
in  excess  of  its  valuation  when  purchased.  And  the  total  present 
Value  represents  the  damage  which  The  Michigan  Phonograph  Company 
will  suffer  and  for  which  it  must  hold  The  North  American  Phono¬ 
graph  Company  responsible,  if,  by  its  unwarranted  course  it  destroy 

the  monopoly  which  it  granted*  -  -  - 

if  will  most  certainly  accomplish  if  it  insists  upon  en- 
fiMing  the  order  contained  in  the  Oiroular  letter  Noi  ~49  by'pre- 
bSkI’I?^  an  unconditional  and  unrestricted  sale.’  "  ’  " 

Then  instead  of  possession  the  exclusive  right  to  use  and 
tfo  ds.C.  Phonographs  within  our  territory*  Wfl  wottla 
j  compete  with  the  customers  Of  Thirty  sub-oompanies 


1.  -  —»  to  8W,  th«  ..  „  gl„»  „n  .goal  opportune, 0  in. 
frits,  fee  »«»poli..  of  other  aoh-oompan,,..  ^  ^ipa  ^ 
S~ph  Oonpany  ...  no,  organizes  ,o'..rry  on  a  snerrlii.;' 

farther  it  .onld  eomp.1  ^ 

height.,**  snb-oompanles.  fhile'.nr'fr^hl..  U.  n»  a 
t°a<a  T*  «  lB  “*«••  to  i«WUWt,tl., 

Ih.  ne.  of  Phonograph,  Ithin  onr  territory'...  he  granted  hyn. 

«•«  hnt  onr  Con***.  tn,  onr  Company  .„gre„,  m  „„  ^  ^ 
t.rn,o«  * ..1.  i.  the  gran,  of  the  ri*,t  to  £  nnr.;,rlo. 

eh  1.  a  grant  of  th.  right  everywhere  no,  only  i„  „„  ' 

territory  hnt  in  th.  ..rritori..  .f  .u'other  .0lwnl,..  ^ 

«  grant  that  .ill  ...hie  „nr  ooetomer.  „  in***.  ~e*.ln,l„." 

right.  Of  other  eompanle.  M  „t  only 'heap  n.  in  a  iontinnai' 

*T“!  bU*  >**»  "*•  *«“*-»..  for  one,~Xhe 

Miehigan  Phonograph  0ow  deni..  ^  ^  ^  — 

•  Company  .  .ot-.omp.ny  mi.  ^ 

oluai-s*  flights  -of  others?  '  - - 

*h»  Babe-companies,  yonr  licensees.  al,„  .ge„t.. 

P”’  “  •»*«.  oorapei  the.  ,0  gr„, 

'Ti“t“  “  *1U  Hr  ,h!m  «°~heal^n  onr  t... 

H  ®ta  MMhIy  violating  ,h.  t^ty-firs,  of 

f*  V*  *’  aplm  “f  «».  whole  lost  lament;  ‘  ? 

-  -  ’  *“■  *4ri«,  will  Info  n.  yo,  a, 

%  in  mimmm  « ,on,ra.,i,,ha, , 


..  P»«.UU,  .e»»o,  t,  pelted  M  eov.m  ,holBi  tat  ^ 

8"h  part  -net  he  eonatrued  ,1th  reperen..-,,  lt<  tt. 

wneral  a.op*,«l  ^  ^  ^ 

M«0.r.  .hloh  are  r.pngn.m,  ,»  the  ,hol8  a„ 

FU>'t'“r  *h“  s-“*s  *”  "*•»  f  ■»  eototraidnoV.triotlyag; 

**“*  *he  er“*"  M  0*ra'°‘  *  interpret  ad  eo  a.  to  de.trey  the 
value  of  the  grant-#  “  * 

CenditteM.  eal.e,  of  ^  ^ 

«•  oertain  pur*....  or  .Ithln  territirlai  lied,.  arena, 
"**“  “a  ,h>‘-  *•  "eognleea  In  the!.,.  0oMider- 

*«*  ,h.  nee  deferred  Op ‘our  Pr^hl.e.'ln  ae 

eleventh  paragraph  he  eenetraed  a,  giving  £  „„„h  Anerlean 
Phonograph  Company  right  to  regnlre  e»re  «»  . 
conditional  sale*  "  *  ~ 

"*  m°"iem  tempany  ftel,  bo«„d  to  give  natl,. 

«.«  „  «U  rafoee  to  a.u  Phonograph,,  .„.pt  ,lth  .  reetrletton 
Mating  nee  to  »,  State  oP  Uiohlgan.  .nd  that  1,  „U  held" 
«.  M*  anbtocwnpanlee  and  the  Perth  to,.*,  reepenelhl. 
•  «*-«•*  tor  m  lea...  gno«ng  M  the  ~  —  - 

wiae  of  ±fs  exol%sive  fights*  ~  "  - 

Ve*y  tWy  yottw, 

®*H  Miohigaii  Phenograph  Company* 
flignpaT  Sy  <?;  q*  $pven*  pres* 

Extract  from  .Report  of  Receipts  to  December  31,1390 — 
Auto.  Fnono.  Exit.  Co. 

Ohio  Co. 

65  machines 

after  October  29,1890. 


Gross  Rev  . 

Expenditures.  Net  Rec. 


July  to 

Aug. 31 


2043.13  911.57 




2020.15  1309.05 

6 02/3 

Oct. 31 


2531,01  1676.55 


Nov.  30 


2776.27  936.97 


Deo.  31 

4439. 85 

3613.83  823.02 

8  li/2 

l/2  to  Ohio 

~ 5657. 96 

12987.39  5657.96 

■69  2/3 



1890.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Company  (D-90-53) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  about  the  business  of  the  Edison 
Phonograph  Co.  Most  of  the  letters  are  from  the  law  firm  of  Eaton  &  Lewis 
and  relate  to  the  company’s  New  Jersey  tax  obligations. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal; 
meeting  announcements;  other  routine  business  correspondence. 


2 Uuer  t/ffice/j 

/£ '0 f/ff/ff/jy  ( EQUITABLE  BL 



O'ffrty  7f/ 

Phonograph  Company,  / 
Tnomas  A.  Edison,'  Es- 

I*,  President. 

Dear  Sir: 

In  order  to  avoid  misunderstanding,  I  beg  to 
say  that  my  attention  has  not  beon  called  to  the  qestion  of  State 
Taxes  in  |jew  .'orsey  for  the  current  year.  If  you  have  received 
any  notice  touching  the  said  taxes,  I  suggest  that  you  refer  it  to 
me.  Notices  are  usually  sent  in  April  and  duplicates  or  reminders 
are  usually  sent  in  May. 

The  Sfcite  authorities  have  not  yet  decided  the 
qestion  of  last  years  taxes  which  we  argued  before  them  last  Aug¬ 
ust.  Possibly  in  consequence  of  that  fact  they  are  not  calling  on 
us  for  taxes  this  year.  Of  course  I  am  not  ashing  them  to  hurry 
up  their  decision,  for  we  do  not  care  if  they  never  decide  it . ' 

Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  reply,  I  remain. 

Very  truly  yours, 




/s?/?  iJi?  W&f/fffll '///  (  EQUITABLE  BUILDING) 


A.  0,  Tate,  Esq,’,  Secretary, 

Dear  Sir:- 

\7e  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your 
letter  of  the  9th.'  inst.  enclosing  the  notification  from  the 
Comptroller  that  the  state  tax  upon  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company 
for  the  year  1390  had  been  fixed  by  the  State  Board  of  Assessors 
at  $1200,',  and  to  inform  you  that  this  matter  will  have  our  early 

Very  truly  yours. 




6'  189°- 

Edison  Phonograph  Company, 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq.  Secretary, 

%  T.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir 

Referring  to  your  letter  of  the  9th  of  June  relating  to 
a  notice  received  from  the  Comptroller's  office,  of  the  State  of 
New  Jersey  advising  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company  that  they  are 
liable  to  a  tax  of  $1200.  we'-' i  beg  to  hand  you  herewith  an  Affi¬ 
davit  to  be  made  by  Mr.  Edison.  Please  have  him  sign  and  swear  to 
the  same  before  a  notary  and  return  the  affidavit  to  us. 

Yours  truly 





Edison  Phonograph  Company: 
A  .O.Tat 

Esq.,  Secretary. 

feu#*  $€/■, 

hear  Sir: 

m  r,  s:  52^5*2 

s.«* «. .-st L-rriW1 

Very  truly  your 


^  ^  C 


New  York  City,  Dee,  9,  1890. 

Dear  Mr,  Edison: 

Re  Process  tffbr  Duplicating  Musical  Records.  Under 
yoxir  contract  with  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company,  you  must  turn 
over  these  inventions  if  they  were  made  prior  to  Oct.  28,1837.  Your 
fundamental  invention  appears  to  have  been  made  by  Jan.  1884.  The 
applications  for  the  two  detail  inventions  were  made  after  Oct. 
1887,  but  were  the  inventions  made  after  or  beforeOctY  iss??  If 
r  that  date,  you  were  under  obligation  to  turn  over  these  th~ee 
applications  for  duplicating  phonograms  to  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Company,  but  not  to  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company. 

Please  return  the  annexed  letter  with  any  comments 
you  may  have  to  make,  and  oblige, 

Very  truly  your 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Works  (D-90-54) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  business  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works.  Many  of  the  letters  are  from 
the  law  firm  of  Eaton  &  Lewis  and  relate  to  stock  matters  and  to  agreements 
involving  Edison,  the  Phonograph  Works,  and  other  parties.  There  are  also 
documents  concerning  the  organization  of  the  company’s  board  of  directors. 
Much  of  the  correspondence  is  by  Samuel  Insull,  treasurer  of  the  company. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  letters 
concerning  Edison’s  loans  to  the  Phonograph  Works;  correspondence  from 
Eaton  &  Lewis  regarding  routine  legal  matters;  daily  reports  on  the 
manufacture  of  phonograph  cylinders;  requests  for  supplies;  meeting 
announcements;  letters  of  transmittal  and  acknowledgement;  other  routine 
business  correspondence. 

UJ  CT),  t<£o 

1  01  monograph  Works.  in  + 

rrr  &o:*3oo'oo° 

,,  x  .  C°lliriCate  °r  ^corporation  and  a  list  of  the  stoc2 

and  -mJT  "  StatGment  Sh0WinE  th°  nUmbe1’  °f  hew  by  eao 

*  ”‘ivo  *“r“sss-  m11  -  -  ». 
pap ei s  at  your  earliest  convenience? 

Very  truly  yours, 

_ _ 

Edison  Phonogrtph  Wor  ks , 

Orange  , 

Dear  Sirs:- 

Upon  investigating  the  manufacture  of  toy  phonograph 
movements,  which  has  been  carried  on  at  the  Edison  Phonogr^h  Works 
for  several  months  past,  I  find  tint  up  to  tin  present  tin®  there 
has  been  invested  in  t  his  connection  about  sixty-seven  thousand 
dollars  ($67,000  ).  Owing  to  the  delays  which  have  occurred  in 
perfecting  certain  processes  of  manufacture,  we  have  not  yet  been 
abie  to  deliver  any  movements  to  the  Toy  Phonograph  Compaq,  and 
are,  therefore,  not  entitled  under  our  contract  with  them  to  demand 
*  -pecuniary  assistance.  I  sent  Mr.  Tate  to  Boston  on  Friday  last, 
with  instructions  to  obtain,  if  possible,  from  the  Toy  Company,  an 
advance  of  twenty  thousand  dollars  against  deliveries,  and  under 
autlhonty  from  myself  he  assured  the  Executive  Conmitte®  that  these 
wouOd  commence  not  later  than  one  week  from  to-day,  and  in  quan¬ 
tity  not  less  than  100  movements  par  diem.  In  conjunction  with 
the  North  American  Phonograph  Company,  and  in  conpUance  with  a 
request  made  of  us  by  the  Toy  Compary,  I  have  waived  the  first 
quarter's  royalty  due  me  under  my  contract  with  the  latter,  owing 

to  air  fan  lure:  to  the  delivery  of  movements  in  t  ine  to 
an  able  them  to  take  advantage  of  the  Christmas  trade:,  thus  making 
a  direct  personal  loss;  of  §2,500,  the  North  American  Company  losing 
a  like  amount. 

I  write  this  letter  to  acquaint  you  with  the  statenent  wW.  dh 
I  have  made  in  regal’d  to  comnencement  of  deliveries  one  week  fran 
to-day,  ani  the  extent  of  the  same,  am  to  inform  yen  that  nothing 
mast  be  left  undone  to  bear  out  what  I  hare  said,  which  was  based! 
i^on  positive  statements;  made  t  o  me  by  y  our  Superintendent  after 
he  had  been  inforned  of  the  action  whidi  X  proposed  taking. 

Mr.  A.  MacGruthar , 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  desire  to  oall  your  attention  to  the  Fifth  Section 
of  contract  between.  Mr.  Edison  and  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Mfg. 
Co.,  under  date  August  6th, 1889,  in  regard  to  the  manufacture  of 
movements  for  speaking  dolls.  A  portion  of  this  Section  reads: 
"Within  one  calendar  month  frem  the  date  of  this  instrument  the 
"first  party  {Toy  Phono.  Co.)  shall  give  to  the  second  party  its 
"firm  order  for  the  delivery  of  300  toy  phonograph  mechanisms,  per 
"diem,  exclusive  of  Sundays  and  legal  holidays,  the  said  order  to 
"continue  in  force  for  a  period  of  not  loss  than  three  months  from 
"  the  date  of  the  beginning  of  delivery  thereunder." 

As  X  understand  it,  we-  have  now  commenced  to  make  delivery 
of  movements,  and  what  I  desire  particularly  to  bring  to  your  at¬ 
tention,  is  the  feat  that  if  we  start  cm  say  100  movements  per  day, 
and  run  through  the  period  of  three  months  at  either  that  number 
or  an  increase  less  than  500,  wo  will  have  turned  out  at  the  end 

A.  Mac  Gruthar 


Jan.  31,  18901 

of  the  three  months  between  eight  ana  twelve  or  fifteen  thousand 
movements.  If  we  run  up  to  our  full  capacity,  that  is  to  the  full 
extent  of  the  order  which  has  been  given  to  us,  we  can  turn  out  in 
the  same  period,  40,000  movements.  It  is,  therefore,  desirable 
that  the  output  of  these  movements  should  bo  increased  as  rapidly 
as  possibl©  until  the  limit  of  500  per  day  is  reached. 


'  O  _  v.  -AiP-r  r9x  .  f9*  '  J(2+  {leAL^feAur  *  yy 

/(aj-Oa^PL  6th, 


keb  6-iago 

Dear  Sirs:- 

I  beg  to^call  your  attention  to  the  Second  Section 
of  Agreement  between  Thomas  A.  Edison  and  the  Ediso.n  Phono.  Toy 
Hfg.  Co.,  under  date  August  6th,  1889.  In  this  Section  it  is  pro¬ 
vided  that  royalties  shall  be  paid  on  the  inventions  or  improve¬ 
ments  themselves— that  is  to  say,  the  whole  of  the  mechanism  of 

the  phonographic  partf,  and  of  the  accessories  to  adapt  it  to  the 
doll  or  toy  figure.  This  Section  also  provides  that  4S  Royalty 
is  not  to  be  paid  on  any  part  or  parts  of  dolls  or  toy  figures 
used  in  connection  or  association  with  the  said  inventions  or  im¬ 
provements.  It  will  be  seen  from  this  that  Royalties  are  not 
to  be  based  upon  costs  of  the  body,  and,  therefore,  in  keeping  a 
record  of  these  costs,  it  will  be  necessary  that  the  body  and 
the  phonographic  mechanism  be  recorded  separately. 

Yours  truly, 


Private  Secretary. 

v — -ziy  - 



44  WAI.r,  STltlirST, 

New  York, . Maroh...3ra., 18.9.0 ...18 

Edison's  Laboratory,  Orange,  N.J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

Replying  to  yours  of  the  1st  inst.,  the  fol¬ 
lowing  were  the  Directors  present  at  the  meeting  of  the  Phonograph 
Works, he Id  on  the  8th  of  January,  1890: 

T. A. Edison,  President,  in  the  chair. 

R. L. Cutting, 

S.  Insull, 

Charles  Batchelor. 

Mr.  Insull,  in  sending  you  the  resolution, was  no  doubt  under 
the  impression  that  you, as  Secretary  of  the  Company .would  be  aware 
of  the  gentlemen  present  at  the  meeting  referred  to,  X  neverthe- 
less  have  pleasure  in  giving  you  the  information  asked,  for. 

Yours  truly, 

-March  5r  1S90 

Mr.  Batchelor  has  spoken  to  me  about  his 
Phonograph  Y/orks  stock— that  is  about  the  interest  which  he  has 
in  the  stock  which  yai  received  for  nnnufec turing  rights.  This 
stock  is  divided  as  follows:-  Total  issue  1560  shares,  of  which 
38#,  or  592  8/l0  shares,  are  in  trust,  and  967  2/l0  shares  are 
free.  Mr.  Batchelor's  interest,  10#,  of  each  of  those  stocks, 
would  be  as  follows:  Trust  Stock  59  28/100  shares;  Oonrnon  Stock 

96  72/100  shaies. 

In  regard  to  Trust  stock,  we  3hall  have  to  treat  lit  as  we 
are  treating  the  stock  of  the  Edison  Phono.  Toy  Mfg.  0o.,  that  is 
give  Mr.  Batchelor  a  paper  which  will  entitle  him  to  the  dividend, 
on  10#  of  the  Trust  stock.  Shall  I  arrange  the  transfor  to  Mr. 
Batchelor  of  ten  per  cent  of  the  comnon  stock  above  referred  to? 

Charlotte,  N.  C. 

.  - . 

'Ti&tck  CLwaa.  .  M>a 

Accoir.ra  rayn 

I  C  A  H  P  II  o  H  o  H  A  P  H  G  0. 


E  D  1  0  .0  II 

P  II  0  IT  0  &  li  A  P  n  v  ORKS 

n  o  o  o  r  d  o  f  Balling 


On  the  5th  of  August,  IOTP  -l70  received  from  tho  Ikn-kli  Amorican 
Phonograph  Company  an  order  to  nmnufac turo  for  ttoir  account  forty- 
fivo  •(•45)  machines  per  day,  for  each  working  day,  &bm  tho  1st  oi’ 
August  to  the  Slot  Doeotnbor,  1009,  both  inclusive •,  Between  thin 
tiino  and  vho  15th  day  of  ITovomber  it  laving  boon  found  that  owing 
to  contain  nooossary  cltmgos  in  tho  machine,  wo  would  bo  unable  to 
complete  this  order  by  tho  Slot  day  of  December,  assn,  a  ccrammi- 
cation  was  addrossod  to  tho  Worth  ■Arnold can  Phonograph  Company  by 
oxu-  froasuror,  I.Ir'-.  Samuel  Instill,  confirming  a  verbal  understanding 
arrived  at  a  few  days  previously  botwoon  himself  and  tic  President 
of  tho  ITorth.  American  Phonograph.  Company,  ■  f.iri  Jesse  IT.  I.ipp incott , 
to  tin  effoct  tliat  tho  time  for  delivery  of  tho  total  number  of 
machines  covorod  by  tho  order  of  August  5th,  1339,  should  to  ox- 
tonded  beyond  tho  31st  day  of  December,  1339,  for  a  period  suf¬ 
ficiently  long  to  enable  tho  'Telia on  Phonograph  Works  to  complete 
the  delivery  of  the  whole-  number,  which  from  pur  pay  roll  record 
of  actual  working  day3,  we  find  to  bo  5,710  machines. 

Hie  method  of  billing  against  tho  Worth  American  monograph 
Company  lias  boon  (a),  to  randor  bills  for  machine □  shipped  from 
tho  factory  during  oacli  month  and  at  tho  t  ima  of  ahipmont,  and 
(b),  to  render  at  tho  ond  of  each  month  n  wn  Ton  n  «>,+,« n  «™i,™ 

Durir©  the  praoont  month  t;o  ha 
American  Phonograph  Company  tho  sun 

LTOd  from  tho  north 
’ty  Thousand  hollars 

!2Uvadep((/y\  equitable  bu  i  loing  i 
.yjxu;  i^y/.MarehI5 ,1890 , 

A. 0, Tate,  Esq,, 

Orange,  11,  JY 

Dear  Sir: 

I  have  oaused  a  message  to  be  sent  Id  Vou  to'clhy  By 
telephone  requesting  you  to  eall  a  meeting  of  the  Bo'drd  of  Dire& 
tors  of  the  Phonograph  Works  for  any  hour  oh  Monday  when  you  may 
be  able  to  get  a  quorum,  for  the  purpose  of  passing  a  resolution 
touching  the  recent  increase  of  the  capital  stock  of  the  Works-.  I 
did  this  for  the  reason  that  it  is  possible  that  the  meeting  which 
was  recently  held  at  Hoboken  may  not  have  been  regular,, and  it  is 
now  Proposed  to  have  the  Board  pass  a  resolution  confirming  what 
was  done  at  that  meeting*  Will  you  therefore  have  a  resolution^ 
substantially  as  follows, passed  at  the  Board  mebting  at  Orange  on 

RESOLVED,  that  the  action  taken  by  this  Board  at  the 
meeting  held  at  Hoboken,  on  the  4th  day  of  .March,  is 90,  be  and 
the  same  is  hereby  ratified,  and  that  It  Is  the  sense  of  this 
Board  that  the  capital  etook  of  this  Company  should  be  in¬ 
creased  as  provided  for  at  that  meeting,  that  is  to  say,  frcm 
§300,000  to  §600,000,  and  that  this  Board  hereby  approves  all 
steps  that  have  been  taken  in  that  regard  and  hereby  instructs 
the  offioers  and  Counsel  of  the  Company  to  imnediately  take 
such  other  steps  as  may  be  necessary  ,to  increase  the  capital  ' 
stock  of  the  Company  as  aforesaid;  and  be  it  further 

RESOLVED,  that  the  distribution  of  .the  said  increased 
capital  of  $300,000  heretofore  provided  for?  that  is  to  say. 

$ 92,00°  or  thereabout,  be  paid  in  exchange  for  the  property 
of  the  International  Graphophone  Company,  also  $52,000  or 
thereabout,  to  be  subscribed  for  by  Mr.  Jesse  Seligman  and 
associates,  also  $156,000  to  be  delivered  to  Mr.  Edison  , 
fuHy  paid,  under  and  pursuant  to  his  contract  with  the  compaw 
is  also  hereby  ratified  and  approved.  * 

Will  you  kindly  have  the  Minutes  of  this  meeting 
written  out  on  Monday,  without  fail,  and  send  them  to  me  so  that 
I  will  get  them  certainly  not  later  than  Tuesday  morning,  as  the 
Board  of  Directors  of  the  B.U.P.Co.  meets  on  Tuesday  and  this  mattre 
must  be  attended  to  before  that  meeting. 

Very  truly  yours, 





A.  0 .  Tate  Esq. , 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  Resolutions  of  the  Board  of  Directors  of 
the  Edison  Phonograph  Works,  at  the  meeting^held  on  Feb.  8th.,  189Q 
authorizethe  issue  of  $150,000.'  of  the  proposed  increase  of  the 
stock  of  the  Works  to  Jar.  Edison,  in'-  accordance  with  the  agree¬ 
ment  of  May  12th.,  1888,  As  you/ire  aware  the  Certificate  of 
Increase,  of  the  Capital  Stock/has  since  been  filed  and  this  stock 
can  now  be  issued,.-'  Thirty-two  per  cent  of  the  $150,  000., 
that  is  $59,280. ,  or  592-^S/lo  shares  will  have  to  be  deposited 

in  trust  with  tire  Memrntile  Trust  Company.  I  should  like  to  have 

l  f 

this  done  bofo/e  the  agreement  giving  Mr.  Batchelor  a  ton  per  cent 
interest  in  tne/fetoek  so  hold  in  trust  is  executed,  so  that  this 
portion  of  the  increase  may  be  covered  by  the  proposed  agre  client 
with  Mr.  Batchelor.  Will  you  therefore  kindly  fill  out  two  Cert¬ 
ificates  of  the  Phonograph  Works'  stock,  one  for  592  8/lo  shares 
and  the  other  for  967  2/lo  shares,  and  have  the  same  issued  to  Mr. 
Edi s  on . 

Change  the  ameunt  of  the  capital  stock  of  the  Company 

upon  the  Certificates  to  §600,000.'  and  have  both  Certificates 
stamped  "Issued  for  Property  Purchased.'" 

If  you  wilithen  have  Mr.  Edison  sign  the  transfer  on 
i.he  back  of  the  Certificate  for  592  8/lo  shares  and  also  execu 
both  copies  of  the  enclosed  agre  ement  With  the  Mercantile  Trust 

JZZfccj  c*sG£~'d'/ 

Company,  and  return  tie  same  to  mo^,  I  v/ill  see  that  ■this  matter 
is  put  through  with  all  possible  speed,'  The  agreement  enclosed 
is  a  copy  of  the  other  agreement  with  the  Mercantile  Trust  Com- 
with  a  few  slight  necessary  changes  in  the  recitals.1 

Very  truly  yours, 

(P'/Ut.jj  Ul  pi  /<-<j 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

/■?■(?  ffy/war/f //a  j/{  \ 

///./' /^ (  EQUITABLE  I 

'Ifw  .Of/'/:. 

-April._9.tiLt.,.189  0 

I  send  you  herewith  duplicate  copies  of  the 
agreement  between  yourself  and  Mr.  Batchelor,  relating  to  Mr. 
Batchelor's  percentage  interest  in  the  stock  of  the  Edison  Phono¬ 
graph  Works,  held  in  trust  by  the  Mercantile.  Trust  Company,  both 
of  which  have  been  duly  executed  by  yourself  and  Mr.  Batchelor  and 
are  now  in  proper  ion  for  final  delivery.  Will  you  kind¬ 
ly  dolivEr  one  copy  to  Mr.  Batchelor  and  retain  t&e  other  for 
your  private  files'. 

Dear  Mr.  Xnsull :  .  ^  °lty’  April  I8’  I890‘ 

Replying  to  your  enquiry,  £*»««.  Mr.  Edison  executed  an 
agreement  under  date  of  March  H,  transferring  to  the  Works  the 

??  manufacture  dolls  and  toys.  I  shall  send  you  tomorrow  a 
advf^+f  prepared  l0tter  covering  this  whole  subject,  and  shall 
it  hat-yvU  °an  safe:Ly  reimburse  Mr.  Edison.  But  before  you 
tually  reimburse  him, you  had  better  wait  for  my  said  letter! 
Please  excuse  printed  signature. 

Very  truly  yours. 





1  Phonograph  Works, 

Samuel  Insull,  Esq, 

A;  "19  1390 


Dear  Sir: 

Re  Rldht  t0  Manufacture  Phonographic  Dolls  and  Toys. 

Si  “n0niS;l8nS*thiB  y°U’  by  ^—ent  dat^d 

to  1m  8!0;  f  rZaS  he  date  when  a11  the  contracts  relating 
to  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company  deal  were  executed.  ® 

shorn  a  h0  llTu  ^  °n  Pebruary  8,  1890,  directed  that  Mr.  Edison 
than  StS  nnolmlTS®A  ^  °aSh  outlay  051  experiments,  to  not  more 
than  $10  °o°,  provided  he  would  assign  his  right  to  manufacture 
party  to'  ^7*'  ■  W®  ^  intended,  to' make  the  Boston  Company  a 
lust  then the  assignment.  But  they  were  unwilling  to  become  a  party 
just  then,  so^t  the  urgent  Request  of  the  Seligmans  as  well  as  of 

i  J  ,!fr’  Edi,9°A  is  no w  entitled  to  be  reimbursed  his  said  out 

shouirle^'Lrt^  ^'^L1111"]  St  th0  neXt  meeting  of  your  Board  an  ently 
llofei  SLr‘  *  °n  thS  *lnUt9S  °f  that  1119 et  ing  pursuant  to  my,  eZ 
^irSst  Srt°?herLa?f  e  ^  m0r*e  Pai*tiCula^  P-sUaht  to 

of  March  IThei89bd  6f  right. to  manufacture 

OI  Marcn  XI,  1890,  is  in  my  possess idhj.  dtily  'exMUtbd  hv  +#,» 
parties  thereto,  to  wit:  Mr.  Edison  and  S  y  tW° 

Hoping  the  above  will  ’be  sat'isfkotory.,  |  &&&&, 

Very  truly  yours, 




The  attention  of  the  Beard  was  pan  0ri  +1 


stsj  r  ‘ 1 

ssis^r  £•  £"-F"sF='“T‘“sC"- 

.the  following  resolution  was  unanimously  adopted: 

1889,  with  thp  r»u  y  under  his  agreement  of  August  6, 

hereby  is  ap^ved;  "  *°V  Company, 

bursementfi?eSerSeeniCnf eo"  V'1  Edison’s  a°°ount  for  d-~ 
ths  Treasurer, £? SSll  stated  d°lls  and  toys*  and 

as  provided  for  in  the  resolution  S^J1®  £  reimbursed  Mr.  Edison 
8,  1890  Mr  Trc  n  +  0  utlon  of  this  Board  adopted  Pebruary 

$  C/00^'  Sn!  !d  *fat  amount  paid  to  Mr.  jsdison  was 

following  resolutions  ^ 

RESOLVED:  That  the  action 

of  the  Treasurer  of  the  Com- 


/  (M. 

pany  be  and  hereby  is  approved  in  paying  Mr.  Edison  $  6  /  00  vfr 
according  to  the  accounts  submitted  to  this  meeting, in  full  settle¬ 
ment  of  all  claim  by  him  against  the  Company  on  account  of  ex¬ 
periments  on  phonographic  dolls  and  toys,  as  set  forth  in  said 
s  a  ement>  and  that  the  Treasurer  of  the  Company  procure  from  Mr. 
Edison  a  receipt  in  full  for  all  of  said  disbursements,  and  file  it 
away  in  the  archives  of  the  Company. 


/7.&  //tT, 

,e^0  .y^yL 

<aL^*jL*  ^r  ^  ■ 

cd&-z*s  S?<a&-<i*!n^,  lO^ii  _2@S«' 

*£&*  <^<y  ^U.  ^ 

'  //-&ZrSfyo,  ;\. 
yf^C^^y  s/gy& 
"  ■  JZ& 

"  <rjj/  ^oU^)  £&y/<uz> 

yi^a* 4^£3#i^ss,  j 

v  yayuMT7 ,-M 


Dear  Sir:- 

New  York, _ JtH&ULJ,.* . 1390.  fgp 

I  enclose  you  herewith  copy  of  a  letter  I  have 
received  from  S.B. Eaton  with  relation  to  electing  two  Directors  of 
the  Graphophone  interests  on  the  Board  of  the  Edison  Phonograph 
-Works . 

I  would  like  to  know  'whose  resignation  from  the  present 
Board  we  shall  ask  for. 



- ,  J.S9.0 _ -'j& 

A. 0. Tate  Esq. , 

Edison's  laboratory, 

Orange  ,  New  Jersey . 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  you*  favor  of  the  7th, returning  Agree¬ 
ment  in  duplicate  between  Colts  Pat. Eire  Arms  Mf 'g  Co.  and  the 
Edison  Phonograph  Works, for  which  I  am  obliged. 

Yours  truly, 



c.  16  Broad  St.  .New  York.  ^ XX3EX3HJ0pCX^ .  July  15,1890. _ J/f 

. .  C>  Q 

Thomas  A. EdtSon?Esq77  <  '  /J  <R-W  '  Y-A-'/  ■  ■ 

Orange,  N.  J.  (1 .  C.  JL-Ot,  ^  ~ 

Dear  Sir:-  \»-£-«.0  )' 

^  I  V-  ?•'  ■  w  — "• 

1  enclose  you  herewith  copy  ofa^letterl  have 
received  from  the  Nofeth  American  06^pany  °on)<the  subject  the  °C 
Electric  light  Machine.  |  <_  ^  ^  of5----  <"'crv''c 

I  know  from  my  own  experience  that  the  complaint  made  by 
the  North  American  Company  is  entirely  a  fair  one.  I  have  in  use 
in  my  office  four  Phonographs.  In  other  Departments  we  have  two 
or  three  Phonographs  in  use,  and  eventually  we  will  have  a  much 
larger  number  used  in  connection  with  our  business.  We  are  using 
battery  machines  entirely  for  the  simple  reason  that  the  electric 
light  machines  give  great  dissatisfaction.  Even  at  Schenectady 
where  you  would  expect  to  find  some  expert  talent  they  have  been 
unable  to  use  the  electric  light  machines  satisfactorily,  and  have 

I  think  this  is  a  matter  which  somebody  should  take  up  ,, 
immediately.  Cannot  you  assign  Mr.Kennelly  to  straighten  the  elec¬ 
tric  light  motor  out? 




NEW  YORK,  July  14,  1890. 

Samuel  Insull,Esq., 

16  &  18mBroad  St.,  City. 
Dear  Sir:- 

Yours  verp  truly. 

(Signed)  (Thomas  R. Lombard. 


I  have  your  Private  Secretary^  letter  of  July 

23rd.  in  answer  to  mine  of  July  22nd. 

I  do  not  think  that  you  have  $ny  re^Bops  to  oojnplain  of  the 
delay  in  the  Chicago  people  reporting  on  t£e  cylinders  they  now 
have  in  use.  The  cylinders  to  which  they  refer  have  only  been  sent 
out  to  them  within  the  last  few  weeks,  and  it  would  oertainly  take 
as  long  a  time  as  it  has  for  them  to  be  able  to  give  any  report 
whatever  on  how  the  cylinders  are  acting  in  the  hands  of  the  pub- 

I  have  been  having  new  cylinders  sent  to  my  house  right  along 
from  the  time  that  you  last  took  the  cylinders  back  to  the  Labora¬ 
tory,  and  all  I  can  say  is  that  the  new  cylinders  are  absolutely 
unsatisfactory,  and  if  I  were  -running  a  local  Phonograph  Company 
I  would  not  for  one  moment  accept  them.  I  am  speaking  thus  strong¬ 
ly  because  I  have  tried  very  hard  to  get  satisfactory  results  froln 
the  new  cylinders.  The  scratch  is  so  very  severe  that  it  is  some¬ 
times  almost  impossible  to  read  the  cylinder  at  all.  t  bear  in 
mind  your  remark  that  the  cylinders  should  be  turned  off  a  number 

of  times.  This  has  been  done,  and  yet  the  results  are  just  about 
the  same. 

The  complaint  raised  by  the  Chicago  Company  as  to  the  thread 
unwinding  did  not  seem  to  me  to  be  well  taken,  as  I  have  not  had 
so  much  trouble  in  this  connection.  My  main  complaint  is  summed  up 
in  the  fact  that  with  the  old  cylinders  I  have  absolutely  no  trou¬ 
ble,  the  talking  is  absolutely  distinct  and  there  is  no  scratch, 
whereas,  with  the  new  cylinders  there  is  so  much  scratch  that  my 
people  are^delayed  in  getting  a  transcript  of  the  cylinders. 

Yours  very  truly. 




NOTE-Thls  confirmation 

should  be  checked  with  the  orlgl, 
be  correct  unless  advised  to  the  com 

ml  message  immediately  on  receipt.  It  will 

Irnry  by  telephone. 

Name  of  Person  Sending. 

1  Name  of  Person  Receiving. 

Ttme-  |  Bate. 

. Mr. Butler. 

. Mr. Randolph, 

3:4 5 . August 5th, 189 0 .  lSg 

From  whom  received 

:  Mr. Butler, 

To  whom  sent: 

Mr. Insull,  Edison' 

s  Laboratoiy. 

We  have  $15,000  of  notes  maturing  on  Friday,  August  8th. 
Have  just  seen  Chapman,  and  he  says  that  we  will  have  to  take  care 
of  them  ourselves,  the  market  being  very  dull  of  available  cash. 
This  I  understand  is  caused  by  bankers  and  monied  people  putting 
their  money  into  the  new  Silver  Certificates.  Chapman  says  that 
we  ought  not  to  take  any  chances  of  being  able  to  replace  the  notes 
as  they  become  due,  and  that  he  expects  a  very  tight  market  in  the 
course  of  a  few  weeks. 

Randolph  to  Powers,  3:55,  3jgg 

&LUL  Tn..  /sic OJUur- 

Mr.Insull  say^to  bring  out  all  information  concerning 
the  matter  of  the  notes  to-night  witl^^to 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  6th  with  relation  to 
our  account  at  the  Orange  National  Bank. 

The  trouble  is  we  have  been  so  short  of  money,  and  had  so  much 
trouble  to  get  through  for  the  last  few  months  owing  to  the  drain 
on  our  resources  in  consequence  of  ou  r  having  had  to  reimburse 
Mr. Edison  for  such  a  large  amount  of  money  borrowed  from  him  that 
we  have  been  quite  unable  to  keep  a  larger  balance  at  the  Orange 
National  Bank. 

Yours  truly, 

1(3  Broad  Street,  N.Y. 


My  dear  Edisra 

I  had  a  long  talk  with  Mr.  Lippincotljon  repairs 
on  return  phonographs,  and  I  promised  to  see  you  on  the  subject.  ^ 

The  positi 
is,'  if  a  local  company  orders 
to  give 

that. the  North  American  Phonograph  Company  takes 

'  2/  ,  V  ^  - 

new  points,  arid^if  they  refuse 

order  for  the  links  on  the  diaphragms,  it  is  impossible’ 

for  the  North  American  Company  to  collect^from  the  local 'company 

.  L  V  Z  V 

the  cost  of  these,  and  he  asked  me  to  arrange  that  the  Phonograph^ 
Works  would  not  make  any  changes  in  the  machines  without  the  per- 

L  "  C  r  <J>  ■ 

mission  of  the  North  American  Company*  ^  { 

/  ’  ... 

I  have  looked  over  the  contract  and  I  have  come  to  the^onclu- 
sion  that  this  is  a  matter  that  should  be^  settled  between' you  and"- 
the  North  American  Company.  I  should  like  to  have  your' 

„  Y 

instruct ionain  connection .with  this,  so  that  I  can  see  Mr.  Lippin- 



cott  again  on  the  subject. 

Do  you  intend  to  dictate  to  the  North^ American  Company  exactly 
what  they  shall  put  upon  a  phonograph?  If  so,  do  you  intend  to 
instruct  the  Phonograph  Works  that  they  must  not  make  repairs  ex¬ 
cept  in  accordance  with  your  instructions?  If  you  take  this  latter 
.our..,  ho,  ,r.  ».  to  collect  our  „on,y  fret,  the  North  hm.riceh 
oompeuy.  If  the,  t.h.  the  petition  th.t  they  ,r.  only  «lii„g  to 

T..A.E.  2. 

pay  for  such  goods  as  they  may  order? 

This  is  purely  a  business  question,  and  X  would  like  to  know 
what  your  ideas  are  in  the  matter,  so  that  I  can  get  it  settled. 

Yours  truly, 

le  with  the  International  Graphophone  people, for  not  having  held  a 
meeting  of  the  Phonograph  Works  for  the  purpose  of  electing  their 
Directors  to  the  Board. 

I  understood  that  this  meeting  was  to  be  postponed  for  a  day 
or  two, but  it  seems  to  me  that  it  has  been  postponed  for  a  week  or 

I  am  dictating  this  just  before  leaving  for  Chicago.  I  shall 
be  back  on  Friday  morning.  If  it  will  be  necessary  for  me  to 
attend  a  meeting,!  cannot  attend  one  until  Monday , but  I  presume  it 
is  unnecessary  if  you  get  my  proxy  for  the  meeting. 


Yours  truly, 

$KS®e*  IteKBaa^lBaBWte 

Eaton  &  Lewis,  with  the  request  that  they  look  into  the  contract 
of  Mr.  Edison  with  the  Edison  Toy  Manufacturing  Company  of  Boston, 
and  with  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company  and  let  me  have  a 
report  on  the  whole  subject  by  the  t ime  I  return  from  Chicago, 
which  will  be  Friday  or  Saturday  next. 

Yours  very  truly, 

an  order  of  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company  for  a  Nickle-in- 
the-slot  machine. 

I  telephoned  to  Mr.  Y/are  yesterday  on  this  subject  and  suggest 
ed  that  he  should  communicate  with  Mr.Moriarty  and  advise  him 
that  the  order  for  a  Niekle-in-the-slot  meahine  could  not  be  filled 
until  Mr.  Edison  returns  from  Schenectady.  I  should  like  to  talk 
to  Mr.  Edison  on  the  subject  as  soon  as  he  returns. 

Yours  truly, 


16  &  18  BROAD  STREET.  X  />  '  >- 

r  /[Xo 

A. o. Tate, Esq., Private  Secretary,  ~~ 

Edison  Laboratory,Orange,N.j. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  enclose  you  herewith  copy  of  a  letter  I  received 
this  momingfrom  Mr.Lippincott ,  on  the  subject  of  Battery  Jars. 

I  wish  you  would  enter  into  conuiunicat ion  with  him  direct, and 
supply  Mm  with  the  information  he  speaks  of. 

I  am  sure  Mr. Edison  would  be  very  glad  to  trade  with  the  Roch¬ 
ester  Tumbler  Company, which  is  Mr.Lippincott ' s  concern, all  things 
being  equal. 

Yours  very  truly. 

e  -  ^  A'  (V-7  '  ./  * 


/  L  ‘  -O 


Auouat  :?<?, 



The  North  American  Phonograph  Company  complain 
of  our  shipping  out  linen  belts, on  the  phonographs,  they  say  they 
are  no  good.' 

What  shall  I  do? 

Yours  truly, 

16  Broad  Street ,N.’Y)f? 


6  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

n  •  jo 

.SepA^JLQ,J£9JLL_  /T' 

A.  0.  Tate, Esq., 

Edison  Labratory, 

Orange ,N.J. 

Dear  Sir;- 


I  have  yours  of  the  6th.  with  relation  to  the 
use  of  the  battery  in  connection  with  the  Phonograph  and  the 
Nickle-in-the-slot  machine. 

I  am  in  communication  with  Mr.  Haines, Mr.  Gottschalk  and  Mr. 
Lippincott  on  the  subject.  I  will  let  you  know  the  result. 

pU™  °J^,U 



/2 /r>  a r/f (.-ay  (  EQUITABLE  BL 

r-  y 

,  „  J  '/fa*?*;/' ^ 

4ed-r~  si 

'  /  __/..L.~.'  - 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq.,  ^L- 

T.  A.  Edi 8 on  Eeq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir  :- 

We  have  been  waiting  to  hear  from  you  what  day  has  been 
set  for  a  meeting  of  the  Directors  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works. 
We  urge  upon  you  the  necessity  of  arranging  the  date  for  the  ear¬ 
liest  possible  day,  as  we  are  being  pressed  by  Messrs.  Seligman 
for  the  assignment  of  rights  by  Mr.  Edison,  and  it  is  Mr.  Edison's 
desire  that  that  assignment  should  be  made  at  the  aame  time  with 
the  increase  of  stock  of  the  Works.  We  presume  Mr.  Insull  will 
be  back  on  Monday  and  he  being  a  Director,  perhaps  you  can  arrange 
the  meeting  for  an  earlier  date  than o therwise.  We  have  all  the 
necessary  papers  prepared. 

Yours  tinly. 

2  enclosures. 

Edison  General  Electric  Company. 


-?Q^Cr  6 

(uuAr^Xj  Lu^axj^b^,  '£uu^4-tn^  Az ten^  & 

<x^^vu^  UMMir~tk£:- vie  __ 

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Edison  General  Electric  Coiv 


.V  O  TEA^htecon/l  M  *"  cornet  tiniest  <r‘1  °riVt>a'tl  me’aaae  immf<uatelg  »»  receipt.  It  will 

Name  of  Person  Sending. 

Name  of  Person  It, ■editing. 



. . . Mfller.  - - 

I . . — . Miss  Meinell, 

. 2.30 . _| 

- - 10/22 

X’rom  whom  received , 

'  A.  0.  Tate. 

Samuel  Xnsull,  Second  Vice  President. 

Total  value  Fhonograps  and  Cylinders  shipped  July, 
August  and  September  $  62156.25. 

Value  of  parts  same  period,  and  in  addition  $  2652.46 
Humber  of  Phonograps  shipped  July  -298  .August  486  .September  4S8 
Total  1272. 

Repair  account  is  wiped  out,  I  have,  statement'  in  detail. 



,y%:UA  &&■/•/£, Qai^  gp.nd,  Tann. 

Tnomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Referring  again  to  your  letter  of  the  I7th  inst. 
already  acknowledged  relating  to  the  rights  of  the  Edison  Phono¬ 
graph  Works  touching  musical  records  and  appliances  for  nickel 
slot  phonographs,  I  beg  to  say  that  I  have  just  had  a  long  in¬ 
terview  with  Mr.  Got tschalk  relating  to  this  matter,  and  I  have  con- 
cluded  to  obtain  from  Mr.  Bush,  representing  Mr.  Lippincott  and  the 
N.A.P.Co.  an  opinion  which  he  feave  on  this  subject  some  months  ago. 

There  are  some  nice  questions  involved  in  this 
matter,  and  there  are  two  sides  to  it,  but  apparently  the  weight 
o  reason  is  on  the  side  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works.  However, 
please  let  me  reserve  the  right  to  change  this  first  and  super¬ 
ficial  opinion  in  case  I  find  upon  a  full  examination  of  the  sub- 
ject  that  I  am  wrong. 

.  ,  .  .  _  Bef°re  If  inally  give  you  a  formal  opinion,  no 

ao^.iDt  I  shall  rin^d  it  necessary  to  discuss  the  matter  with  you  at 

Very  truly  yours, 


/'(ffl '  iMwsat/emw/  (  equ  itable  BUILDING) 

.ytcu;  ///■■/■/:■ — o.c.t  189  Q... 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Thomas  A. Edison,  Esq.,  Presid  ent. 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Purchase  by  Licensee  Companies  from  Manufacturers 
Other  than  the  E.P. Works  of  Apparatus  for  use  in  connection  with 
nickel  Phonographs  and  Supplies  in  the  form  of  Musical  Records. 

Replying  to  your  letter  of  the  I7th  inst.  acknowledg . 
ment  of  which  has  been  delayed  in  consequence  of  my  absence,  and 
referring  to  your  request  for  my  opinion  as  to  whether  the  N.A.P.Co 
and  its  licnnsee  companies  are  not  compelled  under  its  agreement 
with  you  dated  August  1,1888,  to.  purchase  all  Apparatus  and  Supplier 
solely  from  you,  X  beg  to  say  that  Mr.  Rottschalk,  representing 
the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company,  has  heard  of  your  dis¬ 
satisfaction  touching  this  matter,  and  wishes  to  see  me  before  I 
give  you  an  opinion.  I  am  just  arranging  for  an  early  interview 
with  him,  and  may  then  have  something  to  cormiunicate . 

The  opinion  which  you  ask  for  will  be  furnished  as 
soon  as  possible  after  seeing  Mr.  Gottschalk  and  possibly  Mr. 

Very  truly  yours. 



y),CU>  /jtv/iy _ Oaf.  23rd,  1890 . 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  President. 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Increase  of  Capital  Stock.  Referring  to  the  en¬ 
closed  document  I  beg  to  say  that  the  Mercantile  Trust  Company  re¬ 
ferred  me  to  their  Counsel  Messrs  Alexander  &  Greene,  to  settle  the 
question  whether  the  said  Company  should  sign  the  certificates  of 
increase  of  capital  stock.  The  said  Counsel  finally  told  me 
that  they  would  ad'-ise  the  Trust  Company  to  sign  the  certificates 
if  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works  would  united  in  the  request  jointly 
with  Mr,  Edison.  Will  you  therefore  kindly  execute  the  two  en¬ 
closed  documents  on  the  first  sheet,  thereof  and  return  to  me,  and 

Very  truly  yours, 

Major  S.  E.  Eaton, 

#120  B  r  o  a  d  w  a  y  , 

New  York  City, 

Deal’  Sir:- 

With  reference  to  your  letter  of  22nd  ultimo  in 
regard  to  Licensee  Companies  purchasing  from  Manufacturers 
other  than  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works  Apparatus  for  use  in  con¬ 
nection  with  Nickel- in-Slot  phonographs  and  supplies  in  the  form 
of  musical  records,  Can  you  now  inform  Mr,  Edison  as  to  when  he 
may  expect  to  receive  your  opinion  on  this  subject?  He  would 
like  you  to  send  it  t o  him  as  soon  as  possible. 

Yours  very  truly  , 

Private  Secretary. 


New  York  City,  Nov.  3rd,  1890. 

Dear  Mr.  Tate: 

Delay  has  been  caused  by  my  not  being  able  to  get 
a  copy  of  two  old  opinions  given  in  this  matter  by  Judge  Davis  and 
by  Witter  &  Kenyon.  I  have  also  been  trying  to  get  copies  of  cer¬ 
tain  contracts  between  the  N.A.P.Co.  and  its  licensees.  With  the 
aid  of  Mr.  Bush  I  have  procured  all  these  documents  today  and  am 
now  prepared  to  begin  final  work  on  this  opinion.  X  shall  have  to 
examine  every  phonograph  contraey  down  to  date  so  as  to  be  sure 
of  my  ground.  The  question  is  a  close  one. 

truly  yours 
S.B. Eaton 



■sl£u>  '&6'r/<y_± Loy_,  19  th. .  1890 . 

Edison  Phonograph  Works , 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  President, 
hear  Sir:-  n/  [j  <-{.  c 

I  beg  to  say  that  all  the  requirements  of  law  ha«e 
!ee4,C!!!lied  with>  End  that  your  caPital  stock  is  now  increased 
to  $1,200,000, ,  which  is  your  present  legal  capitalization. 

Very  truly  yours. 


■  /l#7p  //9'  My 

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Edison  General  Electric  Co. 



NOTE— Thin  confirmation  should  be  checked  with  the  original  message  immediately  on 

Name  of  Person  Sending. 

Name  of  Person  Receiving. 




..  .  -Mr.. .lie.  Guire  . 

. . ..Miss  Up  in.**  11 

. 1.08 . 1 

II  /S iso 

From  whom  received,  MR  THOMAS  EDISON  , 

To  whom  sent, 

Mr  Samuel  Insull,  Second  Vice  President  . 

I  desire  to  p\it  into  effect,  the  following  arrangements 
in  connection  with  the  Phonograph  Works 

Complete  the  312  new  style  machines  with  Motors,  ready 
for  packing;  i ix  up  1282  old  style  instruments  so  that  they  can 
be  used  with  Nickel  in  slot  ,  except  Motors.;  assemble  only  700 
Motors  ;  get  45,000  cylinders  ahead,  and  as  this  work  is  finished 
shut  doYm  the  various  departments. 

In  any  event  I  wish  to  shut  down  by  December  I5th  . 

I  will  put  a  Motor  in  the  Tool  Room,  and  supply  it  with 
current  from  the  labratory.  The  Works  staff  will  be  reduced  to 
Ballou,  Sargent,  Ware  and  Miller.  The  Silver  Lake  factory  will 
take  the  horses  and  trucks.  We  will  employ  one  night  watchman 
at  the  Works.  In  the  Tool  Room  we  will  employ  no  more  than  six 
men  to  finish  ore  milling  machines  ;  make  Nickel- in-Slot  attach¬ 
ments,  and  12  Model  Phonographs  . 

During  period  of  suspension,  we  will  make  up  our  accounts 
with  Lippincott  according  to  contract,  charging  everything  such 
as  Tables,  and  Body,  old  stylo  and  new,  including  p.>v.f,s 

in  stock. 

Edison  General  Electric  Co. 



To  whom  sent, 

Mr  Samuel  Insull,  Second  Vice  President. 


leaving  absolutely  nothing  in  the  Works  which  has  not  been  charged 
out  according  to  contract.  All  the  old  parts  will  doubtless 
be  obsolete  ,  in  the  new  machine,  as  adopted,  and  must  be  paid  for 
before  we  make  the  new  machine  , 

We  will  put  the  Doll  account  in  proper  shape  and  inven¬ 
tory  everything  , 


Edison  General  Electric  Co. 




NOTB-Thla  confirm i 

Name  of  Person  Sending 

- Miss.V.einell _ 


unless  advised  to  the  contrary  by  telephone. 

Name  of  Person  Jtecelvlny. 

— . Pelzer— ..... . 

From  whom  received, 
OCo  whom  sent, 

Mr  Samuel  Insull,  Second  Vice  President.  . 

I  think  your  plan  about  the  Phonograph  Works  is  all 
right.  Please  send  copy  of  your  message  to  me  to  Mr  Ware  . 

Edison  General  Electric  Co. 



NOTE-Xhls  confirmation  t 

ihould  be  checked  with  the  original  m 

essage  Immediately  on  receipt.  It  will 
ontrarg  by  telephone. 

%f^A  'fyiMitf 

\  Name  of  Person  Itecclving.  | 

! . . j_ 

. | 

. . /<£///. . ..-./*» 

Prom  whom  received. 

To  whom  sent, 

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,  '<■///•  ay  [  EQU ITABLE  BUM 

<yl?cu>  jkc’r/l _jtesu,_ 


LOgraph  Works, 

A. Edison,  Esq.,  President. 



I  beg  to  say  that:  Mr.  Bush  '•h‘  * 
rote  a  letter  to  you  and  thijs1  ** 
o.nograph  Company,  and  /% 

n «  e  th ere 
omo  oxtont  the 
November  12,1890, 


Dear  sir  : 

Re  Duplicate  Cylind 
mo  that  last  January  Mr.  E 
you  wrote  a  letter  to  the  North 
that  they  gave  certain  instruct! 
licensees,  which  Mr.  Rush  says  upset  in  law  to 
conclusions  set  forth  in  my  lengthy  opinion  of 

given  to  Mr.  Edison,  a  copy  of  which  was  furnished  to  Mr.’  Rush  . 

representing  his  clients.  1 

I  have  no  copy  of  the  said  two  letters  of  last  Janu-  4 
ary,  and  doubt  whether  I  ever  saw  them.  Are  they  really  as  ser-  ^ 

ions  as  Mr.  Bush  says?  Ploase  send  me  copies,  and  give  me -your-  J 

views  on  them,  as  to  how  they  affo  st  the  now  plan  put  forth  in  my 
said  opinion  to  you  so  far  as  you  recollect  it,  and  oblige,  s") 

Very  truly  yours,  J 

■rvugzt  A 

L.  Tfct  lu^'  *{  J  y 

|ifWv  cv-wmc  w <££***  **  ^ 

\£>  C 

(- 1 XZlL  t'W  «  u.f  ^  Itc  4  K* 



ytciV  ?Jor/y _ Qec.llth.  .139  o . 

■^£CEIV£  q 

Edison  Phonograph  Y/orks,  DEC  15  1890 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.,  President,  Ans'd . . 18 

Oran  ge  ,  W.  J., 

Dear  Sir:- 

Matter  of  Buekalew.  V/e  are  in  receipt  of  your 

(P/-i ??%(,  )a\.  (2° 



< //r"f /•//(  izq  u  I  TAB  LET  BUILDING) 

tL  yi/cu;  l/c-r/€_ — n^c.xsih.jiiss  o . 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq,,  President, 

Orange,  N,  J,, 

Dear  Sir:  - 

Matter  of  Buokalew.  Referring  to  your  recaht 
instructions  that  we  might  settle  this  case  for  $750.,  if  V/e 
could  not  settle  it  for  less,  we;, have  the  pleasure  of  inform¬ 
ing  you  that  we  have  succoodedjaf ter  considerable  difficulty 
in  settling  this  matter  for  $500.  Will  you  kindly  send  us  a 
check  to  tie  &rder  of  "McCarter,  Williamson  &  McCarter,  Attorneys" 
for  that  amount.  This  should  be  sent  at  the  earliest  possible  me 
ment,  as  very  prompt  payment  was  one  of  fee  conditions  of  settle- 

On  looking  over  the  case  and  its  probabilities  we  can¬ 
not  help  congratulating  ourselves  upon  this  result,  If  we  had 
been  on  the  other  side  ,  we  certainly  would  not  have  settled 
for  this  amount. 

Very  truly  yours, 



Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Tuomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  President. 
Dear  Sir: 


i^V^-Dec.  24.  1890. 

2  "fj 9-q 

Ro  Bu eke lew .  This  case  having  been 
settled  for  the  amount  of  $500  heretofore  received  from  you,  X  bog 
to  enclose  a  full  general  and  special  release  under  seal,  duly 
executed  by  Alonzo  Buokelew  in  your  favor,  which  kindly  file  away 
m  the  archives  of  the  Works  as  a  valuable  original  document. 

We  are  well  satisfied  with  this  settle¬ 
ment,  and  hope  you  are. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  General  (D-90-55) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
commercial  development  of  Edison’s  phonograph  in  the  United  Kingdom, 
Germany,  Mexico,  and  Russia.  Included  are  testimonials  from  Russian 
composers  and  musicians  and  letters  about  the  presentation  of  the  phonograph 
to  Porfirio  Diaz,  Czar  Alexander  III,  and  Friedrich  Krupp.  Among  the 
correspondents  are  Josef  Hofmann,  the  Polish  pianist;  Thomas  B.  Connejy, 
Edison’s  phonograph  agent  in  Mexico;  and  Julius  H.  Block,  Edison’s  agent  in 
Russia.  ° 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  requests  for 
phonographs,  supplies,  and  agencies;  letters  of  transmittal;  duplicate  copies  of 
selected  documents. 


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[Mir^nSS^H?BiBstfes3nsfU!j  «•*«"  0 

!  (SoiiM)  • 'tfi983SuY)Om  loy-rio  J.-ti; 

*  I  111  PoMrEcli[rttotai'Ca  'iu  XJTJ\*  >! 

(Panp,r;rGt-tufWtat<siot3rj)  Vtpv  *  lomovoa  jjjuit  iliivLjrown  .pmartvh  cuit  odsm 
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feV  i°3  ^  ,otiO'£cjwa  I  «0tS'f“V8ilj’ocf  oi  oortommoa  nisjie  I 

■  o,  amis  ,ra  i„„da  o^  ovloa 

Sris^  PoHchfs  &  SMs/nS^ReMRlf  *  XIb1o9’1«  otto  Oil}  tott  si  oioii  OVflxf  1  flqajxgortOilqr 

-  (Needles)  ijl'IOtf 

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Seidel  &(Naimn%^35urkoppj&g!,  0  r  *a  n  g  e  .  xl#  Jr» 

|  -, '  , '  -  (sewing MichmM)  My  doar  Sir;- 

!  '  -  etc.  «c.  On  ray  return  from  abroad, 

k  ■  - - <-&*>**-> where,  as  you  know,  I  had  the  ploasuro  of 

H-*waM«WBas««*ii?.  I?, have, not  hoard  from  you  in  reply  to  my  various-  ailingSi.qxiJroased 
r-  “*  ‘'in*  my  last.'letter  from  J£i  Romo,  since  in.;a  little  more,  tliun  a* 

L..,.  „.,  v/eeks,  time  the  last  concert  of  Rubinstcin‘'wi'ii placo.  ■■ 

|  ‘  *' Notwithstanding,  I  am  proud  to  inform  y  ou,  that. ..  I .  have  achieved 

!,...: . better  results  with  the  small  funnel  already, "than  tW^iaho 'solos 

r'1"  you5 'we re  so  kind  to  send  with  this  last  floto  o£  goods*  Wo  are  ra¬ 
ther  particular  about  “MUSIC";  selection,  performance*  roproduc— 
tion  &  therefore  I  cannot  well  show  the  musical  cylinders  to  the 
Musical  Y/orld  liore,  except  there  is  something  good  to  show  ,  That  : 
IJ  do  no't'  ;moan  empty  words,  I  will  prove  tb1  you  in- sending  .you  a  ftr 
few  such  cylinders  of  various  music  (  even,, of  dances,  but  played 
differently)  &  would  ask  you  to  lot  me  know  the'  'deoliihlbai ‘'defects 
of  rocording  in  same,  since  I,  on  no  acct. think,  that  thoso  piano 
cylinders  you  kindly  sent  mo  are  of  the  best  you  havo.  '  -r- 

I  am  sitting  up  the  nights  to  study  the  musicali-nacks,.,Qf  the 
phonograpli  &  can  now  readily  appreciate  Mr.  Wangemanns  words,  that 
this  phonograph  is  not  intended  for  musical  recording*  If  the  eye 
lider  were  say  -bet  four  times  as  long,  what  a  wonderful  machine  It 
would  be  for  composi-ors  &  musicians  generallyllll 

You  ask  me  to  inform  you  of  my  progress  &  I  did  this,  in  gend* 
ing  you  a  few  days  agg  a  few  Petersburg  papers  about,  iqy  dQBionfcha** 
tions  there.  I  do  not  doubt,  that  most  of  the  paeWsV  (  with  the  ex¬ 
cept  ion  of  the  german  ones)  will  all  seem  “grook*  to  you*  lor  *2,1 
that, I  sent  them,  since  Mr.  Edison  told  me  ,  shat  he  know  a  ru solan 
gentleman,  who'  calls  on  him  sometimes.  It  may  interost  him  tQ  SOW 
irfr\™tflr5 •  h°”° *  1  w6uld  gladly  have  translated  the  pepeni' 

f  I  could  find  time  to  do  this.  The  battery  now  ttoyka 

•■£*)&  F^ttfoV/adtia'  b^lV(S"d?I.lMl  StlMs  '<£>n ini  if orm  of  powder  ae'last- 
time.  _  .  _  v  >,  ,  ■  •*  ->'l\ 

In  list oninc  to  the  piano  culindersj  which  I  will  ae’Sd  CyoiD  (!  £[  ^ 

Miave  aooie  excollont  duets  aff  well )  you  will  observe,  that  the  sound’ 

w^^.^VJttlthoueh  I  tightened  the  main  bol  „t,  and  put  in*  new  .  . 1 
governor  brushes  in  order  to  avoid  any  incorrect  'moyemen’lfr "J 
•'iNatm'dllyv'a'S'I'  now  see,  it  is  almost  a  matter  of  impossibility, 
t0  AggjgJ,  Qe^Ih^itl1  eovornor  &  very  'best  adjust'-  '  , 

ment  work  so  sensitively  as  avoid  oven  a  m  ioro's,c,pJpi.‘cal..flucr A  .  ' 

tuat.i.on  which  is  sufficient  ’  to'  produce  a  change  in  ’the  •pitch:'" 
spoiling  tho  illusion*  >;  I  supposoJ-thoro  is  no  v/ayboutrsofr^tliis?  ’v"'' 

I  again  Commence  to  bothen  -you.  I  suppose,  that  I  did  'not  're 
coivo  tho  ,  information  about  my  aims  re  Rubinstein, M ‘BECAUSE ‘-thb’i-  ^'-u'J 
work°^raiJl1  *  her°  is  n0t  tlie  ono  8Pe°ially  iji]tj|nded  for  such  •  VV; 

Onoe  more  tlianking  y ou  for  > our  Gone r o s it y ,  shown  in  ,ypurj  letter 

°.LH°v.*V  erf1?t1^*  ^wayl’art!-af(f/9^>J^uI.ES5{?vico  >•  Ml 

...  L-  -  ohiiShirS hy^triuly"  -J 

.  .  -JtiS  100b  yM 

,hsoids  moil  mniei  ^m  no 

lo  owasolq  odl  bail  I  .won*  uoX-  as  .eieriw  * 


6«r*hlo?^jL0?**XI|JW  rfl0,tertlc,uff  10  *®onoo  laaE  odl  omxl  adeew 
hovoidjs  oveii  1  ,uoX  miolnx  ol  bnoiq  ms  I  fcn 

«  xora^ xiom8  **  *sJ2 

m?L,b™nZ\  ’  b0°a  tBJi£  Btllt  Mlvr  b«oo  Oi  bnxd  08  01(?V?W!' 

;  ".01  BUM"  inods  isXeoxlisq  iodT 
tfifri  w l2  Zi  T  T!n  e  t  VOds  XX9W  *oratsa  1  •'wlWedl  l  noil 
a  ?°3  3rTxrWonOB  ai  *qoo*e  ,oiod  bXiow  XssiauM 

L  i  ^  °*  ^r1  IXiv/  1  'eMow  X^Amwmi 

^V9  SUm  “ohffl°  ^obnil^  dona  wel 
b  X  u,imfooai  S!ii  v,0rf}1  sm  ol  uox  das  blxxow  *  (vlinoiollxb 
ortaiq  oaodl  Isdl  .dnldlloas  on  no  ,1  ocnia  ,emsa  ni  15l5!«2  lo 
„ri*  •»«  .ovsd  noy  laod  odl  lo  oia  om  Inea  yfbnid  noi  BiebniXyo 
XBUlBWm  9lIJ  ol -amain  odl  qU  gninie  ^  j 

To  SfS  won^b  *  Caonodq 

♦t  Lw  M  ”  laaxsnm  tol  bebnolnl  ion  ai  xfqaiaonodq  aix£l 

^  •rtlf,U“n  ^«bnow  a  lsx(w  ,anoI  as  aomil  mol  1S«L  Jsa^ow  lebll 
-hnoa  iti  aiHt  a.f,  t"1111^0"93  8nBi0ia£,m  *'  Moiao.rmoo  10I  od  blnow 
*lf5,1  *  oaoiyoiq  lo  no*  molnx  ol  om  das  uoY 

S^eiolol  wol  s  Sas  aXsb  wel  s  nov  a«i 
IXa  Jot  inoi  ;!  2?1  °rfJ  10  *QOm  <^ob  Jorf  I  .eieill  anoil 

nalfanT!  *,  ,  *  m°"  XIfl  XXiw  ( 8  0:10  rt45^93  ®ill  lo  nollqoa 

JtfS  /f"  •  bL0&  noatm  •',M  3ar4ia  <msdt  I  Isrfl 

008  01  mirt  laoielnl  Xem  II  .aemllomoa  raid  no  allsy  odw  nsnollrton 
H^l,0d9  60i**iana^  ovsxi  Yfbsla  bln ow  I  .  omod  moil  aioqsq  wol  s 
/IsiIP1  #3t**ow  won  viollsd  odT  .aid!  ob  ol  omii  bnxl  bfnoo  I  lx 


A  cSJ  J—r^  <~~~ -£e-2  .  n  // 

j7  ,  /,  ,.z:/£  ^  'l^zzz-  ^  ^  & 

fst-^^Lr  "Tit*— .  ^  /  ^/_.,^5^/._ Z-4^ 

^  '  r~~-  *  fiJ.  / _ 2  - 

r^  v  ^  -r^/'  ^  z  ^  ^  ££  _  <*___ 

^ /“  ,*™c'  **f  ,=j=i.  ,4,„  ^-_  <^v„~ 

'”'  -  1  -f  7Z^ZS4~,  £  A  '  -  ''.,  //  —£^  ^  <-.-  .W- 

Juors£~ .  ‘  "’  \  \  '  “’'•  ,  V  V'.  ^  /^w^2l >  /  4 

<Aczt€z  Z^azz  .  y  *_  ^ 

tdc—-  -e^ 


it/ZZZy  tL  jL&^t>-  ZZ~*~=>  Z 

k/voZ  esx —  *Zy  jZ-^r-y-L  ^ 


Thtf  An  o*1  a..  Ajootc 

All  registered  cable  addresses  now  In  u 
by  this  route.  ' 



!  g  unr  uwiTEP  STATES  OF  AMER8CA  AND  EUROpS: 


"  .  ' 

/' r-, 

"  4''  7'  ’“7^’ - 





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1  _  ur^ 

• .  . ///^ 

J^^lo-American  Telegraph  Company,  Limited. 

/^T  wWesnmi  established,  isea.  *  > 

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I  yT3^7T  \  ‘ 

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“ . , 

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Jmport  of  JVLact-iinery,  Hardware  &  C/tf  ' 

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Fairbanks  &  CS,  H.  Disston  &  Sons, 

W.  a  B.  Dsiglis,  Eclipse  IBM  Engine  C. 


Coventry  Machinists  C°  Ld 


Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons.  nr.  Redditch 

Willem  &  Mils  St*.  Uacb.  C\ 

Seidel  &  Naumann. — Diirkopp  &  0!, 

etc.  etc.  Orange.  N  .  J  . 

My  dear  Sir;- 

Your  kind  favor  of  December  10. 
1889  Just  to  hand.  I  am  glad  the  Austrian  authorities  soon  retur- 
ned  you  the  letter,  addressed  to  Vienna,  as  you  might  otherwise 
have  thought  the  behaviour  ,on  my  part,  strange,  for  not  acknow¬ 
ledging  your  complying  kindly  with  my  request. 

I  now  beg  to  tender  my  sincere  thanks  for  your  generous  con¬ 
sent  &  am  positive,  the  Czar  wil  be  more,  than  highly  pleased  with 
the  souvenir  he  is  to  get;  it  was  Ms  earnest  desire  to  get  a  pho- 
graph  A  he  put  various  questions  to  me  in  that  direction,  which, 
unfortunatoly ,  at  that  time,  I  could  not  answer  satisfactorily. 

If  the  matter  of  getting  up  the  phonograph  *  the  forwarding  of 
same  has  been  empowered  by  you,  to  Mr.  Batchelor  (as  I  suppose), 
may  I  address  him  to  find  out  when  the  apparatus  may  likely  be  ship 

Next  month  I  will  be  in  Petersburg  A  I  would  like  very  much 
to  inform  the  Minister,  count  Woronzoff-Dashkoff  when  the  appara¬ 
tus  may  likely  reach  the  pajiaoe.  He  will  be  greatly  pleased  to  heav* 
of  your  great  kindness,  because  he  was  exceptionally  interested  in 
the  'apparatus  A  was  more, -“than  satisfied,  that  through  his  inter- 
mediance  the  Czar  had  such  a  grand  treat. 

Being  well  aoqainted  with  the  musical  world,  I  now  commence  to 
collecting  good  musical  phonogram*.  Would  you  take  up  some  in  your 
■phonogrammothek*?  I  mean  such  as  are  recorded  by  some  of  our  world 
renowned  artists. 

I  found  a  little  spare  time  A  hurriedly  translated  some  PARTS 
of  newspapers'  reports  re  my  demonstrations  with  your  ■ wonder  "as 
it  is  generally  called  here.  Perhaps  it  will  interest  you  to  peruso 
them  at  your  leisure. 

Excuse  long  epistle  A  believfme  to  be  ,  always  ready  at^ 

pklF. 0  — 

Moscow,  8  (20)  th.  Febr.  1890. 

^)eaz>  Si'Zo 

Referring  to  my  circular  of  April  1888  1  beg  to  inform  you, 
that  1  have  this  day  retired  from  the  trading  firm  .1.  Block  founded 
by  me  in  1863,  my  partners  having  purchased  my  interest  in  the 

Thanking  you  for  the  confidence  &  trust  placed  in  our  house 
1  kindly  request  you  to  continue  same  towards  my  former  associates. 

In  consequence  of  the  above  1  cease  to  sign  for  the  firm  J.  Block 
&  beg  to  remain 

Moscow,  8  (20)  th.  Febr.  1890, 

~Oea/o  $m 

In  connection  with  tho  preceding  circular  we  beg  to  inform  you, 
that  we  have  this  day  purchased  our  seniors  share  in  our  firm,  in 
consequence  of  which  he  retires  from  our  business  from  this  date. 

As  the  firm  undergoes  no  change  the  signatures  remain  as  here¬ 
tofore  as  stated  below. 

Requesting  you  to  favor  us  with  tho  continuance  of  your  estee¬ 
med  confidence,  which  we  have  been  enjoying  for  so  many  years,  we 
beg  to  remain  T 

Most  respectully  yours 

Trading  firm  J.  Block. 

Mr.  Wiliam  Block  continues  to 

Mr.  Julius  Block 

Mr.  William  Hirsclifeld 

Edison  Laboratory. 


t>  - 

. /^ZJxIU/USJ. . 

c gfc . Scb ua-^i 


. (2v^*JLrx  or.. . /oU/^UnJL^ 

..QA/m.  Cr^...Q^.%jL'.  ,:. . jUtl.  CtXYM^;.J . 

&dIc.....Z..4:..... . * . .../<??& 




Fairbanks  &  C.°,  H.  Disston  h  Sons, 

W.  5  8.  Duglis,  Eclipse  Wind  Engine  f. 

(Pumps)  (Wind  Motors) 

(Remington  typewriter) 
»J5.3STIBX*  9SSJLW  O-ISST  ©>, 

Coventry  Machinists  C«  Ld 


Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons,  nr.  Redditch 

Willem  I  Gibbs  St*.  II act,  C". 

Seidel  &  Naumann.— Diirkopp  &  C!, 

;j  February  16  |  2S  1890288 



KKi).!!  5»  ?c:a.  ij«>  i,i  - •  •  Mn  *»JJB.<,otble! of  .24(.ipst,  ,]»a«  . sent  ^tp.  me  bare  **»,- .for  .which  pleas;  raooept  jmy  I,  re.^er  to 

graph  or  Ciar  ,s teamahip  Worra  sailed. ^ r!twei)ty.  .•  econd  %  ,1  will  at  .onooneke 
neceeeairjy, .preparations  A  hop^tlto  jreoeive^he  .maeh.ine  here  in  tine,  before  -I-  t;i~ 
turn; to  Moscow;  rShouldUhe,.  too3long  on  the  road  A  ■»»«¥+  Itf.yjj 
than  l  antiaipato.  I  wmfret,uen.torP?tereburg  a  second  tine, for  th;  purpose  ■# 
presenting, the. instrument  Kto.,the?Ciar,.swho  wi.ll  ,..1,^  sure, , be, greatly 
withcyour,  generous  eouYenir^j,.  jft  gj;  B  ,)<  ■ 

I  have^Petprsbujigpfor.  the;.purpose,ofhcontini,eingti.ny  publie  sennets 

your  •  great  wonder*  A  meet  everywherewith  wonderful  sucoess,  hast  wist  I  gjgp 
monatrated  the  appsratus  at  the  Teohnioal  Society  (Ia^erlal)  In  Moeea*  i  »h* 
president  of  sane  recorded  a  short  address  to  you,  whioh  I  will  send  you  Oitb  # 
few  other  phonograms  A  also  sent  you  a  cable,  asking  you  to  accept  the  fcanarfewf. 
menberehip  of  said  society.  All  solentlflo  aoeletlee  here  ere  greet Jy  *hta- 
rosted  in  yourgrand  invention  A  I  an  now  overrun  with  Invitations  ter  |gj^jg|gg|. 
ting  same.  There  are  80  professors  of  the  university  ,  who  will  hear 
E^pl:  in  too  lots 



Fairbanks  &  Cs,  H.  Sisston  &  Sons, 

W.  a  S.  Duiglai,  Eclipse  Win!  Engine  IT. 


Coventry  Machinists  C«  LJ 


Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons.  nr.  Redditch 

Willem  a  Gibbs  Sen.  Uacb.  C*. 
Seidel  &  Naumann.— Diirkopp  &  02. 

Jmport  of  JVTachinery,  JIardware  &  c. 


16 128  90. 

Ml  *. 



graph  In  two  lota.  Baaldea  this  third  Is  the  *Aiad&y  of  Solanoa**.  whioh 
‘  higher,-' tharf  the  University,  the  phyalco-ChWcal  sielety,  th.  Ph.WI.A^um 
■  tleal  aodety,  Bleetro-teohnioal,'  pedagogical,  teohnled,'hiit»|eai^i^i^|g 
4'other' looletlee.too  numerous  to'men'tloh  arc  to' folioWi  ; 

In  the  Mue'cial  Imperial  Society  (Academy  of  Music, here)  I’  tAA  ti!  fc«vi  *##><$• 
Rubinstein,  who  haa  taken  exceptional'  lnierist  In  your  creation,  M  preBBht  *  ' 
both  nestings,  I  an  still  in  the  hopes  of  talking  hin  ovsirto‘ play 'si*#  t*m 
Pieces,  until  now  my  attempts  In  this  direction,  have  been  futile. 

Once  more  expressing  my  sincere  thanks  for  your  kindnies  " 

Form  {io  2.  "  "  .i„t/  *  ■&  ,  : 

The  An§:lo-Amer|can  Telegraph  Company,  Limited. 

*  •  •.  f  ,  ESTABLISHED,  (860. 



7V?/.- -/>.<*  Kir 

Sussstahlfabrik,  Esseri,  den  18.  Marz  1890 

Thomas 'A.  Edison  Esq. 

Orange  N .  Y. 

My  dear  Sir, 

•  ■  i%#vl-.  herewith  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  cablegram 
as  well  as  of  your  valued  favour  of  the  4th.  Inst.,  advising  me  that  you 
have  shipped  by  steamer  „Ems"  the  phonograph  Mfh  accessories . 

I  . now  expect  the  same  within  a  few  days ,  and  in  the  meantime 
I  beg  to  tender  you  my  most  sincere  thanks  for  tj^e  great, kindness  you  have 
sho?/n  by  sending  me  the  celebrated  apparatus  of  y.ours. 

T  shall  take  the  utmost  pleasure  in.. Ssidg- the  phonograph  and 
hope  that  I  soon  shall  have  the  satisfaction  :and  honour  to  r.eoeive  the  vi~ 

■  Iff.  \ 

sit  of  its  illustrious  inventor. 

With  mv  best  regards,  I  am, 

.  Dear  Sis, 

;fc  . 

Yours  v,a;r,y  .sine  erely 

oCm'I'  a/ic-  - 

QjttfllrC  rr,X  tfddfy  ruft  /U**i*y. 

-tmyltttrt-  £i^rtX. .  oTt  stirtrodt  do  tryifun**1' 
^tz.  to  -ttcccntt.  ,t^et,c  in  -oaindd  -^az, 
ttud  puclifr  ^cotnrun  afet  tlc-zurc, 

‘  ‘&f.4'£&wtct,  -cytsrrt  -tree.  \7  tsUtct  -t^oitn- 

trc  -tirtsoy  cti^X.cdto^c:dcii\ 
Zf  tiiui  tAi  nxitU7T*cts,  ttucn  <moute 

njytsio-cLixjitlo-rt, .  7t 
■unzd.  iinotezd  dc^tdtoL^od-  Z/toicct 
ittlid  £c,tt£i  find, 

uritto-ttixztr  -tAjc  Y&0&.SLC  Y&-'',vc-  <dt 
ccnoL  CsirCrc  dtzoyt^  -crunx^f-t.  Suxt  nxrt 
eytotcC.  Zt  ntextvcd  cc  Ai^  'tide  ^2xrm 
ttic  'ttixzLnxXX-  tia.cAciyl  co-mcL  'XcokT  . 
ttiC  -j-oictxrco  id  ’-ixnsvotthxtytot  cd*-ruxf~t 

’gpcnfjndf  rffFJ  '*>  dr1*#  d-i^rn?  i-ryp  j 

fj  r,  -noyg  ijrw^'vrynnr  'y>™  vj° £  V*0 

dtsixrH^t/L'  sttedort  on*  /ix/zdc^t 

aMegr  ! 

tf  jlsHxt  yxrus  oc  Y*^tto 

—  Y^/'^Y^  <'****■*'  rf'™#’ 

tatati  exrn^ifzxvA&n-Ld  ^ijttxxdcurtidd 

CLta/td  'tttru* tt^  CO  Y otedh'it- 

Y'ld+oZ  yyyjX-  uyOC  srncic  ^czxtncio z-  :e7%tXC£C  , 
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xtAcct  e^ttrcdcc  cured -  ^oooe  ZiAlntAi  | 

dfrcj  ttuxti  T’-mx^'  A-C-  cd£e  to  J-tX- 

Conot  ttixXnttd  ^xrvuc  yzXdt/t truvuntum. 

deuve  yru.  tar,  Aid  ?  j  Audi  tc  /uyfr  , 

d/nocuyA-  -to  ^mxxxtCz.  ^xrtoc  Yct/idi. 
OLex]xcai*ttaxrt.tL  .  exAtarriy  -m* 

Y^Ct-yi  ^xnu,  otovotccC  cored 




PZ-fhO  -  tc^ 


J.  t  B-L  O  O  K. 

j  • 


Fairbanks  &  C°,  H,  Disston  &  Sons, 

(Set.)  (Saws  It  files) 

W.  8  B.  Duglis,  Eclipse  Win!  Engine  C". 


Coventry  Machinists  C«  L* 


Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons,  nr.  Reddltch 

Willem  8  Gills  Sew.  Gael,  t 

Seidel  &  Nanmann. — Diirkopp  &  C!. 

Jmport  of  JVTac  winery,  Hardware 


&  c. 



March  is  /  27  1890.188 

,  b 





- ->***»< -  0  r  a  n  g  e  .  N.  J. 

My  dear  Sir;- 

,  On  my  return  to  Moscow  I  found 

your  kind  letter  of  21  ult.  on  my  desk.  As  I  wrote  beforo,  the  mis¬ 
sion  of  presenting  your  latest  phonograph  to  the  Czar  r/ill  have 
my  immediate  attention.  I  am  now  awaiting  same  with  very  great  an¬ 
xiety  to  thoroughly  study  it  before  handing  it  over  with  the  need¬ 
ful  explanations.  • 

To  show  you, -i  that  I  have  not  been  idle,  1  take  exceptional 
pleasure  in  enclosing  to  you  a  few  translations  of  autographs  re- 
ceived  by  me  from  our  great  authorities,  some  of  whom  are  well  know 
on  the  othor  side  of  the  Antiantic.  I  have ,  in  each  case,  asked 
for  an  impartial  criticism,  asking  them  to  express,  in  a  few  vor&a. 
the  impression  this  wonderful  instrument  has  made  on  them. 

After  reading  them,  you  will  the  bettor  understand  my  onragemont* 
disgust  in  seeing  my  fears  *  anticipations, expressed  in  a  late  let- 
ter  to  Mr.  Batchelor,  realized  to  their  fullest  extent. 

A  few  days  ago  I  witnessed  a  phonograph*  seance,  advertised  by  some 
travelling  mountebanks,  which  was  so  wretched,  that  I  jumped  up 
after  the  second  number,  in  order  to  avoid  giving  vent  to  my  feel¬ 
ings  publicly.  A  scandal  would  lave  been  the  result ,  which  I 
would  not  J»ve  minded,  had  I  had  the  right  to  speak  in -your  name. 

*  a  MR.  COAL  advertised  themselves  as  your  RE¬ 
PRESENTATIVES  ft  further  state,  that  they  will  exhibit  the  newest T 
PunlniTPfOV1dl?h.On0erf?h  "SPite.. a  new  attachment*  called  •  the 
PHONO  (sic. ) which  enables  an  unlimited  number  of  listeners  to  hear 
the  reproductions  simultaneously. 

This  "novel*  attachment  is  the  common  small  funnel.  They  have  gi- 

Zr™SCoV28  speaking-firm:  "the  European  Phonograph 

TOURNEET  Co.*  Admission  2r.  at  Si  ft  lr.  at  8  p.m. 

Naturally  I  was  greatly  interested  ft  rushed  off  to  seo  ft  hear  them 

•a.)-  ' 

Wiat  I  could  I  see  of  the  apparatus,  it  was  just  like  the  one  you 
.  kindly  handed  to  me  *  I  therefore  hoped  to  learn  from  them  .especia¬ 
lly  where  the  chief  representative  of  yours  informed  the  press, 
that  he  was  the  nun  who  principally  showed  the  phonograph  at  your 
stand  in  Paris.  The  seance  was  to  conraence  with  recording  speaoh' 
They  did  not  speak  into  the  phonograph,  nor  did  they  shout,  } 
they  roared,  so,  that  I  thought  thoy  would  break  the  glass.  When 
this  yelling  was  reproduced,  it  came  out  so  faint,  that  it  was  dif¬ 
ficult  to  discern  the  words.  1  aseribod  this  to  a  bad  setting 
of  the  recording  point  4  now  hoped  to  hear  good  old  reproduction* 

A  CORNET  SOLO  of  Mr.  Levy’s  was  announced.  When  this  was  given,  X 
became  completely  disgusted.  Not  only  were  many  notes  choked,  but 
not  a  faint  idea  of  recognising  tho  instrument  Was  given. 

I  was  near  despairing  when  I  saw  the  crowd  satisfied  with  this  pa¬ 
rody  of  reproduction,  BECAUSE  they  know  of  nothing  better.  This 
is  the  result,  I  anticipated,  of  soiling  the  phonograph  for  "exhi¬ 
bition*  purposes,  in  ordor  to  "  SATISFY  THE  CURIOSITY  OF  THE  FEOPUB 

That  such  "exhibitors"  do  great  injustice  to  you,  that  their  oon- 

duct  is  simply  an  act  of  profanation - all  this  is  imnatorial  to 

them,  they  have  one  interest  only  4  they  fully  achieve  it. 

Just  as  great  will  bo  tho  commercial  loss  to  the  European  Phonograph 
Co.  on  tho  other  hand.  The  selling  of  m  of  such  instruments  to 
each  of  these  travelling  showmen, means  at  least  a  loss  of  200-300 
subscribers  in  spe,  because  they  naturally  form  their  idea  after 
having  heard  the  nowest  Improved  phonograph* 

Naturally  I  am  unable  to  show  the  phonograph  to  the  millions.  X  waa 
so  absorbed  with  musical  rocording,  besides  showing  it  to  the  scien¬ 
tific  4  musical  societies,  that  I  gavo  but  a  few  seances  for  oharit^f 
purposes.  I  am  proud  to  say,  that  I  achieved  very  good  results  In 
musical  recording  4  will  soon  take  pleasuro  in  sending  you  a  few 
cylinders,  amongst  which  is  one  of  tho  young  ameriuan  songstross 
Miss  NIKITA,  who  has  become  one  of  tho  most  celebrated  singers  in 
Europe  4  ((who  commenced  her  carriers  in  America  a  few  yearB  ago  undr 
tho  name; the  miniature  Pattit  4  the  little  Louise  Margueritho. ’ 

She  sang  "Home,  sweet  homo"  specially  for  you  4  asked  mo  to  send 
same  to  you,  with  her  kind  regards  4  with  a  small  biographical 
sketoh  of  hers.  I  must  own, this  is  the  most  mpsical  vocal  solo 
I  ever  heard  recorded  on  the  phonograph  4  I  sincerely  hope  you  will 
like  it. 

I  asked  the  editor  of  our  best  daily  to  insert  a  letter  re  the  bad 
demonstration  of  your  phonograph  4  disclosing  the  other  points;  to 
this  they  answered  thoy  would  gladly  have  done  so,  if  I  were  autho¬ 
rized  by  you  to  do  so. 

Please  excuse  tho  lengthy  epistle  .  On  the  other  hand  I  thought  it 
might  interest  you  all.  /y  - 

Most  faithfully  yours 



■  (T* 

I  do  i 

slated  fr 

i  tlio 

.  Y 

knov'  }l0W  far  Mr*  Edison,  with  his  giant  strides,  will 
11  progress  in  the  sphere  of  science;  the  artists-performora (vo- 
■  ors,  instrumentalist,  s)  must  now  already  look  upto  him 
aour.  The  cry,  that  their  art  is  forgotten  immediately 
,  performance,  does  not  hold  goou  for  the  future  Jit  is 
now  suvea  by  the  phonograph;  but  "garo  aux  executant  s 1 ! i " 
(performers  bov/are.)  ■ 

cali  st 
as  their 
after  the 

A  N  T  0  N  E  R  U  E  I  N  S  T  E  I  M 
.  Petersburg  15  February  1890. 

( Translated  from  the  french. ) 

phoro grapli  is  certuinly  the  most  surprising 
,  the  most  interesting  of  all  inventions,  which 
cchtury  so  predominant.  Glory  to  the  great  invent oj 

the  most  beau- 
nuke  the  19th 

Moscow  14/P.O  October  1889. 

P.  T  S  0  II  A  X  K  0  W  S  K  I  . 

(translated  from  the  rusaian.  ) 

_  I  heard  tlio  phonograph  ft  was  amazed  ft  sur 
of  its  iventor ,  who,  himself  no  musician,  will 
in  the  history  of  music,  which  has  no  parallel. 



at  the  genius 
a  revolution 



.  —  noacow  "uonsorva 

(formerly  director  of  sumo) 

October  1889. 

o  f  mus  i  c 
F-F  . 


(Translated  from  tho  go  rman .  ) 

Amazed  at  the  wonderful  invention 
proach  of  a  new  life  for  mankind,  the  ; 
the  genial  inventor  Edison. 

I  feel  tho  myat< 
path  of  which  lias 

3  -  ap- 

I)i  rector 

Moscow  14  /  so  October  l«8W, 

w.  s  a  f  o  n  0  f  y  . 
of  LI i u  Imperial  Conservatoire  of 
Mus i c . 

(The  following  are  all  translated  from  the  russian.) 

1  bow  to-day  that 
wonder;  this  "wonder" 
to  refrain  from  exclaii 
the  great  Edison  still 
14  October  lH8fc.  Mosci 

,  which  undoubtedly 
causes  extraordinary 
ming  :  what  ha3  the 
in  store  for  us?!! 
“»•  IHrector  of 
tJic  Imperial  Russia1 
K.  R  U  X  A  V 

deserves  to  be  called  a 
surprise  ft  wo  are  unable 
genial  inventive  mind  of 

the  Moscow  Sec t ion  of 
n  Muscial  Society. 
iSRHTKo  y  pi-  . 

«•  in  ll«  qihoroi  of  *  SM  Ph  n'“TO  —tom*- 

sss  m-z-  “ 

£i££s  ~  Zi‘ 


a  very  important  factor.  o  neur/future  it  will  become 

Irtfe^cirlf^  VOi°°  of  the'  lon^  doati 

forgotten  epoch.. “t.  1Ual  romatlocs  with  Peonage  a  of  a 

POLO  N  S  K  I 

St.  Petersburg  l(j  /  g6  November  1889 


Whilst  sitt  inf;  in  fit.  Per 
ing ,  recitations,  which  had  bo 
ocoan;  „u  hoard  the  applause  ft 
we  li stoned  to  tho  voices  ft  soi 
tho  a rn o r  i  c an  laboratory  of  Ed.ii 
from  t lie  other  hemispheres -  iv* 



Iii)  wo  li  stoned  t.u  music,  sing- 
forinou  on  tho  other  aide  of  tho 
shouts  of  tho  aijjpr icon  public; 
-  mechanical  v/ork  performed  in 
All  this  visa  brought  to  ua  by 
riall  apparatus  stand  inc  before 

,’tofor  c 


1  llllunu/'.r aph  of  Edison.  It  inscribed  fo. 
lor.t  ,  :  lltL1°  “*lindors  the  sound's,  which,  ho 

£“LlcS  r-~* b0  «*•***• 

Puratus  ft  rop'roducod  with  wondo'^Tocc Jacy **  th°  aP" 

hu\ooksninU™infinf  ?”  hi31mirai  is  *oPt  i"  letters  &  books; 

iojico  m  painting  ft  photography;  his  voice  in  the  phonorr-nh  ft 

^  t  tlle,i7?vontiyn  of  the  phonograph  pethapa  opens  as 

"*  "  “*•«"  03  “>•>  invention  ol 

!it.  Petersburg  id  /53b  Hovombo: 

A  L  E  X  I  ! 
18Kb  . 

P0115  C  HI-N  . 



come  o  enormous  importance  to  the  art  of  music  .  ’  ' 


n  1  °  0  L  A  S  H  1  M  3  K  y-K  0  R  S  A  K  OF 
St.  Petersburg  25  February  lKhO. 

»* «  wni.1  taiffi;.,  S1*10" «'  »««»*-. 


-  the  ingenuity 

nanu  physical 
ifih  geniuso 

»v“ -",s  ICT  "i,„*  rSS  “*  T  *-«•“.  *  - 
voice,  wlion- -listening  -to  it  ii-or,  -t.  di  p.p't!  uan  hu  recognise  his  K«i 
that,  when  everybody  will  be  able' to  u<io '' it  -■  1“°,'  1  feo1'  certain, 

chang  os  in  the  voice,  as  we  watch  ,  aUlly  *  «»««  w--.tch  the 

of  the  minur,  we  will  then  bo  able  to  stud^on"  °U-’  *UceS  by  moans 
tion  acid  to  thorn  the  necessarv  nuance*  V  ^-i  •  r.Yaicos  to  PG!’fec- 
our  inner  omotions,  as  we  feei"  tho»  *' Pliability  to  express 

studied  by  aid  of  a  mii-mr  7.  - - The  rail''iory  of  the  face  is 

press  ion  may  bo  used,  will  bo  studied ^  °f  “ V,°ilJ0’  ir  tJli“  ox- 
•'i’tie  phonograph  for  this  pin-  oso  i-  •  ,ncuns  °r  the  phonograph, 
cilesoly  ,  with  painful  aca.r'cv  alT,  Ubl0'  x»  "Producing  mer* 
mor  it  appears  as  an  unbiased  critic  *'  ZZZ  *  of  thc  I'orfor- 

comploto .  .1  udge .  Our;  faith  in  it  is 


St,  Petersburg  «ii  -February  IfibO. 

■  s  a  n  ;6;..,u  s  3  . 

!c  st •  Ponoorvato; 

..»;SLrs7i"%srur^“s  r  sc,i:»  ~~ — ** 

was  considered  out  of  rcaeih  *  lost  to  m*?  lmno«*alize  that,  which 
tion  of  the  most  varied  sounds  with  the  r  rZ  V’  Vho  ™I’rocinc- 
lows  in  the  highest  degree.  Tho  ^  !  *™at  n,Uanties  "Brvel- 

18- ■ considered  &  acknowledged  by  eeiontin?*  ‘8  1^lai°Cral!h ,  l*or  so 
achievements/  in  the  laws  of  physics*  r  ,  •  0,10  of  H‘v°  «ran1ost 
now  -drawing  near  its  closo  mL^ustiv  h  WlUC' '  tho  lyth  century, 
doubt,  that  tiio  treat  diaoowS  tff  5J  pji  Thero  18  no" 

fui  implement  in  working  out  multi +udinouni  W\11  sorvo  aa  u  Powor 

nr^r"  idont  of  t)ie  Imperial  Academy  ^^Scuericos 

Members:  A.Nauk,  .  A.’Jdolin. 

*  at.,,  I**SohronktM.Soochomlinoff. 

St  . . .  O.Baklund.W.Radloff,  W.Bokotoff. 

•  -  -  oburg.  84  February  1;$<J0.  K.Saleman.A.R»mint*in» 


i  of  Kdisons  Phonograph  to  cay  by  Mr.  J ,  H, 
ci  with  complete  success. 

with  marvellous  accuracy,  all  the-  rocor- 
vividly  as  wo  only  know  it 
1  Bounds  woro  a  true  copy 

Tlio  demons t rati  n 
Block  ,  was  ueuoinpaniot 
Tlio  apparatus  roproducc 
dod  sounds;  the  human  i 
in  the  natural  way  of  talking;  the  : 
of  instrumental  performances. 

In  lie  toning  to  reproduction  of  former  records  from  hew  York  *  oth¬ 
er  places  &  also  of  the  new  records  taken  during  to  nights  domonstr 
a  tuns  wo  were  fully  convinced  of  the  solution,  by  aid  of  the  pho- 
nogmi*,  of  the  difficult  problem,  that  of  preserving  the  sounds  in 
all  their  reality. 

,  has  i: 

olunlurily  ] 
instilling  the 
ubtocly,  in  the 

cop  impr 

f  t)iis  reality 
present  at  the  demonstration  %  ir 
•uinassomc nt  at  the  genial  invent  io 
this  wonderful  discovery  will  urn 
important  service  to  mankind. 

Inspired  with  deep  respect  of  the . .knowledge  ft  labor  of  Thor: 
hd i son ,  wo  sincerely  wish  tiiis  grejat  inventor  continued  sue 
his  untiring  ft  universally  useful  seal*  activity. 

SO  October  18«b ,  (tt-l/ij  -  n  p.  m.  ) 
at,  Petersburg,  English  Embankment  #10. 

on  all 
-  ion  & 

WORO  K  Z  0  V 

J)  a  y 

)  w  l 

Minister  of  -the  Court,-  Count  W  O  R  6  M  T  z  0  ]■’  F 

’  P  A  S  H  K  0  '$  V  . 

Hinistor  of  the  Interior^  •Secretary  of  State  I.DURH0W0. 

Minister  of  War.  Oonrul  Ajutant  Wi’ER -'WAHMOWSKI . . 

Secretary  of  State  of  His  Majesty M^^PETROPi1'. 

Minister  of  Ways  -ft  Communications, 

Secretary  of  Stato,  •  HUEBEEMET.- 
Chief  of  tlio  •  General  Staff,  General  AdJ-.  OPRUTCHKB'F. 


Part-Translations  from  varioua  ruaaian  daily  papers." 
Tbo  J^OFASIffiANIHl  (Citizen)  writes:  (  Oct.31.) 

?Ct’  20’  11  a,m*  servico  was  held  in  the  church 
palaoe  at  Qatchino  Their  Imperial  Highnesses  tho 
Etaperor  &  Empress  ,  were  present  as  well  as  their  children  ft 

tho  Grand  Dukes  Sergei  ft  Paul  Alexandrowitch  with  their  wives . 

°''®nine*  after  dinner  ,  J.  H.  Block,  by  order  of  Mr. 
+demoatrated  the  Phonograph  to  the  entire  Imperial  Family 

*  * Personae08  belonging  to  the  suite  of  His  Majesty.  * 
tionfTho»r  addr088®d  Mr;  Block. personally  ft  asked  various  ques- 
The  nhono^L11!!6  con8t™ctitm  of  the  phonograph  ft  about  Mr.  Edison. 

?  P  ^produced  a  cornet  solo  very  distinctly  .  Another 
8010  wee  afterwards  reproduced  through  a  funnel.  After  the 
ducod  aThe«aJ  8®lo»  sanS  by  M*88  Stewart  of  New  York,  was  repro¬ 
duced  Then  followed  various  sounds  produced  by  working  different 
tools  at  the  laboratory  of  Edisons.  A  few  more  numbers  wore  renm 
d-edi*;  «-n  the  Phonograph  recorded  some  words ,  spoken  into  it 
by  the  Bnpress  ft  Oeiji-al  Richter.  . . . 

*  an2°if*y  Ur‘  ®looh  »ill  demonstrate  the  phonograph  to  the  press 

ft  some  literary  ft  scientific  men;  invited  by  him.  .....  P 

— — — — 0-- - 

p-_„  s  .  The— - ^H-U^IB  WIEDOMOSTY*  ( Russian  News  )/pricipal  Moscow 


**•  »“£.r.  srszs&z Jtrj&rr™* ,n  * 

- 0_! - _ - 

A  second  telegram  in  same  paper  on  Nov.  1.  reads  as  follows: 

-zizr,  ss  : 

/drecoid^d°f  th°  b°^rd  to  the  ground  in  the  laboratory  of  Edisons  ft  * 

'  recorded  some  words  spoken  by  the  Impress  ft  Genial  Richter.  * 

*  fhe  st_.  PETERSBURG  HEBOLU-Unv.  1.  188e.  wrlt0B 
lation  of  what  the  Grashdanin  of  81  Oct.  brought. 

(enclosed  original  paper.) 



bra  ted  inventor  Edlaon  d.JlitreJod’.he 

ttXoS^[t?^..r<,,ut,  * ,he  isei"",”= rf 

to  ufl  +vi«  sp  te  of  all  the  easenoe  of  vondera  predicted 

*  t*>e  r°ality  has  auperoeded  our  anti oi pat iona. 

We  may  say,  that  the  genius,  by  this  hia  i 4 „„  x. 


is  no  dif  f,  o„  !  ’  tfuth  *  clearness,  that  there 

nograPhlc  .  J  J  J  '  Y  Yt  /  \\\\\\\  the  pho- 

century*.  #^!t0  Wonder*  ^  "°rthy  of  the  end  of  the*  ni^^th 

« s» 

audience  the  cough  *  laurhtL  To  *“!  sreat  enjoyment  of  the 

reproduced  the  Mcitati6m\ ..  repeated  each  time  tho  phonograph 


- Anaoamgstc^sst^ow.ere  greatly  obliged  to  Mr.  Block  who  kindly 

gave  us  the  chance  to  get  acquainted  with  this  "magic  box*,  which 
will  create  a  revolution  in  commercial,  ft  family  circles,  in  arts 
sciences&c  to  such  an  extent  in  bo  many  ways  *hakx**x*x  which,  at 

the  present  moment  is  quite  inconceivable . . 

In  spite  of  the  well  lighted  room  ,  in  spite  of  the  many  intelligent 
faces  around  us,  it  was  difficult  for  us  to  overcome  the  impres¬ 
sion  of  a  supernatural  or  magic  power . the  effects  of  this 

improved  phonograph  of  Edisons  can  awake  horror.  ....Mr,  block  who 
kindly  received  the  apparatus  from  Edison,  has  succesfully  exneri. 
mented  with  same  in  Gatchino  ft  in  the  highest  circles. .. .Always  the 
impression  was  alike:  the  impression,  that  the  performers  were  pre- 
S^V’^”The  Phan°eraph  is  a  grand  invention,  the  most  marvellous 
which  human  mind  ever  created-  with  this  sensation  we  left  to-day 
the  highly  interesting  demonstration  of  Mr.  Block. - 

The  "NEW  TIMES  *  (Novoe  Wremia)  Nov. 2, 89. 

........In  hearing  the  phonograph  for  the  first  time,  you  are  com- 

pleteiy  paralyzed.... It  seems  incredible,  that  you  listen  to  a  me¬ 
chanical  appliance  ft  not  to  the  humanmvoice  itself .... .loud  aceoi%b 

on  the  piano,  followed  by  comet  music  were  hoard.  The  illusion 

was  complete . Still  more  was  the  illusion  increase^  when  after 

the  musxc  ceased,  loud  applause  ft  exclamations  of  bravo  wer£  heard. 
• . * .all  this  waa  reproduced  with  "phonographic*  accuracy. •••••, 

The  "SUIN  OTECHESTWA-  f  Nov.g.SB. 1 

......&  thus  we  already  possess  a  phonograph,  in  which  A.  A.  Pote- 

chin  s  oratorial  taleant  has  been  immortalized.  It  is  true -in  the 
whole  of  Petersburg  (Russia)  there  is  but  one  such  apparatM,  but 
we  are  positive,  that  tho  phonograph  will  spread  rapidly  with  us, 
since  such  an  energetic  man,  as  Mr.  Block,  has  taken  hold  of  it.  .. 
.....&  we  can  say  Mr.  Block  is  an  extraordinary  energetic  man.... 

WP„r°V!!d  by  th®  my  h0  80  introduced  the  cycles 

in  Petersburg.10  years  ago  the  bicycle  was  Just  as  great  a  curio- 

ted  hv  Mn  „  ?h0n°erarh  18  •  3116  flrst  bicycle  waa  demonatra 

ted  by  Mr.  Block,  who  not  only  rode  tlie  machine  himself,  but  also 
conrne need  teaching  others  the  art  of  riding;  after  that  he  arranged 
mm!  7J,  IT8"’  "ith  Sr<»t  difficulties  succeeded  to  get  the  Govern- 
liTt\n  £  °  orS«nizine  a  bicycle  club  ftc.&c  Comparatively 

ttle  time  has  passed  &  we  now  seo  such  a  quantity  of  cyclists  ■ 


Uhat  the  police  wqa  obliged  to  issue  special  regulationso  ...The 
reader  may  ask-:  why  did  Mr.  Block  take  all  this  trouble?-  Simply 
.because  he  was  th^only  dealer  in  cycles  at  that  time.  The  same 
thing  will  happen  (the  phonograph.  If  the  same  Mr.  Block  has  taken 
the  machine  in  hand,  the  introduction  will  be  a  very  rapid  onewith 

The  ■  MINUTE  ' 

l  MinutaJ  Nov. 1.89. 

.......This  phonograph  is  the  first  ft  only  one  in  Russia  &  Mr. 

Block  received  it  from  Mr.  Edison,  with  the  view  of  acquainting  the 
Russian  Press  ft  societies  with  his  invention.......  ^ 

. 1116  sounds  reproduced  by  the  jfchonographare  wonderfully 

*“•  -  *■  *«*>  SLi 

The  *  NOWOSTI  ■  (News)  Nov. 1.89. 

.  ^o-day  Mr.  Block  demonstrated  the  newly  improved  phono- 
er?Ph.?LEdi8°n  t0  the  representatives  of  the  press  ft  literary  ft 

Rua3ia.  Mr.  Block  neither  wishes  nor  does  he  feel  a  himself 

fes  Mr  rntxalison  °f  ^  »!“m°srB*h  for  any  conmercial  purpo- 
,Mr\™  Edison,  as  Mr.  Block  explained,  gave  ate  this  inatru- 
^nt  for  the  purpose  of  acquainting  the  Russian  public  with  same... 
lith  /le.nSeTbleB  &C*  °f  the  various  instruments  are  reproduced 
prJduISr m  °arn0aS‘  Just  as  P6rfectly  the  human  voice  is  re- 

- - — Nov.  1.89. 

d;^;;;;;;^  SS™focT.!?!.!!?!ly  domon8trated  tp  us  ln  th®  H°tei 

I''’:’*,!1®  sounds  are  perfectly  reproduced.  The  human  voice  ami**x 
sowids  like  a  living  voice;  the  ^ words  are  so  distinctly,  heard 
JJ8*  “  involuntary  shudder  is  the  result  in  listening  to  this 

apparatus,  endowed  with  a  sorcerers  power . 

ev0ntB  *h®  Phonograph  experiments  were  exceedingly  interes¬ 
ting  ft  successful.  We  will  again  return  to  this. subject. .... 

The  “GRASHDANIN* (citizen)  Nov, 1,89. 

reproduction  a  comet  solo,  with  piano  accompni- 

y  WOnderful*  we  uant  find  another  woni  for 
»n  B  ld  the  80unda  you  hear  applause,  shouts  of  bravo  ... 

L8vrh0lrfPr°^Td  **  80  surPrisinely  well,  that  writer  of  th* 
would  have  believed  in  a  supernatural  force  ,  if  is  ye*rs  ago.... 

ment  ' 


1116  "ST.  PETERSBURG  HERALD"  Nov. 2. 89. 

........was  demonstrated  by  Mr.  Block  In  a  very  clear,  disctinct 

&  interesting  manner.  This  apparatus  was  given  to  him  by  the  in¬ 
ventor  exclusively  for  the  purpose  of  acquainting  scientific  & 

d!?ir,8?h?etrf?a  Wi!h  the  lnvention‘  That  Block  fully  succee- 
ffl. \ thi‘ 3  ‘ llrec t ion, was  proved  by  the  public  invited;  they  all 
left  the  hall  completely  satisfied . 

The  phono  reproduced,  music,  singing,  recitations  &c  with  the  grea 
test  accuracy;  repeated  the  finest^  nuances T. ..... , 


'R  USSKIE  WIEDOMOSTI  ■  (  Russian  News)  Jan.  14. 90//4v 

hLTw^n  °^0ame88  *  P°wer  of  was  simply  marvellous.  You  h 

^  close  your  eyes  to  think  that  you  are  present  in  the 

Lr001n  8  St0P8  distantf««m  the  performer . Similar 

Se  toom  ofPthrhit&1aPPla^e  rre  repeated  b*  the  listeners  in 

oom  of  the  hotel .... .the  laughter  was  wa3  so  contafeioua  .  that 

imteU^«rily  311  thl  li8ten?ra  commenced  laughing  as  well . £ch 

e  was  so  pure,  that  you  imagined  the  singer  standing  next  to 
you  &  each  word  was  distinctly  heard . ..f... 

The  "MOSKOWSKI  1IST0K"  (Moscow  paper)  of  XK  Jan.  14,90. 

celeb  rated  YMisonatnM^  B1°Ck  demonatrated  the  phonograph  of  the 
scientific  nil.  !!..?  r0pre8entativ*8  the  press  &  to  the 

Si,n°L!h\,3r^"enB  ®di80n  30,11  10  Mr‘  Blook«  n°t  for  commercial 
trials  ’  b  *  5or  'acquainting  the  Russian  public  with  it.  The  firs 

Jear  he  hL^  *  Tv  B1°°k  in  Peter8bure.  On  Oct.  30  of  last 
?  I***  lhe  eood  fortune  to  show  the  apparatus  in  the  palace 

dinner.’ livoJ\MOr^°Wnth0  Phonoeraph  wass  first  shown  at  a  grand 
koff  in  bn  y  lh?,Governor  General  of  Moscow/  Prince  Doijprou- 
(brothi  TvT  18  61fe8t8  the  Grand  Duke  &  Grand  Duchess  Sergei 

(brother  of  the  emperor) . *  everybody  distinctly  heard' am. 

onin!  T  Various  instruments,  songs,  laughter  &c.  All  this  was 

correctly  repeated  several  times  by  the  apparatus. . 

:;*••• 11  bot  fly  repeated  their  words,  but  all  peculiarites  of 
their  recitation,  pronunciation  *  intonations,  Just  recorded.... 


The  *  MOSKOWSKIE  WIEDOMOSTI"  (Moscow  News)  Jan.15.fi0. 

,On  January  13..  Mr.  Block  (owner  of  the  well  know  business 

demonstrated  to  the  press  4  to  some  professors,  the  im¬ 
prove*  phonograph  of^ison  in  one  of  the  halls  of  the  Slawainsky 
Bazar  ........... (then  folios  a  repetition  of  what  has  been  trans¬ 
lated  from  the  "Moskowski  Listok*  as  to  where  the  phono  had  been 

*is)  . the  aon«e,  recitations  4c  completely 

paralyzed  the  listeners  through  their  reality,  clearness  4  distinct 
ness  of  sound.  In  listening  to  the  singing  you  could  hear  the 
increased  breathing  of  the  simger . 

given' *the  astoniatunent  of  the  People  rose  with  every  experiment 

/’Ad>4  - 



Fairbanks  &  C.°,  H.  Disston  &  Sons, 

W.  5  8.  Douglas,  Esligss  Will  Engine  C". 


Coventry  Machinists  C»  La 


Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons.  nr.  Redditcli 

Willem  5  Silts  Sew.  Uach.  C". 
Seidel  &  Naumann. — Diirkopp  &  Ci. 

Import!  1  of  JVTaci-iinery,  Hardware  &  c. 

/  d|f 

ftf'pir 1 


We  use  „A.  U.  C.  Code"  4-tli  Editioi 

March  le/il  1890.  x88 


Orange.  N. 

•My  dear  Sir;- 

I  .  With  a  lighter  heart  I  address 

A  few  lines  to  you  to  day.  The  St.  Petersburg  press  seems  to  take 
the  matter  more  earnestly  ft  one  paper  makes  quite  a  characteristic 
comparison  with  the  phonograph  I  *  first  demonstrated.  In  the  second 
case,  it  is  evident,  another  reporter  was  sent  this  time  ft  he,  not 
having  been  prosent  at  my  seance,  very  conscientuously  pioturod  the 
-  true  impression  received,  for  he  is  right  in  not  praising  the  stylo 
of  the  Paris  demonstrations  to  the  public,  at  large.  Wherever  I  can 
I  explain  the  reason  of  the  weak  ft  partly  very  poor  demonstrations 
at  your  stand,  I.o.  the  hundreds  of  thousands  thronging  to  the  smaU 
instruments,  all  wanted  to  get  something  for  their  waiting,  whereas 
the  young  men,  had  to  hurry  them  along  ft  hanily  gave  them  time  to 
adjust  the  ear  pieces  ft  could  not  pay  much  attention  to  the  appa- 
„ra*U8.»  whilst  paying  attention  to  order  amongst  the  public. 

Very  truly  yours 


( Translated  frc 

the  Petersburg  Gazette  March  ls/«7  18b0.  ) 


Mr.  A.  Gillin 
Phonograph  'J.'oui 
digitators  are 

j  re  sent, at i vo  for  Puss; 

Go.,  had  the  "honor" 
ci  to  say, -to  domon’str; 

r  other,  tin 
i  ages  pro  do  in: 

lipoctoa"  public  was 
lot.  run y  people  wore 
iats  of  the  Meiningo: 
1.  Mr..  G.  reau  his  ir.i 
attained  brilliant  i 
mo  in  honor  of  Ikii  si 

:  la 

man  Edison 
ana  &  proati- 
ipocted"  pub- 

tho  Hotel 
,  for  some 
lies  -of  un- 

-•  siowiy  *;  it'acei-r":, ,‘;^,“ii,n0,iol.0nou8- si)oe,jh  siow1^ 
m 'I,'" 1  ,i0+1c°JoJ;0i.r° Un  OU°  in  h°r,° r  0f  sor  •  A  pi ty  wo  -could 
weirilSlavL\bly1’  exception- 

Those,  who  hud  occasion  to  witne'"-  the  c'  >r  *  t 

gra],!,  of  Mr.  Block,  last  win  tor,  "could  readily  concludf 

Gi  11  ms  phonograph  very  strikingly  differs  front  the  one’  of  ?r 

Flock  &  moreover  it  differs  to  its  detriment  very*  ao-iously 

The  phonograph  of  Mr.G.  continuously  brim  s  forth  ,  -  • 

mind  you  of  the  crowing  of  a  cock,*  of  Punch V  ,luUy.“.  rG" 

itrxrvoVr:i,Tr,  t  ih;rcs  a  r* 

exclaimed  a  aensitiv 

o  lady,  "the  phonogruph  has  the 

GoodnoL  . ... 

IKW.UEHklA  1 

Ediaons  Joules  t  IhilT. .  . .  *  onda"C°rca  the  health  of  the 

The"  re  spec  tod"  public  loft  the  ulaco  vnr.  n+  +  1„  ' 

exporim  ent .  Wo  were  asked  to  wlit  *  hoar  some  more  '"Sro  Un  th° 
Well-"  'we^coul  ^  •  •  •  Naturally  ,  the  JOURMKY.*.  . , ,  *.  ‘ 

rrout  uyi)w>««?nl'°1'  otanc.  it  any  longer.  When  the  phonograph  with 

HEALTH  *  from  "all  ’ou^f  *  *r°™ndoua  SNEEZE,  wo  wished  it,  GOOP 
aU  OUl  heart  &  hurried  homo.. 


(translated  fro  in 

"Grauhdanin" . 

Pbg.  lti/feB  March  1890 


Tho  phonograph  demonstrated  by  Mr.  Gtllin  ropre sent a  the 
highest  degree  of  perfection  attained  by  Hr.  Edison.  Yot  this  spe¬ 
cimen  does  not  show  anything  now  comparod  with  those  exhibited  at 
Paris.  Mr.  Edison  has  not  succeeded  in  removing  tho  moot  important 
a  defects  in  his  phonograph,  via:  the  noiso  caused  by  the  motor, 

K)  the  weakness  of  reproduction#:  last,  the  loos  of  the  "timbre"  in 
reproducing,  via:  our  ear  should  be  able  to  discern  a  horn  freni  • 
a  trumpet,  one  human  voice  from  the  othor  Ac. 

Ill  e  first  defect  would  n:  t  matter  so  much,  but,  as  long  as  tho 
othor  two  exist,  it  will  be  difficult  to  expect  to  see  tho  phono¬ 
graph  in  general  use  &  in  the  present  state  it  can  but  be  looked 
13, on  as  an  expensive  toy,  but  not  as  a  serious',  practical  instru¬ 
ment .  The  reproduction  is  so  woak,  that  the  si ightout  whisper  in 
the  room  makes  tiro  sound  unintelligible.  The  "timbre"  is  not  ropro- ' 
duccd  at  all.  The  phonograph  lias  its  own  timbre,  which  reminds  you 
of  tho  crowing  of  the  cock.  This  is  tho  reason,  why  tho  sounds- of 
soldiers  trumpets  &  of  Pattis  singing  seem  alike  through  the  phono¬ 
graph.  In  presence  of  such  defects  all  the  storios,  that  tho  pho¬ 
nograph  is  able  to  create  a  complete  illusion  in  reproducing  artis¬ 
tically  musical  pieces,  performed  by  artists,  must  be  tratosib rred-  - 
to  tho  land,  of  myth. 

This  illusion  can  be  compared  with  the  effect  produced  by  a  very 
badly  engraved  oopWHuphaol,  after  having  aeon  the  original  paint- 



Fairbanks  &  02,  H.  Dioston  &  Sons, 

1 8  8.  Douglas,  Eclipse  M  Engine  IT, 


Jmport  of  JVIachinery,  JR^ardware  &*”c. 

m***,  80/llApril  I860. 

ffiW^x  &  EiDis  Sew.  Ilacft.  Q“.  Thomas  A.  EDISON  Esq. 

Seidel  &  Neumann. — Diirkopp  &  0!. 

Jfjpvmig  M.chines)  ORANGE.  N.  J.  7 

- -  Dear  Sir;- 

I  beg  to  advise  receipt  of  your  fa- 
Vbrs  of  6  *  24  ult.  for  which  please  receive  my  very  best  thanks* 

3  days  ago  I  reoeived  the’  new  ,  wondetfully  simplified  phono¬ 
graph  for  the  C  Z  A  R  .  It  is  a  wonderful  piece  of  meohanism  A  I 
am  sure  the  emperor  will  be  greatly  surprised  at  the,  change. 

I  am  making  sane  brass  connections,  in  order  to'^implify  the  means 
of  attaching  the  tubes  to  the  pipe  A  also  dMer  a  pretty  wooden 
base,  since  the  machine  body  box,  markpd  on  list  of  enclosures,  was 
not  enclosed  with  the  phonograph.  / 

After  easter  i(  holidays  oomnenpe today)  I  shall  go  to  Petersburg 
personally  to  present  your  phonograph  to  tl»e  emperor. 

I  am  very  sorry  to  leam,  that  the  long  cable  of  the  Imperial 
,  "Technical  society  did  not  reach  you  A  will  investigate  the  matter 
...'J-wnediately  ;  the  cable  was  addressed  to  New?  York  as  usual. 

.  Faithfully  yours 

id  to  New?  York  a 
ours  /A4/ 

Sydney  ,17/4/  90 

(P A?>©  *'■  &***  t  /t ^ 

T  • .  Edison  Esq.  ^ 

'Dear  Sir,  (r  ,/  1  ■/ 

When  I  left  London  on  the  lath  of  Deer,  last  I  brought  away  two 
Phonographs  with  me  and  I  had  an  understanding  with  Colonel  Gouraud 
and  yourself  ,  on  the  one  hand, and  Mr.  Moriarty  on  the  other  that  X 
should  have  an  agreement  ,  on  the  basis  of  the  terms  mutually 
understood, securing  to  a  company, to  be  formed  by  me,  the  Australasian 
patent  right  s  of  the  Phonograph  and  the  Graphophone.  In  consideration 
of  this  understanding  I  deposited  in  the  London  Joint  Stock  Bank  the 
sum  of  two  thousand  pounds  sterling  and  left  a  gentleman  with  a  power 
of  attorney  to  accept  agreement  and  pay  over  money  in  London  on  my 
behalf.  On  the  signing  of  this  agreement  an  expert  .whom  I  selected  in 
your  factory, was  to  leave  New  York  in  charge  of  the  first  shipment  of 
one  hundred  Phonographsdireot  for  Sydney ,N.S.W.  More  than  four  months 
have  elapsed  and  X  have  not  received  a  line  fromLondon  or  N.Y*  re  . 
the  matter.  Meantime  I  have  made  all  my  arrangements  in  the  various 
Colonies  for  launching  the  company  and  am  only  awaiting  a  cablegram 
announcing  the  completion  of  the  projected  combination  of  the  Phono 
and  Grapho . and  the  signing  of  my  agreement. 

Having  twice  visited  America  and  spent  a  lot  of  time  and  money  over 
the  businessjhesides  making  myself  thoroughly  conversant  with  the 
machine  andlearning  something  of  the  method  of  its  manufacture  at 
your  factory^  am  naturallya  anxious  to  know  how  the  matter  stands 
and  whether  faith  is  to  be  kept  with  me  or  not  .  I  am  aware  that 

you  do  not  trouble  yourself  with  the  details  of  business  but  perhaps 
you  win  ask  Mr.  Tate  to  write  me  fully  Opon  the  matter.  X  am  not 
showing  the  Phonographs'  that  X  have  but  am  stimulating  public 
curiosity  by  keeping  them  in  reserve.  My  articles  on  the  Phono  vx 
are  already  written  but  I  am  withholding  them  from  publication  until 
the  signing  of  my  contract  enables  me  to  lannch  my  company. 

Kind  regards  to  Messrs  English,  Tate  and  yourself >and,hoping  to  hear  •  ■ 
from  you  by  return  of  mail,  I  am  yours  v^ry  truly 

ff(rX)  -  'c  o 

: _  tfLyrS.  M  /^  f  /^ 

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rtt~rC  ?  Jfy  _*-*,  jcj,. 

A /£*&& 

ob~  <£. 


■Pi**'  **  U -r 'J //'<$(" 

Julius  H.  Block.  p  William  Hirschfeld. 



J.  BLOC  K. 

W.  i  B.  Douglas,  Eclipse  Wini  Engine  0°. 

V  A  7)  fh^  J-  BLOCK  l  BLOCK 

|  £  Moscow,  ^.-Petersburg,  \Varsaw  &  Ekatherinburf 

Wo  use  ,A.  B.  C.  Codc“  4-th  Edition. 


Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons.  nr.  Redditch 

Wlllcti  IE  Gibbs  Bee.  Ilacb.  C". 
Seidel  &  Naumann.—  Diirkopp  &  Cl. 

“JHpiiom,  Jun  o  11/  23 


\T . . 

VL^u4  Wfo 

Thomas  A.  ED  IS  ON  Esq. 

A  few  days  ago  I  had  the  plea¬ 
sure  of  forwarding  to  you,  via  Hamburg  a  small  box,  containing 

Having  been  informed,  that  you  were  absent  from  home  for  some 
time, I  delayed  sending  the  parcel  to  you  &  hope  all  cylinders  will 
arrive  in  good  condition  &  will  give  you  somo  pleasure.  They 
have  all  been  recorded  by  writer  &  ho  believes  the  souvenir  of  the 
charming  &  (equally):  celebrated  soprano  Miss  Nikita,  who  sang  "Home 
Sweet  Home*  specially  for  you,  will  bo  welcome  to  you.  She  intends 
going  back  to  America  in  1892  &  thought  it  quite  a  pleasant  inci¬ 
dent  in  her  carriers  to  bo  able  to  a>M  her  voide  ahead  . 

I  also  enclosed  a  specimen  of  russian,  spoken  by  an  actor  of 

the  Moscow  IMPERIAL  theater. 




Fairbanks  &  0°,  H.  Disston  &  Sons, 

W.  S  6.  Diiglu,  tclifis  ini  Engine  C. 

(Pumps)  (Wind  .Melon) 

(Remington  typewriter) 

Jmport  of  JVTachinery,  J^ardwaf^e  &C. 

Moscow,  Rt.-petersburg,  Warsaw  &  Ekath 



Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons.  nr.  Redditch 

Willem  a  Gibbs  Set.  liaeft.  B". 
Soidel  &  Naumann,—  Diirkopp  &0:. 

June  11/435 


189  0 

T.  E.  Eaq.  #2. 

I  could  have  sent  you  some  more  translations 
eic.e.c  8  ’  of  printed  matter  irjregard  to  further  demohstra 

tions  of  the  phonograph,  but  I  have  been  too  bu¬ 
sy  to  translate  them  ft  have  no  one  to  do  the  work  for  me. 

After  acme  messers  had  been  here  ft  exhibited  the  phonograpljjnx- 
olusively  by  means  of  a  funnel,  I  was  asked  by  the  Imperial  Tech¬ 
nical  Society  to  give  a  similar  demonstration,  in  order  to  admit.;  a 
large  audience.  About  700  people  were  assembled;  the  hall  was  crow 
ded  &  I  will,  later  on  send  you  a  translation  of  the  papers,  which 
I  believe  will^inte res  ting  to  you.  Nikitas  ft  few  other  phongramns 
ha*  to  be  repeated  • 

The  new  phonograph  #  SOo4,  which  you  were  so  kind  to  send  for 
His  Majesty,  was  delivered  to  him  over  a  month  ago  ft  I  was  informed 
that  you  would  receive  acknowledgment  from  him  direct. 

I  have  but  a  receipt  from  the  engineer,  which  I  oan  forward. 

William  Hirschfeld. 



Fairbanks  &  0°,  H.  Disstoiy  &  Sons, 

*.  8  B,  Douglas,  [tlipsi  Winl  Engine  C, 



Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons.  nr.  Redditch 

Wlllcoi  &  Gibbs  Sew.  Vacb.  t. 
Seidel  &  Naumann.— Durkopp  &C! 

’fflieacow,  June  11/  33 


if  necessary  . 

(Kerosine  V.por  Llsb„)  . 

etc.  etc.  I  do  not  know  how  far  you  would  be  personally 

interested  in  the  musical  part  of  the  phono¬ 
graph.  Being  largely  acquainted  with  the  musical  world,  I  have 
done  agood  deal  of  experimenting  in  this  lipe  ft  all  musicians  aoo 
a  tremendous  futurity  in  it.  If  you  do  interest  yourself  in  this 
direction  would  you  mind  informing  me  with  whom  I  might  correspond 
on  this  subject,  having  a  few  pretty  weighty  suggestions  ft  questions 
in  view. 

After  having  worked  a  little  with  that  beautifully  simplified  new 
Phonograph,  delivered  to  the  Czar y  the  recording  on  the  former  ap¬ 
paratus  is  not  by  far  so  oheerful  as  it  wsb  heretofore.  May  I  , 
once  more  appeal  to  your  generosity  ft  ask  you  whether  you  would 
find  it  possible  to  send  me  simply  the  top  part,  marked  *X*  on  pho¬ 
tograph,  which  I  send  per  book  post.  It  simply  constitutes  the  oar- 

William  Block. 


J.  BLOC  K. 

Fairbanks  &  C°,  H.  Disston  &  Sons, 

W.  8  B,  Douglas,  Eclipse  Win!  Engine  C\ 


Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons.  nr.  Redditch 

Willcoi  &  Gills  Sen.  Uitl.  C‘. 
Seidel  &  Naumann.—  Diirkopp  &  Cl. 



June  ll/fe3 

189  0 


T.  E.  Esq.  #4. 

riage  tube,  with  nut  ft  holdor  ft  NEW  DIAPHRAGM 
with  arm  complete,  This  would  again  put  me  at 
the  head  of  the  mission  entered  upon  ft  would 

enable  me  to  hold  my  own. 

Apologizing  for  the  length  of  this  epistle  ft  hoping  to  be  fa¬ 
vored  with  a  reply  I  beg  to  remain,  always  Teady  at  your  service 

yours  faithfully. 

24  ?£fc)  ■ 

a,  *z  *&=*  j 

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fns^o^.  ocjoL  Cjr^jD  °J^'^  ojLks*.  n^sJaO  ^oj 

AA-OrtXifl  ^O 



n'ty,uTranslat  ton . 
My  Dear  Sir 

In  pursuance  of  the  recommendation  made  to  me  in 
your  favor  of  the  14th.  tnst. ,  J  have  pleasure  in  informing 
you  thaji  notice  has  been  given  to  the  branch  Secretary 
authorising  the  the  prorogation  which  you  have  officially 
sought  for  through  the  agency  of  Messrs.  Gommery,  and  Peniehe 
etc .  etc. 

Porftrio  Diaz. 

,  </. 



New  York,. . July  3,1890.  ixi) 

^.rir  c£~o 

j LA} — 

Thomas  A.  Edison, Esq.,  (\Al  c//-'  il-A/O- 

^..b.0.  ^(J^cUrfi&zz t 

Dear  Sir:- 





We  i 

i  very^nxiWs  to,get  some  Phonographs  for 
in  Canaia  in  connect 

Mr. Dippinoott, President  of  the  North  American  Phonograph  Com¬ 
pany, states.  that  he  is  unable  to  do  anything  for  us.  It  has.  oc¬ 
curred.  to  me  that  certain  parts  of  the  machine  could  be  shipped 
from. the  Phonograph  Works, and  other  parts  could  be  made  in  the 
Shops  of  this  Company  At  Sherbrooke . 

Will  you  please  advise  me  exactly  what  you  can  do  wife  relat¬ 
ion  to  this  mat  ter,  and  yet  come  within  the  requirements  of  the 
Canadian  patent  laws. 


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*  44  WALL  STREET. 


I  enclose  you  herewith  the  original  of  a  letter 
which  I  have  received  from  Mr. Connery,  together  with  the  enclosures 
to  which  he  refers. 

Please  use  this  in  getting  up  your  letter  to  Col.Souraud. 
You  received  my  ideas  on  this  subject  on  Friday  last.  The  letter 
was  to  be  sent  in  to  me  on  Saturday,  but  up  to  Monday  night  it  had 
not  arrived  at  my  office. 

Yours  truly. 

monographic  dictation.  | 






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*’  G  E 

G  to  T  B  C 

Edison  House 

Northumberland  Avenue 
London.  S.W. 

Thomas  B  Connery  Esq,  19th  June  1890. 

Llewellyn  Park .West  Orange, 

New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir, 

By  the  last  mail  X  wrote  you  a  line  acknowledging 
the  late  receipt  of  your  letter  of  M sir  15th  for  the  reasons 
explained  therein.  I  postponed  my  fuller  reply  until  this 

I  regret  to  observe  by  the  tone  of  jour  letter  thatt 
you  feel  aggrieved  towards  me,  and  particularly  so  since  you 
appear  to  think  that  I  have  not  kept  faith  with  you.  X 
therefore  begin  my  letter  by  assuring  you  in  the  strongest 
possible  terms  that  you  are  mistaken  on  this  point. 

The  dnly  thinfc  that  I  have  not  done  which  I  said  I 
would  do  was  to  myself ' accompany  you  on  the  occasion  of  your 
first  meeting  the  Board  of  the  United  Company.  This  promise 
was  broken  6wing  chiefly  to  the  fact  that  it  was  impossible 
for  me  to  arrange  a  meeting  at  the  joint  convenience  of  the 

(  1  ) 


parties  concerned  in  such  a  meeting.  Although  I  failed  in 
that  ,  I  beg  to  assure  you  that  the  fact  of  my  being  present 
when  you  met  the  Board  or  a  Committee  of  the  Board,  or  my  not 
being  present,  has  not  made  the  slightest  difference  in  the 
result  of  your  meeting.  All  the  facts  a.s  regards  your 
original  contract,  and  what  I  felt  and  still  feel  to  be  the 
moral  Obligations  of  the  Board  towards  you  and  your  associates 
were  fully  and  repeatedly  and  sufficiently  made  clear  by  me 
to  all  of  my  colleagues.  All  I-  said  to  you  with  reference 
to  future  terms  was,  that  so  far  as  I  could  control  the  sane, 
and  I  do  still  believe  so,  that  you  should  have  tte  first 
option  of  the  business  on  the  terms  which  should  be  determin¬ 
ed  upon  by  the  Board  of  the  United  Company.  I  had  assurance 
from  my  colleagues  that  this  understanding  would  be  carried 
out . 

X  think  I  may  assume  that  this  statement  and 
explanation  must  be  sufficient  to  satisfy  you  and  ranove  the 
disagreeable  impression  which  you  appear  to  have  formed  as  ■ 
expressed  or  conveyed  in  your  letter  under  reply. 

X  may  now  proceed  to  deal  with  what  appears  to  be 


the  present  business  position.  So  ihr  as  I  can  make  it  out, 
there  seems  to  have  been  no  disposition  on  the  part  of  my 
colleagues  to  "freeze  you  out"  as  ycu  express  it,  but  on  the 
contrary,  it  appears  that  they  have  endeavoured  to  carry  out 
the  understanding  arrived  at  with  me  as  regards  yourself, 
viz:-  that  "the  business  should  first  be  offered  to  you".  • 
This  they  appear  to  have  done  but  the  terms  which 
they  have  named  do  not  appear  to  have  been  satisfactory  to 
you.  That  is  the  position  in  a  nut-shell.  For  the 
difference  of  views  upon  the  value  of  the  business  as  estimat¬ 
ed  by  my  colleagues  and  as  estimated  by  yourself,  surely  I 
am  not  responsible,  nor  do  I  feel  called  upon  to  make  any 
expression  of  opinion  upon  that  difference. 

I  always  made  it  clear  to  you  that  the  business, 
when  presented  in  the  form  of  "a  monopbljr",  through  a  consoli¬ 
dation  of  hitherto  conflicting  interests,  would  have  greater 
value  than  before,  a  conclusion  in  which  you  entirely  agreed 
with  me.  1  regret  I  cannot  interfere  in  the  matter  ds  it 
stands  atv present.  Mexico  being  so  near  to  the  home  office, 
it  is  natural  ttat  it  he  bus  ire  ss  of  that  country  should  be 

(  3  ) 


conducted  by  the  Board  in  America.  I  should  consider  myself 
as  unwarranted  in  interfering  with  them  in  respect  of  such 
negotiation  as  I  should  consider  them  unwarranted  in  interfer¬ 
ing  with  me  in  a  negociation  which  I  might  be  conducting  in 
this  country,  or  for  another  near  it.  My  difficulty  in 
assisting  you  as  you  desire  me  to,  is  increased  by  the  feet 
of  the  wide  difference  which  appears  t  o  exist  between  your 
views  and  the  views  of  my  colleagues,  (excepting  of  course 

Mr  Eother5  Wh°  appears  t0  be  of  an  option  differing  from  that 
of  my_colleagues.  Notwithstanding  Mr  Edison's  opinion  to 
the  contrary,  and  I  say  this  with  some  hesitation  having 
regard  to  my  respect  for  his  opinion,  upon  all  matters,  I  have 
no  hesitation  in  saying  that  I  consider  the  views  of  the-dBaarfl 
stated  by  you,  are  more  reasonable  than  the  basis  proposed. 
by  yourself.  I  think  you  have  failed  to  appreciate  the 
value  and  importance  of  this  business,  especially  in  its 
present  form,  having  regard  to  the  amalgamat ion  of  interests 
and  the  extraordinary  and  unforseen  simplification  and  improve 
ment  in  the  Machine,  especially  as  regards  the  mailing 

(  4  ) 


Phonograph.  It  does  not  appear  to  me  to  be  useful  at  this 
time  to  go  back  and  make  any  comments  upon  your  original 
agreement  which  if  you  will  remember  you  did  not  know  the 
character  of  yourself  when  we  first  met.  The  fact  thatt 
your  Agent  did  not  carry  out  your  instructions,  or  made  a 
contract  which  you  did  not  approve  of,  of  course  did  not  alter 
the  fact  of  the  contract  as  it  was,  and  the  fundamental 
condition  of  that  contract  was,  that  you  should  get  an  ex¬ 
clusive  concession.  As  I  pointed  out  to  you  and  I  understood 
satisfied  you  at  the  time  of  so  doing,  the  concession  as 
obtained  by  you  was  really  not  worth  the  paper  it  was  written 
upon,  and  I  venture  to  say  that  no  business  man  would  em¬ 
bark  his  capital  under  such  terms  which.gave  no  security 
whatever.  I  made  this  observati  on  to  you  at  the  time  and 
repeat  it  now  based  solely  upon  the  translation  which  was 
forwarded  to  me  by  Mr  Ceballos.  Not  knowing  tte  Spanish 
language  I  can  only  judge  of  the  concession  by  the  translation 
which  was  reported  to  be  an  accurate  one.  i  feel  bound  in 
self  justificstion  to  repeat  these  observations  in  view 
of  your  references  to  the  subject  matter  of  them  at  this  late 
day.  m  conclusion,  I  sincerely  trust  that  you  will  still. 

(  5  ) 


see  your  way  to  meet  the  views  of  my  colleagues,  or  that  they 
will  be  able  to  make  such  concessions  as  the  circumstances 
justify  you  and  Mr  Ceballos  and  your  friends,  whom  I  recognise 
have  done  good  service  and  are  entitled  to  every  possible 
consideration,  to  go  on  with  the  business,  upon  a  basis  which 
will  return  them  an  adequate,  and  more  than  adequate  compensa¬ 
tion  for  their  trouble. 

I  am  sending  a  copy  of  this  letter  to  my  colleagues 
and  I  shall  repeat  again  in  the  strongest  terms  my  hopes  that 
they  will  do  their  utmost  to  reconcile  their  views  with  yours, 
or  yours  with  theirs,  before  they  proceed  with  negociations 
in  other  quarters. 

With  kind  regards, 

Beli eve  me , 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

G  E  Gouraud. 

The  difference  of  views  as  to  value  between  those  of  Mr  Ediscn 
and  his  colleagues  may  be  readily  accounted  for  on  the  ground 
of  his  extreme  modesty  as  to  the  value  of  his  own  work,  and  it 
sometimes  happens  fortunately  for  him,  that  those  associated 
with  him  are  not  thus  embarrassed. 

(  6  ) 

;s  • 

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co  jj/uMocruMoi.  '~'  I 

,  William  Block. 



Fairbanks  &  C°,  H.  Disston  &  Sons, 

W.  &  8.  Douglas,  Eclipse  Wind  Engine  0°. 



Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons.  nr.  Redditch 

WHICH  S  Gibbs  Sew.  Ilacb.  C. 
Seidel  &  Naumann.— Diirkopp  &C!. 

Jmport  of  JVIachinery,  JPIardwai\e  &c. 

J.  BLOCK  f .  BLOCK 


BO  /  11  September 

IS9  0 

3DISON  Esq, 
ORANGE  .  • 

N.  'j/. 

Permit  me  to  express  my  sin core  • 

thanks  for  your  kindness  in  sending  mo  the  parts,  which  I  so  much 
longed  for.  I  hope  you  are  in  possession  of  the  rusoikn  .phonograms, 
ere  this  &  would  send  more,  if  I  know  they  could  please  you.. 

A  short  time  ago  I  was  honored  with  a  splendid  gift  by  His  Ma¬ 
jesty  the  emperor  of  Russia.  X  received  a  most  beautiful  diamond 
ring  with  a  letter  relating  to  same.  The  stone  is  of  exceptional 
beauty  &  almost  half  an  inch  in  diameter.  When  last  in  Potorsburg 
I  was  told  that  the  emperor  had  chosen  some  articles  for  you  perso¬ 
nally,  which  were  to  be  forwardod  to  you  .  X  could  not  find  out 
more  &  hope  ,  that  the  articles  Will  have  reached  you  by  now. 

_ Re  musical  part  of  your  phonograph: 

I  have  had  quite  extensive  chats  with  oxiir  imisioai  authorities 

amongst  whom  were:  Rubinstein,  Tschaikowski ,  Rimski  Korsakoff  , 
Solowieff,  as  conposers  &  Prof,  gafonoff,  Samuss  ,  Hrjimali  & 
others  as  performers  &  musicians  in  general.  X  will  soon  continue 
my  musical  tests  &  experiments  &  to-day  take  the  liberty  of  giving 
my  experience  up  to  now., 

ALL,  without  a  singlo  exception  ,  were  thunderstruck  at  the  results 
obtained  &  unanimously  declared  ,  that  a  new  era  is  opened  to  them 
by  the  means  of  the  phcnograph.  Rubinstein,  when  hearing  your  pho¬ 
nograph  fbr  the  first  time,  was  completely  paraljrzed  &  on  his  in¬ 
vitation  I  had  to  demonstrate  it  twice  at  the  academy  of  Music  in 
Petersburg  for  the  professors  &  pupils.  They  all  acknowledge,  that 

it  will  be  of  enormous  value  to  all  musicians,  if  a  few  minor  chan¬ 

ges  be  made,  v/hich  X  believe  canyeasily  completed 
A  cylinder  holding  a  record  of  HALF  AN  HOUR/would  be  needed  ,  to 
enable  us  to  record  a  symphony  in  parts  (to  comnencewith )  or  any 
other  long  piece,  like  a  concerto,  sonata  &c.  (  Xf  a  symphony  be 

recorded  in  parts  it  would  be  a  great  help,  if  a  quicker  change  of 
cylinders  were  possible.) 

In  order  to  reproduce,  a  musical  solo,  especially  a  song  exactly 
in  the  same  key  note  ,  sane  device  is  essential  to  enable  a  nonmu¬ 
sician  to  speed  the  cylinder  exactly  as  i-tc  revolved,  when  the  re¬ 
cord  was  taken.  This  seems  to  me  not  so  easy  as  the  first  change 
spoken  about,  though  I  may  be  mistaken.  There  seem  to  me  2  compli¬ 
cations  in  regard  to  this.  Boibre  explaining  them  I  explain  how 

#3.  Sep. 11  90. 

I  get  at  the  result  now.  It  is  the  safest  certainly,  but  not  a  ra¬ 
pid  &  simple  way.  I  use. a  pitch  pipe,  sound  it,  before  the  music 
comnences  &,  later  on  ,  screw  the  regulator  to  the  same  speed, 
v/hich  is  proved  to  me,  when  I  hear  the  key  note  clear  &  distinct. 
Thisytoo  long  &  not  a  safe  regulation  for  nonnusicians.  I  thought 
a  SCALE  &  HAND  might  possibly  be  invented  to  be  accurate  to  such  a 
degree  as  to  note  as  fine  as  a  difference  of  one  revolution  per  mi¬ 
nute.  If  such  a  fine  regulator  with  indicator  were  possible,  all 
we  would  have  to  do  then,  would  be  to  speak  into  the  recorder  first 
simply  stating  the  number  of  revolutions  indicated,  that  the  phono¬ 
graph  is  going  to  make  &  is  making  at  the  time,  &  then  coinnence  re¬ 
cording  the  music.  The  difficulties  Incahssee  are  the  following: 

1) -  Will  not  the  change  of  strength  of  the  battery.,  influence  the 
governor  f especially  when  the  battery  is  getting  exhausted? 

2) -  In  recording,  I  observed,  that  the  recorder  requires  a  little 
extra  power  fbr  cutting  into  the  cylinder,  the  result  of  this  can 
well  be  noticed  in  musical  reproductions,  which  are  always  reprodu¬ 
ced  a  little  higher,  than  actually  played  or  sung;  the  result  is, 
that  I  always  have  to  lower  the  speed  after  having  recorded  a  piece 
in  order  to  obtain  the  same,  pitch.  Can  this  be  overcome? 

It  seems  to  me,, that  with  the  new  recorder,  being  selfadjusting,  I 
will  obtain  rrueh  better  results  . in  regard  to  uniformity  of  pitch, 

YAii  ch  could  not  always  be  obtained  with  the  former  recorder,  even 
after  being  adjusted.  Whether  it  wa s  cause^^he  recorder  or  by  the 

cylinder  ,  which  sometimes  containsslight  uneveness  in  its  substan¬ 
ce,  I  cannot  tell. 

These  .are  the  two  main  features,  vhioh  I  intended  to  explain*  in 
applying  the  necessary  alterations  to  your  present  wonderful  instru¬ 
ment,  the  musicians  will  be  grateful  to  you  for  ever. 

My  experience  shows,  that  to  reproduce  the  violin  is  the  most  dif¬ 
ficult,  as  it  changes  its  individuality  most.  Next  comes  the  piano. 
With  the  human  voice  I  have  attained  wonderfully  satisfactory  re- 
-  suits.  The  most  striking  fact  is,  that,  though  changing  its  idio¬ 
syncrasy  the  performers  feeling  &  faintest  changes  from  crescendo 
to  decrescendo  on  the  violin  is  given  to  absolute  perfection.  My 
best  phonogram  now  is  a  violin  solo,  performed  by  Prof.  Hrjimali, 
in  3pite  of  the  change  of  the  instruments  character. 

Will  you  dome  the  favor  &  inform  me,  whether  we  can  hope  to 
see  the  absolutely  necessary  changes  made  in  your  grand  invention? 

It  would  be  agreat  relief  to  me  to  know  this,  if  it  were  simply 
for  the  reason  to  know,  that  public  opinion  should  not  be  prejudi¬ 
ced  as  much  as  it  is  in  America  at  the  present  time  &  that  we  are 
going  to  see  the  first  practical  use  of  the  phonograph  in  the  domain, 
of  art.  A  few  American  friends,  who  visited  me  lately  were  quite 

astonished  at  the  great  superiority  of  my  reproductions,  compared 

( loss 

with  those  they  had  heard  lately  in  the  U.  =S.  What  a  tremendous) 
is  caused  to  you  by  neglectful  Exhibition  of  your  invention. 

I  Well  understand  the  difficulty  of  avoiding  casual  misrepresenta¬ 
tions,  but  the  prejudice  is  too  universal,  according  to  my  opinion. 

I  Wished  I  eohld  help  to  set  it  qside. 

help  to  set  it  aside.  /7 
Vlry  faithfully  yours  /o,/ 

William  ilock.  Julius  H.  Block.  William  Hirschfeld. 



Fairbanks  &  0°,  H.  Disston  &  Sons, 

1  5  8.  Doiijlas,  Eclipse  Wind  Engine  if. 

Jmport  of  JVIachinery,  J^ardwa^e  &g. 

- - - ->*2f0SK*<»' - * 

‘  '  A;BDLVcKSfT'!BTo'cKMS 

^i)Zcscoiti,3o  /  11  Sept 

g,  y/arsaw  &  Ekaiherinburg. 
Code"  4-th  Edition. 




Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons.  nr.  Redditch 

Willcoi  i  Gibbs  Sew.  liicli.  C". 
Seidel  &  Nanmann.— Diirkopp  &  Ci. 

B  a  t  o  h  e  rl  o  : 
Laboratory  • 

Dear  Hr.  Batcheloi 

I  have  not  communicated  ' 

J  ‘  '  _  -  v'f  '  O'  ,  •  -  .  . 

-  -  —  • —  3  s?*t ,/^ilt  ^-^«i  r  *  ^ 

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/  ^'t4^c.a/  .  •__  j'/J? 

s*-+-<-J*s£u£  <*-&$  ^  ec  ’^^uCct^  fleydd  ^o  /U-is-y-y, 

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An/A  'A&~  «=*— ■ — y 

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C/AA-  yjT'^wr-J  e^LA.  .  <A&Z-  CASO-V  Y^y^e-t£  : 
^  ^ 

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o  '  c/  *-V  m.-y 


SAMUEL  INSULL.  ^'Tq8 Edlal'ii 

BROAD  ST.,  . 

Thonia:;  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  H.J. 


v  vork.  JVfew  yor/c..N.Pvember  .1  nth , 1  HPiftp 

I  have  a  letter  from  Mr.  \'Iara\^(  which  he  says 
that  you  desire  to  have  the  machines  shipped  to  Mr.  Eabbri,  the 
Emperor  of  Gennany,  Mr.  Villard  and  Mr.  Rathenau,  and  that  you  pro¬ 
pose  to  send  the  musical  cylinders  later.  I  think  that  this  is  a 
decided  mistake. 

Mr.  Villard  is  anxious  to  get  the  Phonograph  for  the  use  of 
his  daughter  Who  is  very  ill,  and  the  Phonograph  will  not  be  of  vey 
much  use  without  the  musical  cylinders. 

I  am  also  afraid  that  you  will  get  into  sad  disrepute  with 
some  of  the  Court  Officials  in  Berlin, owing  to  the  long  delay  with 
reference  to  the  machine  for  the  Emperor  of  Germany.  I  know  that 
you  are  not  particularly  sensitive  on  this  class  of  criticism,  but 
it  might  do  our  Phonograph  business  a  great  deal  of  harm  in  Germany 
if  we  should  get  the  hostility  of  the  German  Court  people. 

I  would  suggest  that  you  give  instruo^na  that  the  musical 
cylinders  are  shipped  with  the  machines,  and  tint  the  whole  of  the 
shipment  be  gotten  out  within  the  next  few  days. 

Yours  very  truly, 

H/ /s<jC- 


•  %a 

■  u 

%st  fitriui  'v/ut-rudj  Zt/t4 

,  /  «  a 





(i/cjolhvi  LuiCfl  -t/u-d  letltA.  J  je.n-d- 
;.  ccnM-lhot  'tu.0  'UXouLij  cLJ  7  &*oisnLci 

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iri'UJ  >w6li  'f  cCotn.  /uU£A,trt/L-(7'/u 
■  /n$uf  L  pitied-  asi 

1  tf-h-sjuL  4^60.  sUsi/Us  ^>ruis  £7lL  Ufi 
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CfljoiuL  ’dfu  c^&sndvi'  ^ 

■/%J  jc/i^tcJiLi'Mj,  .-/TV  rutt 
cCt  alt,  'ttujt  'tprtc  MyvuU-i&f  oyU 

'uTrU*- !  -lo  ‘H^ltucL  aeLrii  c, 

CL^ovCt  .  CJ ^{bansri  Jgi<nfc'C£L  'fettvi' 



NOTE  This  confirmation  should  be  checked  with  the  original  message  immediately  on 
receipt .  It  will  be  assumed  to  be  correct  unless  advised  to  the  contrary  by  telephone . 

Name  of  Person  Send  inf*. 

Name  of  Person  Receiving, 

Time . 


. . S..bN^;.s...Ulv . . . J 



From  whom  received:  Mr.  Tato 

To  whom  sent:  Edison  Lanp  Works. 

I  understand  there  were  a  number  of  musical  records 
returned  to  you  from  Minneapolis.  We  have  a  couple  of  phono¬ 
graphs  awaiting  shipment  to  the  Emperor  of  Germany.  We  cannot 
send  them  as  we  have  no  musical  records.  If  those  from  Minnea¬ 
polis  are  first  class  I  have  thought  we  could  probably  arrange 

to  obtains  supply  for. the  above  purpose. 

Kindly  let  me  hdar  from  you. 


The  Minneapolis  goods  are  not  here  yet.  We  expect  them 
every  day,  and  will  report  to  you  as  soon 

as  they  arrive. 

^*7  '  ^ 

etcUc^r'  , 

^  ^7  ,a*Jo  jg^j . 

fiiA^  Op-* 

-V  ^  .^£~ZZ£d 

.v  .^u^--f~!o 




y_  /t^*. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  Edison  United  Phonograph 
Company  (D-90-56) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.  Included  are  letters  about  the  payment  of  bills 
for  phonographs  and  phonograph  accessories,  foreign  patent  applications,  and 
the  presentation  of  phonographs  to  foreign  heads  of  state.  Some  of  the 
correspondence  is  by  G.  N.  Morison,  secretary  of  the  company.  There  are  also 
letters  by  Edison’s  attorney,  Sherburne  B.  Eaton. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  letters  from 
the  law  firm  of  Eaton  &  Lewis  regarding  payment  for  their  legal  services; 
letters  of  acknowledgement  and  transmittal;  meeting  announcements;  other 
routine  business  correspondence;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 

Dear  sir: 


United  Phonograph  Works.  "  organization  0f  the  Edison 

feotur^SS'/’  E4l0°"  "“h  m“*>  *>y  Man*- 

(2)  E.P.T.'M.'Oo.  with  Thomas  A.  Edison.  —  . 
n-e  °  x  E.P.T.M.Oo.'  with  Edison  Phonograph  Works-  an 

of  said  contracts  bearing  date  July  ist,  xl89. 

Very  truly  yours, 


'  i-r-'j  dnisL- 

New  York  City,  March  9th,  1800* 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

I  beg  to  say  that  aft  or  using  considerable  com¬ 
pulsion  in  one  way  and  another,  I  have  accomplished  the 
result  that  Gouraud  is  persuaded  to  send  a  cheque,  pro- 
bab'y  for  about  $4,000,  on  account  of  his  open  account 
for  phonographs  and  supplies.  Ho  promises  to  pay  the 
balance  as  soon  as  the  bills  are  audited  in  London,  and  I 
am  told  by  Mr.  Moriarty,  that  Mr.  Jesse  Seligman  has 
satisfied  himself  that  this  will  be  done. 

Colonel  Gouraud  may  not  have  courtesy  enough  to  send 
the  cheque  through  the  channels  of  previous  correspondent 
that  is  to  say  through  Mr.  Lord,  his  lawyer,  and  myself, 
hut  may  send  the  cheque  straight  to  you  or  the  Works.  But 
that,  does-.’not.-'matter,  if  you  get  the  money.  I  can  hardly 
blame  him  for  not  preferring  to  transact  business  with 
me . 


pAw  -  £k- 



J^y^aiajBOh  IK,  IH9n. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq* 

Bear  Sir: 

Re  E.U.P.Co.  Enclosed  please  find,  a  copy  of  a 
letter  read  by  Col.  Gouraud  at  the  first  meeting  of  the  Board  of 
Birectors  of  this  Company,  on  the  IXth  inst.  This  letter  re¬ 
flects  seriously  on  our  claim  to  be  immediately  paid  your  open  ac¬ 
count  against  Gouraud  for  phonographs  and  supplies  furnished  to 
his  agency. 

Bhile  it  may  not  be  wise  for  us  to  take  up  the  time 
of  the  Board  by  reading  at  a  Board  meeting  an  answer  to  this 
letter,  I  nevertheless  am  of  opinion  that  we  should  prepare  an  an¬ 
swer,  to  be  read  if  need  be;and  at  any  rate  placed  on  the  files  of 
the  United  Co.  along  side  of  Goui-aud'e  letter  Evidently  he  had 
some  special  object  in  view  when  he  wrote  this  letter  and  we  ought 
not  to  let  his  charges  of  record  remain  unanswered,  that  is  to  say 
if  we  have  good  answers  to  make  to  them. 

I  beg  to  suggest  that  you  or  Mr.  Tate  at  once  pre¬ 
pare  points  for  a  reply  to  this  letter,  so  far  as  possible,  being 
careful  to  have  all  statements  accurrate.  If  you  approve  of  this 
will  you  or  Mr,  Tate  kindly  send  me  the  said  points  so  that  I  can 
get  them  by  Monday  morning  if  possible.  The  Board  meets  again 
next  Tuesday,  and  I  should  like  to  have  the  said  points  on  hand  at 
least  24  hours  before  that  meeting. 



120  Broadway, 

New  York,  March  11th,  1890 

It  has  been  made  at  the  last  moment,  a  condition  prece¬ 
dent,  to  the  proposed  exchange  of  agreements, 

First,  that  I  should  pay  in  full  an  accoivnt  amounting  to 
the  sum  of  $5206.18. 

Second,  that  I  should  pay  $2500.  on  account  of  same  on 
the  condition  of  some  understanding,  which,  I  am  informed,  has 
been  arranged  with  Messrs.  Seligman  on  behalf  of  the  Graphophone 
Company,  by  which  they  assume  the  risk ( ? )  of  the  unpaid  portion 
of  the  account  in  question. 

The  following  explanation  of  the  circumstances  is  due 
alike  to  myself  and  to  the  gentlemen  hitherto  strangers,  with  whom 
I  am  about  to  be  associated  as  colleagues  in  an  important  under¬ 

First:  I  hand  you  herewith  the  account  in  question 

with  the  letter  accompanying  the  same,  which,  you  will  observe, 
states  that  none  of  the  invoices  had  previously  been  rendered. 


W  '  s 

Second:  a  press  copy  of  my  reply,  in  which  I  state  this 

aa  it  was  impossible  for  me  to  audit  the  account  here,  it  should  • 
have  my  immediate  attention  on. my  early  return  to  London. 

Third:  Except  to  the  value  of  about  §1000  to  1500 

none  of  the  articles  referred  to  in  the  invoices  were  ordered  by  m, 
;a-d  to  tho  extent  of  a  very  largo  proportion  I  have  no  * ersonal 
know! edge  of  thoir  ever  having  been  received  by  me. 

Fourth:  Some  of  the  things  were  sent  to  Mexico,  of  whih 

the  invoices  in  Ration  are  the  first  information  I  have  had  upon 
the  subject,  while  unite  a  number  of  the  items  are  for  machinery 
designed  for  the  manufacture  of  phonographs  in  Europe,  shipped  to 
order, and  which  I  was  subsequently  exnressly  re- 
questod  by  cable  not  to  use.  The  balance  of  the  account; iff  for 
'"phonographs  invoiced  as  taken  by  Ur.Insull,  but  which  he  stated  ’ 
Wf  "roro  presents  he  was  taking  from  Mr.Edison  to  1,1 4m ends  in'  > 
England,  and  finally,  f„r  phonographs  and  supplies  which  are  at  • 

P  -oent  in  the  international  (iraphophone  Company  office  in  Hew 
York.  of  tho  goods  ordered  .by  me,  consisting  entirely  of  phono  g- 
raph.c  supplies,  such  as  blanks,  bat terios,'  extra  parts  of  phono¬ 
graphs  etc.,  all,  or  nearly  all,  are  of  very  recent  shipment,  most 
■ly-Since  my  arrival  in  this  Country  and  all  are  now  in  warehouse  in 


Lohdon  and  v/ill  ho  taken  over  by  the  Company. 

It  will  not  soom  strange  to  yon  that  under  the  circum¬ 
stances  I  should  have  required  opportunity  to  audit  the  account  in 
question,  but  rather  than  subjeot  various  parties  to  the  present:'-- ' 
negotiations ,  to  further  inconvenience  and  consequent  loss  to  sons 
of  them,  I  comply  with  the  last  demand  and  beg  to  hand  you  herewith 
my  check  upon  liessrs.  Drexol,  Morgan  g,  Co.,  for  $2,500.  together 
with  the  invoices  in  question,'  tho  chock  to  }>e  paid  over  to  Hr. 
Edison  at  t-  e  time  oi  tho general  os chan  go  of  agreements  on  the 
understanding  that  all  of  the  material  referred  to  in  the  said  in¬ 
voices  and  other  li#o,  which  is  now  on  hand  shall  be  taken  over  by 
•the  company  at  the  invoiced  prices,  paid  or  to  bo  paid  byme.  Thor 
'Whole,  account ,  including  the  above  $8390.,  to  be  adjusted  accord^ - 
mgly  between  myself  and  t’:o  company  so  soon  as  tho  goods  in  ques¬ 
tion  can  bo  re-invoiced  and  turned  over  to  the  representatives  of 
the  Company  in  London.  I  am,  gentlemen, 

Your  Obedient  Servant, 

P.S.  In  conclusion  I  think  I  may  safely  add,  in  jus-  ' 
tioo  to  Mr.  Edison,  in  whose  absence  .the  account  has  been  rendered 
that  he  is  in  ignorance  of  tho  above  facts  and  that  ho  may  h-ve 
been  under  tho  erroneous  impression  that  tho  invoices  had  been 
Previously  presented  and  consequently  were  long  overdue,  or  even  ... 


.  ,  r  <  ' 

perhaps  that  payment  had  boon  refused.  Hany  of  the  items  are  < 
dent ly  quite  an  af ierthought  on.  the  part  of  whoever  made  up  the 
account,  as  every  trilling  thing  which  has  over  been  sent  me,  J 
the  beginning,  as  far  hack  ns  13S8,  has  boon  entered  up. 

■To  the  Directors  oT  the 

Edison  united  Phonograph  Company. 

March  lr 

Major  Hi  13.  Baton. 

Moron  -t'/tn  xouu, 

FOHRSfl,  The  supplies  sent  to  Mexico  woro  iUrnished  to  Ool.  Gou- 
ra'tril's  agents.  1  refer  to  this  matter  more  specifically  in  the 
aec  ompan ying  lotto r . 

Ool.  Gouraud  states  that  quite  a  number  of  these  items  arc  for 
machinery  designed  for  tin  nianufe otiu-o  of  phono, f^hs  in  hnrooo. 

I  novor  sent  him  any  machinery  for  the  manufacture  of  phonographs. 

I  »>m  him  mao hinory  to  tin  value  of  about  ;;300  for  the  mwufnoturo 
of  phonograms,  but  nothing  for  tin  manufacture  of  the  phonograph 
iusolf.  I  have  sent  Col#  Gouraud  a  credit  memo,  for  tho  phono - 
Graphs  taken  to  Europe, by  Mr.  Insull.  The  Phonographs  aid  sup¬ 
plies  scir&  to  tho  International  Graphaphono  Company  wore  furnished 
on  Ool.  Gouraud' s  order,  tho  original  of  which  is  enclosed  with 
documanot  handed  you  herewith. 

Ool.  Gouraud  states  tint  of  the  goods  orders!  by  him— all  or 
nearly  all— are  of  very  recent  shipment,  mostly  since  hit:  arrival 
in  this  country .  X  would  call  your  attention  to  the  fact  that  a 
division  of  tho  Statement  of  Account  will  show  that  all  material 
except  to  tho  value  of  about  5800,  was  furnished  prior  to  tho  loth 
of  Hovombor  last. 

So  far  as  my  request  for  a  sottlemont  of  this  account  is  con¬ 
cerned,  I  do  not  think  that  I  was  unreusoneb  lc  in  assuming  that  tho 
material  forwarded  to  Col.  Gouraud  aid  covered  by  those  invoices, 
had  been  checked  with  the  requisitions,  issued  in  his  office,  which, 
as  I  said  before,  cover  tho  greater  portion  of  my  bill.  Any  sup¬ 
plies  not  covered  in  this  manner  wore  tho  subject  of  correspondence 
between  Ool.  Gouraud  and  myself,  end  so  far  as  I  am  concerned/  are 
readily  identified  from  memory. 

flic  records  which  I  tend  you  with  this  letter  will  entirely 
rofnto  Ool.  Gouraud' s  charge  that  many  of  the  items  are  fin  "After¬ 
thought."  Col.  Gouraud' a  contract  with  me  commenoGd  in  .1887,  and 

£  if  PC. 




.yljcw  7/c-r/fy _ Mar. 13th.. 189  o 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq.',  Private  Secretary} 

Dear  Sir:- 

Re  Gouraud  and  Phonograph  Orders.-  Please  accept 
my  thahks  for  your  two  letters  of  yesterday,  enclosing  two  pack- 
ages  of  letters relating  to  Gouraud's  orders  for  phonographs.  The 
thorough  work  which  you  have  done  in  this  matter  is  appreciated. 

verv  T!  S!1,iSman  311(1  Henry  Seligman  have  urgedme 

very  s.rongly  not  to  file  any  reply  to  Gouraud*s  letter.  No 
referenaewas  made  to  his  letter  on  the  Minutes  of • the  meeting 
where  it  was  read, and  it  seems  that  the  letter  was  not  signed. 

The  Messrs.  S.  think  that  his  bringing  the  matter  up  was  in  very 
bad  taste, and  they  hope  that  we  will  pay  no  attenti*  to  what  he 
2“d;  b31ng  °ne  that  does  not  concern  th«  E.  U.  P.  Co. 

mi  */  Instill  takes  the  same  view. 

Out  of  regard  to  these  gentlemen,  and  to  what  they 
^+\Pe£hi?S  We  better  not  brinS  the  matter  before  the  Boani, 
heL1  nevertheless  keep  your  carefully  prepared  reports, 

because  the  matterwill  come  up  at  a  future  date  when  settlement 
is  made  between  Gouraud  and  Mr.  Edison}- 

.  .  My  own  feeling  is  that  whenever  Gouraud  files  a  letter 
reflecting  on  us,  we  ought  to  file  an  answer,  and  I  yield  to  the 
frfrleirhr,mentl0ned+f0Ve  *  With  som0  reluctance.  However,  they 
even ^  ln  3ayi"s  th®t  the  letter  had  no  effect,  that  it  was  not 
even  put  on  record,  and  that  in  view  of  its  not  having  been  sign- 
ed,  it  requires  no  attention  from  us,  the  matter  also  being  one 
not  belonging  to  the  E.  u.  p.  Co.  6 

,,  .  ,  Hoping  you  will  approve;  of  the  above,  I  remain,  again 

thanking  you  for  your  papers. 

Very  truly  yours. 

§  or^ 

.Dear  Sir: 

Rerlying  to  Mr.  Tate's  letter  of  the  25th  inst. .ask¬ 
ing  whether  you  should  fill  Go.radd's  orders  for  supplies,  I  bog  to 
say  that  I  discussed  this  matter  with  Mr.  Henry  Seligman  today, 
and  that  our  conclusion  was  that  you  had  better  address  a  letter 
to  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company,  asking  their  views  and  in¬ 
struct:  ons  in  the  premises.  It  would  appear  that  certainly  so  Ifcr 
as  all  patented  articles  are  concerned  they  cannot  be  supplied  ex¬ 
cept  by  the  United  Co.  or  with  its  consent;  and  undoubtedly  it  is 
best  that  the  same  rule  should  apply  as  regards  all  supplies  which 
are  not  patented.  However,  the  United  Co.  will  decide  that  ques¬ 
tion  for  itself,  if  agreeable  to  you. 

Very  truly  yours, 

TO  PKou,  C„ 

|(nteri|atiottal  sfljjrajjliojjltonc  <|o.t 


■&Ctr-&t*e>  ofor&tz,. 

o-cZZ)^'  a^o  a.,  | 

y  /  O.ujJL  cccfcvu  ^  ^ 

C 'fait 

I  ~L  ' 


t  ?% 

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(p Lv\\. 

Mn  Thomas  A .  Edison, 

Grange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Sir  ’ 

I  have  your  letter  of  the  18th  fnst. 
with  letter  received  by  you  from  Mn  J.  H.  Block,  of  Moscow, 
Russia,  and  translations  of  cotnmuni  battens  that  have  been 
sent  to  him  by  prominent  peopl'd  in  Russia,  giving  thei  r  views 
of  the  Phonograph.  . 

I  fully  agree  with  you  that  the  exhibitions  de¬ 
scribed  by  Mn  Block  must  be  stopped  without  any  delay,  and 
if  you  will  kindly  send  me  a  cdpy  of  Mn  Block's  letter  and 
the  translations  attached  thereto,  I  shall  forward  them  to  the 
London  office  and  have  immediate  action  takep  thereon. 

I  have  heard  Mn  Block  spoken  of  very  favorably  and  shall  so 
inform  the  London  office . 

Enclosed?-! -  re tum-yau  Mn  Block's  letter  and  ac- 

ifJPaJiy{ng  translations  also  the  other  translations  men¬ 
tioned  by  you.  Hours,  very  truly, 

'.//mum  dto/ww.  %btirr/<„/; 

J/outtfA  .yft  Tj^fAvMiU. 

ffl/wr//  c tfe/ir/uimt'  ’/reMmrt: 


c/  (£^  ^y^y?  ■  ^  y 

y~$-  ^  ^ y  £) 

'  '  S)  /? 

-S^y^  <^2-Lr  jZ^e~c^Zt^Zi 


'*,'i/  cyy-^^/^p,  cyye^  &,  o-i-^ay 

y>  -c*s"tz<yi 

£  i-pc 


/2 Uj/roae/vya/y  <.  c< 


/  ,ylfcu>  Mav  17.  1890. 

T.  A.  Edison, 

Dear  Sir:- 

Re  Pooling  Agreement  between  Edison  and 
Gouraud  for  E.  U.  P.  Co.  Stock.  .  I  beg  to  say  that  this  matter  is 
delayed  because  Mr.  DeRuyter  does  not  receive  a  cablegram  from  Mr 
Gouraud  stating  that  "it  is  all  rirfit".  Mr.  De  Ruyter  is  to  take 
the  place  of  Mr.  Lord  as  Gouraud's  representative  in  the  Board,  and 
has  notified  Gouraud  in  writing  the  conditions  on  which  he  will 
serve.  Just  as  soon  as  the  latter  writes  or  cables  to  Mr. 

De  Ruyter  that  "it  is  all  right",  I  can  close  this  matter  up.  I 
suggest  that  you  write  or  cable  Gouraud  explaining  why  this  matter 
is  delayed  and  urging  him  to  send  word  to  Mr.  De  Ruyter. 

Very  truly  yi 



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I  -4— 



16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

-j-uly— 10,1890- 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange, New  Jersey. 
Dear  Sir:- 

I  enclose  you  herewith  copy  of  a  letter  dated  the 
8th, from  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company, and  also  form  of 
Power  of  Attorney. 

I  shall  be  glad  if  you  will  execute  the  Power  of  Attorney, as 
requested  by  the  United  Phonograph  Company, and  return  s  me  to  me  at 
your  early  convenience. 

fours  truly , 



Samuel  Insull ,Esq. ,  - 

New  York. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  enclose  applications  for  Patents  for  improvement 
in  Phonographs  which  kindly  have  executed  by  Mr .Edison  personally 
and  re  turn  at  your  early  convenience.  Our  Australian  Patent  Agent 
writes  under  date  of  May  5th  as  follows 

"Eor  is  necessary  that  the  application  and 
Declaration  shall  be  personally  signed  by  Mr  .Edison  to  whom  please 
send  on  atoonce  the  enclosed  form  with  a  request  that  he  return  it 
to  me  direct  (when  signed  and  attested)  as  so  doing  will  save  time 
probably.  The  application  will  go  on  justlthe  same, as  I  have 
given  undertaking  to  file  this  document  before  the  Patent  issues". 

Also  under  date  of  May  12th, last  our  Agent  wrotes  as  follows 

"The  Victorian  office  of  Patents  are  now  acting  under  a 
new  act  and  require  the  Application  and  Declaration  to  be  signed 
by  the  Applicant  same  as  with  the  Queensland  office, .of  which  1  sent 
you  the  form  for  signature  last  weokK. 

Please  to  have  the  signature  attested  by  a  British  Consul. and 
Notary  Public  as  in  former  cases.  Instructions  for  signing  are 
marked  in  pencil  on  the  documents  so  that  there  may  be  no  mistake. 

Kindly  &re turn  same  to  this  office  when  completed , and  oblige, 

Yours  truly, 

•  G.N. Mori son, 



^CaSc.  ^477- 

c>  ■<-  ~t^yy 

'nsut^/dc-.  ^ 

■4^4't-S* aA£ 

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:Syoi^  ~^<sisvt*x^0-t4stA/(~  "  cbty&*sC/t^ 

*  €t>>  V-  *) _ Jf  x 

■•'  JJLlaA<i—.  Vt^c/I / 

’  J-  ~JV&$u^A —  ^ - - 

—OsCfcAZ.  ^  •  (^c^ca^k—,  't<dLj&£<— 

'-ISISI&L,  ‘^'&lsC~  — ,  ^Usiyj  2<T  ; 

'^4  jlaAJty  ja^6ucAtAzA^  f 
<5J-  h^yky!  y  ,c r-etc&i/U/J'fy 

•J-  J^r<£ — 

yffyi/iA  >£*y  ^U^AAjSy 


&  fS^#  £J»t  iJUU 

fft  «M»  ’Stfi 


I  am  in  receipt  of  your  letters  of  the 

21st  and  22nd  instant ,  the  former- enclosing  letter  f ran  Mr*.  J, 
Block,  of  Moscow,  Russia,  and  the  latter,  letters  from  the 
Hon*  William  R>  Trescoit  and  the  Hon,  Patrick  Eagan,  Minister 
to  Chile*  which  I  now  return  you* 

I  have  had  a  press  copy  made  of  Mr,  Block* 3  letter, 

•  in  order  to  have  the  same  referred  to  the  European  Committee- 
In  reference  to  the  application  of  Mr,  Eagan  for  a 
machine  for  the  use  of  the  National 'University  of  Chile,  if 
Mr *  Edison  and  Mr*  Insull  consider  it  advisable  to  grant 
the  request,  I  have  no  objection  to  doing .  so,  provided  the 
machine  is  not  sent  until  it  is  perfected  in  every  shape 
and  that  a  proper  guarantee  is  given  that  the  machine  will 
not  be  used  for  any  other  purpose  than  that  specified  in  the 
letter  of  Mr*  Eagan,  When  these  conditions  are  complied  with 

'  I  s' 

the  Secretary  will  give  the  proper  order  for  the  machine* 
Yours,  truly. 


phonograph  to  the  National  University  of  Chile •  Will  you 

"kindly  informimerj  wk'ethenrMn*’SEdi:son  has  in  view  any  par¬ 
ticular  time  when  the  phonograph  should  be  sent  to  the  Uni- 
no  doubt 

versity,  and  if  soothe  Company  will  be  glad  to  carry  out 
his  wishes  ? 

gV  p  ^ 

Thomas  A'.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  to  tie  proposed  trust  for  the  stock  of 
yourself  and  of  Colonel  Gouraud  in  the  Edison  United  Phonograph 
Company,  I  beg  to  say  that  Mr.  Lord  has  received  from  Colonel  Gou¬ 
raud  the  proper  authority  for  Mr.  de  Ruyter  to  take  Mr.  Lord's 
place.  Unfortunately,  however,  Mr.  de  Ruyter  is  absent  from  the 
City  on  a  Summer  vacation,  and  the  putting  of  the  Stock  in  trust 
cannot  be  completed  until  his  return.  Meantime  no  harm  can  happen, 
because  Mr.  Lord'holds  Colonel  Gouraudts  certificates  in  his  own 
hand  subject  to  an  understanding  between  him  and  me  prohibiting  him 
from  parting  with  Gouraud* s  stock  and  prohibiting  me  from  parting 
with  your  stock. 

how  matt< 
myself  al 

I  mention  the  above  in  order  that  you  may  know 
’s  stand  because  I  am  thinking  of  going  away  on  a  vacation 
the  end  of  this  month. 

Hoping  the  above  will  be  satisfactory,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours. 




NOTE— This  confirmation  should  he  checked  with  the  original  message  Immediately  on  receipt.  It  will 
_ assumed  to  be  correct  unless  advised  to  the  contrary  by  telephone. 


of  Person  Sending, 

Name  of  Person  Receiving. 







Aug.  4th/90‘.  rTj 

From  whom  received:  Thomas  Butler, Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory  , Orange, N.J. 

The  following  cable  was  received  this  morning  by  ug  from  London 
“Prospectus  infringes  our  rights  grossly. 

Sour and 

Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

From  whom  received: 
To  whom  sent: 

A. 0. Tate. 
Thomas  Butler 

Please  give  me  the  names  of  t  he  member  s^,of  the  Execut 

Committee  of  the  Edison  United.  Phonograph. company. 


Members  of  the  Executive  Committee  of  the  E.U.P.Co. 
Mr.  Thomas  Cochran.  ' 

Mr.  Jesse  Seligman. 

Mr.  Thomas  Dolan. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

Mr. D.O. Mills. 

Mr.  Samuel  Insull; 

Col.  G.E. Gourand. 

™  Eu  r  c 

'  J/mntHi  dr/t:/nYW',  7irjn//mi: 

JJhwM)  Stfotmi  VfmvftiY'liffr.iik 

0  / 

<2&Lr™.ouc  f  C-^.  (%3 

C^^^CtsLs  j 

d$r  C3^e^-  0-pf 

yy^£2&  ^<1  y^L^v-  * 

A  yr  ,-t^yy  y?  es-^-t^,  C?y^-  C*s-j£t*?  ^.  / 




Address  Fmui'o  i-aiEinatiiiatjoiw 


IB  HltO A 1)  STREET, 

JYew  York, . N.SX, . XQlh....,, . 139.089 



Dear  Sir:- 

X  have  your  favor  of  the  7th.  inst.  « 
aud'e  reply  to  Mr.  Edison's  letter  of  the  29th, 
I  shall  be  glad  if  you  will  take  thi; 

tclosing  Col.  Gour- 
of  July,  last.  . 

rer  Mr,  Gou 

I  have  i 

■  the  fils  of  the 

"  OW1“;  "  «'•  I  believe,  „ith  you.  „ 

you  Hill  draft  out  fa.  letter,  a„d  ,,Uh  .0  „ili  0O 

carefully  , 
and  not  git 

'aV  itl  V,e  ouBht  to  De  very  careful  of  our  position, 
the  Colonel  any  opportunity  of  "getting  around"  the 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esojr  . ,  private  Secretary, 
Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  if.  j. 

Mo  Enc, 



'  ■ 

tSt* ,y  '^'J? 

-<Z^k*2JL,  **4r  a 

^  -e-t-s-Cs  <s*4>  s's-c-o-^ 

Ebis6n  Laboratory. 

- . - . . . . . . 

. St?:'/''-' 

*£LjLGb~k . ^ . . . . . ; - --J-ZS 

o  .  ,  .  '^w  a^yj  m.  jvwiJUMiQ  rtA (AAj,  To" 


5  . 4&ir 

Tphstet^ite^^  . * . ,. . 

i  -A.Oj  (  'UAn*-«*J]  Uvr  eou^U.  ^ 

'  . 

:  to**sk-J*ddaio-o^  . ,.|_i^..  ° 



Mr,  Edison,- 

The  Auditor  of  the  Edison  United  Phonograph 
Company  has  finished  his  inspection  of  our  books  and  checked  every 
item  in  the  bills  rendered  by  us  against  that  Company.  Shall  X 
ask  the  Company  for  a  certificate  of  approval  of  the  bills,  or 
■shall  I  start  right  in  and  dun  them  for  money? 

•J/iwiat)  {fv/tfmH 

■7f /•///■/  aft/ir/H/ari; 

fy  7l.77t/>jviir//i/ c$w/„ni; 


7^  cf  sU,.^  ,  Z  J 'A>  A 

tfO..  ■  ./  o  ^ - f 


-gfia-tLyi/.  /SeszT™,  ^ 

/,  'r  r  r:s  /.■ 



,7/^0  -c-y-^fty- 


y\A/  f 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  Frazar  &  Company  (D-90-57) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  phonograph  sales 
agencies  in  China  and  Japan.  There  are  also  letters  about  the  presentation 
of  phonographs  to  Chinese  and  Japanese  government  officials.  Most  of  the 
correspondence  is  by  Everett  Frazar,  Edison’s  phonograph  agent  in  China  and 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  bills  of  lading  for 
equipment  shipped  by  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works  to  China  and  Japan. 


January  25,  1890. 

Mr*  Edison,-  • 

E-A 1  atm  n,,  rJl**  Frazar  wants  to  know  if  you-  can  use  the 

wax'  samples  of  which  he  sont  you  from  Japan,  China  and  Corea? 

Referring  to  the  last  olause  of  your  letter  an  page  two,  li 
fear  you  are  under  a  misapprehension  in  regard  to  the  position'  of 
my  firm  in  aonneotion  with  your  valued  agenoy  Itor  this  inatrumeht. 
We  had  never  considered  that  we  held  authority  for  the  disposal 
of  "rights*  eonneoted  with -the  phonograph,  Ve  understand  thiV 
we  simply  hold  fom  you  the  exoluBive  right  for  the  introdustidii 
and  sale  of  same  into  those  countries  upon  the  following  teiiai'* 
which  have  lately  been  given  to  me  in  detail  by'Kr.  TatS,  wiiV*'’ 
the  cost  of  construction  to  you  of  the  instrument  pltissa  royalty 
; ..and  margin  to  you  of  20  X.'and  thl8  ^  fcte'jit  present’  inftnnil»e 

is.upon  the.  following  ^aaiel  Motor  mohihes,  *45  gold  eah£U&- 

gather  with  No,  1  battery  of  four  oelle  at  $3  eaoh  tell  or  $18 
lees  25  %  making  $9  net  for  the  oomplete  battery.  Treadle  machines 
#50  eaoh;  eleotrio  light  attachment  machines  $55  each,  with  20  % 
as  above^added  upon  this  cost  of  machines.  Same  to  be  delivered 
by  you  free  of  exprews  oharges  f.o.f,  oars  in  Orange  or  Newark* 

The  ooat  of  the  phono,  blanks  and  musical  cylinders  Mr,Iate  is  to  ; 
furnish  me  today  or  tomorrow. 

The  phonos,  are  chipped  by  me  to  Japan  for  that  ooufltxy  and???' 
Korea,  and  to  China  either  by  way  of  Can,  Pao,  R'y  or  Suez  Canal*  .  ; 
the  expense  by  the  former  route  being  about  double  that  of  the  late  ? 
ter,  Jferin&'-insurano e  is  also  provided  by  me  and  duty  is  payable  * 
in  eaoh  country  abroad,  with  certain  import  oharges  and  expenses  '  * 
attached.  To  these  my  firms  add  a  moderate  sum  for  profit  and  ej$-4- 
penses  inourred;  with  expert,  advertising,  traveling  &o„  and  with 
^this  moderate  profit  we  are  satisfied.  Beyond  thlB  we  claim  no 
rights^ and  should  not  ^n  any  event  take  steps  to  negotiate  sel  1 
or  transfer  any  rights,  otherwise  than  above,  wit tout  your  special 
written  instructions,  Vill  you  please  bear  this  in  mind  and  X. 
trust  it  will  remove  any  uncertainties  whioh  you  may  now  hold  in 
regard  to  same.  My  Japan1  firm  never  had  any  Intention  o  f  dis«> 
posing  of  "rights1,*  It  was  simply  thatsome  of  our  Japanese  u 
friends  desired  to  ,  Joinwith  us  in  fowling  a  pampany  ;to  exploit  ..the 
phonograph  in  japan,  but  :we  had  no  intention  of  eonweyii*  ..a**,. .  : 
rights, -merely  that  thqr  might  Join  with  us  in  effecting  .a  much 
larger  sale  by  having  an  interest  with  us.  This  matter, It, now ~ 


think  you  are  quite  safe  to  leave  in  my  hands  to  regulate  in  ao- 
oordanoe  withqthis  present  mutual  understanding,  I  believe  that 
you  desire  from  me  only  one  further  premise  whieh  I  herein  convey* 
viz,;  That,  on  behalf  of  my  firms  in  Japan  and  China,  Z  will  agree 
that  they  shall  use  all  due  diligenee  and  hasten  the  introduetlon 
sales  and  orders  for  your  phonpgraph  tot$»  very  fullest  extent 
consistent  with  the  ciroumotanoes  of  this  speolal  ease,  for  you 
will  please  bear  in  mind  that,  through  the  utter  lash  of  the  prop* 
er  working  of  the  wax  cylinders,  my  firm  has  bean  unable  to  sell* 
deliver  or  guarantee  a  phonograph  to  the  satisfaction  of  either  na¬ 
tive  or  foreign  purchasers  in  these  markets  up  to  within  the  past 
few  months.  To  the  1st  of  Jah»y,  1890,  we  had  only  been  able  to 
deliver  5  phonographs  in  Shanghae  and  four  in  Japan,  I  have  late¬ 
ly  made  further  shipments  to  Shanghae  and  with  the  reduoed  stock  in 
Japan  will  soon  have  orders  for  shipments  to  that  country*  be 
have  the  best  of  connections  at  all  the  open  porta  in  China,  Japan 
and  in  Korea,  and  I  am;  safe  to  assure  you  that  no  fine  i rathe  last 
is  better  situated  to  introduce  successfully  and  sell  largely 
_in  due  course  of  time  than.  ours.  The  exclusive  agencies  for  these 
T-oountries  I  understand  you  are  willing  to  place  with  av  fine 
for  the  next  few  years  and  for  suoh  definite  pwiod  later  as 
mtuaily  agreed  upon.  You  will,  z  know,  appreciate  the  difficul¬ 
ties  we  have  had  through  the  non  working  of  the  phonograph*  when  X 
tell  you  that  for  nearly  one  year  we  have  had  a  phono*  expert  in 
our  employ  in  Japan  and  up  to  Jan*y  1st  of  this  year  have  been  una¬ 
ble  to  make  any  sales  worthy  of  note.  The  Phonograph  Torke  have 

sent  usthree  different  sets  of  cylinders,  desiring  the  previous 
shipments  to  be  destroyed,  knowing  that  they  were  imperfeot. 

This  we  have  done,  A  short  time  ago  I  sent  a  quantity  of  your  lat¬ 
est  manufacture  and  today  have  ordered  another  quantity  for  ship¬ 
ment  toJapan,  besides  whioh  Shanghae  has  been  supplied  with  both 
blank  and  musioal  cylinders  within  the  past  few  weeks, 

1  shall  be  obliged  by  your  giving  me  an  acknowledgement  and 
confirmation  of  this  letter  in  triplicate  that  I  may  forwaid  a  copy 
to  Messrs.  Prazar  &  Go,,  Yokohama  and  Praaar  &  0o„  Shanghae* 

1  remain,  dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  truly. 

Pbr~ O-  ciu~r^ 


FRAZAR  &  00.,  8HANQHAE, 



124  WATER  ST., 

New  York.  Feb,  18th,  1890# 

tPi/Sr  -  ->  r -/  ,r 

-  zs7 

^  The  lates£  report  from  Yokohama  regarding  cylinders  la  as 
~  f^lo* at  "The'  laat  oylindera  received,  although  a  vast  Improvement 

:  2  ^Previous  ones,  have  still  a  few  noticeable  defects,  notably, 
i  "  ^ir  brittlenass*  We  have  Pound  that  unless  the  brass  cylinder 
g  the  int>lde  of  the  wax  cylinder  are  very  free  from  duBt  they 

l  I  |ii;i  not  adh9re  other  in  a  proper  manner  and  if  a  little 

|  rtPa  f0r0e  ba  used  t0  aooowplieh  this  the  wax  cracks  at  the  lar- 
j  |  Jer  end.  Since  discovering  this  we  have  been  more  careful,  but 

St.  r-  ”0W  ,and  868111  11  wil1  haPP0n»  Our  Japanesepurchasers  suffer 
y  most** 

*  ? 

n>  :  Presuming  that  you  would  like  to  learn  the  above  and  may 

•r  *  h8Ve  8°me  r0port  t0  “»*•  the  matter  ,  I  give  you  this  informa¬ 
tion.  in  case  of  replying  please  let  me  have  same  in  triplicate 
on  Friday  in  time  for  the  outgoing  mail  on  that  day# 


^  S'  . 

Representing  » 


FRAZAR  &  00.,  YOKOHAMA,  • 



A,  0.  Tate  Esq,,  >  " 

Private  Secretary,  ~  ,  ’■  % 

The  Laboratory,  Orange.  '  -  T  -j 

Dear  Sir:  .  '  ' 

I  have  your  two  favors  of  Feb.  25th  and  note  your  remarks  in  H 
regard  to  Mr.  Edison  being  still  at  work  improving  the  phono*  cyl¬ 
inders.  I  am  pleased  to  see  that  you  expect  in  a  short  time  to  be 
able  to  supply  perfect  phonograms,  from  which  the  defeots  mentioned 
in  the  Yokohama  letter  will  be  eliminated.  Please  do  not  fail  to 
keep  me  advised  and  supply  me^th  a  good  quantity  of  the  perfected 
cylinders  just  as  soon  as  they  are  ready,  that  I  may  send  same  to 
both  China  and  Japan.  The  cylinder  obstacle  seems  now  to  be  the 
only  one  to  overcome  for  the. early  and  satisfactory  introduction 
of  the  phonograph.  I  can  see  that  it  is  being  appreciated  more 
and  more  as  time  goes  on.  As  soon  as  these  perfected  cylinders 
can  be  supplied,  I  see  no  reason  why  we  should  not  increase  our  or 
ders  and  this  we  are  doing  all  in  our  power  to  effect. 

Thanking  you  for  retaining,  to  be  handed  to  Mr.  Bdison  on  re¬ 
turn  from  the  south  the  circular  on  Progress  of  Elec,  Light)  in  Jap¬ 

an,  I  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 



.  FRAZAR  4,00.,  YOKOHAMA, 



'  124  WATER  ST., 

»  k  ,:r  ....New  York. 

Mar  ah  §th,  1890* 

'»*  #-'r 

f  i.O,*Ta$  Baq,,?  of*  k  ,t  .?  ®  ; Vr 

r  |  «*  labohatory,  -  ?  £  ^  -5  -  -« 

tl  <i:  «  ‘  "  •?  ' 

?  2  ^  A  rt 

Dear  Sir*  o  «'  %  g  g>  o- 

•  learning  that  |ou  jar*  onow- re  Jy  to  deliver  the'  four  phdno-  ' 
graphs  for  official*  i*th£Ba|t,  I  be|  to  give  you  the  folding 
directions  for  the  »!*&.  platSa  tg  bq-put  upon  the  front  of  each 
phono  ,  ?  •  s  g  a  ©  o  vT  ,<■ 

t  His  Majesty,  f  a  -i  *  “ 

The  Emperor  of!  Japan,'--  ~i  X 

With  Compliments  of  the  Inventor. 

"  Thomas cA.  Bdison,  . 

His  Majesty,  ''  4 

The  King  of  Korea,  - 

With  Compliments  of  the  Inventor, 

Thomas  A,  Bdison, 

His  Bxeellenoy,  ;jJ 

li-Hung-Ohang,  5*; 

With  Compliments  of  theilnventor. 

Thomas  A.  Bdison,'^  '  V 

His  Bxoellenoy, 


With  Compliments  of  the  Inventor, 

;  Thomas  A,  Bdison,. 

I  believe  it  is  Mr,jEBdison»s  desire  to  send  the  w»iy  best  of 
battery  phonos,  and  it  w^ld  probably  be  well  to  plao«; «  little 
extra  material  in  the  boxes,  making  them  good  for  cm  year's  |«r* 
▼ice,  with  an  assortment  of  musical  and  plain  pbonogra** ,  at  your 
discretion.  Please  have  them  boxed  up  aa  Closely  and  securely  us  | 

possible  and  ship  as  follows:  The  four  $o  be  delivered  at  Pier  5 
N,  R,  not  later  than  Friday- of  next  week,  two  marked  Tracer  &  #o„rH 
Yokohama,  B,P,W.  Ho,  l  and  No,  2,  The  above  for  presentation  to  5* 
the  Brnperor  of  J apan  and  King  of  Korea,  The  other  two  tojbe  i  '  Z  ■ 
marked  Frasar  &  Co,,  Shanghae,  Nq,  X.  and  Ho,  2,  X,P,W,  these5  ;t 
two  for  the  Chinese  officials.  All  the  pa ok ages  should  bear  the 
following  route  marks:  per  N.  Y.  0.  &  W,  to  Prescott,  o/o  C,P,R,p 
I  shall  also  require  memo,  giving  the  gross  weights  end  measts* 
of  the  paokages.  These  being  presentation  phonos*  X  presume  the 
freight  and  expanse  of  delivering  them  will  be  borne  by  Mr*  Sdlson 
and  I  will  render  an  a/o  for  same  in  due  course.  For  Mr,  ldison*s 
protection  1  will  cover  the  above  with  marine  insurance  to  the  val¬ 
ue  of  about  $100  each,  loss,  if  any,  payable  to  him. 

Yours  very  truly. 

P,  S,-  Please  forward  with  each  of  the  phonos,  a  number  at  your 
illustrated  and  instruction  pamphletB, 

Representing:  A^n'- 0  ' 

FRAZAR  4  CO.,  SHANGHAE,  l .  - 



New  York.  XMXKOOlApl.^laty^O. 

V'&TJ.  ^ 

■4  2. 

Edison  Phonograph  Works-, 

•  Orange.  • 

Dear  Sirs: 

By  Yokohama  mail  my  firm  wish  to  know  if  the  Edison  Lalande 
battery  is  the  same  as  the  new  phono,  battery  now  used  by  you* 
They  also  ask  if  it  is  possible  to  obtain  a  phonogram  of  Grace 
Church  chimeB,  If  bo,  please  send  same  to  this  office.  Will  you 

cover  the  first-point  in  early  mail  tomorrow  for  outward  mail  on 
that  day,  and  oblige. 

fst  ■' 




I  ANO  CHINA  AGENCjjfoly^  ^ 


,  H  124  WATER  S 


/Yfti  " 

Iew  York, April  11th,  1890, 

The  Laboratory, 

Or  a  n  g  e. 

Dear  Sirs: 

®y-  ?ail  from  Yokohama  1  have  the  following  query:  - 
coul/a*a-  f®oently  ^ad  ■“  inquiry  as  to  whether  the  phonograph 
could  record  the  speech  of  a  person  addressing  a  large  audienoeanr 

foS7^dB  nPr°wUOe  th°  a£Une  t0  a  aulience  so  S?Sl 

could  hear  it.  We  replied  that  outside  of  an  ordinary  room  re¬ 
production,  even  with  the  aid  of  a. large  funnel,  would  Mt  be  Sat¬ 
isfactory.  Would  you  kindly  make  inquiries  for  us  as  to  how  the 
aooo“Pll8h0d  wlth  the  aid  of  some  auxiliary: machine, 

Sf  such  i0.??0?  °r  l0Ud  SpeakinG  telephone,  andthe  oost 
So  attachment.  If  same  is  not  excessive,  send  us  one.  We 

do  not  think  there  would  be  any  difficulty  in  getting  a  record/ 
but  it  is  the  reproduction  so  as  to  be  heard  by  a  large  Lumber  of* 
people  seated  in  a  large  building  that  we  do  ^  0*^  ^  Jo  ac¬ 
complish  with  the  ordinary  phonograph."  V  t0  ao 

mnr,+bWS-!lnf  farthsr>  they  mention  that  they  have  set  up  for  a 
month  one  of  the  new  batteries,  and  find  it  work  n  ,n- 
torily,  although  it  has  not  been  used  every  day.  They  think  it  a 
question  whether  the  cost  and  trouble  of  renewal  wir V 7 

ifr **«■ «» <«•*»»•.  *>»  zuiTz 

old  battery  can  all  be  obtained  in  Japan,  which  thw  +Mn/.m 
»«  b.  with  the  other,  at  I2S;  T ?^V*e 

-VoTSh  a 

Yours  very  truly, 




'  h . 


124  WATER  ST, 


<r^c'r>  (C 

*  - 2-Z-tct.J^  j  f'C. 

^\rTJ  ^  4  £>  s  ^ 

(■'l&tzJtjt—-  /w^  '^7  CH^vxJ  ^ 

jWT^rct^-  7%j 

-  '<L&  l^UryL--)  e-TC  /L&otA^^ny  2^7 

Z£~  ^ 

Ct^r/L  ,WS£  ^ 

-<Z^,^y6^-ucy6/L~  <9*  Z^L  0  &  yCt4  ^c<’& 

t'^  Cucr-e^-  4/m^.  yy/,e,u’  J~£j  z4~  *4% 

^  ’Zt/ucun*. —  ^./ 

£t**Jgy  C<rrt^t.^£p  HSI^Z. 

*W  jf &  sk, y 

'/tyAr>c^  x2yyyJz£z--  ynaCr^usyi-JZ—  )t^*:c</&-  et^J 

~T  *'*'*•  "^e-  <w/,  tt&l/C.  <*sZcd&\ 

^  ^-cf  A&-  <>AulJ 

<tiL  2^4^ _  ^  ^ j 

rL.c  a. 






124  WATER  ST. 

New  York,  June  7th,  1890, 

Thos,  A,  Edison  Esq,, 

Tiie  S  a  b  o  r  a  t 
'  Orange, 

Dear  Sir.-: 

A  friend  of  mine  in  Shanghae,  Mr.  John  $ryer,  is  edit, 
publisher  of  the  "Chinese  Magazine,"  a  copy  of  which  I  send  you 
herewith.  On  two  of  the  pages  you  will  notice  that  the  Edison 
Phonograph  is  fully  pictured.  Mr.  Fryer  desires  mo  to  call  to 
your  attention  the  great  value  of  advertisements, in  this  pamphlet, 
as  it  now  has  a  very  large  circulation  anong  the 'better  class  of 
Chinese,  amounting  to  many  thousand  copied  each  issue^- :  Mr.  Fryer 
mentions  that  he  has  published  thi^magazine^at4onside rable  ex¬ 
pense.  He  desires  me  to  call  to  your  attention  the  facilities 
his  magazine  offers  for  bringing  all  your^ention^  to  the  notice 
of  the  millions  of  would-be  purchasers,  Wifsays  that  if  you  hare 
Spare  blocks  with  descriptive  letter-press  matter  that  you  could 
send  him,  he  would  be  much  pleased  to  receive  same.  X  may  men¬ 
tion  that  Mr.  Fryer’s  N.  Y.  agent  for  this  Magazine  and  its  ad¬ 
vertisements  is  Mr.  Ralph  Waggoner,  .lO^S^ol  st.,  N.  Y.  I  shall 
be  pleased  if  you  will  address  him  a  lettered  send  such  spare 
blocks  as  you  may  deem  best,  authorizing  certain  advertisements  to 
bo  inserted  for  you.  Ple  ase  let  me.  know  whence  is  done,  with 
copy  of  your  letter  to  Mr.  Waggoner,  ’ 

Yours  very  truly, 





124  WATER  ST. 

J  York,  Jww  14th,  1890, 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

The  Laboratory,  . 


Dear  Sir: 

i  1  llav0  your  three  favors  of  the  9th  Inst  ami 

the  -Peaking  teleph^el  aieo^ha?  it  SS/SSt 


sale  of  ours,  which  is  most  discouraging  after  the  tlle^teLht! 
and  expense  we  have  spent.  ™  ****•  trouble, 

sSffiS  H  Hr 

fro.  £s^sl*£  *tgsos:»rsnMS  ss  fs«r 

s  mritZiz  ?£*■  ~ 

London  please  oonfer  with  him  »„  C  ■■  Fetmore  h—  ™>t  ret  left 



s  f5:s»=«Si= ~  StL* 

"St  L  “£*  SmSTSU,'^-  "it? *,£np?,,“i, 

not  see  any  chance  of  doing  business  ynn  -.-.f  r™  ••"“•t.  we  do 


.ration  no.  given  hy  Shqngfcn.  i.  quit.  ranS£j“o*£j;'.  *“ 

-2-  »jf  . 

I  would  like  a  prompt  answer  in  this  matter  and  meanwhile 
await  the  report  of  Mr.  Vetmore  (to  whom  I  have  eabled 
;leavea  London  for  New  York  today  , 

*»,"  W  you  oan  now  fill  my  order  for  1864  blank 
cylinders , -  ,new  -type .  , t 

?L--'  '  h~: 

FRAZAR  &  00  ,  SHANGHAE, 


oana'dian  paoifio  railway 



New  York,  June  28th,  1890. 

Thos.  A.  Edison  Bsq»,  K 

Orange.  p  S 

Dear  Sir*  ^  J 

Inclosed  I  beg  to  hand  you  clipping- from  this  morning’s 

•New  York  Sun,*  regarding  the  presentation7  ofjthe  phonograph  sent 
by  you  to  the  Mikado  of  Japan,  through  ny  firm  as  your  representa¬ 
tives  in  that  empire. 

By  late  mail  my  partner,  Mr,  Lindaley, writes  me  that  the 
Trinity  ohime  cylinders  and  trumpet  which  I  have  lately  sent  him-,, 
will  be  found  very  acceptable  with  their  phonographs.  They  regret 
not  having  had  them  a  little  earlier  to  use  with  the  presentation 
maohine  to  the  Mikado,  who,  Mr,  LindBley  says,  has  aooepted  the 
gift;^and  it  is  not  unlikely  that  you  will  reoelve  in  return  a  Jap¬ 
anese  orderj)  This,  of  course,  I  mention  to  you  privately,  and  lat¬ 
er  on  some  acknowledgement  will  undoubtedly  be  made. 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  27th  inst.  and  note  that  contain  mat¬ 
ters  are  pending  for  adjustment  with  the  Bdison  united  Phonograph 
Oo.,  causing  you  to  cease  filling  my  orders  for  phonographs  and 
phonograph  supplies  for  use  in  China  and  Japan  Just  for  the  pres¬ 
ent.  I  sincerely  hope  that  this  will  be  but  temporary,  as  X  have 
lately  had  several  orders  from  China  by  cable  ,  and  a  portion  of 
same  I  know  have  been  sold  for  future  delivery  there.  Please,  there 

HZ’ w?tTm!hJLTUer  ttdJtt!t8d  “  Sickly  as  possible  and  qosnmni- 
oate^with  me  again,  as  promised  in  the  letter  now  under  acknowledge 

Believe  me,  .dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  truly, 

fifa-KO  -  _ 

Alfred  0.  Tate  Esq., 

%  T.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir 

We  have  examined  again  the  correspondence  left  by  you 
with  pur  Mr.  Lewis  last  wedc,  consisting  of  a  letter  addressed  by 
you  dated  May  13,  1890  to  Mr.  Instill;  the  letters  addressed  by 
Mr.  Edison  to  Mr.  Eraser  under  date  of '  Jan.  25th  and  -Feb.  7th  1890 
respectively,  and  a  letter  addressed  by  Mr.  ITA^er  to  Mr.  Edison 
dated  Jan.  31st,  1890.  We  have  examined  these  letters  in  the 
light  of  the  proposed  agreement  for  Japah  drawn  b y  our  mt.  Eaton, 
in  January  of  this  year,  and  we  are  of  opinion  upon  a  survey  of  the 
whole  situation,  that  jjfr.  Edison  is  under  no  obligations  to  con¬ 
tinue  the  business  .relations  wjth  Mr.  Eraser  and  his  firms,  under¬ 
taken  some  months  ag>  and  in  reference  to  which  the  correspondence 
above  recited  took  place. 

In  his  letter  of  Jan.  25th*  1890,  Mr,  Edison  distinctly 
disavows  hisinteption  of  making  an  ^elusive  contract  for 'a. term 
of  years  with  Mr.  draper’s  fi*m,  and  although  Mr.  Eraser  in  his 
reply  dated  Jan.  31st  mekes  use  of  the  following  language 


"•The  exclusive  agencies  for  those  countfcies  I  understand  you 
are  willing  to  place  with  my  firm  for  the  next  few  years, and  for 
such  definite  period  later  as  may  be  mutually  agreed  upon",  yet 
it  is  to  be  remanbered  that  in  his  reply  dated  Feb.  7th  Mr.  Edison 
calls  attention  to  his  letter  of  Jan.  25th  in  which  he  says,  that 
he  specifically  states  the  only  terms  upon  which  he  would  be  justi¬ 
fied  in  giving  exclusive  rights  to  any  one. 

We  think  upon  the  papers  as  they  stand  that  Mr.  Edison 
is  under  no  obligation  to  continue  his  relations  with  Mr.  Eraser. 




124  WATER  S 

Thos,  A,  Bdiaon  Esq.,-  C'AL>~C.  '>  fc-OwS  1  —  - 

•  .  - - «  *Al 


Dear  Sir:  °.e*  Q^' p  . 1  /TV .  .  , 

j  f  h™d  y°u  °§&'^veTt^  your  address  flom'the^^] 

Japanese  Minister  for  Fore  igrTAf  fairs,  Tokio,  Mr.  Aoki  dated  Juno r  ' 

n8Hhi’R°^nVeylngAdire0t  t0  y0U  from  H*  M*  the  Emperor,  hla  tharl^ 

and  high  appreciation  upon  receipt  of  the  phonograph. from  you,  % 

Ta  thr0UEh  thS  hends  of  my  JaPan  firm  as  your  agents,  I  al-  ' 

hold^o  i°Tter  fr°m'the  Se°,y  0f  the  ******  House- 

hold  to  ny  firm  dated  Juno  23rd # 

+„  han^you  herein  a,  letter  from  my  Shanghae  firm  with  let¬ 

ters  (copies)  from  Hon,  Ghas,  Denby,  U.  s.  Minister  n+ 
dated  May  21st,  and  from  Mr.*C.  D.  Temy,'TTentsin^  May 

nSuh  to  HlnEet8?^Hnby  T°eara  t0  the  Presentation  of  the  pho-  ' 

H  ^  P  t  H*vE*’p.w.i  Hunfi  Chang,  The  phonograph  intended  for 
?,*?•!  TaB!nS  ?U°  ^h*1®11  would  be  delivered  to  him  through  an  offi- 
+ht+  1  am^iven  to  understand  by  my  Shanghae  firm 

Y/oui  d^n^eri  H*  M*  ’  the  KlnS  of  Korea  my  Japan  firm 

cH£rw — 

r~  -  z 

China  as  hSetJfo^  ?  t  °°"tlnue  maki«S  shipments  t»  Japan  and 

}£r.i£  a“  ZT 

air  r£^i°  that  musical  phonograms  will  be  made  in  your  mu- 

is  tf"*  F^sr^r^Mrr : 

a  little^later^on 

Orange.  ’  Wh<m  1  Can  arranee  &  telephone  to  meat  you  at 

Believe  me',  dear  Sir, 

.  Yours  very 'truly. 


^ -I  o/  ctcsjr 

^^eju , 

tAsluC  /?%'  /?po. 

f  *ut>'  oUc^dL  ^ 

Jfa  fe*.  J  £  yn.  U*J  £&*, 

a^f,a»<ct^  /«^c  A^cLJLy  /uuue^ct  &  JU^  hlyjuJi^ 

$6.  bu^uy^  y  ^  Sny^aJ.  onto 

On™,  n*jy*c6i  o^L  -&AUf<rr^  y:<n*  QAcJ  Jti* 

~£**rA~  -k  cu^yj  ^ 

a£u  oLl,^  £  Kiy  ix^AJ^odtr^  y  ),' 

^^4,  -tcr^'^  ^o,  ■; 

'*“  ^  9^o^2a^  kuso^cL  JiL  hty^Jy_  |  ■ 

•  lb/  Lf  ty*7JU.  'pU\ 









me  of  Person  Sending. 

. Randolph. . . 

original  message  imnLlintel'y  on  receipt.  It  will 
te  contrary  by  telephone. 

Name  of  Person  Receiving. 

. Coats. . . . 

July.  .29, 1890... 

From  whom  received:  A.  0. Tate, Esq.  , 

To  whom  sent:  Samuel  Insull,Esq. 

We  have  been  holding  a  cheek  of  Frazer's  for  $500  pending 
the  settlement  with  the  United  Company.  Can  we  use  it?  I  don't 
believe  that  holding  it  will  make  any  difference  in  settling  with 
the  United  Company. 

Frazer  tells  me  that  he  has  had  a  very  satisfactory  in¬ 
terview  with  Seligman.  X  believe  the  latter  intends  having  Frazar 
organize  a  Company  for  China  and  Japan. 


iP/^o  ... 





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/&rz^y  <e&n*S2  <ZZ^ A^/fr-^0U2j£?  ^k^ziggZ’ . 

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c^  ~Q7^^  r 

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r  a^-<n^  C ^it 

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ro  h*>C- — 

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S-i^rv^L)  )'U/~fca,S  ( creole 
'tfc.  Lj£Zrtv/?J  yVtd'  /Lctsv^-  <2#  <2£'lSrlTT*L-  .  c?C~*Z^  • 

erre&srv.  cZteC^O  T  ctt*«,ydy£ 

rnyiy  0tc&htct%&y  '<dLc/^7is>'ey 

isCtcy^/sliZjzja  <5^7'  'Ctsvvte— 

l't/7'lcM^/VL.2y-  intend j rr^—-  S;  ,Jj 
■&J  CPO'  '<Z^2£cC^.<z<J&L  Slcictsyi^  ~  y& 

C-T/y,£i£>  Cd^lsV  ;  ‘ 

cy<^cry^u  y  ri^y^ U^,  /«*>  oy  e,cc-r  <r^«J  c^£<< 

^eot/Zc-  /ebeej  folsT  C^/vmt)CC^^-c2^  un~>  tf/Z^y/Zen*'  -^t-temevLy  ; 
clAstsrh/)  ^stsi-v^-  ~2y/^L£^e.L-<z^£(--<y  Msnd <2 -y  ^  encer'  '_l| 

^  <cCct^  &<c<9  cT'  y^i^c^yi-ery  ■y'cZy^^'  ■^>£^/<2Zcr' j 

|  ^cfff^yiytry  -  y-~i-eoy  tsviy  he*  ^2,/u>‘6fUje>  cn*^~f  <^ 

/si^jL—-  /fL=>  t^t^-  Xteyy — 

Ot£&  &y-t-<?  /fezL&rr'  cM'id  C^y/gy-rv-d  <Z- 

V'  >to>( 


r  9- 

"  tZ^y&sVtryX^  ! 

>vuaaj/'  ^c^c^Jc. 
c^y^-  isi&vi/~ 


^iyt'C.  Ol^yyiy^  M.erut^-  iyA/£-  USt££{svu<p  ^ 

Ccfie^  (Z^/Z&yiy’Cy)  ^  a-t^r 

1/  2Wl£-  huy  £^L«c/L$L. 

-X-  /  ✓  L 

,®A2Afl  &  00,,  8HAN0HAE, 
','FRA  «-R  *  00-'  YOKOHAMA, 
oanJoia^pacifio  RAILWAY 


124  WATER  ST. 

New  York,  14th,  1890, 

Thos.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

The  laboratory. 

1  h"'e  “*  5l9““-  «  -»*  Y»»  original  fro. 
C  Mai,  aon  of  1,1  Hung  Chang,  th«  Viceroy  of  Chihli.  This 
l..«r  is  dated  fros,  the  Viceroy’.  Y„e»,,  JlM  ^ 
you  .ill  notioa  apaahe  in  th.  aos„lto.„,an,  aianoor  of  ,hs 
plaasureH.  H,  hi  has  re.elr.d  upon  th,  presentation  and  aac.ptana. 
oy  hiM  of  the  phonograph  .an,  hy  TO  through  praoar  .  Oo.  sha„sh„. 

Vou  .ill  natloe  that  the  Viceroy  ..uld  h.  pla.a.a  ,,  y0„ 
oould  tala  a  ,„or,  ,.a.,ia„  ^  ^  ^  ^ 

assuring  you  the  coat  cordial  .also...  This  .auld  tah.  y„„  . 

f«»  .oath,,  tto.  and  .ould  certainly  gp,.,  benefit  to  you. 

You  .ill  notice,  that  th.  Viceroy.,  aigna.ur.  ^appended  at  the 
Of  the  letter,  ./*  > 


'v  ,  ^ours  very  truly. 


1?&on<x  ^wnt-K*- 

J^di$rnA&'  i/4.  £ olis&Grx, 

J0j vaA/sJyiAj, 

K  MCMMrtds 
A^CruJis  ^  /(/fo 


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W/u^,  /yrUA.t'f'O)  OlsTvcL  Q.6  d\OM- 


■W-t  ftJt,  /Jhy,  dihtcfe. 

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A (Lb 


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4AY  /C/Ll  'UxOlJicL  CWtd , 

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fjTUj  -^cCfchibo  d\dd  AmoJiJl 
i  y^yiLbL  ■jj'a/rrdis  j^wa. 

9a£^  £o(Tu&/fd^  oub  -'VtuU 

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yOMht'v^.  dudj, 

M  ^  ; 


/aXAeScj,  9>'  oJit 


cxcloi  -•'h/sQ  «e^7v&& , 



1890.  Phonograph  -  North  American  Phonograph  Company  - 
General  (D-90-58) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  North  American  Phonograph  Co.  and  to  the  technical 
development  of  phonographs  and  cylinders.  Included  are  numerous  circular 
letters  to  local  Edison  phonograph  companies  concerning  company  policies 
and  technical  matters.  There  is  also  material  regarding  the  sale  of  coin- 
operated  phonographs  and  the  lawsuit  filed  against  the  North  American 
Phonograph  Co.  by  the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co.  Much  of  the 
correspondence  is  by  Thomas  R.  Lombard,  vice  president  of  the  company,  and 
by  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s  personal  attorney. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  letters  and 
circulars  to  local  Edison  phonograph  companies  concerning  the  ordering, 
shipping,  and  leasing  of  phonographs  and  phonograph  parts;  inventory  lists; 
duplicate  copies  of  selected  items;  documents  that  duplicate  information  in 
selected  material. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-52  (Phonograph  -  Automatic 
Phonograph  Exhibition  Company). 

/O  d 

VV  \  /M'Jrtr, 


*y}?cw . an. 1 7 f,h . ,  i  boa 

T.  A.  Edison, Esq., 

Doai’  Sir:- 

SotiTOon  m  ana  °l  ‘h°  “I!-”0“'*,"‘ 

SKS.TM  - 

tiler  are  oxwl/SUyott*an”°o bliSo'°  °“l030‘l  -Sroomonts  after 
Very  truly  yours 

The  North  American  Phonograph  Company, 

160-164  Broadway,  New  York, 

Messrs.  Spencer  Tr,<sk  &  Co., 

16-18  Broad  Street,  City: 

in  T''~In  C.0mplianc,e  with  the  request  that  I  should  give  you  full  information 

,.f:  d  t0  the  or&anlzation  of  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company,  its  history, 

condition  and  prospects,  1  respectfully  submit  the  following  :  ' 

for  the  TT  Td° waf  organized  in  October,  1888.  It  acquired  by  purchase  ownership 
irnnh  ,  ‘,  0  Stat“  and  Canada  of  8,1  of  Mr-  Thomas  A.  Edison's  patents  on  the  Phono 
f-nmnn  e*clusi,ve  aScncy  from  ‘he  sole  licensee  of  the  American  Graphophone 

Sr  A  BeliTnd  A  mS  T  PnT  ^  U"ited  StatCS°f  CharIes  Sumner  Tainter,  Chiches- 
‘  ™d  Alexander  Graham  Bell  on  the  Graphophone.  By  uniting  the  affairs  of 
beeiltoidednangHath  r  Graphophone  under  one  management,  all  paten!  litigation  has 
been  avoided,  and  the  Company  has  secured  to  itself  the  sole  and  exclusive  right  to  furnish 
machines  capable  of  receiving  and  reproducing  the  human  voice  and  other  sounds. 
devntpIannor0prdann  'V*- 1  “  C°nt.r:lct  made  between  this  Company  and  Mr.  Edison,  he  is  to 
Ptono^reDh  AM  "  dunnS  tha  Iife  of  the  Patenta  to  the  further  development  of  the 
oronerfv  nP  ■? “  lmprov“s  ™de  a™  to  accrue  to  the  benefit  and  will  become  the 
ments  lnth?GranhmPt,any'  T.he  ComPany  will  also  receive  the  benefit  of  any  improve- 
phone  CompanyaPh  Ph°ne  made  ^  EXpertS  in  the  cmpl°y  of  ‘he  American  Grapho- 

r.m.Jmme^telyafter  ^  f°rmation  ot  ‘his  Company,  steps  were  taken  to  organize  sub- 

Sm^d  w  th  antr.  ‘  *  Un!!°?  ?**"•  There  are  sub-Companies. 

„™  d'  wlTth  f.  aS&regatc  capital  of  about  $20, 000,000,  practically  covering  the  entire 
?ese  sub-Companies,  theNorth  American  Phonograph 
Company  received  in  cash  §828,267,  and  is  to  receive  a  further  sum  of  $283,733  in  payment 
Sm  S^  ^:?he^eCtiVe  t.erritories  panted  to  the  various  sub-Companies, 
running  five  years,  and,  in  addition,  received,  or  is  to  receive  from  Trustees  who  now  hold 

i^addition8' tof°th'hetheneflt  °f  uh'S  C°mpany'  «t-4«>.ooo  of  the  stock  of  the  sub-Companies. 
In  addHion  to  this,  there  has  been  or  will  be  deposited  with  the  Central  Trust  Company, 
Trustee,  to  be  delivered  to  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company  at  the  end  of  five 

Compands  willtrecIilnOUS  ’T'  ?0mpalVes  to  the  amount  of  84,100,000  For  this  the  sub- 
Companies  will  receive  an  extension  of  their  exclusive  license  for  nearly  ten  years  more. 

leased  To  t^°  ^menC-n  PhonoSraPh  Company  owns  all  of  the  machines,  and  they:  are 
n  turn  kase  at  a  rental  °[  •*>  a  year  for  each  one,  and  the  sub-Companies 

Yre°ayeur  t0  the  public'and  ^  required  to  keep  the  machines  in 
fnsures  fo  the  Pare dt  rn  renta,f  the  terms  of  the  contract  with  the  sub-Companies 
nsures  to  the  Parent  Company  a  considerable  profit  in  the  furnishing  of  supplies  necessary 

for  the  operation  of  the  machines.  The  experience  of  this  Company  indicates  that  this 
may  reach  an  average  of  $10  a  machine  for  each  year. 

Though  this  Company  was  organized  in  October,  1888,  and  the  formation  of  some  of 
the  local  Companies  quickly  followed,  the  first  small  installment  of  machines  was  not  ready 
to  be  put  upon  the  market  until  May,  1889.  While  these  original  machines  accomplished 
all  that  had  been  promised  of  them,  and  were  substantially  the  same  as  those  shown  and 
used  in  the  formation  of  the  sub-Compariies,  a  practical  trial  at  the  hands  of  com¬ 
mercial  subscribers  suggested  the  desirability  of  certain  improvements,  particularly  in  the 
direction  of  greater  simplicity  of  mechanism  in  order  to  attain  at  once  the  greatest  ease  of 
manipulation  and  the  widest  and  most  popular  use. 

Mr.  Edison,  upon  his  return  from  Europe,  in  August  last,  practically  reconstructed 
the  Phonograph,  greatly  simplifying  it.  The  Graphophone  Company  also  made  valuable 
improvements,  but  pending  these  changes  in  the  machines  the  local  Companies  generally 
relaxed  their  efforts  for  new  subscribers.  •  '  .  ■ 

The  output  of  new  machines  and  their  exchange  for  the  originals  was  not  begun  until 
November  last,  so  that  the  local  Companies  have  had  for  about  only  ninety  days  a  machine 
to  offer  to  the  public,  which,  in  addition  to  accurately  recording  and  reproducing  speech, 
has  the  simplicity  and  durability  which,  according  to  the  testimony  of  those  who  use  this 
labor-saving  device  in  their  daily  business,  make  it  entirely  practical. 

The  number  of  machines  outstanding  now  is  6,275.  At  the  present  time  we 
are  delivering  to  the  sub-Companies  machines  at  the  rate  of  sixty  a  day.  If  no  greater 
ratio  of.  machines  are  distributed  during  the  balance  of  1890  than  have  been  distributed 
since  May,  1889,  we  .will  have  outstanding  and  under  rental  January  1,  1891,  in  the  neigh- 
hood  of  17,000  machines.  Our  estimate,  however,  is  that  with  the  improved  machines,  and 
the  growing  interest  in  the  business  all  over  the  United  States  and  the  well-understood 
fact  that  every  machine  in  successful  use  creates  a  demand  for  others,  by  the  1st  of  January, 
1891,  there  will  be  in  actual  use  in  this  country  from  26,000  to  30,000  machines.  The  more- 
recently  organized  Companies  are  meeting  with  better  success  than 'the  older  ones;  this  is 
accounted  for  by  the  fact  that  they  have  had  to  do  with  the  improved  simple  machine.  To 
illustrate,  the  Texas  Phonograph  Company,  which  did  not  commence  business  until 
November  last,  has,  nevertheless,  since  that  .time  had  shipped  to  them  over  300  machines, 
that  they  assure  us  are  going  under  rental  as  rapidly  as  received.  ' 

Competent  mechanics  are  of  the  opinion  that  the  present  Phonograph  and  Phono- 
graph-Graphophone  are  so  perfect  in  their  construction  that  with  slight  repairs  and  proper 
...attention  they  can  be  used  for  fifteen  years  or  more.  , 

It  is  expected  that  this  Company  will  realize  a  handsome  sum  from  the  formation  of 
the  sub-Company  in  Canada. 

By  contract  with  the  Edison  Toy  Manufacturing  Company  in  Boston,  this  Company 
will  receive  a  royalty  of  25  per  cent,  on  the  cost  of  all  phonographic  apparatus  used  in 
dolls,  the  minimum  amount  of  which  shall  not  in  any  year  fall  below  $10,000.  The  royalty 
received  from  this  source  will  be  divided, 'one-half  remaining  with  the  Parent  Company, 
and  the  other  half  being  distributed  among  the  local  Companies. 

There  are  a  number  of  new  features  independent  of  the  practical  or  commercial  use 
of  the  machine  that  will  undoubtedly  yield  considerable  revenue.  Among  these,  Phono¬ 
graphs  for  exhibition  purposes,  which  are  leased  at  $25  per  month.  We  have  not  as  yet 
paid  much  attention  to  the  amusement  features,  for  the  reason  that  we  wished  first  to 
demonstrate  the  practical  uses  of  the  machines,  and  after  that  was  fully  established,  we 
expected  to  develop  other  features  in  connection  with  them. 

The  North  American  Phonograph  Company  paid  its  first  semi-annual  dividend  of 
3  percent,  in  August,  1889;  a  dividend  will  be  declared  at  the  same  rate  in  the  coming 

month,  February.  Looking  at  the  business  from  the  most  conservative  standpoint,  and  say¬ 
ing  that  by  the  end  of  this  year  we  have  17,000  machines  under  rental,  it  would  still 
indicate  that  the  continuance  of  the  payment  of  the  dividends  was  assured.  The  income 
from  17,000  machines  in  rentals  and  profits  on  supplies  will  be  in  round  figures  $510,000. 
This  sum  would  be  practically  net  profit,  and  applicable  to  dividends,  the  only  charges 
against  it  being  the  running  expenses  of  the  North  American  Company,  which  are  practi¬ 
cally  covered  by  a  few  salaried  officers,  office  rent,  clerical  hire,  and  from,  three  to  five 
traveling  men  going  around  among  the  different  sub-Companies. 

I  submit  the  following  financial  statement : 

The  North  American  Phonograph  Company  is  incorporated  under  the  laws  of  the 
State  of  New  Jersey,  with  a  capital  stock  of  66,600,000,  divided  into  66,000  shares,  each  of 
the  par  value  of  S100,  full  paid,  and  non-assessable. 

For  a  consideration  of  66,000  shares  the  Company  acquired  its  patent  rights,  6,000 
shares  of  which  have  been  put  in  the  hands  of  Trustees  for  the  future  use  and  benefit 
of  the  Company  if  needed. 

Besides  the  61,400,000  par  value  of  local  Campanies’  stock,  either  delivered  to  or 
held  for  the  benefit  of  the  Company,  and  the  $4,000,000  additional  stock  of  local  companies, 
either  delivered  or  to  be  delivered  in  five  years,  and  the  Canadian  Phonograph  Patents,  the 
available  assets  of  the  Company  are  shown  by  the  following: 

There  are  no  other  outstanding  liabilities  of  this  Company  except  on  a  manufacturing 
contract,  which  is  limited  to  $106,500,  and  will  be  offset  by  delivery  of  machines. 

In  view  of  the  interest  your  friends  will  have  through  this  subscription,  I  request  - 
that  you  name  two  members  for  the  board  of  direction. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Jesse  FI.  Lippincott, 


Providence,  January  20,  1890. 

Messrs.  bPENCER  Trask  &  Co. : 

Dear  Sirs,— I  have  examined,  at  your  request,  the  several  letters  patent  relating  to 
the  Edison  phonograph,  and  also  the  several  letters  patent  relating  to  the  graphophone, 
with  the  view  of  ascertaining  whether  the  fundamental  patents  for  the  phonograph  and  the 
graphophone  cover  essentially  the  method  and  practical  apparatus  for  recording  and 
reproducing  sounds,  including  articulate  speech. 

I  understand  that  all  machines  constructed  for  use  in  this  country  and  Canada  under 
the  phonograph  and  graphophone  patents  are,  under  existing  contracts  between  the  par¬ 
ties,  now  under  the  control  of  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company. 

The  important  inquiry  is,  whether  the  underlying  patent  to  Edison,  No.  200,521, 
dated  February  19,  1878,  for  the  phonograph,  and  the  underlying  patent  to  Bell  & 
Taintor,  No.  341,214,  dated  May  4,  1886,  for  the  graphophone,  practically  cover  and  con¬ 
trol  the  whole  art.  The  many  patents  subsequently  taken  by  the  parties  in  interest  relate 
to  improvements  upon  the  original  ideas  expressed  in  the  patents,  Nos.  200,521  and  341,214. 
It  will  be  unnecessary  to  consider  such  subsequent  patents  in  detail,  the  important  con¬ 
sideration  being,  whether  the  underlying  patents  mentioned  control  the  art. 

The  Edison  patent  of  February  19,  1878,  absolutely  stands  at  the  head  of  the  art  for 
recording  sounds,  including  articulate  speech,  and  retranslating  such  record  at  pleasure 
back  into  sounds  or  speech.  There  is  no  suggestion  in  any  prior  patents  or  publications 
which  have  come  to  my  knowledge,  of  the  discovery  set  forth  in  the  said  Edison  patent 
or  any  suggestion  of  an  apparatus  which  would  embody  such  discovery. 

The  rule  which  applies  to  the  interpretation  of  primary  patents,  or  those  which 
stand  at  the  head  of  a  discovery  in  the  arts,  has  been  recently  established  emphatically  bv 
the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United  States,  and  that  rule  is  this:  that  wherever  an  inventor 
or  discoverer  has  struck  out  an  entirely  new  path,  by  discovering  a  law  of  nature  or  of 
physics,  and  has  utilized  it  in  some  practical  way  for  the  benefit  of  man,  the  broadest  inter¬ 
pretation  m  favor  of  his  invention  against  parties  coming  subsequently  into  the  art  as  im¬ 
provers  of  the  apparatus  in  the  same,  is  given  in  favor  of  such  primary  inventor,  and  those 
coming  after  him  are  held  tributary.  Various  decisions  of  the  Supreme  Court  have  indi- 
cated,  through  a  series  of  years,  this  rule,  but  it  was  expressly  formulated  in  the  case  of  the 
Morley  Sewing  Machine  Company  vs.  Lancaster,  129  U.  S.,  263.  The  Court,  in  announcing 
its  decision  and  judgment  in  this  case,  affirmed  the  following  cases,  which  embody  sub¬ 
stantially  the  same  principle,  although  their  expression  is  not  as  unqualified  and  positive 
as  m  the  case  to  which  I  have  referred :  McCormick  vs.  Talcott,  20  Howard,  402;  Rail¬ 
way  Co.  vs.  Sayles,  97  U.  S.,  554;  Clough  vs.  Parker,  106  U.  S.,  1 66;  Consolidated  Valve 
Co.  vs.  Crosby  Valve  Co.,  1 13  U.  S.,  157;  Tilghman  vs.  Proctor,  102  U.  S.,  707. 

The  broad  doctrine  applicable  to  the  Edison  patent,  No.  200,521,  cannot  be  better 
expressed  than  by  quoting  the  language  of  Mr.  Justice  Bradley  in  one  of  the  cases  above 

“  If  one  inventor  precedes  all  the  rest,  and  strikes  out  something  which  includes  and 
underlies  all  that  they  produced,  he  acquires  a  monopoly  and  subjects  them  to  tribute.” 

In  my  opinion,  this  is  the  status  of  the  Edison  patent,  No.  200,521,  of  February  19 
1878.  It  was  the  first  suggestion  of  the  possibility  of  converting  articulate  speech  into  a 
permanent  graphical  representation  of  the  same  corresponding  in  a  general  way  with  the 

forms  of  the  soiiatic  waves,  and  then  reproducing;  at  will  such  speech  by  reconverting  such 
graphical  expressions  of  the  same  into  sound. 

The  letters  patent  to  Bell  ifc  Taintor,  No.  341,214,  dated  May  4,  1S86,  while  based 
upon  the  prior  invention  of  Mr.  Edison,  are  in  my  opinion  most  important  as  exhibiting  an 
improvement  in  the  apparatus  by  which  the  discovery  of  Edison  could  be  utilized,  which 
places  this  patent  in  a  most  important  relation  to  the  art.  It  is  unnecessary  to  deal  in 
detail  with  this  patent  further  than  to  say  that  it  proposed  to  employ  a  register  made  of 
some  suitable  material,  upon  the  surface  of  which  the  graphical  representation  of  the  sound 
waves  should  be  formed  by  sharply  cutting  into  the  register  the  lines  corresponding  with 
the  transmitted  sound.  The  improvement  which  is  embodied  in  this  patent  is  practically, 
in  my  opinion,  of  great  value  in  producing  satisfactory  apparatus  to  exhibit  the  funda¬ 
mental  discovery  of  Edison.  While,  indeed,  upon  the  expiration  of  the  Edison  patent,  the 
general  discovery  will  be  open  to  the  public  to  use  at  its  pleasure  for  commercial  purposes, 
the  invention  set  forth  in  the  Bell  &  Taintor  patent  will  prolong,  in  my  opinion,  practically 
the  monopoly. 

The  only  matter  of  which  I  know,  or  which  has  been  brought  to  my  attention  as 
bearing  at  all  upon  the  subject  of  the  discovery  of  Mr.  Edison,  is  a  publication  contained 
in  the  Bulletin  of  the  National  Society  for  the  Encouragement  of  Industry  in  France. 
This  publication  merely  exhibits  a  capacity  of  the  apparatus  described  therein  to  record 
graphically  articulate  speech  or  other  sounds.  The  apparatus  was  analogous  to  a  device 
for  a  similar  purpose  already  known  in  the  mechanic  arts,  of  which  the  Watts  indicator,  for 
the  purpose  of  graphically  indicating  in  a  diagram  a  figure  from  which  the  power  of  the 
steam  engine  could  bo  calculated,  is  a  familiar  illustration.  No  further  use  was  made  of 
this  apparatus  than  to  exhibit  to  the  eye  a  representation  of  the  movements  of  the  stylus 
under  the  varying  influences  and  pressures  of  the  human  voice  controling  the  movements 
of  the  stylus.  The  invention  of  Edison  was  quite  different  from  this.  He  may,  indeed, 
have  used  this  old  idea  for  the  purpose  of  obtaining  a  record,  but  so  far  as  I  know,  or  have 
been  advised,  or  believe,  he  was  the  first  person  to  conceive  the  idea  that  such  graphical 
expressions  of  sound  could  be  reconverted  into  speech,  and  this  discovery  is  the  marvel  of 
the  phonograph. 

Mr.  Edison,  as  well  as  Bell  &  Taintor  and  Alexander  Graham  Bell,  have  taken  a 
large  number  of  patents  in  the  aggregate  since  the  date  of  the  original  Edison  patent, 
February  19,  1878.  All  these  several  patents  relate  to  improvements  in  the  apparatus  for 
developing  and  exhibiting  the  discovery.  It  is  unnecessary  to  examine  into  the  history  of 
each  of  them  and  to  compare  them  with  anything  which  precedes,  because  they  are  only 
preceded  by  themselves.  The  whole  art,  in  its  original  conception,  as  in  its  development, 
is,  as  I  understand,  expressed  in  this  body  of  patents,  the  benefit  of  which  is  vested  in  the 
North  American  Phonograph  Company.  Hence,  an  investigation  into  them  individually, 
which  might  become  necessary  under  other  circumstances,  becomes  entirely  unimportant 
in  the  present  condition. 

I  am  therefore  of  opinion,  that  the  body  of  patents  relating  to  the  phonograph  and 
the  graphophone,  which  are  merely  different  names  for  apparatus  to  display  the  same 
grand  discovery,  cover  the  whole  subject  of  recording  speech  and  reproducing  the  record 
back  into  speech,  to  an  extent  that  in  my  experience  I  have  never  known  paralleled. 

I  have  also  examined,  at  your  request,  the  agreement  between  Thomas  A.  Edison 
and  Jesse  H.  Lippincott,  of  June  28,  1888;  the  agreement  between  Lippincott  and  the 
North  American  Phonograph  Company,  of  July  17,  1888,  and  the  agreement  of  Edison 

with  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company  and  with  Lippincott,  of  August  I,  1888. 
The  first  named  of  these  agreements  recites  that  the  corporation,  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Company,  is  the  owner  of  the  Edison  phonograph  patents,  and  that  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Works  has  the  exclusive  right  to  manufacture  phonographs  under  a  contract  between  it 
and  Edison,  and  for  a  consideration  therein  named  Mr.  Lippincott  agrees  to  purchase  the 
entire  capital  stock  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Company,  with  the  exception  of  one  hun¬ 
dred  and  fifty  shares.  These  one  hundred  and  fifty  shares,  as  I  am  advised,  have  now  also 
been  acquired  by  Mr.  Lippincott.  The  agreement  contemplates  that  the  American  Phono¬ 
graph  Company  shall  be  formed  by  Mr.  Lippincott  within  a  limited  period,  and,  in  fact, 
as  I  am  advised,  this  part  of  the  agreement  has  been  executed  by  the  organization  of  the 
North  American  Phonograph  Company.  On  the  other  hand,  Mr.  Edison  agrees,  under 
certain  conditions  named  in  the  contract,  to  transfer  the  entire  capital  stock  of  the  Edison 
Phonograph  Company,  with  the  exception  of  the  one  hundred  and  fifty  shares  mentioned. 

The  second  agreement,  of  July  17,  18S8,  between  Lippincott  and  the  North 
American  Phonograph  Company,  after  reciting  the  fact  that  he  is  the  owner  of  rights 
under  the  various  Edison  patents,  and  the  patents  to  Bell  &  Taintor  and  to  A.  G.  Bell, 
provides  that  Lippincott  shall  sell  and  transfer  all  the  rights  which  he  has,  or  may  there¬ 
after  acquire,  under  the  patents  and  inventions  of  Edison,  and  generally  ail  rights  in  the 
subject-matter  of  phonographs  and  graphophones,  to  the  North  American  Phonograph 
Company,  for  a  consideration  to  be  paid  to  him  in  capital  stock  of  said  company,  and  it 
also  contains  a  covenant  of  further  assurance  to  more  fully  effectuate  and  carry  out,  if 
necessary,  the  true  intent  of  the  agreement,  so  as  to  vest  in  the  company  all  the  rights, 
property,  privileges  and  license  acquired  by  Lippincott. 

The  third  agreement  between  Edison,  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company, 
and  Lippincott,  specifies  certain  provisions  under  which  the  machine  shall  be  put  upon 
the  market.  The  important  clause,  however,  in  the  provision  is,  that  Edison  agrees  to 
convey  any  invention  or  improvement  made  by  him  on  the  subject  of  the  phonograph 
within  a  period  of  fifteen  years,  to  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company  without 
further  compensation. 

All  these  above-mentioned  agreements  contain  various  provisions  relating  to  the 
business  matters  in  which  the  parties  are  interested,  but  which  do  not  affect  at  all  the  ques¬ 
tion  of  the  validity  of  the  rights  under  the  phonograph  and  graphophone  patents  vested  in 
the  North  American  Phonograph  Company.  I  have  directed  my  attention  simply  to  the 
question  whether  under  the  existing  agreements  the  control  of  the  rights  to  use  and  dis¬ 
pose  of  machines  under  the  patents  relating  to  the  phonograph  and  the  graphophone  will 
become  vested  in  the  North  American  Company  on  the  performance  of  the  contract  stipu¬ 
lations  contained  in  said  agreements.  In  my  opinion,  if  the  conditions  specified  in  such 
agreements  are  performed,  the  control  of  such  rights  under  the  patents  relating  to  both  the 
phonograph  and  the  graphophone  will  become  lawfully  vested  in  the  North  American 
Phonograph  Company. 

I  am  informed  by  Messrs.  Witter  &  Kenyon,  who  are  counsel  for  Lippincott  and  for 
the  North  American  Phonograph  Company,  that  all  the  conditions  as  to  the  payment  of 
the  consideration  for  the  rights  under  the  Edison  phonograph  patents  have  been  fully 
performed,  with  the  exception  of  the  final  payment  of  about  sixty  thousand  dollars  by  Mr. 
Lippincott,  which  is  to  be  paid  on  the  first  day  of  April  next. 

The  general  chain  of  title  to  the  graphophone  patents  appears,  from  copies  submit¬ 
ted  to  me  of  the  agreements,  to  be  as  follows:  The  title  to  the  patents  is  vested  in  the 

VoltaGmphophonc  Company  of  Alexandria.  The  American  Graphophone  Company  was 
organized  by  certificate  of  incorporation  on  the  15th  of  Mav  1887  nnrl  tn  *1,1=  ^  S 

the  Volta  Graphophone  Company  granted  an  exclusive  license  u/make  and  sell  graphT 
phones.  Subsequently,  on  March,  26,  .888,  the  American  Graphophone  C  If  ! 
agreement  with  Jesse  H.  Lippincott,  granted  to  him  the  right  to  sell  and  use  in  Z  l7’-t7 
States  and  Canada  all  the  graphophone  instruments  and  supplies  manufactured  bv'the 
•fnrtlr'r  GraPh°Ph?nc  ComPa"y.  with  the  exception  of  the  States  of  Illinois  Wisconsin 
and  Michigan.  Lippincott,  under  the  agreement  before  referred  to  with  the  North  Ameri 
henind°nn,TP,7mPrifnr'  °f  J‘7  7’  *888,  granted  to  said  company  all  thcfjhts  wh"h 
t  follows  tf  f  7  MCr7f  Ar  acqulrc'n  Vlrtue  of  the  agreement  of  March  26,  .888,  whereby 
it  follo.vs  that  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company  have  the  sole  right  of  using  and 
placing  the  machines  manufactured  and  delivered  to  them  by  the  American  Graohonhonn 
Company  On  the  6th  of  August,  .888,  a  supplemental  agrcemeiif  *  made £“en  the 
American  Graphophone  Company  and  Jesse  H.  Lippincott,  whereby  a  prior  agreement 
between  lum  and  the  company  was  enlarged  so  as  to  enahle  him  *T  °,  ?  ,lent 

phonc7rafh  C07an}’’1aS  assiSnee> 10  deal  with  phonograph  instruments  as  well'as  mrapho" 
fn  this  instrumeM  fromhlPri°r  **re*?eat.  P"*ludlng  him,  until  the  modification  expressed 
m  this  instrument,  from  dealing  in  other  instruments  than  the  graphophone. 

ar**- *  rr in  ,h  zs  JSW5  ci“”  "e“ 

.1.  ot  the  conditio.,  ol  the  novel  net,™,  „p,„  X 

-amlSSpZiSrm,,°  *•  *"*  h  “•'»>  -r—s  tw- 

Inventions  made  by  Mr.  Edison  subsequent  to  August  i  i8ss  7™  i„  u 

to  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company.  S  '  ,  are  to  be  conveyed 

Very  respectfully, 



T.  A.  Edison, 
Dear  Sir: 

/(&((///■{ EQUITABLE  I 

t<XS ' 

yf'r-ie/  ■^■7yi^Ammry_25.x_i&90 


I  beg  to  hand  you  enclosed  duplicate  copies  of  an  agree¬ 
ment  which  I  have  prepared  and  which  has  been  executed  by  alf  of 
%hB^et°  °xoept  V^self,  dated  31st  ult,,  renewing  Mi-. 
Lippmcott  s  note  and  extending  the  security.- 

, .  ml1  you  kindly  execute  the  enclosed  duplicate  copies  of 

the  said  agreement  and  return  them  to  me. 

Please  excuse  my  printed  signature. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Dictated  to  and  Trai 

ribedfrom  the  Phonograph. 

314  Broadway,  New  York,  January  30th,  1890. 

Messrs.  Spencer  Trask  &  Co., 

16  &  iS  Broad  Street, 

New  York. 

Gentlemen: — 

Nnrt-h  A  •  J  n°tlCe  tHat  y°U  arC  °fferinf»r  by  advertisement  the  stock  of  the 
North  American  Phonograph  Company  to  the  public.  Inasmuch  as  there  are  many 
people  who  do  not  quite  understand  the  uses  of  the  Phonograph  and  the  Graphophone 
.may  serve  a  good  purpose  if  I  should  say  to  you  that  from  practical  experience  I 
ns.der  these  machines  of  the  greatest  possible  value.  For  an  overworked  business 
n  hhe  myself  I  cons.der  that  no  greater  boon  could  be  furnished,  than  to  have  be-  him  a  s.lent  but  ever  ready  receptacle  for  what  he  has  to  dictate  or  sav  I  am 
usmg  one  of  the  Phonographs  in  my  own  house,  and  often  when  I  am  pressed  with 
correspondence  or  with  some  literary  work,  I  turn  to  it  and  dictate  what  I  have  to 
convey  to  my  fr.ends,  then  bringing  the  cylinders  to  the  City  with  me  an  exoert 
typewriter  interpret,  their  eontenh,.  A,  my  ,M.  «  my  b„,h«,  ln  the  A  ,  G„  ' 

phone  ,,  ,h,d„  read,,  and  the  pile,  of  aorreapondenaa  which  crowd  my  deck 
disposed  of  in  no  time  at  all.  > 

I  look  forward  to  the  period  when  one-half  the  correspondence  of  the  country 
will  be  not  only  dictated  to  the  Phonograph,  but  absolutely  conveyed  by  cylinders  in 
boxes  through  the  mails  from  one  part  of  the  country  to  the  other. 

.  f  ,!t,Wi!1  n0t  be  l0ng  before  every  hotel  wi»  have  a  half-dozen  of  these  machines 
hi“  "'k'  and  f°r  3  mere  trifle  bUy  aCyIinder’  transm't by  mail 

There  is  no  limit  to  the  use  of  this  useful  addenda  and  instrumentality  of  busi- 
ness.  Like  many  other  things  in  this  age  in  the  line  of  invention,  one  can  double 
their  capacity  for  usefulness  and.  achievement.  I  am  glad  to  be  able  to  bear  this  tes¬ 
timony  of  a  practical  nature  to  the  usefulness  of  the  great  device,  the  stock  in  which 

you  are  now  offering,  and  to  say  that  this  is  an  entirely  voluntary,  statement  of  my 

Yours  truly, 

Erastus  Wiman. 

Circular  Latter,  #  SI. 


5Phe  ^®pfeh  Pmepiean  Fhsipgpapfy  (£©., 

and  Je^e  B.  Iiippineett,  §©le  liieeasee  ©£  fehe 

flmepieaH  Spaph©ph©^e  S,©^f 

TE"Ie"°jOHN.»LL'  160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY,  X // 


To  the  Phonograph  Companies. 

xs«r  “/‘xrrv-  ”“**s »* « 

Sr  iV-;-  *• 

iouna  rauat  with  the  quality  of  many  of  the  records.  Wp  nvo 

Yours  very  truly, 

The  Wort h^Agpri can  Phonograph  C( 

0BFZIGB  0fl 

5Phe  $®rth  JlmepiGaH  Ih©ipgi?apfy  (£©., 

and  Jesse  R  Ilippmeefefe,  §©Ie  IsieeRSee  ©$  fehe 

Fmeni©an  Bpaph®ph©^e  (2©., 

TE“9e"°OHN.”LL'  160>  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

INew  TJork,. 

To  the  Phonograph  Companies. 

Gentlemen:-  % 

.  .  We  1,3 ve  had  Sequent  col^ia'ints  to  the  effect  that 

the  recording  needle  or  stylus  upon  the  phonograph-graphophone 

savsmthffJ  Very  qUiCkly  With  constant  «>«•  One  of  our  inspectors 
says  that  by  covering  the  end  of  the  finger  with  a  piece  of  chamois 
skin,  rubbing  it  lightly  into  a  little  flour  of  em  j-y,  and  then 
S  iyMrUb,blne  stylus  rrom  heel  to  point  upon  the  back,'  or 
straight  edge’ ,  that  in  a  few  minutes  it  can  be  sharpened  as  per- 

tir^s  bTfor  ThiS  °P0rati0n  oan  be  repeated  a  number  of 

Z*  J)eiCOmss  t0°  much  V<>rn  for  further  use.  Great  care 
must  be  taken  not  to  dent  the  reoorder  diaphragm.  These  dia- 
phragms  can  be  removed  by  means  of  a  special  wrench  made  for  tte 
purpose  by  the  American  Graphophone  Company. 

Yoursnvery  truly, 

Per  , 

Circular  letter  #  22. 


Gentlemen : 

We  haue  discovered  that,  while  the  Phonograph  may  leave  the 
factory  perfectly  adjusted  so  as  to  record  the  faintest  sound,  yet,  when  it  gets 
into  the  hands  of  the  user  it  sometimes  fails  to  work  as  well.  In  looking  for  the 
cause  it  was  found  that  for  the  best  results  it  is  necessary  that  the  spring  holding 
the  feed  nuts  on  to  the  screw  shaft  should  be  at  a  proper  tension,  for  when  the 
tension  is  the  least  bit  too  great  it  tends  to  slightly  lift  the  diaphragm  arm  and 
thereby  cause  the  recording  stylus  to  be  placed  at  a  wrong  angle  for  recording. 
In  the  packing  and  transportation  of  the  machines,  it  is  not  unlikely  that  this 
adjustment  may  become  deranged,  but  it  can  be  easily  remedied  by  observing  the 
following  directions  : 

Loosen  the  diaphragm  arm  from  the  back  carriage  sleeve  by  unscrewing 
the  large  screw,  which  is  situated  at  back  of  arm  and  at  left  of  back  lever  of 
cutting  off  knife,  then  bring  the  diaphragm  arm  down  as  if  to  record,  and  see 
that  front  lever  is  down,  then  take  a  sheet  of  writing  paper  and  fold  it,  making 
two  thicknesses,  and  place  it  between  the  diaphragm  arm  and  straight  edge  in 
front  i  then,  while  holding  the  arm  in  position  with  one  hand,  take  hold  of  the 
spring  bar  on  which  feed-nuts  are  fastened,  and  bring  it  down  until  the  nuts  set 
firmly  on  the  screw  shaft,  and  see  that  the  threads  engage.  Then  screw  the  back 
screw  into  position  again,  draw  out  the  paper,  and  you  will  see  that  the  spring 
has  the  necessary  tension.  We  think  if  you  will  try  this  you  will  find  the  record 
to  be  perfectly  satisfactory. 

Yours  very  truly, 


The  ^©Pt5h  JlFHepieen  I?h©i2©gpapfy  Q®.,  ■■■ 

j  aH^  Je^e  &  Iiippme©fefe,  §©Ie  liieengee  ©5  fehe 

H®epi©aH  Spaph©ph©^e  G©., 

160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

INew  ^UorkT  .  March  7th. .  'IRQfi 


The  New  Jersey  Phonograph  Co., 

Newark, N. J. 


-  1?’hls  Company' is  for  the  present  (instead  of  diming  ren¬ 
tals  for  all  machines  delivered  to  you  as  per  clause  five  of  oir 
agreement) pursuing  the  policy  of  only  claiming  one-half  of  the  ren 

may  be  due  on  this  account  to  US  lrarae<3iately  whatever 

regular  monthly  remittances  until  further  not  ice’ fUtUr®  Send 

.ae°!h"‘  °y;“”aer*  *M°»  i^xMbf.lSrS’lfSMlob 

Yours  very  truly, 


Transcribed  from  the  PHONOGRAPH. 


JFhe  Rerth  J?mepi©aH  ^©^©p©^  G©., 

and  Jesse  i.  liippine©fefe,  §©le  Iiieensee  ©5  fehe 

flmepiean  Spaph©ph©^e  G©., 

160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

IKeW  ^ork, _ March  13,  'ISQQ. 


New  Jersey  Phonograph  Company, 

#758  Broad  St.,  Newark,  N.  J. 


Yours  of  the  11th  containing  resolution  adopted  at  the 
meeting  of  your  Directors  on  the  3rd  inst.  was  duly  received,  and 
the  same  has  had  our  careful  consideration. 

It  would  undoubtedly  be  of  very  great  advantage  to  the 
phonograph  if  we  had  a  less  fragile  cylinder  than  the  one  we  are 
now  furnishing.  To  this  end  Mr.  Edison  and  several  of  his  employes 
have  been  experimenting  ever  since  last  Pall.  Up  to  the  present 
time,  they  have  not  been  successful:  we  sincerely  hope,  however, 
that  in  the  near  future  they  will  be. 

In  regard  to  the  foot  attachment  for  starting  and  stopping 
the  phonograph,  the  machine  as  originally  manufactured  had  this 
attachment  but  on  account  of  the  criticisms  of  the  users  thereof 
it  was  abandoned.  You  will  readily  see  how  difficult  it  is  to  get 
any  device  for  starting  and  stopping  the  phonograph  that  will  meet 
the  approval  of  all  the  users.  At  the  present  tine  nany  of  them 
do  not  want  anything  but  the  lever;  others  want  the  keys  similar  to 
those  used  on  the  graphophone  and  now  it  seems  some  of  your  people 
want  the  f  oot  att  achme  nt . 

Very  truly  yours, 


Jphe  ^©pfeh  pmepi©aH  Fh@^©gpap^  (£©., 

and  Jesse  1.  Iiippim©©fet3,  §®Ie  Lsieensee  ©i  tshe 

J3mei?i©an  (apaphsph©^©  (£©., 

160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 


INew  TJork, . May  20th. , 


To  The  Phonograph  Companies. 
Gentlemen: - 

We  beg  to  inform  you  that  orders  for  phonogram 
blanks  now  .entered  with  us  and  those  received  hereafter  will  be 
filled  with'  the  new  style  cylinder.  These  cylinders  are  made  as 
long  as  the  phonograph  will  conveniently  accomodate  and  are  of  a 
uniform  length. ,  .  The  wax  used  is  virtually  the  same  as  the  old 
style, but  being  made  upon  a  thread  and  composition  base, the  chances 
°f  breakage., are  largely  reduced  as  compared  with  the  blanks  for- 
me  rl y “turn i she d • 

It  is  our  intention  to  furnish  rubber  sleeves; one  of  which  is 
to  bo  placed  on  the  brass  mandrel  of  the  phonograph  and  to  remain 
there  permanently.  Over  this  the  now  blank  is  slipped.  '  A  suffi¬ 
cient  quantity  of  these  rubber  sleeves  will  be  sent  you  to  equip 
phonographs  you  now  have  under  rental, as  shown  by  your  monthly  re¬ 
port,  to  us.  A  little  later  on, when  we  have  been  able  to  accumulate 
a  stock  of  the  sleeves, we  will  furnish  you  with  extra  ones  to  sup¬ 
ply  new  subscribers  for  the  phonograph. 


Yours  very  truly, 



Circular  Letter  $27. 

0RFHGB .  0B 

JFhe  ^©pfeh  flm0piean  Bhsigsgrapli  S@., 

and  Je&se  R  Liip)p>m<s@t2li,  §©le  Iiiaensee  ©5  fehe 

flmepiaan  Spaph©ph©^e  S©., 

TE"|6“°john.»LL’  160>  I02  &  164  BROADWAY, 

.INew V) ork, _ June  llth., _ i Sg( 

To  the  Phonograph  Companies, 

We  desire  to  call  your  attention  to  the  f£ct  that  a 
great  deal  of  matter  can  be  put  on  a  phonogram  blank  by  running  t'he 
speed  of  the  machine  dovm  as  low  as  possible,  The  writer  use^  h-is 
machine  at  the  revolution  of  05  with  very  good  results, still  lower 
speed  is  obtainable  on  some  machines, but  we  think  from  65  to  70  is 
about  the  average  low  speed, of  the  machine, and  you  will  see  that  it 
materially  increases  the  capacity  of  the  cylinder  for  dictation.  We 
suggest  that  you  experiment  in  this  line  and  inform  your  customers 
of  the  fact, so  that  greater  satisfaction  may  be  given  to  them  in  the 
use  of  the  machine  for  dictation  purposes. 

We  shall  alv/ays  be  pleased  to  receive  from  the  Companies  any 
suggestions  that  they  may  make  in  regard  to  experiments  that  they 
have  tried, which  tehd  to  improve  the  machines  for  the  purposes  for 
which  they  are  intended. 

Circular  Letter  No. 29. 

SFhe  fysipfeh  flmepisan  Fh§r^®gpapl^  S©., 

and  Jesse  H.  Iiippin©®feli,  §®Ie  Iiiaensee  ®f  fehe 

Pmepisan  Bpaph®ph®r2e 

160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

INew  ork,_ . June  19th., 


To  The  Phonograph  Companies, 

uv/mfr  to  the  extreme  destruetibility  of  phonogram 
records  and  the  various  opinions  as  to  what  constitutes  a  perfect 
record  ,  we  find  that  we  will  be  obliged  -in  order  to  do  business  in 
these  articles-  to  make  definite  and  positive  rules  in  regard  to 
allowance  for  claims. 

In  the  future  and  until  further  notice  we  nronose  to  sell 
phonogram  records  at  the  following  prices:  ‘  ‘ 


Bands  or  Orchestras .  nn  . 

Vocal  Quartetts . "!.!!!!!  i ” .  °  ’ 

Instrumental  Solos . !  ’75  , 

. . . 

nf  f?r  ,rfQOrds  whioh  are  not  strictly  first  class  on  account 

MflSu)  S  „of1fe^°Imdl!1"“’Slil!h‘  ***  at<,'ith’r  eml  <”°t  “  the 

SLSSr?:::::::::::::::;;::::;::--- . V2“f* 

Instrumental  Solos .  !.*.'!  ’ .  . !  *  ’go  a 

. - . --- . X- . *... 

We  will  from  time  to  time  send  out  circulars  of  just  whet 
ll -°nS  W®  a^e  prePared  t0  fin  orders  for, and  giving  notice  of 
-elections  of  which  we  have  discontinued  the  manufacture.  These 
circulars  to  supersede  and  cancel  our  catalogue  of  records  which  we 
;have  previously  issued. 

co,a  !Mle  prices  Will  be  charged  for  any  particular 

selection  ordered, we  will  make  a  reduction  of  five  cents  on  each 
record  ordered  simply  by  the  instrument  or  class, but  no  particular 
selection  being  specified. 

As  we  do  not  send  out  these  records  to  the  Phonograph  Companies  ■ 


upon  consignment ,we  cannot  take  back  or  give  credit  for  records  kept 
in  stock  by  them, which  prove  unsalable.  In  filling  orders  for  all 
aelented  first,  class  records, care  will  be  taken  to  .inspect  each  one 
beiore  shipment, so  as  to  avoid  any  liability  of  sending  imperfect 
records  out, but  that  being  done  our  responsibility  ceases  and  no 
credit  or  exchange  will  be  allowed. 

The  records  vail  be  carefully  packed  in  the  manner  which  our 
experience  has  taught  us  the  safest  for  so  delicate  and  article, but 
being  delivered  F.O.B.our  responsibility  for  their  safety  ceases 
When. delivered  properly  packed  to  such  transportation  company  as  the 
consignee  may  direct, and  we  will  not  make  allowance  for  breakage. 

Of  course  we  are  responsible  for  any  actual  neglect  in  packing 
or  for  shipping  as  first  class  records, those  which  are  actually 
defective  or  imperfect, bu£  we  shall  expect  all  .such  claims  to  be  made 
immediately  upon  receipt  of  goods  when  acknowledging  receipt, as-. we  do 
not  admit,  the  justice  of  Phonograph  Companies  'acknowledging  -receipt 
“In  Good  Condition"  (see  form  4)  and  afterwards  making  a  claim  for  ' 

v/e  desire  that  it  be  clearly  understood  that  we  can  only,  make 
and  sell  musical  records  at  the  foregoing  prices  by  adherifig  strictly 
to  the  restrictions  which  we  have  made  herein, and  we  trust  that  the 
Companies  will  appreciate  the  fact  that  the  reduction  in  prices  will 
much  more  than  compensate  for  an  occasional  loss  by  breakage, etc.  Vie 
will  hereafter  receive  orders  for  records  only  upon  these  conditions. 

Yours  very  truly, 


^Phe  ^®Pfeh  PmepiGan  ^©^©gpapfy  (£©., 

and  Jesse  B.  Iiippineste,  §©le  MeeRSee  ©5  the 

J3mei?i<§an  Spaph©ph©^e  (£©., 

TE-Z1ZIZ?U  160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 


^New  7Jork,_ 

To ,^ie J3h°n°Eraph  Companies, 

V/e  desire  to  oall  your  attention  to  the  following 
extract  from  Sec, 7th. of  your  Contract  with  this  Company: 

“The  party  of  the  second  part  shall  keep  all  instruments  leased  « 
“to  it  under  this  agreement  in  good  working  condition, and  to  that  » 
“end  shall  keep  in  its  employ  a  sufficient  number  of  persons  living  “ 
“at  different  points  in  its  territory, who  while  acting  as  agents  or  “ 
“solicitors  for  the  party  of  the  second  part, shall  have  sufficient  » 
“knowledge  of  the  instruments  to  enable  them  to  remedy  any  slight  « 
"defect  in  the  working  thereof". 

It  must  be  obvious  to  you  that  as  the  custodians  of  these 
instruments  which  are  the  property  of  this  Company, you  should  do  all 
in  your  power  to  see  that  they  receive  proper  care, at  the  hands  of 
your  customers, your  agents  and  your  employees. 

We  have  been  very  much  surprised  to  find  that  of  the  instruments 
which  have  been  returned  to  the  factories  by  the  Companies  ,very  few 
are  iii  good  condition, and  many  of  them  show  evidences  of  having  been 
tampered  with  in  experimental  work, etc.  This  is  in  direct  violation 
of  your  agreement  with  us, and  will  not  be  permitted;we  therefore 
notify  you  that  we  shall  carefully  inspect  all  machines  returned  to 
us, and  if  found  to  be  in  bad  order, other  than  that  occasioned  by  wear 
from  legitimate  use, the  Company  from  whom  the  machine  is  received 
will  be  charged  with  the  cost  of  repair  of  same’. 

'  Companies  will  be  charged  all  costs  for  repair  of  wear  on 
instruments  returned  by  them, the  number  of  which  does  not  appear  on 
their  reports  to  us  as  a  machine'  rented, and  on  which  we  have  not  been 
receiving  rental. 

No  part  of  any  phonograph  or  phonograph-graphophone  should  be 
changed  or  altered  in.,any_ particular, nothing  should  be  added  to  or 
taken  from  any  machine, no  holes  shbu-l-d  be.  bored  in  any  parts  thereof, 
and  in  fact  they  must  be  kept  in  exactly  the  condition -in  which  they 
are  received  from  us, save  only  the  ordinary  wear  while  under  rental. 

These  rules  are  necessary  and  imperative  and  will  be  enforced 
in  every  instance. 


The  Companies  are  urgently  requested  to  instruct  their  agents 
and  employees  to  give  especial  attention  to  this  subject, and  to 
employ  only  competent  and  experienced  men  for  the  purpose. 

Please  acknowledge  receipt  of  this  letter. 


Circular  Letter  No. 31. 

l'L.:r,  ■  UflP  C. 


y  June  28th,  1890, 

My  dear  Mr.  Iiippinoott  : 

In  connection  with  the  proceedings  takefi 
by  the  Attorney-Seneral  of  the  State  of  New  Jersey  to  collect  from 
The  North  American  Phonograph  Company  the’  full  corpora te  tax  upon 
the  ground  that  the  Company  is  not  employing  its  capital  within 
the  State  of  New  Jersey,  it  is  necessary'  that  I  should  have' at 
once  statements  from  the  Edison  Phonograph*  Works  rendered  'to  you  ' 
and  made  up  in  accordance  with  the  terms  of  the  contract  between" 
that  Company  and  The  North  American  Phonograph  Company.  If  these 
statements  run  down  only  to  May  1st.  1890,  it  will  be  siifficient 
for  my  purposes. 

It  is  unnecessary  for  me  to  go  into  details  as  the 
agreements  very  fully  specify  what  these  statements  of  accounts 
should  show. 

y°u  kindly  give  the  matter  immediate  attention,  and 





' JuXy-  lst,  —1-890-,— 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 


Dear  sir: 

Re  LiPPino°tt.  I  send  you  herewith  duplicate  enrH.o 


lh-  “°1°s8i 

p~r-  :r  “{vum  st 

-  srair  °*-  ™ 

Very  truly  yours. 


'/h^Ua-iAj  July  i 

My  dear  Mr.  lippinoott  : 

■When  you  see  me  tomorrow  please  do  not 
neglect  to  report  how  the  matter  of  the  Edison  statement  stands^ 
Our  New  Jersey  tax  proceedings  are  really  suffering  for  the  want 
of  proper  action  on  the  part  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works,  and 
our  New  Jersey  counsel  is  giving  me  a  general  raking  over  the  coals 
for  not  insisting  that,  we  shall  be  furnished  with  statements* 
Your™  truly,. 

To  . 

JesBe  H.  Lippinoott,  Esq. 


jphe  JlFFiepi©an  IPhsr^gpapty  G®., 

and  Jes&e  R  Iiipp)m<s®fel3,  §®Ie  Licensee  ®£  fehe 

J3mepi©an  Bpaph®ph®i^e  G®., 

TE"le?°oHN.-LL'  16°>  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

INew york, _ July  3rd.,  48QQ. 

To  The  Phonograph  Companies, 


.  Since  the  Chicago  Convention  we  have  been  considering 

the  advisability  of  increasing  the  rentals  on  our  instruments.  At 
that  meeting  the  vote  was  almost  unanomous  in  favor  of  it,  v/e 
herewith  submit  for  your  consideration  our  general  plan. 


Type  M.with  or  without  Table  $60.00 

"  E»  "  Table  &  Resistance  Box  65.00 
“  W.  #  »  or  without  60.00 


To  Sub  Co. 
$32.' 50 


Per  Year  To  Sub  Co. 
$40.00  .  $20.00 

50.00  25.00 

To  N.A.P.Co, 



To  N.A.P.Co. 

n  _  The  wf  propose  to  furnish  are  the  same  as  shown  on  page 

0  of  our  Illustrated  Catalogue.  Under  the  above  arrangement  of 
rentals  it  would  not  be  necessary  for  lessees  to  purchase  tables  or 
resistance  boxes. 

You  will  please  take  this  matter  into  consideration  at  once, as 
“t  1S  important  that  it  be  arranged  immediately, so  that  if  it  is  to 
go  into  effect, every  detail  can  be  settled  at  the  earliest  possible 
moment , 

As  soon  as  you  have  determined  upon  this, you  will  if  it  meets 
with  your  approval, sign  and  return  Blank  No.l. 

d0  not  approve, but  are  willing  to  abide  by  the  decision 
of  3/5  of  the  Sub  Companies, please  sign  and  return  Blank  No. 2. 

VMS*  *  not  approve  and  are  unalterably  opposed  to  the 
proposea^Bpge, please  sign  and  return  Blank  No. 3. 

Yourlpompt  attention  will  greatly  oblige 
Yours  very  truly 

Circular  Letter  No. 32. 


<7o  G> . 

/Co  -  /CX-  , 

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C//t^  'iyyyy/y/,0  %/  C/%#}<yy--yyytC/'  -  ^y^y/X-yZy/saus^, 

-ts(y€  &/&^  si-Q  ZsL&  C.C.  y 'ZZ/Ui.  Z?#lyL£,  ‘/vet  o’  &■£***-  ' 

-Vsot ,  frees  Z&&SJ  /s^tiy/Uis7Lc/  /U'leJys  Osaasyso  Xo  &L«s/\ 
(XUstf-Co  6U*,(Z  @&7tcZcXc^-?s<>  ,  ZZ/Cy/ gyzhtje,  Xo  yto  sCcZto  j 
ay/  a-  <XaZ/  X  -t/c  y&z*.o/  <-Ay  JXacc,-y  j 

///yty''osa:L--</ .  //J  kX 

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^ —  X/Cjnisyyy^oX  Co  • 

//2-C-Cy ,  ^  . 

y  .  C3/*aiyfc**3 

<y#  y/ji  'Tis/zX  &/tiC'i-t£a*L,  O^vu^&^-y/o-'/  G , 
y  /(Co  --  /Z^  C$7ytXMyrty  ,  (y  P(£siX/XX/  - 

ly&izz/js??  iss?s  y  (J  (__/ 

<^7i  yUsC^G-tyoiiz-  Xo  s&&U'r  6otx:.t-cXa?'  XC&yy-  P/o  Sx.^ 
you  yti, ,  sz/ui  ysft  £’-tca'2-<u  *y/  sZ£,fCZ<z.//  <^7^  (P^zrTtey'fXXu)  ayu/ 
(/Xr?uyy--Ay/Z/ -  ^ay/Py/Xy-^.^- ,  sCv-t  X&*>  X  zXzZL  ZzC/  ZZ/Cs 
Ce7i<- y&s/ys  aCo-oo  /is/  (y^vvw^-  ZZ/Cc,  zP&o?t -<-^,  ^tZy/oz/fayZZ^ 
CznXors/&^.  rZX  ytotC/aJ/a  as?  Z&/e,y  -Zw-c-cJ  ^&yCsc>X , 
pyyyt-srs  -t'-Cy  \XiXy 

K'~'  (^/c^A-yW^^, 

/Ckyy  OsuX/, 

"1’ne  lVSILTbn  Jimei'iisun  jl. \»w., 

and  Jesse  B. 

"901  JOHN.” 

Iiippme®fefe,  §®Ie  Iiieensee  fefoe 

JImepiean  Spaphephe^e  G®,, 

160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

J^few  TJork,_ . -J-UrJ-y 



T°  Ihe  Phonograph  Covp  antes. 
Gentlemen:  - 

inets  illustrated  upVpaZV'^  T^f  hcereap,fr «ab- 

’w,/l  bs  *°M  °°* 

sttHtsii wmm- 


«  **>»>  Vo^  loTf  s’Zfca™^*  °f  ^ 

.  yours  very  truly , 


Per  <yM-iH0 

<  ' 




¥he  ^®Pfeh  Jlmepiaan  ih@^@gpap^  (£©., 

and  Jesse  R  Iiippine©fefe,  §®Ie  Isieensee  fehe 

J3mepi®an  (3paph®ph®^e  (2®., 


160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

3few TJork.  July  30th., 

To  The  Phonograph  Companies, 

>  We  beg  leave  to  call  your  attention  to  a  record  of 
a  phonograph  for  14  days  in  the  offices  of  three  concerns  in  this 
City, who  are  controlled  by  the  same  head. 




Surfaces  Used. 

The  Works 





B.  &  Co. 





Ur.  Tls  Office 





Note--In  "Letters  Record"  of.  Ur.  T*s  Office, there  should  be 
included  twb  long  documents. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Hie  North  American  Phonograph  Co, 
pe  r 

Circular  Letter  No. 35, 

Dear  Sir:- 

,  Mr.  Lippincott  advises  me  that  he  has  been 
requested  to  pay  into  the  Nicol-in-the-slot  Company  $7500.00,  as 
our  half  of  the  advance  to  that  Company  pending  the  selling  of  the 
Treasury  stock. 

Mr.  Lippincott  proposes  to  provide  $3750.00,  and  wants  to 
know  if  I  will  arrange  to  provide  the  other  $3750.00, 

I  shall  be  glad  if  you  will  let  me  know  your  wishes  in  the 
matter  so  that  I  shall  be  in  a  position  to  act  immediately  upon  my 
return  from  Chicago. 

I  have  written  Mr.  Lippincott  stating  that  I  had  overlooked 
seeing  you  with  reference  to  the  matter. 

Yours  truly, 

To  The  Phonograph  Companies, 

We  have  recently  had  brought  to  our  notice  the  fact 
that  some  parties  having  obtained  phonographs  for  exhibition  or 
anotherUrP°SeS  fr°m  ^  Company  have  ta.ken  them  into  the  territory  of 

in  order  that  you  may  protect  yourselves  from  such  trespassers, 
we  hereby  notify  you  that  whenever  you  find  a  machine  in  use  in  your 
territory  not  authorized  by  your  Company, you  should, upon  learning  its 
v/hereabouts,  immediately  seize  the  machine , demand  the  copy  of  the 
lease  held  by  the  party  using  it, and  notify  this  Company  of  your 
having  done  so, giving  us  the  number  of  the  machine, we  will  thereupon 
inform  you  what  shall  be  done  with  it. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Circular  Letter  No. 38. 

pfy  e.  e  IM-  (AJ^  e  ul_. 

-"ff4^  | 

CL4  C^C^JC  C*-^Aa 

__  __ 



J  v/1^ 

■JL  — . 

&<'/  Ft 

New  York  City,  Mov .  3rd,  I89o. 

'■ear  Mr,  Edison: 

Re  Phonograph.  Pursuant  to  your  request,  I  saw  .Mr. 
forVrS*  h8>  8f ; 8  !r<  Lippincott  is  zoins  away  for  three  months' 
T  f.t0  Oalifoi’nia-  He  does  not  surrender  power. 
Du  ng  his  absence  his  policy  will  be  carried  out  by  Vice-President- 

irb\a"  '  raSUHeriRObfSOn-a;Kl  Mr*  BUSh-  »»*««•.  plr^r 

"  f  broken  down  m  health  and  goes  abroad.  (I  have  for 

gotten  his  name)  He  resigns  from  the  Board  and  Spencer  Th-ask 
tt^r  p1S  Pla!f?  Bush  says  that  ^iPPincott  really  remains  in  con¬ 
trol  of  everything  but  for  the  next  three  months  will  act  through 
wins  committee.  w 

i,rv  ♦(  Je*  ,  1.Bu!h  wU1  help  us  to  oomPel  the  local  companies  to 
I  j  hS  03  cylinders  &  c  from  the  M.A.Ei’Co.  and  the  Works 
G]V®.T!  a  cnpy  of  the  Chicago  contract  today,  and  the 
„P~  "  n  Vl  ■*  ‘ w  &  Kenyon  Which  I  spoke  of  yesterday.  Bush  has 

oZily.  rtl"COVOrad  that  tMs  °pi"i0“  was  Given  in  writing  and  not 

-  s  oon  as  1  -et  the  contract  with  the  Illinois 

s*^r2*«u,s5>‘s*5r  *•  “• 

.  ^  Bush  is  strongly  in  favor  of  selling.phonor-ranhs 

commni  »sftref'l?1S  lhm’  ThS  Par9nt  oompany  «^«%S5re#rf-local 

companies  to  do  that.  The  net  profits  would  be  divided  equally 
between  the  parent  company  and  the  local  companies.  I  suggest 

quest  ion  po8iti°n  you  wiah  t0  take  °«  that 

wilD  be  *  T  ,me  that  if  the  ph°™Graphs  are  sold  there 

buSiiW  S  u  maa  f?r  them  and  the  Works  will  have  more 

SSTi  is  “  »*  i  *»•. 

«...  i  ft  sswswskk  *""“>» to 

Very  truly  yours  , 

/  V  "TliAr  4-/ff(S 

<^cruiAA<xn-cL - - 

efird**-  t»  o-v»-— 

./  Geua_  CJOIA.  IW'  U-A.  j<UO  (AT 


■  [XXriX*ri  ■  - 


(ra^nfcLo  K 

!  ojizd^X  •*-“nW  1 

LZ  i'- ! 

|  -^<rw.'.**~ — |  •'•  '  : 

•  $&#'■-.  ojt*  oJt)b^ 

Win*  l**t-A*  ,f  * 

'fcr  lZe^J^-£^— 

(jUi,  ccilt-^A^  ^owA- 

ft.  ..  <1--  -  •)  'TV  i 

the  western  union  telegraph  company. 


Edison  General  Electric  Co. 


irmatlon  should  be  checked  with  the  original  message  immediately  on  receipt.  It  will 
be  assumed  to  be  correct,  unless  advised  to  the  contrary  by  telephone. 

Name  of  Person  Sending. 

Name  of  Person  Receiving. 



. . . telver 

. . . . Bennett 

. Ilf 03 1 

_11/LQ, . 90. _ iso 

From  whom  received, 

T.  R.  lombard  Esq., 

To  whom  sent, 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 

Upon  caisulting  with  Mr.  lippineott,  he  instructs  mo  to 
revest  you  to  make  for  us,  six  models  of  the  new  type  phonograph, 
as  soon  as  you  possibly  can,  sending  the  seme  to  thiB  office.  We 
will  then  put  them  practically  into  use  in  such  places  as  we  deem 
would  be  to  the  best  advantage  to  develop  any  imprefeetions  thaj; 

may  exist 


b™°"  ”f  «>«  ■’*!•«  «l.h  I  need  n«  tarn;,.  “  * 

“»ts?  «~»r«'V"»o,arSLirk“'  s:sr„rv:r  ^ 

SLS'ir:-1  - 

oblige,  '  "’  «>«  enclosed  opinion  with  your  reply,  nat 

Vej\y  truly  yours, 


JFhe  ^©Pfeh  JlFnepiesn  E)h©n©gpaph  (2®., 

and  Jesse  i.  Lsippin©©fefe,  S©Ie  licensee  ©f  fel ^e 

flmepiean  8p©ph©ph©ne  (2©., 

p  o  box  2692  l60,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

ew  TJorlc, . Eec. 4th, 


To  the  Phonograph  hempen i as 

Cm  tl  man:-  - ,, 

r  ,  ,  .  }Ve  are  sending  you  a  quotattojuon  #  2  Edison  battery,  the  seme  si  so  as  quoted  in  our  letter  d  17- 
of  .tan,  18th,  181)0,  hut  tumorous  arid  radical  I.'ii'Jfi0l/E',M>F8 
nave  been  made  in  its  construction,  etc. 

.  lh<r  ZMOS,  designed  to  last  but  for  charae,  ore 
’ilut  %n?d'iy^°*  l^a  \<W3;  in., be  tier  mnner 

.  *,t  ^  nZlDE  PTjATKS,  also  dcsirjned  for  OPS  riUAnclorhj.  an 
ooiyoo.  into  one  frames  instead  of  betna  held  to  nilb-ar  bonds 
ana  the  frames  themselves  arc  lima  F/itfrms'mvm  instead  o  f 
/flimr/Tnw/  b°tt>m  °f  '1U-  I;uaIl  frcwi?\is  Provided  with 

. ■  lr°  CUj^j'IC  If/li'AUil  8T1C.  8  are  iHicliOd  in  cans  non  ,a  ininn 
an  exact  charge  (:;.a ticks  J'cnd  arc  HOF  .rr up  ,ed  in  ■■uraf-rtne 
pap:. r  as  uejore,  tans  saving  handling. 

/nt-r  ifL  -,he  ^xL(:“  elates  necessitates  of  course 

/.  ST*  *,0aa  now  tn  uu()’  a}*  sh,J  ■'■^Kfaeturon 
unt to  futnisn  unese  upon  orders,  churn  inn  for  >.bm  list 

o,/CVSjt\  ct;c(lu  }n  full,  !,.8J  FI diicilT,  upon  cdf 

oia  style  to  be  exchanged  therefor. 

0,  .  J2S}!T  n  °T  K°6'  '  jA  “mount 

oh  fiatie  batteries  will  do,  yet  from  ACTUAL  FX- 

1E2KI&&  °f  *•«  -  •"*  «  «*« 

/  iJ  bnportant  to  obtain  perfect  results  to  follow  in¬ 
structions  sent  it' it  a  each  batten/. 

.  .  }f  cheaper  than  the  old  battery  and  at  ate  say's 

time  inf  initely  llOllfl  EFFICIENT,  ' 

i'/e  therefore  rccommd  our  customers  to  order  new 
frames  for  batteries  which  they  have,  and  uijon  receipt  of 

CIRCULAR  LETTER  #  48,  —2. 

same  return  the  old  style  frames  together  with  all  such 
used  up  oxides  and  zincs  as  they  have  on  hand.  The  credit 
allowance  for  these  latter  would  probably  more  than  cover 

oldeones0rre^el  6h*  nm  g00ds  sanb  out  bhe 

Yours  very  truly, 






Samuel  Insull,  Esq., 

#  16  d  18  Broad  St.,  City. 
Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  been  looking  up  the  matter  of  stock  of 
graphophones  on  hand,  and  beg  to  say  that  we  have  something 
over  three  thousand,  and  I  find  that  the  sale  of  these  ma¬ 
chines  at  $125.  to  the  public  would  net  us  about  $200,000* 

I  therefore  suggest  that  you  mill  kindly  bring  this  matter 
before  Mr.  Edison  and  ask  him  to  consent  to  our  placing  this 
machine  at  that  price,  being  $25.  less  than  the  phonograph  is 
sold  for,  as  it  would  be  impossible  in  my  opinion  for  us  to 
sell  entm,  higher  price.  You  can  readily  see  that 

this  amount  of  stock  turned  into  cash  would  be  of  eno-rmous 
benefit  to  the  enterprise,  and  I  sincerely  trust  that  Mr. 
Edison  will  give  us  his  consent. 

Will  you  kindly  take  this  matter  up  at  once,  as  we 
desire  to  send  out  statements  to  the  Local  Companies  on 
Monday  afternoon  at  the  latest,  so  that  they  may  all  be  pre¬ 
pared  for  the  placing  of  the  machines  on  sale  on  the  15th 
of  this  month,  as  per  Resolutions  of  the  Executive  Committee , 
passed  Dec.  3rd,  1890. 

Your  early  attention  will  oblige. 

Yours  very  truly. 



New  York  Oity,  December  13,  1890. 

ar  Mr.  Bdisoi 

f,nln  9  Re  Phonograph  Matters.  Mr.  Bush  and  I  waited  for  you 

{srfrrS  trsrs - 

t.,;  e™phowonr“  'J590'000-  5"»h  *»«  1.  $200,000  TOP 

(2)  The  income  of  the  N.A.P.Co.  does  not  now  nav  oft*  to 

I3f  ™h*B nn  trz-. 

will  fo  to  r)ieces°b°dR  Wvm  PUt  Up  any  more  morieY»  andthe  Comnany 

go  to  pieces#  Bush  savs  +im+  t.  a  »  ~  J 

$600,000  m  hard  cash.  1  *0W  °Ut  of  pocket  over 

if  l  ‘S)  B^Sh  SayS  that  your  Note  due  next  month  will  be  peia 

L-  J“' ia  *  »*«•  »«■>«- 

out  to  tvJf}  13VSh  “naz?d  me  by  sayinfi  that  notices  had  been  sent 
next  MonSa,  J  companies  for  them  to  begin  to  sell  phonographs 
the  nickel  ^lot  R  \  °f  th9  amount  of  work  1  have  done  to  put 

not  let  me  Sow  J^"88?  °n  a  fi™  baSiS  1  re^et  that  you  did 
not  let  me  know  that  sales  were  to  be  made.  When  a  man  4  _  j, .  „ 

mvllxha  aPartiCUlar  SUbjSCt*  and  Bivins  thoughf\o  it  as  shown  bv^ 

himSSaS T  1'eP01't  t0  y°U  °f  November  I2>  ^  it  not  well  to  keep 

control  Uni5 }  Pat??ts  of  leaver's  nickel  slot  Company  are  not 
If  ma°hines  are  sold  on  Monday,  they  can  be  used 
for  nickel  slot  purposes  by  the  public.  But  S  J  £S  only  known 

Si.:;.r£?soiti!;!hth?t  machines  to  be 
? “mo.fSt*;  ‘T  “ ray  f°-  d°inB  «■«  m si;  »oSv'“  ' 

r; H — -h »  ~  »f 

too  SS  ySt  “  1  ™  *“”  11  Mi  l»vo  teen  ,av„l.  j.  a 

Very  truly  yours, 



Dear  Mr'.  Edison: 



^  Re  Ph°nosraph  Matters  .  I  beg  to  sav  that  late 

afternoon  Mr.  Bush  called  on  me  and  stated  that  the  A.P.E.Ex.  Co. 
had  commenced  a  suit  here  in  the  B.S. Circuit  Court  to  resign  the 
N.A.P.Co.  from  authorizing  phonographs  to  be  sold,  and  had  obtained 
a  temporary  injunction  from  Judge  Wallace.  The  hearing will 
LreV  nC?o^the  ?9th.ienSt‘  BUSh  sa*s  «»*  *he  tapers  l lie  pre- 
Tn  ll  VCltTn  a  The  A-P*Ex-  c°-  save  a  bond  of  §5000 

inJronct ion.  The  bondsmen  were  Charles  A.  Cheever  and? 
sujtS  Evans*  Mr«  Kitchen  is  the  attorney  of  record  in  the 

,  .  ,  ,  .  The  wh°le  fieht  relates  to  the  use  of  phonograps  for 

nickel  slot  purposes.  That  question  could  easily  have  been  arranged 
last  week  to  everybody's  satisfaction.  I  have  speubtime  and 

gSf  and  y°U  had  infomed  me  of  what  was 

+  Iff*  that  Phonographs  were  to  be  sold,  I  could  have  fixed 

the  whole  thing  up,  if  you  wished  it  fixed.  it  is  possible  to 

terri°oriaiiv  ph<jn"eraphs  in  su°h  a  way  as  to  restrict  their  u.e 
poses!  restrict  their  use  as  regards  nickel  slot  pur- 

this  S1,1+  ?U!h  a!^S  m®  t0  advise  with  him  in  connection  with 

this  suit  for  an  injunction.  I  declined  to  do  so  until  I  could 

the  a  p  v  h0lP  lamentinS  that  the  bright  projects  of 

the  A, P.E. Co .  have  been  emperilled  needlessly,  as  it  seems  to  me. 

J  sl?a11  send  a  copy  of  this  letter  to  Mr.  Insull  anri 
waiting  your  further  instructions,  1  remain,  insull,  and 

Very  truly  yours, 

Thomas  A. Edison,  Esq. 



Y'n . t  dyu/^C  M 

J - ^  tlfty  ttfj 

,2  dLerv^A  lAjo^w^l 
&^e...&  t 

2T " 

b-v^  “‘"'^'•‘"r  “y  i 

a.Lr.  Lr-Ti,  i^p  •'- 

5  ■ 



,Yo  SI 

OBFirGH  0B 

^Phe  I|©pfefo  flFFiepi©an  E)h@n©§paph  G©., 

and  Jesse  &  Liippin©©fefe,  §©Ie  licensee  ©f  fefya 

JlFnepiaan  (ap©ph@ph©ne  G©., 

p  o.  BOX  2592  l60’  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

IKew  TJork, . Dec. . 1.6th, . 'ISQO. 

To  the  Phonograph  Companies, 

Gentl  men:- 

We  have  this  day  fo  rwarded  to  you  tel¬ 
egram  as  follows:*. 

'  *  Outing  to  1  ijtigatiqniinstttuted  by.  Automatic 

Phonograph  Company  and  injimctionyserved upon  us,  we  request 
you  to  refrain  from  any  a  at  i  on zmder^bvntci  rcular  # 49  re¬ 
lating.  to  sale  of  machines  until  further: advised  by  us,”- 

We  hereby  beg  to  confirm  said  ^telegram. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Mr.  Tate,-  December  18,  1890. 

Do  you  desire  me  to  repiy  to  the  attached  letter 
m  accordance  with  Mr.  Edison's  notes  in  addition  to  writing  to 
Mr.  Instill  what  you  dictated  this  morning? 



•yjlcw  Dan. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Bear  Sir: 

Re  Phonograph  Matters.  I  beg  to  acknowledge  the 
receipt  of  your  telephone  message  in  reply  to  my  second  letter  of 

srr;  JSJK  JS  -  s  S.SS  rrdu  \  ^ 
r^r,r  -ir 

„?r  £L*’££s£jLe^;  “ss 

matter  ha.  taker,  all  of  .hloh  mJefS  hay.  t™”»  1,  "  ' 

t°T,  *°  d?  »w  “™  •'■■•yrf:  it,  anless  ,o,”  pe^oAaf  to. 
terests  require  it,  and  you  direct  me  to. 

With  best jjfi'shes,  I  remain. 

Very  truly  yours. 

Srnu.  £•?  *• 



W  UJ 

i.l  o 

L-iun .  ■iA’yw? 




A  single  record  cylinder  capable  of  receiving  and  reproducing 
vocal  sounds  as  v/ell  as  the  present  one, and  to  which  a  dictation 
covering  a  period  of  at  least  ten  minutes  could  be  made.  Non- 
breakable  i.e, sufficiently  tough  or  elastic  to  stand  ordinary  usage, 
such  as  falling  over  on  its  side  or  dropping  a  short  distance  on  to 
a  carpeted  floor  without  breaking.  They  should  also  be  uniform  in 
their  character, both  as  to  length  and  kind  of  reproducing  surface  and 
not  liable  to  give  scratchy  records.  Another  point  in  connection 
with  the  cylinders, which  is  as  important  as  any, is, that  the  price  to 
the  public  should  be  made  as  cheap  as  possible. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  North  American  Phonograph  Company  - 
Subsidiary  Sales  Companies  (D-90-59) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  affairs  of  various  regional  sales  companies  under  contract  with  the 
North  American  Phonograph  Co.  Included  are  an  annual  report  of  the 
Metropolitan  Phonograph  Co.  and  correspondence  about  the  use  of  the 
phonograph  in  the  printing  industry  and  about  the  development  of  a  nickel-in- 
the-slot  device  by  the  Colorado  and  Utah  Phonograph  Co.  There  are  also 
many  letters  by  Edward  D.  Easton,  president  of  the  Columbia  Phonograph  Co., 
concerning  technical  problems  and  improvements  in  the  phonograph. 

Approximately  70  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  regarding  financial  transactions,  requests  for  employment 
advertising,  and  other  promotions  of  the  phonograph;  letters  of  transmittal.  ’ 

annual  report  op  the  metropolitan  phonograph  company, 

for  the  year  ending  January  1st,  1890. 

The  amount  of  Capital  Stock  of  the  Metropolitan 
|  Phonograph  Company  is  one  million  dollars,  of  which 
$998000.  has  been  issued  in  payment  for  franchise  of  Patent 
:  Rights,  and  other  property  necessary  for  its  business. 

The  amount  of  the  existing  debt  of  the  Company  does 
not  exceed  Two  thousand  five  hundred  dollars,  as  far  as  can 
'  be  asce  rtained. 

I  Dated  January  11th,  1890. 

Chas.  A.  Cheever, 


Chas.  A.  Cheever 
John  L.  Martin 
James  B.  Metcalf 
Joseph  S.  Auerbach 
J.  J.  Gunther 
Felix  Gottschalk 

Maj  ority 
of  the 

City  and  County  of  New  YoWc:  ss. 
j  Charles  A.  Cheever  being  duly  sworn,  says  that  he 

1  is  the  President  of  the  Metropolitan  Phonograph  Company, 

J  and  that  the  foregoing  report  is  true  to  the  best  of  his 
i'|  knowledge,  information  and  belief. 

Chas.  A.  Cheever. 

Sworn  before  me  this 
13th  day  of  January, 1890. 


Willard  L,  Candee. 

Notary  Public, 
Kings  Co. 

Cert. filed  in  N.  Y.  Co. 

Otvi^C  J&tr—  '  '  —  J 


‘  ,v/  •  • 


y  .  ^  y  y  *  y.  ' — 


^  ‘■i-'-r  /v  f  t  7L  -*  • 




San  Francisco,  Cal.  Apl*18,1890. 

A.  0. late.  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Tate: 

There  is  an  old  saying  that  it  is  exceedingly  bad 
taste  to  look  a  gift  horse  in  the  mouth;  but  thaoc  Major  McLaughlin 
brought  back  two  or  three  phonograph  dolls--one  of  whieh  he  gave 
to  Jack  Wright  of  Sacramento,  and  this  has  stirred  me  up  to  remind 
eieu  of  your  promise  to  me,  which  I  suppose — in  the  mnltiplieity  of 
your  duties— you  have’  forgotten. 

What  a  lot  of  tahgled  conferences  you  mast  have  had  over  the 
nickel  phonograph  business,  and  wouldn't  I  have  had  a  long  holiday 
if  I  had  waited  for  the  termination  of  the  business  as  they  sug» 
gested  when  I  was  there?  From  What  Cheever  now  writes  me,  I 
Judge  that  the  thing  will  be  amicably  arranged  very  soon,  and  X 
trust  it  may  be  so,  for  there  is  certainly  money  in  the  business. 

G>..Cer<./y.  ^  Cq 

I  enclose  you  herewith  linotype  letter 
which  I  have  received  from  Cl ephane .together  with  a  letter  received 
by  him  from  the  Baltimore  Agency  of  the  Clolumbia  Phonograph  Co. 

I  send  these  to  you  for  your  information  When  do  you  think  you 
can  look  at  the  linotype  machine? 

Yours  very  truly, 

Thomas  A.  Edison, Esq., 

Orange,  NewJerseyi 

Encs .1.2. 




Judge  Euilding,  110  Fifth  Avenue. 

Your  kind  favor  of  30th  inst.  received.  In  view  i 
fact  of  Mr.  Edison’s  absence  1  suppose  we  will  have  to  determine  upci 
e  day  next  week  ns  the  time  for  his  visit. 

sverul  newspaper  men  to  whom  I  have  shown  the  Phonograph  working  i 
lection  with  the  Linotype,  have  become  very  enthusiastic  over  it;  they  st 
i  they  now  see  a  way  of  relieving  themselves  from  the  grasp  of  the  Unioi 
i  “reader”  can  give  all  directions  on  the  Phonograph  as 
mgement,  spelling  of  proper  names,  etc.,  'and  thus  they  be  enabled  to  m 
3,  or  other  unskilled  labor. 

enclose  yon  letter  of  Mr.  Cromlein.  The  circulur  letter  to  which  lie  refe: 
letter  I  addressed  to  Mr.  Devine,  printed  on  the  linotype.  I  sent  a  cop 
Ir.  Easton,  and  a  few  others. 

lease  let  me  know  a  day  in  advance  if  possible  the  time  of  Mr.  Edison 

(Dictated  to  Phonograph  and  Transcribed  on  Linotype  Machine.) 




Baltimor^-^d^-gun^r^jbh^ ’ 90 . 
JUL  2  1890 

Ar.s’d . is 

I  have  just  seen  your  circular-letter  in  relation  to 
the  contemplated  new  type  of  Phonograph,  which  was  handed  me  temporari- 
ily  for  suggestions  etc.  Won’t  you  do  me  the  kindness  to  let  me 
have  a  copy? 

This  is  the  best  talking  machine  news  I’ve  heard  for  months, 
and  if  you’re  not  "drawing  the  long  bow"  would  seem  to  leave  nothing 
undone.  I  congratulate  you. 

Please  send  me  a  copy  or  two  as  soon  as  possible,  as  there 
are  several  things  simmering  in  my  mind  in  the  way  of  phonographic 
necessities,  and  I  should  like  to  make  it  a  study  for  the  next  few 
weeks.  With  kind  personal^  regards,  believe  me 

Yours  very  truly, 

Mr.  James  0.  Clephane, 

Judge  Building,  N.  Y 

My  dear  sir: 



Atchison,  Topkka  &  Santa  Fk  Railroad  Co.  Dictated. 

Topeka,  Kansas,  July  3,  189  0. 

Messrs.  Barber  &  Cantrell, 

Colorado  Phonograph  Co.,  Denver,  Colo. 


Will  you  please  inform  us  what  progress  you  are  malting 
with  the  slot  machine  appliance.  Are  your  plans  formulated  and 
can  you  tell  us  what  you  want  to  do?  Also  give  us  what  advise  you 
can  as  to  the  opinion  of  your  attorney  with  regard  to  the  status 
of  the. patents  in  connection  with  a  possible  conflict  between 
yourselves  and  the  Automatic  Slot  Machine  Company  of  New  York. 
Kindly  address  your  letter  on  this  sub.iect  to  Mr.  S.  a.  Ott,  as  the 
writer  of  "this  note  who  had  the  pleasure  of  meeting  you  in  Chicago 
will  bo  absent  from  the  City  for  some  little  time.  It  may  be  of 
mutual  interest  that  you  give  us  as  full  information  as  possible. 

We  particularly  desire  to  know  how  you  propose  to  work  this  deal. 

Yours  faithfully, 

Ph*.0  Ct>, 




NOTH— This  confirm 

of  Person  Sending. 

me  of  Person  Receiving. 

-JaJfcl . _ 

/b-  LSZ 

From  whom  received: 

To  whom  sent:  '*  3-JZL^CC; 

s9  0 

of* — ■/ < 9CIsUA-**Jl£>  _ 

@4dU*i/LNJT>  ~£> - zry-fie-r 


0\kj  Q-  < 

<?.  l/fyv^tP^S  ~ 


16  Broad  St • ,  New  Yorl 

I  -l-ASl  address  REPLY  10 

10  &  IS  BROAD  STREET. 

Thomas  A. Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 


■  fc*  * 


1  enclose  you  herewith  the  priginal\ofa  letter 
I  have1  received  from  J.O.Clephane,  toget^r^wi^h  skhle 
by  him  from  Mr.Eastman  of .  the  Columbia  Ponograph  Co., 

Yours  tral v.  v 

v  letter  received 

.  >  i  p  •  n$-  ..'i-T;,  ( Cu- 

“*4  ^ 




t;he  mergenthaler  printing  company 


Baltimore  Office;  12 

rn  Charles  Street. 

Wilmington,  'Del..  Office,  820  Market  St 



/if-?  free 

»l  Office,  627  E  Street,  N. 

July  8th,  1890. 

Mr*  James  0.  Clephane, 

Care  of  Mergenthaler  Printing  Company, 

The  Judge  Building, 

New  York  City. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Clephane.*- 

•  As  we  have  no  intimation,  other  than 
from  yourself,  of  an  improved  phonograph,  I  send  you  herewith  a  few 
rough  notes  of  objections  to  the  present  machine,  which  in  our 
opinion  should  be  overcane.  Will  you  kindly  forward  them  to  Mr. 
iiaison  or  vrherever  else  you  please* 


It  is  of  the  utmost  importance  that  a  convenient  stop  aid 
start,  the  same  to  be  used  both  by  dictator  and  transcriber  A1 

v  4sh0^d  be  Wished  at  once.  This  is  the  most  serious  drawback  6 
in  the  commercial  use  of  the  present  machine.  We  think  the  ideal 
f“?p  fl"?  “^St  b®  throueh  st°PPing  and  starting  the  cylinder; 
and  that  if  dependence  is  placed  upon  raising  and  lowering  the 
da iphragm  the  result  will  never  be  as  satisfactory.  Too  much 
emphasis  cannot  be  laid  upon  the  necessity  for  immediate  atten¬ 
tion  to  this  point.  • 


Thf  governor  and  motor  brushes  require  considerable  attention 

atoirSv80  p0nS^nS  \h!Vr9  in  perf6Ct  oondition  the  motor  works 
admirably.  Possibly  their  operation  can  be  simplified.  A  stdp- 

bSLST  ?laG!d  “  the  motor>  t0  Prevent  it  being  turned  . 

backward.  The  turning  backward  of  the  motor  by  careless  subscrib¬ 
ers  injures  the  brushes. 


Sdns*e  moven8nt  should  be  provided  to  close  and  look  the  gate 
inst  ead  of  two,  as  at  present  s 


th®  be®innine.  practical  users  of  both  phonograph  and 
. graphophone  have  earnestly  called  for  a  little.  bell£to  bes  so 


Baltimore  Office:  12  North  Charles  Street. 

wnqton,  Del.,  Office,  826  Market  St 




Principal  Office,  627  E  Street,  n.  W.,  Washington,  D.  c., 

placed  on  the  machine  as  to  warn  the  dictator  when  he  is  nearing 
the  end  of  the  cylinder.  Every  practical  user  will  appreciate 
this  point,  which  can  be  readilfr  met  at  slight  expense.. 


It  would  be  a  great  advantage  if  the  side  adjustment  of  the 
reproducer  were  done  away  with  and  the  action  of  that  mechanism 
were  automatic.  A  very  annoying  feature  of  the  present  machine 
is  the  constant  tinkering  of  the  adjusting  screw  . 


It  is  suggested  that  if  a  phonograph  could  be  made  which  was 
cheap  portable,  simple  and  only  adapted  to  correspondence  by 
mail,  and  this  machine  were  sold,  it  would  have  an  immense  use. 
Such  provision  would  have  to  be  made,  however,  as  would  prevent 
its  use  for  purposes  other  than  correspondence. 


The  hundred  thread  screw  should  be  protected.  It  is  now 
exceeding  liable  to  injury  because  of  its  exposed  situation. 

Other  suggestions  will  be  made  and  forwarded  as  they  occur. 

Our  first  nickle  in  the  slot  phonograph  is  averaging°little 
over  three  dollars  per  day,  in  the  Ebbitt  house  drug  store'.We 
are  very  enthusiastic  over  this  branch  of  the  business. 

Sincerely  yours, 

.Si  < 1 

South  Dakota  Phonograph  Company, 


Sioux  Falls,  South  Dakota, 

July  15th,  1890. 

Denver  Phonograph  Company, 

Denver,  Colorado. 

Gentlemen: —  We  are  in  receipt  of  a  communication  from  Mr. 

M.  S.  Linsley  of  Omaha,  stating  that  you  have  perfected  a  nickle-in- 
the-slot  machine  to  he  attached  in  some  manner  to  the  Phonograph  and 
which  is  so  made  and  so  connected  that  it  does  not  violate  af  any  of 
the  provisions  of  the  contract  with  the  North  American  Company. 

Now,  if  you  have  such  a  machine  we  should  lie  very  glad  ,  as  Mr. 

Linsley  suggests,  to  have  your  agent  call  upon  us  and  ascertain  all 
we  can  regarding  the  same,  regarding  your  patents  ,  and  etc.  We 
wish  to  ask  whether  these  machines  are  ready  for  the  market,  whether 
patents  have  been  secured  upon  same,  or  simply  applications  for  patents 
Also  what  provision  you  have  made  to  protect  parties, who  purchase 
from  you  or  lease  from  you, in  the  manner  of  infringement,  what  guar¬ 
antee  €o  you  give  to  protect  those  who  use  your  instruments  against 
conflicts  in  the  patent  office,  etc.?  When  will  you  be  ready  to  re¬ 
ceive  orders,  and  how  soon  can  you  supply  orders  given  and  in  what 
quantites?  How  large  a  number  of  machines  could  you  furnish?  We 
should  like  to  see  one  <StjL the  machines  and  see  it  operate  before  we 

lookinS  to  a  consignation  of  a  contract. 

Iphonogr.'F:;1-'  Yours  very  truly, 






'  •''y*  .  /  <  Alwwa 

'• @7  /Jcob 



4 e^w  W 

yna  oA^rxy  'Cy.  Yttdsl/  Ay  #U<r»w£s  f^f/coay,/ 

syfy/  ^ htfprurt. 

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/  cm 

M  t*ntW  (Hi/ 

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yu  /yiocAy^  J t  f/uftft/ >J  y/y 

fe¥  'Q  '^ttc/u-'L  k/  /fd  /£  4 

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Myyyy  .  ^y//y7 j 

yu.  <j2Ct-y^. 

CtsfLO  £(-6Cv'Cau/  / 

I  enclose  you  herewith  copy  of  a  letter  I 
have  received  from  E.D.Easton.of  thetfolumbia  Phonograph  Company. 

I  have  written  this  gentleman  today  stating, that  if  he  is  lia- 
tie  to  be  in  New  York  within  the  next  week  or  so, I  would  arrange 
for  him  to  see  you  at  your  laboratory. 

'J*  my  mind, he  is  the  most  intelligent  nan  in  the  Phonograph 
business, and  I  am  sure  you  would  be  very  glad  to  meet  him, and  the 
Interview  would  certainly  be  profitable , as  he  is  sure  to  harlots 
of  suggestions  to  make. 

I  will  write  you  again  as  soon  as  1  hear  from  him  again. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Thomas  A.  Edison, Esq., 

Orange  ,New  Jersey . 


Mr.  Samuel  Insull, 

16  &  18  Broad  St., 
New  York  City. 

Dear  Sir;- 

July  26Jhh,  1890o 

“ or  “*  18>  -  *** ^ 

:™°  -  -  -  .»ee.. 

oul,  H  '  M”‘°”  “  S“,ral  h*"  “*1  «  **»  •«!»  .«,*» 

^  ba  —»»,.*,  m4ma.  UeMw  ^  . 

"  ""  11  "«  -  “  -•  — «  ~,0 
““0V*"ei  “d  *  h“a'  «  “**  «.  «. 
—h  or  .ho  ».*,  i.  in  al„0.lo„  rf  „.tt.r 


The  one  hundred  or  two  hundred  tJread  screw,  wherever  il 
±S>  P9rhaPS  °Ueht  t0  *•  Protected  by  a  o^er.  On  thelPre3ent 
phonograph  it  is  exposed  to  all  sorts  rf  accidents. 

On  the  present  phonograph,  Jhe  motor  and  governor 
mechanism  are  in  sight  and  give  an  appearance  of  complication  to 
the  machine  which  it  does  not  desarve.  it  might  be  well  to  con¬ 
ceal  this  mechanian,  and  yet  have  the  arrangement  ,at,^that  &,£g»'-. 


pairer  could  readily  get  at  the  parts. 

The  most  serious  obj  action  to  the  present  phonograph, 
for  ooiJDiereial  purposes,  ia  its  stop  and  start  mechanism.  That  I 
have  already  referred  to.  I  should  place  it  at  the  }*ad  of  the 
list,  ' 

The  basinet-:,  ase  of  th»  -Wv-xuri, 

--  •  xu  t as  tw-rito ry 

is  constantly  extending  and  ?re  fin:;.  „,u,.h  «^nr.  -  —  - 


YOUrs  Snay, 


ident  of  the  Columbia  Phonograph  Company. 

This  man  was  the  strongest  opponent  of  the  Phonograph, prior 
to  the  Chicago  Convention.  !  would  remind  you  of  w  tell- 

iag  you  that  he  was  the  man  that  we  wanted  to  catch, and  I  thought 
what  he  would  see  in  Chicago, would  of  itself  catch  him. 

You  will  see  from  this  letter, that  the  Devil  is  not  quite  as 
black  as  he  is  painted.  I  think  that  we  can  nuke  an  awfully 

good  fViend  of  East  on,  and  that  is  one  reason  why  I  wanted  you  to, 
see  him  on  Friday  or  Saturday.  I  think  that  if  we  establish 
Proper  relations  with  will  mean  the  more  rapid  suppress¬ 
ion  of  the  Graphophone  Factory.  This  of  itself, is  of  very  great 
importance  to  us. as  manufacturers  of  talking  machines. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Thomas  A.  Edison, Esq., 
Orange, N.J. 

Eno .3. 


Baltimore  Office:  12  North  Charles  Street. 




August  1,  1890. 

Mr.  Samuel  Insull, 

No.  16  Broad.  Street. 
New  York  City. 
My  dear  Sir: 

,  Office,  826  Market  Street. 

E  l;  V  EO 

Your  esteemed  favor  of  July  29th  reached  this  office  during  my 
absence.  I  am  spending  part  of  each  week  with  my  family  in  Bergen 
County,  New  Jersey. 

If  you  will  name  a  day  in  the  latter  part  of  next  week  when 
you  and  Mr.  Edison  are  likely  to  be  at  liberty  for  the  conference  & 
which  you  refer,  I  shall  be  happy  to  come  on  and  talk  with  you.  I 
am  anxious  to  do  everything  possible  for  the  comnerclal  success  of 
the  Phonograph,  and  sincerely  trust,  after  the  now  machine  is  out 
it  will  be  able  to  stand  for  years  without  material  alteration.  1 
The  present  instrument,  plus  a  better  stop  and  start,  would  live 
forever  in  the  business  world;  nevertheless,  a  much  larger  field 
can  be  taken,  and  with  much  less  intelligent  effort  on  the  part  of 
the  Phonograph  Companies,  if  the  mechanism  is  simplified  anfl  im¬ 

I  thank  you  for  your  kind  invitation  to  talk  with  Mr.  Edison 
and  I  shall  esteem  it  a  privilege  to  do  so. 

Tours  truly 

Ebis9n  Laboratory. 


Ebison  Laboratory. 




/  jblw  farftlAJ  On^a-Aju  JUA cl CtaeAAAJlAjJ^ 

J!hjj  JcU/AAclcUf/ 

jthAj  (S.fl 


S’  <6  rci  Q> 

f-Atj  Ebis0n  Lab0rat6ry. 


#0^  ' 


NOTH— This  confirmation  shoul 

be  assumed  to  i 

be  correct  unless  advised  to  the  coin 

trary  by  telephone. 

'  . . 

Name  of  Person  Sending. 

Name  of  Person  Receiving. 


V  Date. 

. ' . Randolph . 

. Chatterton . 

. 2...  3.0 . 

. August . 8  th,  1.39/Jp 

From  whom  received ;  Mr.  Randolph 

To  whom  sent: 

Mr.  Insull 

Message  from  Mr.  Haines  to  Mr.  Edison. 


"Mr. Insull  has  not  yet  paid  in  his  subscription  to  Fahnestock  &  Co., 
#2  Wall  Street.  He  promised  to  pay  it  last  Monday.  Is  there  any 
way  by  which  I  can  be  paid  tomorrow  morning." 

Has  Mr.  Insull  ahy.thing  to  say  before  I  show  this  message  to  Mr. 

Edison  Laboratory. 

. (2d&i 0 


. . QAAJ2AAJ&. u . NAy\j . 

Idexudi. . jstml. . :UL . £*!*_ . deand^ 

T1)C  t^entUcky®^pL}onogi*apl)  ^onjpapy, 

No.  246  FIFTH  STREET. 




(Zc^r  — yr-1^4 

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&£Zr->t'X-  yy'n^  ^  y?  *  'y .  c^l  | 

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i  y?jy^jy/C-  .  ,*  y/^ -y^^rz  '/z  s? 

y£-^>~  ^-2_  syc^*  <ut^p 

Gen’l  Manager. 

3altimore  Office:  12  North  Charles  Street* 

h,  Del*,  Office:  826  Market  Street. 



August  20,  1890, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir: 

Will  you  kindly  add  to  the  memorandum  I  gave  you  when  we  last 
talked  about  the  Phonograph',  the  following  additional  points: 


There  should  be  a  single  record  bleak,  to  contain  two  thousand 
or  more  words. 


One  of  the  leading  objections  to  the  use  of  the  Phonograph  is 
that  it  is  difficult  to  identify  records.  All  look  alike.  If 
there  was  alplace  in  or  on  the  cylinder  where  numbers  could  be  writ¬ 
ten  and  subsequently  rubbed  off;  or,  better  still  if  there  was  pro¬ 
vision  for  making,  conveniently,  an  abstract  of  contents  it  would 
be  a  great  help,  A  strong  pcint  with  the  Graphophone  cylinder  is 
that  one  can  write  on  the  inside  enough  to  identify  it.  It  will 
not  do  to  have  the  identifioatibn  apart  from  the  cylinder.  It 
should  be  upon  the  cylinder.  For  this  reason  the  numbering  of 
posjis  upon  which  cylinders  are  to  stand  does  not  completely  fill 
the  bill. 


There  is  evident  need  of  a  better  method  of  cleaning  cylinders 
than  the  present  brush  in  the  hands  of  the  average  user.  If  it  is 
possible  to  have  the  cleaning  done  automatically  it  would  be  a  de¬ 
cided  gain. 

We  have  very  pleasant  recollections  of  our  recent  visit;  and 
shall  be  glad  to  come  again  at  any  time  if  we  can  be  of  the  slight¬ 
est  service  in  helping  to  forward  the  wotk  so  closely  at  heart;. 

Yours  trjtly 

PbfKb  -  Caa  - 

c.  j-.  com i7 of?  r. 

•Vilrniiitri<i]i.  .  .  x.  < 
j\-4>  'Exclusive  Dealer  t 


Mr.  Thomas  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 


Wilmington,  N, 

August  30th,  1890. 

I  hope  you  will  pardon  my  boldness  in  addressing  you, 
but  my  great  interest  in  the  Phonograph  and  its  future  success  is 
my  apology. 

Some  time  ago  X  was  appointed  by  the  Old  Domini on-'Phori- 
ograph  Co.  of  Roanoke, Va.  their  Resident  Manager  for  this  section 
of  the  country ,  and  have  quite  recently  returned  from -a  trip  to 
the  principal  Eastern  Phonograph  Companies  where  I  went  to  become  - 
posted  as  to  the  Phonograph. 

I  find  the  introduction  of  the  machine  for  practical  and  com¬ 
mercial  purposes  in  this  locality  uphill  work,  and  ildesire  to 
boom  them  by  reporting  -  if  possible  -  the  sermons  of  the  Rev. 

Sam  Jones  who  will  hold  a  great  religious  meeting  hero- during  the  .. 
latter  part  of  next  month  (September  25th  ),  and  my  object  in 
writing  you  is  to  ascertain  if  I  cannot  obtain  from  you  [a  pair  •• 
of  sensitive  diaphrams  for  the  purpose  just  referred  to.'  j  ain 
willing  to  pay  a  reasonable  price  for  them.  X  have  been  exper¬ 
imenting  with  the  ordinary  diaphram,  but  find  I  must  speak  a  little 
too  loud  for  meeting  work.  ">  ..  • 

I  have  the  Treadle,  Water-Motor, and  Electric  Motor  patterns' 
of  machines,  and  any  suggestions  that  would  be  useful^ in ’obtaining 
good  results  from  a  sensitive  or  ordinary  diaphram  highly-'  r 
appreciated.  ...  £  •  •  £  £ 

Awaiting  your  will  and  pleasure  as  to  the  above  request.  X-  %  ?- 

remain  .  .;  v  - 

Very  truly  yours, 

A.  W.  OLANOY,  PneoT, 


@/{o.  „  .  ,v  ^  ^ 

Sep.  10th{  1800. 

Colorado  Phonograph  Co.  , 

Denver,  Colo. 

-Gentlemen:  — 

Have  you  ^oti^’ your  automatic  Niciae-in-the-slot,  in  connection 
171  til  the  Phonograph,  v/orking  in  first-class  order.  We  should  be  pl'da'ofe 
ed  to  have  your  agent  call  and  see  uc;  if  you  arqjc^oming  this  way  with  a 
sample  of  your  machines.  As  yet  we  hayo  not  contracted  with  any  Co-' 
and  are  anxious  to  get  the  best  machine  ppssiblo.  lye  wish  to  thorough¬ 
ly  tost  t3liB  device  before  buying  or  contracting;  1/e  desire  to  buy-- 

the  machines  directly  from  the  Companies.  V/ill  not  sign  any  contract* 
for  5  years,  nor  pay  any  percentage. 

Yours  truly. 



A*  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

$3©  I'©te$]|)  liteE&o 

•  I'forffy  American  pj?0no|raf)^  (o  &(>'(<•  ,  p  ) 

Pbe  eAmericar\  ^rajDljojjljone^i 

Sep  tember.  15t  hr  189Q* . ■/<?$ 

vT-  C-  <?">  k.-‘ 

Orange,  N.  j. 

Your  favor  of  Septonber  12th  received.  I  return  the  two  ' 
diaphragms,  as  requested,  with  an  apology  to  Mr.  Edison  for  n>t 
having  reported  dpon  their- merits  before  this-  The  failure  to  do  so 
was  owing  to  my  desire  to  give  them  a  most  thorough  test,  and  which 
I  have  been  prevented  from  do ing  by’cont  inuous  absence  in  New  York 
in  connection  with  the  linotype  and  Phonograph. 'The  teste  that  1 
made  did  not  show  than  to  be  superior  to  the  new  link  diaphragm 
in  point  of  sensitiveness,  but,  as  I  say,  I  was  desirous  of  giving 
further  trials  in  order  to  be  sure  about  this.  They  certainly  gave 
as  good  results  as  the  new  link  diaphragn,  but  a  mumuring  sound, 
acconpanyift/the  reproduction,  which  cbubtlesswas  due  to  the  fact 
of  the  spring  resting  to  a  «a  ight  extent  ’upim  W  wiinderw  ■ 

Eran  the  enclosed  proof,  the  nkrked  portion  of  whioh  I  would 
bo  pleased  if  jou  would  show  to  Mr.  Edison,  you  will  see  I  have 
not  been  idle  in  pushing  forward  the  merits  of  the  Phonogr^h.  Two 
or  three  leading  newspapers  have  already  indicated  an  intention  to 


hem  instead  of  copy. 

Trusting  Mr.  Edison  will  excuse  me  for  my  tardiness  in  this 
matter,  and  wl  th  thanks  to  him  for  his  kindness  in  giving  as  an 
opportunity  to  test  them,  I  remain. 

Very  respectfully, 

P.s.  There  is  no  doubt  that  with  sensitive  disphragns-oven 
the  present  ones,  if  no  better  can  be  had— an  arrangement  made  by 
which  two  ma*  ines  i3*Xb >s  placed  by  the  sane  table  and  run  by  the 
same  motor,  all  the  reporting  now  done  by  ehorthind,  will  b»  done 
by  the  Phonograjih.  . 


Topeka,  Kans.  Sept.  IS,  ldyo. 
Tho  Coin  Control ed  Mechanism  Company, 

Denver,  Colo. 


Your  several  letters  of  the  13th  inst. ,  also  the  shipment 
of  your  three  machines  by  express  have  all  been  received.  As  you 
surmise  we  had  a  special  object  in  having  these  machines  here 
to-day  because  of  the  State  Pair  which  continues  for  four  days. 

We  had  expected  tho  machines  in  tho  cases  ready  for  use,  such  a3 
Mr.  Ott  saw  when  in  Denver  on  the  10th  in3t.  This  not  being  the 
case  it  will  be  difficult  for  us  to  have  cases  made  in  time  to  be 
of  much  service  to  us  during  the  Pair.  Mr.  Lindsay,  whose  rela¬ 

tions  with  your  Company  were  confidentially  related  to  the  writer 
last  Wednesday,  named  $10.00  as  the  price  of  the  machine  together 
with  a  royalty  of  15  per  cent,  of  the  net:  receipts,  and  the  title 
t.o  remain  in  your  Company;  or  $35.00  apiece  if  they  were  purchased 
outright  and  your  Company  retained  no  interest  in  the  not  receipts. 
We  think  that  we  can-make  use  of  quite  a  number  of  your  machines  in 
our  territory,  but  prefer  to  make  the  commission  arrangement  with 
you  at.  the  beginning  until  such  a  time  at  loast  as  we  can  satisfy 
ourselves  as  to  its  thorough  reliability,  and  also  consult  The 
North  American  Phonograph  Company  as  to  the  permission  of  tho  use 
of  this  machine  in  connection  with  the  phonograph,  which  you  are 
undoubtedly  aware  i3  prohibited  in  the  franchise.  We  believe, 
however,  that  this  is  a  mere  matter  of  form  in  order  to  obtain  said 
consent,  and  when  once  the  way  is  clear  we  desire  a  greater  number 
of  the  machinos.  We  wired  you  this  morning  to  withhold  the  ship¬ 
ment  of  the  other  two  machines  ordered  a3  it  would  be  impossible 
for  us  to  malt  o  use  of  them  for  this  special  occasion  referred  to  in 
the  first  part  of  this  letter.  Please  advise  us  by  return  mail 
as  to  the  terms  above  referred  to.  If  you  cannot  consent  to  the 
percentage  arrangement,  as  per  conversation  between  the  writer  and 
Mr.  Lindsay,  we  should  prefer  to  return  two  of  the  machines  at 
least  and  possibly  all  of  them,  as  we  would  hesitate  in  making  the 
purchase  without  having  had  any  writing  from  The  North  American 
Company  that  they  would  permit  us  to  use  them. 

There  is  one  point  in  the  mechanism  that  we  are  not 
entirely  in  the  clear  about,  and  that  is  the  connection  to  be  made 
by  the  wires  to  the  phonograph,  as  the  phonograph  that  we  have  does 
not  seem  to  have  a  place  provided  for  the  attachment  of  these  wires 
One  of  them  appears  to  be  intended  to  slip  over  the  3crew  which 
forms  one  of  the  contacts  with  the  battery.  The  other  end  is 
provided  with  a  small  brass  washer  into  which  a  3crew  ha3  been 
placed  by  your  Company,  but  no  corresponding  place  remains  on  the 
phonograph  wherein  this  screw  can  be  fastened.  An  early  reply  to 
all  tho  foregoing  will  greatly  oblige.  Yours  truly, 


Omaha,  Neb.  Oct.  13,  1890. 

Mr.  Sim  W.  Cantrill, 

Denver,  Colo. 

Dear  Sir: -- 

1  herewith  enclose  you  photographs  of  a 
multiple- tube  arrangement  for  the  nickel-in-the-slot.  The  photographs 
show  two  tubes.  Three,  four  or  more  can  be  used,  but  probably  two 
tubes  in  addition  to  the  one  already  used,  would  be  ample.  Photograph 
No.  1  shows  the  air-tight  valves  closed,  so  no  sound  at  all  is  convey¬ 
ed  through  the  tubes.  No.  2  shows  the  valves  open  ready  for  two  per¬ 
sons  to  hear.  A  nickel  passing  through  the  slot^opens  the  valve.  It 
requires  one  nickel  to  open  each  valve.  The  valves  are  closed  by  the 
carriage  as  it  returns.  It  is  exceedingly  simple  and  a  sure  worker, 
and  it  can  be  placed  on  any  nickel-in-the-slot  machine.  It  is  held  in 
place  by  body  screw  of  phonograph.  It  is  thought  that  this  device 
will  double  the  earnings  of  the  nickel-in-the-slot  phonograph.  It  is 
proposed  to  furnish  this  device  complete  (two  tubes)  for  five  cents 
per  day,  or  SI. 50  per  month,  payable  monthly;  contract  to  continue  for 
one  year.  Orders  can  be  filled  in  about  twenty  to  thirty  days. 


very  truly, 

New  York  City,  No  v.  3rd,  1890. 

Dear  Mr,  Gottschalk: 

Siftoe  I  saw  you  I  have  had  a  talk  with  Mr.  Edison  , 
also  with  Mr,  Btishf  Mr.  Dippincott' s  lawyer)  and  have  received 
copies  o  the  contracts  between  the  N.A.P.Co.  and  the  Illinois 
licensees,  together  with  a  copy  of  the  opinion  of  Witter  &  Kenyon. 
It  turns  out  thstt  after  all  to  have  been  a  long  and  carefully  pre¬ 
pared  document  in  writing. 

Between  now  and  Wednesday  I  hope  to  make  up  my  mind 
touching  our  rights,  and  if  I  do,  I  shall  take  the  liberty” of 
calling  you  up  on  Wednesday  or  Thursday. 

Please  excuse  printed  signature. 

Ve  ry  truly  yours  , 

S.B. .Eaton, 



of  the  American  graphophone  co. 

Dictat  ed. 

The  Coin  Controlled  Mechanism  Company, 
Denver,  Colo. 


B+  ,  01  tJ1G  ult*  is  before  us.  V/« 

^  fi*  11  ,  “8S  be9n  V0ry  desirous  to  obtain  satisfactory  results 
up  our10id«a  bn“S  \iCh  V0U  SSn+'  Ua*  °nly  °ne  of  whicl1  WG  had  sot 

»  zssffjs  thi:: 

i£:  s  b: 


Yours  truly, 



>y . St~ 

yp'l^dLj^,  ^  jUyL^f. 

A cd^rC./^  HO 




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>f  •  J>. 

J*/  -ZS-xJL~*-0-  cC-^~  >/  "^*-'9’ 

1  r,  ,<?  t>  41 

(X^ti^o^a  'txo.  r. . 

The  "Phonograph.  "  'the  "Phonograph-Sraphophc 


s.  W.  Oantril ,  nfin 

Colorado  Phonograph  Co., 
Convor,  Colorado, 
fty  Caar  Cj.r:- 

lov/a,  Coo.  10,  1390. 

v/h-P  wn  mv.v  J  ,u  ;'™c  •>,0,u  opinion  v/:Lth  roforonco  to 

sss  ~"S  ss,, 

aho-ild  ~l'l  :  nU  111,011  0710  laacluno  and 

f.-oni  raonioS  -T'0*1  ?*  "■*»'’*«• 

Bwmfflflfeipa,  fi4» fi  1.;  1;;  ?,'V"  *"*  ■* 



r-lsoo  ((  .whtV  o4i^ iiurpSn"r"!’l  £?  ™  “  $  "*»  |llfm  «• 

Vnry  truly  yourn, 

£t  *  t/l/f 

.  chine  havo".™«n  j,nv9  "Tn  Chloi^p,  m*. 

to *i°n'f  ^  J1  n  °j. oP^-^ion”  ' and 111  ^tbrmf  and  “ „ 
Fp«i  tMt  *7 L*  ,L*;7'T  fi-wMch  onn  v.m  all  at  and  bj.  I 

nAfto  JS^  ss^ 

EE  J  ou  5 

-‘•JictaieU  to  Ph.onograph, 

»/ - QzjJA'.'  -& , 

Coplea  by. _ i?  »  2^ 

[CA.  DECEMBER  19,  1890] 



n,  Del.,  Office:  826  Market  Street. 


Suggestions  Submitted  by  E.  D.  Easton,  of  Washington,  D.  C, 
for  Improvements  in  Phonograph. 



It  is  of  th^dtmost  importance  that  a  convenient  stop  and 

start,  the  same  to  be  used  both  by  dictator  and  tramscriber,  should 

be  furnished  at  once.  This  is  the  most  serious  drawback  in  the 
commercial  use  of  the  present  machine.  We  think  the  ideal  stop, 
and  start  must  be  through  stopping  and  starting  the  cylinder;  and 
that  if  dependence  is  jkced  on  raising  and  lowering  the  diaphragm 
the  result  will  never  be  as  satisfactory.  Too  tfuch  emphasis  can 
not  be  laid  upon  the  necessity  for  immediate  attention  to  this  poin^-. 

v-Jv  ['  ^  THREE  hands  REQUIRED. 

■  1 *rrangement,  the  dictator  is  given  too  much 

work.  One,\|ha»d'\holds  the  mouth-piece,  the  other  hand  manipulates 
the  stop  and- start;  while  a  third  hand  would  be  dSSgb-le  to  handle 
papers, &c.  It  would  be  desirable  to  relieve  users  on  this  point 
if  possible. 

ltimohe  Office:  12  North  Charles  Stre 




The  present  speaking  tube  is  at  least  eight  inches  too  short 
when  used  on  one  of  the  new  typewriter  tables. 


The  governor  and  motor  brushes  require  considerable  attention, 
although  so  long  as  they  are  in  perfect  condition  the  motor  works 
admirably.  Possibly  their  operation  can  be  simplified.  A  stop- 
ball  should  be  placed  on  the  motor,  to  prevent  it  being  turned 
backward.  The  turning  backward  of  the  motor  byfc  careless  subscrb- 
ers  injures  the  brushes. 

It  is  doubtful  whether  a  man,  without  technical  experience, 
can  take  a  motor  Phonograph  to  a  point  where  he  cannot  be  reached 
by  an  expert,  and  run  it  for  a  montli  without  irregularity  of  the 
governor  brushes,  motor,  &c. 


A  single  movement  should  be  provided  to  close  and  lock  the 
gate,  instead  of  two  as  at  present. 


Erom  the  beginning,  practical  users  of  both  Phonogrjih  and  Gra- 
phophone  have  constantly  called  for  a  little  bell  so  placed  on  The 
machine^,  like  the  typewriter,  to  warn  the  dictator  when  he  is 
nearing  the  end  of  the  cylinder.  Every  practical  user  will  appre¬ 
ciate  this  point,  which  can  be  readily  met  at  slight  expense. 


It  would  be  of  great  advantage  if  the  side' adjustment  of  the 

%  • 

Wilmington, .Del.,  Office:  826  M 



reproducer  were  done  away  with  and  the  action  of  that  mechanism 
were  automatic. '  A  verp  annoying  feature  of  the  present  machine  is 
the  constant  tinicering  with  the  adjusting  screw. 



The  hundred  thread  screw  should  be  protected.  It  is  no w 
ceedingly  liable  to  injury,  because  of  its  exposed  situation. 




It  is  suggested  that  if  a  Phonograph  could  be  made  which  was 
cheap,  portable,  simple  and  only,  adapted  to  correspondence  by  mail, 
and  this  machine  were  sold,  it  would  have  an  immense  use.  Pro¬ 
vision  would  however  have  to  be  made  to  prevent  its  use  kjc  for 
purposes  other  than  corr  espondence. 

Theopinion  is  genral  here  that  if  the  entire  mechanism  could 
be  rearranged,  made  much  lighter  and  more  compact  it  would  be  de¬ 
sirable.  The  present  Phonograph  occupies  altogether  too  much 
space,  is  much  too  heavy  and  is  liable  to  create  an  impression  that 
it  is  exceedingly  complicated.  It  might  be  thought  best  in  the 
rearrangement,  to  conceal  the  motbr  and  governor  mechanism,  which 
are  now  in  sight,  and  yet  have  the  arrangement  such  that  an  inspec¬ 
tor  or  repairer  could  readily  get  at  these  parts. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Talking  Doll  (D-90-60) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  accounts,  and  other  documents 
concerning  the  manufacture  and  promotion  of  Edison’s  talking  doll.  Many  of 
the  documents  pertain  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy 
Manufacturing  Co.  There  are  also  letters  about  Edison’s  efforts  to  reorganize 
the  company’s  board  of  directors  and  about  the  sale  of  Edison’s  foreign  patent 
rights  to  the  talking  doll.  Included  also  are  letters  requesting  dolls  or  asking 
for  information  about  them.  Among  the  correspondents  are  Daniel  Weld, 
secretary  of  the  Toy  Manufacturing  Co.;  J.  T.  Spalding,  a  company 
stockholder;  and  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s  attorney.  Some  of  the 
documents  may  be  partially  illegible  due  to  water  damage. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  an  undated  69-page 
booklet  containing  detailed  cost  estimates  for  the  manufacture  of  the  dolls; 
letters  of  transmittal  and  acknowledgement;  meeting  announcements  and 
other  routine  business  correspondence  relating  to  the  Toy  Manufacturing  Co.; 
stock  certificates;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 



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W.  H.  DEAN, 


W.  H.  Dean  Esq., 


Dear  Sir/- 

We  have  your  favour  «t  &  bdg  to  3$ 

to  the  continued  delay  of  tte&mm- 0#  dolls'  Trpri  uMtatffr  I 

Factory,  that  we  are  unable  «M-ch  we  5^ 

this  article.  The  probable  prog*  **  the  ^te-fl^ateV  mil  *$  %  a  pi  eel 
and  as  the  demand  for  the  doll*  ».»tf^  ^tfise>  t0  be  ,4a^ 
it  will  be  some  time  before  mm&a  ro  ! 

The  doll  now  being  **** 

Plated  at  the  time  of  making  * 
to  make  a  cheaper  article  to  meet,  ffmafc 

Onder  thee.  circunsfnM.  «■«*•«» Magfeggi.  «$gte  j 

your  .contract,  thus  fra.*®  mBWM  «M>«.  tal^fe  1 

10,000  della  a  year,  and  a*,l»  to  *»»**»#  fe^gRjfeSStfln^ik  t«el  ’ 
aecnt  tor  Cana*  and  son  tietr  @Sul®  «n  *  lor  I 

»  .Bauer  co-iasion  on  mtmmm* «St*j*t@S *«*»».  J 

Hoping  to  heat  from  yens*  mm  j 


international  ^ragltogltonc  4o., 


.  — 

^c<~^z*£U*~s  <zC^>. 

M  rV  R  a 

1  p  h 

a 2}  oe^ 

.  nn  x  ,  J-aauB  sn°P  order  ror  2  good  speaking 

dolls  to  be  carefully  packed  and  sent  by  express  to  Mrs'*  Henrv 
Villard  No:,  7  East  72nd  Street,  New  York  City. 


c.  u  ^  '>  (/i  £  9  o . . A .a^A jJt^L ./aj 


. d-l/A^Asr' 

EATON  &  LEWIS  /,  ^ table , 


<SUW ^y/TMarch  28,  1890. 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

.  TO  Knn  ,  Re  Batchelor  and  msull  Interest’, .  respectively, 

in  12,500  shares  of  stock  in  E.P.T.Mlf 'g.  Co.  I  beg  to  say  that  Mr 
Tate  wrote  me  on  the  5th  inst.,  asking  me  to  draw  agreements  in  the 
above  matter.  I  did  so,  and  wrote  you  on  the  I8th  inst’.,  asking 
for  further  informaion  about  details.  You  referred  my  said  letter 
to  Mr.  Insull,  and  I  have  received  his  reply,  dated  24th  inst. 
giving  me  the  information  desired.  But  still  another  point  has 
arisen  today,  and  I  have  been  o  bliged  to  write  Mr.  Insull  for  a 
solution  thereof.  On  receiving  his  re  ply,  I  shall  proceed  at 
once  i.o  perfect  the  said  agreement*  and  when  it  was  made  satisfac¬ 
tory,  I  can  duplicate  it  for  Mr.  Batchelor. 

Hoping  the  same  will, .be  satisfactory,  I  remain, 
Very  truly  yours,’  . 

S'. B. Eaton, 

Please  excuse  printed  signature.* 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

Replying  to  your  valued  favor  of  yesterday,  request¬ 
ing  that  in  addition  to  the  agreements  relating  to  the  Batchelor  - 
Insull  interest  in  12,500  shares  of  stock  in  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Toy  Manufacturing  Company,  you  wish  a  third  agreement  drawn  giving 
Mr.  A'.O.Tate  an  interest  of  five  per  centum  therein,  I  beg  to  say 
that  it  shall  have  my  early  attention'. 

The  agreement  of  Mr.  Insull  was  still  further  re¬ 
vised  at'  an  interview  between  him  and  me  on  Sunday  and  was  final¬ 
ly  given  to  the  typewriter  yesterday.  Probably  I  shall  be  able 
to  send  you  a  completed  draft  this  evening.  if  you  approve,  I 
can  immediately  go  on  and  make  contracts  on  the  same  lines  for  Mr. 
Batchelor  and  Mr.  Tate'. 

Hoping  the  above  will  be  satisfactory,  I  remain, 



Very  truly  yours, 

]^Hs°if''p1ioi}ograpIi  Toy  gonjpapy. 

■  •  OFFICE  OF  1 
-K  STREET,  . 


Room  73. 


Dear  Sir:  - 

Your  favor  of  March  29th.,  with  enclosure  was  duly' re¬ 
ceived  and  we  send  you  herewith  the  following  Certificates  of 
Stock  of  this  Company. 

No.  A.  1820  -  -  -  -  A.  B.  Dick  -  -  -  -  200  Shares',  yt^if 

"  *  1821  -  -  -  -  Charles  Batchelor  -130  “  “ 

“  “  1822  -  -  -  Samuel  Insull  -  -  130  * 

“  "  1823  *-  -  -A.  0.  Tate  -  -  1  -  -  65  » 

“  11  1824  -  -  -  -  Thomas  A.  Edison  -  -13,475  » 

14,000  “ 

and  remain 

Yours  very  truly, 

^  CU^aIA  U/tf-ot. 

m yo 

i  '  ■  pBI50N  LABORATORY. 

m . 

W-  (j 


aA^y  cj&(i^ 

/l*‘( — Vi<  .c*i..'*  .YtT*..'/  •  •^•'-'tr  £«r 

Ebison  Laboratory. 


Dear  Sir:- 

I  send  you  herewith  duplicate  copies  of  the 
agreement  between  yourself  and  Mr.  Batchelor,  relating  to  Mr. 
Batchelor’  s  percentage  interest  in  the  stock  of  the  Edison  Phono¬ 
graph  Toy  Manufacturing  Company,  both  of  which  have  been  duly  ex¬ 
ecuted  by  yourself  and  Mr.  Batchelor,  and  are  now  in  proper 
condition  for  final  delivery.  will  you  kindly  deliver  one  to  Mr 
Batchelor,  and  retain  the  other  for  your  private  files. 

Very  truly  yours. 

/£ 0f-dwar/u;a,y\  EQUITABLE) 

- Ap.ril_a±h.,_,.1890 

Ay  fh  1 1 


Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  send  you  herewith  duplicate  copies  of  the  agree* 
ment  between  yourself  and  Hr.  Tate,  relating  to  Mr.  Tate's  per¬ 
centage  interest  in  the  stobk  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Man¬ 
ufacturing  Company,  both  of  which  have  been  d*ly  executed  by  your¬ 
self  and  Mr.  Tate,  and  are  now  in  proper  condition  for  fi¬ 
nal  delivery.  Will  you  kindly  deliver  one  copy  to  Mr.  Tate  and  re¬ 
tain  the  other  one  for  your  private  files'. 


Very  truly  yours. 



■>&'  Utlu-A890 

Thomas  A,  Edison  Esq,, 
Orange,  New  Jersey 
Dear  Sir:- 


I  ft  v  C'  /  2 

I  send  you  herewith  one  copy  of  the  agreement  be¬ 
tween  yourself  and  Mr.  Insull  with  regaid  to  the  latter's  ten  per 
cent,  interest  in  12,500  shares  of  the  stock  of  the  Edison 
Phonograph  Toy  Maiufacturing  Company,  duly  executed  by  Mr.  Insull. 
The  other  copy  has  been  retained  by  to.  Insull  and  this  one  I 
send  you  fbr  filing  along  with  your  other  contracts. 


Very  truly  yours, 



Boston,  Mass'.  April  14th,  1390. 
Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Company, 

Mr',  Benjamin  I”.  Stevens.,  President', 

Dear  Si  r:~ 

Accompanying  please  find  English  Patent,  No.  20,  257,  issued  b 
to  me  December  17th,  1889, for  "Improvement  in  Phonographs,"  together 
with  a  copy  of  the  drawing,  specification,  and  claims'. 

An- application  similar  to  this  was  filed  by  me  in  the  United 
States  Patent  Office  March  7th, 1390, and  i3  serially  numbered  3^3075 
A  similar  application  was  also  filed  by  me  in  the  German 
Patent  Office  a  short  time  later!#- 

I  am  about  to  fide  in  England,  Germany  and  the  United  States, 
a  series  of  applications  covering- a  much  simpler  and  more-econom¬ 
ical  construction  of  the  Phonograph  doll, -but  cannot,  of  course, 
ipafce  public  a  description  of  this,  until-such  applications  have 
been  filedV  ...  ... 

The  above  is  the  information  asked  for  in  your  letter  of  Eeb- 
ruary  13th,  1S90. 

I  desire  to  call  your  attention  to  the  fact  that  the  above 
patent  and  applications  secures  to  me  personally  the  exclusive 
right  to  manufacture  and  sell  in  England,  Germany  and  the  United 
States,  the  doll  now  being  made  for  the- Edison  Phonograph  Toy  - 
Manufacturing  Company,  by  Mr'.  -  Edison-  and  much  more1. 

I- desire.,  also,  to  call  your  attention  to'  the  fact  that  it  is 
new  over  four -months  since  the  making  of  the  agreement  by  which  the 
above  and  all  my  future  inventions  were  to  become  the  property  of 
your  Company,  and  that  agreement  still  remains  unsugned. 

In  view- of  the  fact  that  I  am  expecting  shortly  to  go  away 
from  Boston,,  on  a  somewhat  prolonged  European  tour,  I  beg  leave 
that  you  will  not  further  delay  the- execution  of  this  agreement.- 

(Signed)  W.  Y/>,  Jacques'. 

T»  V 

New  Yoric  City,  April  18,  1890. 

Dear  Mr,  yate: 

I  find  that  the  agreement  you  spoke  of  today  was 
duly  executed  and  I  shall  tomorrow  write  Mr.  Insull  a  letter  ad¬ 
vising  hiny^o  reimburse  Mr;-Edison.  My  recollection  was  that  the 
agreement Nwas  executed  was  one  which  the  Boston  Co,  should  be  a 
paryy  to*  But  I  findthat  we  afterwards  drew  another  agreement 
which  was  executed  by  Mr.  Edison  and  the  Works. 

Please  excuse  printed  signature. 

Very  truly  yours, 


( copy) 

Boston,  Apy.  25th.  1890. 

The  Edison  Phono.  Toy  Mfg.  Co. , 

Boston,  Mass. 

Gentlemen: - 

We  are  having  quite  a  number  of  your  dolls  returned 
to  us  and  should  think  something  was  wrong.  We  have  had  five 

or  six  recently  sent  back  some  on  account  of  the  works  being 
loose  inside,  and  others  won’t  talk  and  one  party  from  Salem  sent 
one  back  stating  that  after  using  it  for  an  hour  it  kept  growing 
failter  until  finally  it  could  not  be  understood.  We  shouM 
like  to  see  somebody  at  once  regarding  this  matter.  Let  Mr. 
Briggs  come  up  and  see  us. 

We  shipped  one  doll  out  to  St.  Joseph,  Mo.  The  party 
returned  it  saying  it  was  not  in  order  and  it  cost  us  somewhere 
about  $1.60  to  get  it  back.  Of  course  all  these  expenses  we 
are  charging  to  your  account  as  we  do  not  feel  that  we  are  to 
blame  in  the  matter  as  we  shipped  the  dolls  as  we  received  them, 
consequently  we. suppose  you  will  bear  us  out  in  this. 

Hoping  somebody  will  come  yp  to  enlighten  us  on  this 
subject  as  to  what  to  do  as  we  dislike  to  send  out  the  dolls 
when  there  are  going  to  be  so  many  returned,  we  remain, 
Respectfully  Yours, 

(signed)  Horace  Partridge  4  Co. 



ST,«,n . 

2L  J" 

/  ,  ■  ^7  7 


T^^CietA-^ ^ A 

xX^AA.  fr^A  Akc^  y.V~V~lA^.  AsrfLtsA^Aip 's^sK/U^Ls 
.  (ZA-sS&X^f/- -frj-j)  y^C^-0  CA^L/  — 

Aa>  — 



. /<jy 


■yJCAy  &6~&>  offa, 

<Tk . f\ 



,ns  S?LSTy  f°U  "am0t  be  here*  Hutchinson  cables  that  Yeo- 
ans  offer,  to  show  him  names  of  underwriters  if  we  will  author 

mse^S^loV60”^?  na^°  bS  Cablea  *«•  Hutchinson 
I„1f-',Uo  to  Prsss  thls  point.  Do  you  not  think  we  can 
ifly+triilft  th0  settlement  to  Hutchinson;  all  other  Directors 
3ree  to  it;  answer  immediately. 


aalS°n  t0  Ur*  St«vens.  April  25,  1890. 

furthL^Tf*  lnL1St  not  PGrmit  -European  transaction  to  go  any 
Ihi  Soi?  s  lit*?  TS8d  PerSQnal  ju&gmenb  upon  underwriters. 

*  ~S  v,lta1,  Hy  consent  is  withheld  subject  to  decision 
alter  list  has  been  furnished  me.  n 

T.  A.  EDISON. 

Prom  Mr.  Tate  to  Mr.  Stevens. 

April  25,  1890. 

v  XHHK  Shmiw  wist  under  no  circumstances  would  I  consent  tc 
Yeomans  proceeding  until  he  has  submitted  and  we  have  l  !!  !, 
ST * J”4!™***--  HI.  disinclination  to  Sb2  li.Ttok"" 

Yra  *hOTu.iMi«- «■»» *—«- 

A.  0.  Tate. 

Prom  Daniel  Weld  to  Mr. -Edison. .  April  26  irqo  ' 

rece^ved  this:  Romans  will  neither  mail  nor  cable ^mes 
until  agreement  signed.  I  have  t tom  in  confidence.  Probablv  rn 
London  Sunday.  What  your  reply?  '  '  ,  •  bly  go 

DANIEL  WELD,  Sec'y. 

Prom  Mr.  Edison  to  Daniel  Weld.  April  ?6  ,qqn 

I  refute  0W?  ^alf  and  °n  behalf  of  the  ™ison  Phonograph  Krks 
I  refuse  absoiuteiy  to  assent  to  Yeomans'  proposition  referred  to 
m  your  telegram  of  to-day.  "Our  •  da  c  is  ion  is  withheld  Si  «Ttn 
inspection  of  names  of  underwriters.  This  is  an  ultimate. 

T.  A.  Edis 

^VijoiSraplt  T^y  jyjaptg.  gorppaify. 

95  MILK  STREET.  -  .  R00m  73. 

Boston,  April  26th.  . j  g^  o 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Orance  ,  N.  J. 

Deal-  Sir:  - 

Your  fauor  confirming  telegrams  is  at  hand. 

The  Diareetors  Voted  "That  the  report  of  the  committee" 
"on  the  W.  W.  Jacques  English  Patent  No.  20,  257,  be  accepted 
'  and  placed  on  file.  And  thal,ao  Mr.  w.  w.  Jacques  is  not  pre-" 
“sent,  the  Secretary  be  instructed  to  send  him  a  copy  of  this  « 
“report,  and  ask  him  for  an  explanation." 

Which  was  accordingly  done,  and  to-day  Mr.  W.  W. 

Jacques  has  tendered  his  resignation  as  a  Director,  »as  he  is 
expecting  to  go  abroad. “ 

To  the  writer,  he  says  he  is  tired  of  making  explanation^ 
to  the  Company,  and  proposes  to  sell  his  foreign  patents,  and 
“interfere"  with  Mr.  Edison  at  Washington. 

Yours  very  truly, 

'c/J  <U/LCct  • 


^iA.r  foyf  eZ^. 

.  . 

^  **A*r . 

A~’>  ^  ^ 

"H"  ^  ^  ^ 

^  -ll  rA-  /^y 

,/kC  . 

•  x«^^ 

‘fyrzy.jf*  / 

J^disoii  '<pItor*oyraplt  Toy  JV[aiQf'g.  go^par^y. 


95  MILK  STREET,  -  .  R00m  73. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. , 
Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir: - 

Boston, . 1 89  0 

The  following  are  some  points  raised  by  Mr.  H.  K. 
Brovrn  (counsel),  in  reference  to  the  report  on  W.  W.  Jacques 
application  to  the  Company  for  recompense: - 

I».  lender  the  vote  referring  the  matter  to  the  commit¬ 
tee  should  not  the  report  cover  the  question  of  the  proposed 
agreement  with  Mr.  Jacques,  as  well  as  that  of  the  patent? 

(  can’t  the  com.  make  partial  report?) 

•  2.  Are  the  date  of  filing  application  and  the  date  of 


issue  of  English  .patent  to  Jacques  the  same?  (Bee. 17th.) 

If  not  and  if  Jacques  application  was  made  before  the  date  (  m 
(Dec.  10th. )  of  the  filing  of  the  specifications  by  Edison, 

’.That  effect  would  lsfceh  filing  have  on  the  Jacques  patent? 

3.  Have  you  the  date  of  the  filing  of  the  application 
in  Germany  by  Edison,  and  if  so  is ‘prior  or  subsequent  to 
March  7th, 1890?  Mr.  Jacques  gives  us  to  understand  in  his 

letter  that  the  date  of  his  German  application  is  subsequent 
to  March  iSkk  7th. 

A.  0.  T.  Esq. ,  (2)  April  28th. /90. 

4.  Is  the  original  Jacques  patent,  now  held  by  the 
Company  broad  enough  to  prevent  Jacques  from  making  any  form 
of  combination  of  phonograph  with  dolls  and  toy  figures?  (leav¬ 
ing  out  the  question  of  the  right  to  make  use  of  the  phonograph 
patents. ) 

5.  Just  what  is  the  situation  of  the  original  Jacques 

patent  in  Germany.  It  has  been  said  at  some  of  the  meetings 

that  owing  to  some  informality  in  the  papers  or  proceedings 

(which  could  be  remedied  if  there  was  not  too  much  delay) ,  the 

patent  had  not  been  issued  as  Edison  I  understand  has  no 

phonograph  patent  in  Germany,  has  this  peculiar  hitch  in  the 

Jacques  patent  been  foreseen  and  is  there  danger  of  Mr.  J. 
getting  a  fresh  patent  for  phono  dolls  and  toy  figures  and 

cutting  out  the  Company  in  Germany? 

I  send  them  to  you  at  his  request. 

Yours  very  truly, 

^  CUuM  ZfrlZcC. 


]^sorHVwapI,  gojpp^y 


95  MILK  STREET,  .  .  Room  n 

Boston, . Apri,1...2.9ili. . 1890 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir: - 

We  thank  you  for  your  information  about  Mr.  Moriarty 
in  yours  of  28th. 

We  wrote  to  you  on  the  26th,  giving  you  an  account  of 
what  the  Directors  did  in  reference  to  W.  W.  Jacques’  English 
pat ent ,  and  now  enclose  copy  of  our  letter,  in  case  the  original 
has  miscarried. 

We  also  wrote  to  Messrs  Eaton  and  Lewis  on  the  26th, 
enclosing  a  check  for  $309,81,  of  which  we  have  no  acknowledge¬ 
ment  as  yet,  though  we  had  a  letter  from  Mr.  Eaton  this  morning 
about  another  matter. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Edison  ^pl^oijograplr  Joy  jV^aplo.  goippapy 

'•■  OFFICE  of  the  TREASURER  v 
95  MILK  STREET,  .  .  R00m  73. 

Boston, ...May, 1st. . 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: - 

We  enclose  a  copy  of  a  letter  received  from 
to  ,-day ,  in  order  that  you  can  see  in  what  condition  th 
arrived  in  California. 

Yours  very  truly, 

^  Ct*u2/ . 


Mr.  Kimball 
ie  dolls 



Copy  for  Mr.  A.  0.  Tate. 

..Office  of  C.  H.  Kimball, 

322  Geary  Street.  San  Fransisoo,  April  24th, /90 

Mr.  Daniel  Weld, 

Boston,  Mass. 

Dear  Sir: - 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  samples  and  also 
your  favor  of  the  12th  instant  and  have  wired  fir.  Allien  for  the 
shipment  of  twenty  cases  Dolls.  I  also  instructed  him  ift  the 
same  message  to  fill  no  more  orders  for  dolls  for  this  market 
until  further  advices  from  me  which  will  forthcoming  in  about 
ten  days  at  which  time  I  expect. to  be  in  Boston. 

This  fact  is,  some  mutual  understanding  must  be  effected 
in  reference  to  prices,  for  I  cannot  afford:  nor  can  you  expect 
me  to  sell  at  the  schedule  of  prioes  that  you  have  established 
m  New  York,  and  pay  twenty-fivq  cents  freight  on  each  doll,  and 
wait  sixty  days  -for  the  account.  Among  the  samples  received 
two  were  broken  and  four  utterly  useless  for  talking  purposes, 
but  those  that  were. in  good  order  are  excellent  and  will  meet 
with  a  ready  sale. 

I  will  defer  mailing  my  new  contract  to  you  till  I 
reach  Boston. 

Very  truly  yours, 

(signed)  C.  H.  Kimball. 

pr  J.  F.  B. 

<Jo-j-cC  -*-f  St-V-uJLcC.  V 

^  ^  ^  c^/c/ 

A_^  h^-^Jtcl  <£*-  £°-JiJ>-y  <^~ 

T  o^.  OC_0_t./ 

;  ^  £=-«  -^. 

*•£  J^u  <W«^  ,  -; 

C~-^jo^_  . 

(T^  <^_ _ ^  ^^-C^JULC^ 

Jo. — _ J-l/L-i 

O' l 

r yj 

^  ^  —  ^  S>xMxO  7t^ 

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C-  ''  /i '  — iLe 

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^  Xk*^  , 

V-~ ?  fC~-  *,*■*  --—7  C.,^_A- 

wL-fc.^/ite<J  ^u^/  *0,u^  «.^«-/C.<UxJ 

^,1/^  O^tt-C^x  **  * 

w«u:  /U.  .<2^.^  c^J-  u~  /  ^  <j,  JTxi  '? 

TC^loJLr^  ,  :| 

xy^~r'  *'•*•  ^ )  ft..*.  *.'. 

'-  <?s _ •<  e  <■  J  ' '  |: 


TOY  MFG.  00.,  TELEPHONE.  ,6t  -  2tai. 

NO.  138  FIFTH  jAVENUE, 

May  6th,  1890. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  beg  leave  to  enclose  copy  of  a  letter  received  today 
from  Messrs.  George  Borgfeldt  &  Co.  in  reference  to  a  newly  patent¬ 
ed  German  doll. 

Yours  very  respy, 

General  Manager. 



Geo.  Borgfeldt  &  Co.  , 

425  &  427  Broome  St.  Cor  Crosby.  St. , 

New  York,  May  5th,  1890. 

Mr.  Edgar  S.‘  Allien, 

138  Fifth  Ave.  ,  City.- 
Dear  Sir:- 

■  ouxj-mann  wno  1 

reports  that  there  is  a  German  doll  being  made  in  competition  with 
yours  patented  in  Germany  as  well  as  in  the  U.S.  The  prioe 

is  about  20  narks  'per  piece.  The  article  is  known  as  the 

rammophon  dolls,"  The  No.  of  the  German  patent  is  45048 
Have  you  heard  anything  of  this  before? 

Yours  truly, 

(Signed)  Geo.  Borgfeldt.  &  Co. 

J^cUsoi}  ^opograpl}  'Toy  jy^aqfrt.  gonjpany. 


95  MILK  STREET.  -  .  Room  73. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Boston, . May...  16th, . x  89  0 

We  received  the  following  cablegram  this  morning,  which 
we  forward  for  your  inspection:  “Heady  tender  money  few  days" 

(From  Brusselles  to  Phonodoll)  “Yeomans. « 

Yours  very  truly, 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N,  J, 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Waiver  of  Royalties  of  E.  P.  T.  M.  Co.  I  send  you 
enclosed  duplicate  copies  of  the  proposed  agreement  waiving  the., 
royalties  due  from  the  E.  P.  T.  Mfg.  Oo.  for  the  quarter  year  end¬ 
ing  March  31st,  1890,  under  their  agreement  of  August  6th,  last. 
These  agreements  differ  in  no  respect  from  those  executed  by  you 
waiving  the  royalties  for  the  preceding  quarter,  save  in  a  few 
slight  changes  necessitated  by  the  fact  that  it  is  a  different 
quarter's  royalties  which  are  thereby  waived.  Will  you  kindly  ex- 
eoute  one  copy  of  the  same  and  return  it  to  me,  so  that  1  may  for¬ 
ward  it  to  the  E.  P.  T.  Mfg.  Oo.  at  Boston. 

Very  truly  yours, 

j^Usoif^pI^i^rapl}  Toy  jV^ujI'o. 

ffCjLttsC-  l/ GsCi , 

Boston, . i/Xc-oi./. .  S.  /C*\  89  0 

-  &■  -Jit. 

'-*<-**  O  <£p^  ^ 

£*C*^  &  a+u^yCS-  <yS  ^ 


( irt)  )  ~^o 

XtAzA  Xa 


X'L.C-tA'^-c-tAcy  "^~~ 

/2^v  :  ji  %oioa^£  s^aL  i 

/a*{  /^r 

<*>-  /v;  Ae^  ^ 


)  SVVr  J 


d&«M /hjtsJr.  ..GW..-. ho..  ..GxteU. 

^  s . CL . Q. . 

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Ar . 

. . &a~.a^nta. . /o-s .....tUxo . iCLmdauM . . 

. . jw.myws&cLi. . ,Aw*,.:....OAJW.. . . Jo  Jl  Anj-t  i . 

-'CU- . (*xutfad.c^. . SjL* . (2auuM*Jc^ . pesx**;. . a&Lvli-  <»Q . fy^uudA 

£*rr&!. . 'ii+ro _ tdJtrcIo . 

^ . 

. ALsJL . hddA... 




f>*  // 

Dear  Sir:- 

Enelosed  please  find  copy  of  the  agreenent  between 
yourself  and  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Company, 
waiving  royalties  for  the  quarter  year  ending  March  31st.,  1890, 
recently  executed  by  you.  x  send  you  this  copy  for  your  privato 
files  and  have  to-day  mailed  to  the  Toy  Co,-  Hi  e  original  agree¬ 
ment  , 

Very  truly  yours. 

Dear  Sir: - 

We  have  been  visited  by  Mr.  Charles  J.  Bell  (Washington 
D.  C.)  of  the  American  Graphaphone  Co.,  who  read  us  a  letter  from 
his  patent  Lawyer,  that  informed  us  that  we  were  infringing  on 
their  patents  by  selling  the  talking  Doll  now  on  the  market. 

He  had  bought  the  doll  in  Washington  and  had  it  examined, 
and  talks  of  putting  an  injunction  on  this  Company,  but  will  call 
again  about  July  8th,  for  another  interview. 

Our  infringements  are  on? latent  No.  341,214  March  4th 
1886,  page  6  and  7,  claims  No.  7,  8,  10,  12,  17,  18,  19,  22  and  24: 
Patent  No.  341,288  May  4th.  1886,  page  9,  10  and  11,  claims  No.. 

4,  5,  6,  7,  22,  37,  39:  Patent  No.  275,379  .December  27th,  1887, 
pages  6  and  7,  claims  No.  7,  20  and  21. 

Kindly  let  us  know  how  to  proceed  in  this  matter. 

Yours  very  truly, 


?:  United  States. 

^Hsoif^pljorfogrnplj  'toy  ]Y[apfg.  goippapy. 

Orange ,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

The. following  cablegrams  have  been  exchanged  to;-day:  - 
“Wrote  tenth  fully  explaining  necessity  draft  caused  by  meeting  “ 
“your  views  all  money  subscribed  privately  have  given  one  hundred" 
“twenty  days  make  final  complete  payment  is  this  satisfactory  will" 
"reP°y  within  two  weeks  if  required  answer."  “Yeomans" 

Have  you  received  Yeomans  letter  tenth.  He  states  money  secured" 

“ I  believe  in  his  success  would  advise  payment  of  draft."  “Field" 
"Yeomans  care  Ivfunroe,  Paris." 

Letter  not  received.  Draft  not  honored.  Have  been  relying" 
“on  your  Cable  May  sixteenth  ready  tender  money  few  days.  Will" 
“not  agree  to  further  time,  but  will  entertain  cash  offer.  Gannot" 
^^convey  free  Edison’s  rights  without  his  consent."  “Phonodoll" 
*Montie.  Ed low.  London,  “ 

"Yeoman’s  draft  not  honored.  Had  no  authority  to  dray/.  His  cable" 
“gram  of  May  sixteenth  says  money  ready  in  a  few  days.  We  dont  » 
"know  what  to  make  of  him.  We  await  his  letter  of  tenth  which  “ 

T.  A.  Edison  (2) 
“has  not  arrived. “ 


June  Sat'd  /90. 

We  have  not  seen  Mr.  Eaton  here  yet,  and  are  awaiting 

your  action  about  selling  European  patents  free  of  your  royalties 
and  manufacturers  rights. 

Yours  very  truly, 


J^MH^lViiograpli  Toy  jVJanfg.  gonjpapy, . 189  0 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: - 

We  received  the  following  this  morning:  •>  Whole  Irwhnt 
"secured  hy  contract  on  Edison’s  conditions  expense  incurred  ac-  » 
"  corclinG:ly  rendered  draft  necessary  to  ask  for  offer  would  de-  • 
"stroy  confidence  and  contract  all  consistent  with  May  sixteenth" 
^cable  pay  draft  draw  on  me  repayment  certain. " 

" Yeomans » 

and  sent  this  in  reply 

"Yeomans  care  Munroe" 


Awaiting  your  letter  tenth.  Cannot  understand  « 


Will  you  authorize  us  to  send  the  following  cablegram 
to  Mr.  Yeomans, 

"Edison’s  conditions  were  cash  put  up,  or  subscription" 
“guaranteed  to  his  satisfaction.  Cable  names." 

An  early  answer  will  oblige, 

J^SQif^onograpli  Toy  JV[aptg.  (Jorppapy. 



..June... .3.0th., . 189  0 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Private  Secretary. 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: - 


We  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your, favors  of  June  26th, 
and  thank  you  for  your  attention  to  waivers  of  royalties. 

We  had  a  pleasant  and  satisfactory  interview,,  last  Friday, 
with  Mr.  Lewis,  who  will  be  able  to  instruot  you  why  the  sale  of  our 
foreign  patents  cannot  go  qn  until  Mr.  Edison  has  consented  to  waive 
his  royalties  and  manufacturers  percentage. 

Yours  very  truly, 


We  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  two  favors  of  June 
27th,  and  note  that  if  Mr. ' Charles  J.  Bell  takes  any  steps  towards 
getting  out  an  injunction  on  this  Company,  for  infringments  of  patents 
in  the  manufacturing  of  the  doll  Phonograph,  you  wish  us  to  refer  him 
to  you. 

In  regard  to  instructions  to  Mr.  Yeomans,  we  have  not  as 
yet  positively  inflormed  him  that  he  could  sell  our  foreign  patents 
free  of  your  manufacturing  rights  and  royalties,  and  we  do  not  think 
we  had  sufficient  authority  from  you  to  do  so.  • 

Mr.  Lewis  called  upon  us  on  the  20th,  and  his  proposed 
solution  of  the  difficulties  in  which  we  find  ourselves  at  present, 
in  regard  to  our  foreign  patents,  seemed  quite  satisfactory.. 

Yours  very  truly, 


■  Secretary. 

J^fHsorj^Iioqoijrap1^  Toy  jV[ai(ii|.  ^orqpaqy. 

95  MILK  STREET,  -  -  Room  73. 

f'  I  (]j  ”0  Boston, July  ...2nd,  x8g  o 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq. , 

Private  Secretary, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: - 

Your  favor  of  1st  in  re:  exhibition  of  dolls  at  Minneapolis 
has  our  attention. 

We  shall  be  glad  to  have  Mr.  Edison  receive  every  benefit 
possible  from  the  proposed  exhibition,  and  suppose  the  reason  that 
Mr.  Allien  names  Mr.  Lowenthal,  is  on  the  score  of  expense,  and  he 
(Mr.  L.)  would  probably  make  the  same  free  of  charge  to  the  Company, 
whereas  at  the  Lennox  Lyceum  we  were  out  of  pocket,  so  far  as  dollars 
and  cents  were  concerned.  Does  Mr.  Edison  propose  to  make  the 
display  at  his  own  expense? 

We  do  not  care  to  bind  ourselves  to  any  contract  for  any 
exhibition,  until  we  have  had  the  new  model  do'll  submitted  to  the 
directors  for  their  examination. 

As  the  time  is  approaching  when  we  shall  have  to  pay  the 
North  American  Phono.  Co.  the  royalty  on  our.  sales  of  Mechanisms  for 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  (2)  duly  2nd.  /fiO. 

the  past  quarter,  will  you  kindly  have  the  “waivers"  sent  you  on 
Jung  2ord  signed,  as  soon  as  possible,  and  returned  to  us,  and 

Yours  very  truly, 



Brus sells ,  July  2nd.  1390. 

Banicl  Weld  Esq.  , 

Seo.  Edison  Phono.  Toy  U£g,  Co.,  Boston. 

Bear  Sir:- 

01  the 

In  view  of  what  both  Mr.  It.  M.  yield  and  myself  considered 
your  special  request  vis:  that  you  would  entertain  a  Cash  offer,  I 
at  once  endeavored  to  o'dtain  such  and  without  what  I  consider  any 
dcmaje  to  my  Contracts  with  these  peoplp  did  obtain  the  following 
offer  viz:  To  pay  you  an  immediate  1,30,000.  in  Cash  and  later  on  when 
company  fully  organized  £40,000  in  fully  paid  shares.  The  Capital 

Company  to  be  reduced  from  500,000  to  £200,000  pounds  Sterling 
equivalent.  This  I  cabled  viz:  “At  your  request  without  *  * 
"prejudice  to  my  Contract  or  rights  have  obtained  offer  thirty  thou-" 
“sand  pounds  Cash,  forty  shares,  Capital  Company  two  hundred  answer* 
•Yeomans  ilmssells."  "* 

To  wl’.ioh  I  have  your  reply  viz:"  We  will  entertain  no  offer" 
less  toon  price  heretofore  made  you  have  no  request  from  us  to  obtain" 
"oifer  our  cable  twenty* third  June  was  based  on  yours  sixteenth  May" 
"end  meant  wo  would  take  money  if  ready  your  letter  not  yet  received." 
ihis  was  somevmat  disheartening  and  not  clearly  understood  for  of 
course  nad  I  the  money  ready,  called  for  under  my  Contract  and 
authority  from  you,  you  would  be  obliged  to  take  it,  I  replied 
"Yours  an  enigma.  However  be  patient  and  get  your  money.  All  con-" 
“iracted  for.  noth  Field  myself  misled  your  saying  will  entertain" 
case  oiler.  Place  one  thousand  ry  credit  Munroes  groat  trouble  ac-“ 
"couni  dishonored  draft  answer  Paris."  An  explanation’ is  due  you  - 
regarding  the  sixteenth  of  May  Cable.  I  have  for  a.  long  tine  had 
h 100,000  underwritten  as  stated  to  Mr.  Hutchins 
pcntcdly  cabled  to  you.  To  call  this  amount  in 
ization  or  .issue  in  order  to  meet  Mr.  Edison’s  • 

.  1  finally  arranged  with  the  Chairm 

he  would  get  Bankers  to  Cash  underwriters  Subscriptions, 
to  have  done  so,  urging  me  to  obtain  from  you  .immediate 'l 

when  here  end  re- 
itlumt  public  organ- 
shea,  was  tiie  pro¬ 
of  ry  Syndicate  here  that 
He  claimed 

I  then  cabled  you  the  lGth.  of  May  Cable,  subsequently  he  .informed 
me  that  certain  Bankers  of  his  "group*  as  he  termed  it,  declined,  at 
,  8Wne  Unif!  assuring  me  that  he  would  get  others  to  take  their 
, dace  bays  and  weeks  went  by  with  the  same  story,  until  I  notified 
nim  that  the -matter  could  stand  no  longer.  Then  came  your  request 
lor  an  offer  as  before  written. 

The  Company  .1  have  now  in  Europe,  -./ill  at  once  be  organized, 
called  in  rapidly  as  possible,  and  the  payments  weds  vou 
_  n  exact  accordance  with  the  terms  of  my  Contract.  In  con¬ 
clusion  lot  mo  Beg  you  to  assist  mo,  you  want  your  money,  I  want  mine, 
oy  pulling  together  we  can  get  it,  I  have  'carefully  guard'ed  and  de¬ 
luded  your  property,  I  only  ask  your  consideration  accordingly. 

Yours  faithfully,' 

the  mon- 
in  full 
elusion  let 

(signed)  B.  M.  Yeomans. 

7*  '/  • -Ad 


(K  /  " 


■o/J  v/v)  / 

^ W&t/tf, '{6?/ (  EQU ITAB LE  B U I LD I N  G  ) 

•A'cw  S/c-r/y. — Jui-y— 3,— : 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.,- 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir  : - 

Re  Toy  Phonograph  -  Yeomans. 

Sinoe  receiving  the  letter  addressed  to  our  Mr.  Eaton 
hy  Mr.  Tate,  under  date  of  June  6,  we  have  examined  the  corresponds 
ence  which  has  passed  between  you  and  all  parties,  on  the  subject 
of  your  relations  to  The  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Co. 

-and  D.  M.  YeomanB,  respecting  a  sale  of  European  rights,  and  we 
•haye  had  a  conference  with  Mr.  Weld,  the  Secretary  of  the  Company 
referred  to,  upon  the  same  subject. 

We  cannot  see  that  you  have  parted  with  any  rights  whi-ch 
were  reserved  to  you  by  your  contracts  of  August  6,  1889  with  the 
'Toy  Company.  You  have,  to  be  sure,  joined  that  Company  in  accredit¬ 
ing  Mr.  Yeomana  as  an  agent  authorized  to  negotiate  a  sale  of 
.European  rights  owned  by  the  Toy  Company,  but  you  are  personally 
unaer  no  contract  obligations  to  Mr.  Yecmans,  nor  to  the  Toy 
Company,  to  part  with  your  royalty  or  manufacturing  rights  except 
upon  'terms  to  bfc  siAmlUto  to  £6u  iittd 


At  the  same  time  it  is  undoubtedly  true  that  the  arrange¬ 
ment  between  the  Toy  Company  and  Yeomans,  found  in  his  letter  of 
Nov.  26,  1889,  and  the  Company's  subsequent  letter  of  acceptance, 
is  unoertain  as  to  duration  and  indefinite  as  to  the  right^  to 
terminate  it.  It  might  well  be  supplanted  by  an  arrangement  under 
which  both  a  time  limit  should  be  put  to  his  agency,  and  under 
mhich,  during  the  remaining  period  of  his  agency,  he  should  be 
able  to  show  the  members  of  his  proposed  syndicate,  full  authority 
to  deal  as  to  all  rights,  including  royalty  and  manufacturing 
rights.  The  arrangement  should  be  explicit,  however,  that  in  the 
event  of  his  failing  to  carry  out  the  pending  negotiations  with  the 
Anglo- French  syndicate,  he  should  then  surrender  his  authority  and 
papers  and  withdraw  from  the  field,  with  mutual  releases  of  all 

In  discussing  this  matter  with  Mr.  Weld,  we  suggested 
that  if  the  only  thing,  which  stood  in  the  way  of  Mr.  Yeomans 
carrying  througi  his  present  deal  and  obtaining  the  money  and 
stock  coming  to  the  Toy  Company,  was  your  unwillingness  to  send 
a  letter  or  cable  authorizing  him  to  sell  free  of  your  rights,  this 
difficulty  could  be  met  and  overcome  by  the  intervention  of  a 
Trust  Company  on  the  other  side.  An  escrow  agreement  can  be  pre¬ 
pared  under  whi ch  both  the  Toy  Company  and  yourself  may  exeoute 

T.  A,  33.  3. 

and  deliver  absolute  assi  gnments  and  releases  of  your  rights  to 
a  Trust  Company,  the  same  to  be  deliverable  by  it  to  Mr.  Yecmans 
or  to  his  order,  at  any  time  within  three  months,  upon  the  Trust 
Company  receiving  to  the  order  of  the  Toy  Company  (  or  of  tte  Toy 
Company  and  yourself),  ^100,000  in  cash,  and  stock  in  the  new 

Company  equalling  one-eighth  of  its  capital  stock,  the  latter  not 

.  -P 

to  exceed^300,000.  It  should  then  be  provided  by  the  esqrow  agree¬ 
ment  that  if  the  stock  and  cash  were  not  forthcomihg  within  the 
period  named,  the  Trustee  should  redeliver  the  assignments  to  you, 
be  relieved  from  the  trusted  that  the  authority  of  Yeomans  should 
be  surrendered. 

We  suggested  the  above  as  a  good  plan,  but  distinctly 
stated  that  we  did  not  know  how  you  would  ^ieW  it  .  We  did  say 
to  Mr.  Weld,  however,  that  we  would  suggest  it  to  you  and  ttat.  he 
would  then  probably  hear  from  you  in  relation  to  it.  So  far  ae 
the  details  of  this  plan  are  concerned  we  cannot  perceive  any 
difficulties.  Its  advantages  lie  in  the  increased  facilities 
which  Mr.  Yeomans  would  have  in  dealing  with  his  syndicate,  am  in 
the  prompt  and  conclusive  means  which  it  presents  of  ridding 
yourselves  of  Mr.  Yeomans,  if  he  fails  within  the  period  named  to. 
carry  out  a  sale. 

We  shall  be  glad  to  discuss  this  with  you,  should  you 
deem  it  desirable. 

Yours  truly, 

C  75V/J  /s  /£  90 

!  jMemajJ^  (Qcfaeat/. 

:f ,  a  c  c 

y/Mmf/v.yrr, _ 

/  r 

'{yy "■ *  ‘"vw.^<--  >•  •-  *  -  7  ^/f 

§ ;u-e.,. 

fi'{  ^3 

tke^dison  machine  works. 

o  £,ET  •  ' 



NOTE— This  confirmation 
be  assumed  to  1 

should  be  cheeked  with  the  origh 
be  correct  unless  advised  to  the  com 

mil  message  immedi, 
trary  by  telephone. 

ately  on  receipt.  It  will 

Name  of  Person  Sending. 

Name  of  Person  Receiving.  ! 


I  Date. 

. - . Maguire.. . 1 

. Coats... . 

. 11:60. . 

• . July... 10, 1890/r.Y9 

From  whom  received :  A .  0 .  Tate ,  Esq . , 

Samuel  Insull,  Esq.,  16  Broad  St.,  New  York. 

I  will  advise  the  Boston  people  that  we  will  be  prepared 
to  submit  new  models  on  Tuesday  or  Wednesday,  and  that  on  Monday  X 
will  telegraph  which  day.  X  think  one  day's  notice  will  be  suffi¬ 
cient,  but  if  not,  they  will  have  time  to  object  before  you  leave.;  • 
I  can  take  the  Gouraud  letters  to  New  York,  but  I  am  not 
sure  about  the  Phonograph  Works 'Balance  Sheet.  If  they  strike  a 
balance  at  the  first  fire,  I  can  have  the  Sheet  in  tine  to  leave" 
here  on  the  2:07  train  and  meet  you  about  3:15,  .tt. 

Shall  I  go  in  anyway  with  the  Gouraud  letter? 

If  it  suits  you  better  Mr. Insull  will  leave  this  matter 
until  to-morrow  morning  if  you  can  come  in 


3^s°^°Wapl,  Toy  jy^ar^fo.  gonqpapy. 

95  MILK  STREET,  .  .  Room  73, 

Boston, . July....iat.h, . 189  0 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Bear  Sir: - 

At  a  meeting  of  the  Directors  of  this  Company,  held 
yesterday,  at  which  the  models  of  the  new  Doll  were  examined,  the 
following  vote  was  passed: 

Whereas  the  models  submitted  by  Mr.  Edison  appear  to 
be  satisfactory  it  is: 

Voted,  ttjdt  Mr^lfdison  be  requested  to  make  by  hand  i 
soon  as  possible^C^T fifty  machine|m  of  materials  to  be  agreed 
.  Magovern. 

upon  between  MrT^Ison  and  Mr. 

_J£ourg'''very  truly, 


.l^sop^pljoqogi'aj)^  *Xoy  ^onjpapy. 


95  MILK  STREET,  -  -  Room  73. 

•  Boston, . July  .21.S.1.,. 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  \jJ  ,  .  \  \ 

"S\  \  V 

Referring  again  to  the  matter  of  wai^r  by  you  for  a  time 
of  the  guaranty  of  this  Company  that  royalties  payable  under  its 

contract  with  you  of  Aupist  6th,  1889  shall  amount  to  at  least  ten 
thousand  dollars  per  year:  in  view  of  the  continued  delays  which 
have  arisen  in  the  prosecution  of  the  business  of  this  Company  with 
the  caused  of  which,  you  are  familiar,  this  Company  desires  to  urge 
you  to  waive  such  guaranty  altogether  for  the  first  year  (ending 
Sept.  30.  1890) 

This  question  was  discussed  at  the  last  meet in;;  of  the 
Board  of  Birectors  and  Mr.  Tate  has  no  doubt  fully  informed  you  of 
what  was  said.  The  Company  feels  that  its  interests  in  the  matter 
are  identical  with  your  own  and  that  it  does  not  need  to  address  any 
arguments  to  you  on  the  subject. 

A  letter  to  the  North  American  Phonograph  Company  asking 
for  a  similar  concession  from  it,  is  herewith  enclosed  with  the 

*•  A*  E-  (2)  July  21st.  /5B. 

hope  that  you  will  see  fit  to  deliver  it  and  at  the  sane  time  use 

your  influence  to  secure  favoraole  action  thereon. 

Yours  very  truly, 


P.  S.  Enclosed  find  a  draft  of  acreement  which  we  would  suggest  as 
appropriate  to  secure  the  result  desired.  We  trust  you  may  see  your 
way  clear  to  execute  it  or  something  like  it. 


Referring  to  an  agreement  dated  August  6th.  1889  by  anti 
betwr*1  Thomas  A.  Edison  of  the  first  part  and  Edison  Phonograph  Toy 
MapTacturing  Company  of  the  second  part  whereby  said  first  party, 
p'anted  said  second  party  a  certain  right  and  license  in  relation  to 
/the  manufacture  and  sale  in  all  countries  of  the  world  outside  of  the 
United  States  and  Dominion  of  Canada  of  phonographs  or  speaking  machi¬ 
nes  for  use  in  or  in  association  with  dolls  or  toy  figures  as  a  part 
thereof  for  the  amusement  of  children: 

Whereas  by  Article  Second  of  said  agreement  said  second 
party  obligated  itself  to  pay  said  first  party  certain  royalties  .on 
inventions  and  impfcovements  covered  by  said  agreement  anci' manufactured 
and  sold  thereunder  by  said  second  party  and  also  undertook  that  such 
royalties  should  aggregate  at  least  ten  thousand  dollars  for  each 
and  every  year  beginning  with  the  first  day  of  Octbber  all  of  which 
is  more  fully  set  out  in  said  Article  Second,  and 

Whereas  difficulties  and  delays  not  forseen  or  contem¬ 
plated  by  said  parties  to  said  agreement  have  arrisen  in  the  way  of 
carrying  on  the  business  contemplated  therein. 

Nov/  therefore  in  consideration  of  the  premises  and  of  one 
dollar  paid  by  said  second  party  to  said  first  party  the  receipt 
whereof  is  hereby  acknowledged,  the  said  Thomas  A.  Edison  hereby 
agrees  that  as  regards  the  year  ending  September  SO. 1890  the  certain 
guaranty  that  the  royalties  for  the  said  year  shall  aggregate  at 
least  ten  thousand  (10.000)  dollars  as  provided  for  in  said  Article 
Second  of  said  agreement  shall  be  and  hereby  is  waived  the  intention 
being  as  regards  said  ye"?ar  to  base  such  royalties,  on  actual  sales 
if  any  made  by  said  second  party  under  said  agreement  whatever  the 

In  witness  whereof  the  said  Thomas  A*  Edison  has  hereunto 

amount . 



Thomas  A.  Edist 

Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir: - 

Toy  (^onrtpapy. 


Room  73. 

Boston, July  ...2.2nd., . 189 

Enclosed  please  find  copy  of  a  letter  from  our  counsel 
W.  S.  Hutchinson  in  response  to  our  request,  containing  comments  and 
suggestions  intrelafcion  to  the  papers  drawn  by  Mr.  Lewis  in  reference 
to  the  Yeomans  matter. 

We  hppB  to  hear  from  you  in  regard  to  the  same  at  your 
earliest  convenience. 

Yours  very  truly, 

.y-J  ,f/ 



„  ,  copy.  '  f 

21.  July,  1890. 

Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Mfg.  Co. , 

95  Milk  St.,  Boston. 


Two  forms  of  agreement  from  the  office  of  Mess.  Eaton  and 
Lewis,  submitted  by  Mr.  Tate  as  a  means  of  solution  of  some  of  the 
difficulties  in  the  Yeomans  'matter been  handed  me  for  exami¬ 
nation  and  comment,  and  I  beg  to  say. 

1.  I  understand  that  Yeomans’  plan  is  to  form  his  corpor¬ 
ation  in  England  and  not  France. 

2.  Both  instruments  provide  for  the  payment  to  Mr.  Edison 
of  L32000  Sterling  at  all  events,  leaving  out  of  account  altogether 
the  fact  that  Mr.  Yeomans  is  to  receive  a  large  commission  and  that 
considerable  expense  has  been  paid  in  the  matter.  As  I  understand 
the  agreement,  commissions  and  expenses  are  to  first  come  out  of  the 
ElOOjOOO,  and  then  division  is  to  be  made,  32/100  of  the  balance 
going  to  Mr.  Edison  and  68/100  to  you.  The  Stock  being  clear  of 
expense  or  commission  is  to  be  divided  in  the  same  proportion. 

Both  the  instruments  ought  to  be  altered  accordingly.  (  See  agreement 
to  which  Mr.  Yeomans  is  made  a  party-  hereinafter  called  the  “Yeomans 
paper"--  pp  2  and  3,  and  the  other  --  hereinafter  called  the  “license 

3.  Article  Fourth  of  the  Yeomans  paper  should  for  the  same 
reason  provide  that  payment  to  trustee  is  to  be  charged  to  expenses 


•  K  '  -2- 

and  paid  out  of  the  £100,000  before"  division. 

As  I  understand  it  Yeomans  commission  was  to  be  £10,000 
Less  amount  advanced  him  for  expenses  500 

£9 , 500 

To  which  is  to  be  added  expense  incurred  which  including  the  £500 
above  mentioned  amounts  at  this  date  to  (dollars)  $5,670.96 

4.  The  license  should  recite  your  combination  patents  as 
well  as  those  of  Mr.  Edison  (see  p.  1)  and  should  also  under  article 
First,  give  either  an  assignment  of  or  license  under  such  combination 
patents  for  the  countries  covered  by  the  license. 

5.  In  the  "license  p.  7  line  3,  I  would  insert  the  words 
“him  or"  after  the  words  "acquired  by"  and  on  p,  7.  line  6th.  from 
the  bottom,  insert  "hereby"  after  "Edison"  and  in  the  next  line  after 

reserved  by  him"  insert  “whether  by  said  agreement  dated  August  6th, 
1889  or  otherwise. 11 

6.  I  cannot  see  that  the  recital  near  the  bottom  of  p.  5. 

of  the  license  is  vitallor  important  and  think  it  had  best  be  omitted. 
As  matters  stand  now  it  is  at  least  open  to  question  whether  you 
ought  to  formally  recognize  Mr.  Edison’s  assignment  to  the  E.  p.  Works 

7.  If  the  sale  goes  through,  your  Company  will  hardly  do 
any  foreign  business  for  some  time  to  come  as  the  license  covers  all 
the  countries  where  it  would  be  worth  while  to  work  at  present. 

in  such  case  therefore  Mr.  Edison  ought  to- agree  to  waive  for  the 
future  your  guarantee  that  his  royalties  shall  aggregate  at  least 


9.  2  -5- 

$10,000  per  year,  and  base  his  royalties  only  on  actual  sales  made 
m  countries  outside  the  license.  You  ought  to  have  such  an  agree¬ 
ment  before  you  execute  the  license. 

8.  As  a  general  proposition  and  in  this  case  I  think  it 
much  better  in  an  instrument  to  incorporate  former  instruments  by  the 
briefest  possible  description  with  the  phrase  “Referring  to"  or 

“To  which  reference  may  be  had".  This  not  only  saves  many  long  re¬ 
citals  but,  what  is  of  more  consequence  obviates  the  danger  of  mis¬ 
quotation  or  misinterpretation  of  the  former  instrument  and  consequent 
confusion.  But  I  do  not  think  the  point  vital  in  this  case  and  am 
not  asked  to  draw  a  form  to  be  substituted  for  that  before  me. 

9.  The  recital  at  the  top  of  p.  2.  in  the  Yeomans  paper 
should  be  omitted  and  in  the  recital  immediately  following  the  words 
“negotiate  and”  should  be  stricken  out.  Mr.  Yeomans  claims  to  have 
a  sale  already  negotiated. 

10.  At  the  end  of  Article  Second,  Yeomans  paper  should  be 
added  “first  cancelling  all  signatures  thereto", 

11.  In  &=  the  license,  p  3  line  2  insert  “and  Canada” 
after  "United  States  of  America, * 

12.  In  both  documents  in  the  testimonium  clause  insert  be¬ 
fore  “parties"  the  words  “respective  corporations".  This  is  of  course 
matter  of  form  merely  and  of  no  substantial  consequence. 

Yours  rspy. 

(sgd)  Winifield  S.  Hutchinson. 

„•  ^Hsot^opograpli  ]V[ai(fsi.  (^oippapy. 

95  MILK  STREET.  -  .  Room  73. 

Boston, . July....22nd., . 1890 

cablegram  as  follows: 

“To  Phonodoll,  Boston." 

"London,  July  22nd,  1890. 

Whole  money  ready  to  put  up  cable  Collette" 
"solicitor  of  buyers  2  Victoria  Mansions  Westminster  London  that  all" 
“your  and  Edisons  right's  ready  for  transfer  against  cash  and  shares" 
“which  will  be  sent  Boston  if  you  require, “ 


This  begins  to  look  like  business.  Will  you  authorize 
this  Company  to  send  cablegram  to  Collette  as  follows:' 

Collette,  2  Victoria  Mansions,  y/fc 

Westminster  London. 

Replying  to  Yeomans  cable,  our  and  Edisons  rights,  Great  Britain 
Channel  Islands  Continental  Europe  ready  for  transfer  against  cash 

and  shares  delivered  in  Boston. 

T.  A.  E.  (a)  July  22nd,  1890 

And-  if  such  cablegram  is  sent  shall  it  be  sent  on  the 
understanding  that  in  ease  sale  goes  through  you  will  waive  $10,000 
guarantee  for  the  future  as  per  Section  7.  of  Mr.  Hutchinson’s  letter 
of  which  copy  is  enclosed. 

If  you  desire  to  expedite  matters  a  telegram  from  you  as 


“Send  cablegram  as  proposed,  guaranty  waived  if  sale  goes' 

“through. “ 

Will  be  construed  as  an  affirmative  answer  to  both  the 
above  questions. 

Yours  very  truly, 



“Upon  receipt  in  Boston  of  One  Hundred  Thousanl  Pounds  cash 
“together  with  shares  representing  one-eighth  interest  in 
PConipany  whose  capital  does  not  exceed  Three  Hundred  Thous¬ 
and  Pounds  less  expenses  and  conmissions  which  must  not 
“exceed  Twelve  Thousand  Pounds  myself  and  the 'Edison  Phono¬ 
graph  Works  will  in  consideration  of  thirty-two  per  cent  ' 
"of  said  cash  and  shares  execute  any  papers  necessary  to 
"transfer  our  rights  Great  Britain  Continental  Europe  and 
“the  Channel  Islands  to  the  said  Company  upon  the  condition 
“that  my  transfer  of  manufacturing  rights  to  the  Edison 
"Phonograph  Works  shall  be  recognised  by  your  Company  which 
“is  necessary  as  the  Phonograph  Works  now  own  these  rights. 

(Signed)  Thomas  A*  Edison;" 

y^so^lmmvuPl}  Toy  go. 

KfV^  /  ’•*  °FFIGE  OF  THE  TREASURER -.- 

*  MILK  STREET,  -  .  Room  73. 

Boston  1 890. 



JJdIs°il"^P1tonofirap1t  Tfoy  ]V[aptg.  (Jonjpapy. 

95  MILK  STREET,  -  .  -  Room  73. 


•July  20th , . 189 

Hear  Sir: - 

Relying  on\your  telegram  and  letter  of  July 
25th,  receipt  of  which  we  acknowledge,  we  have  sent  the  following 
cablegram  to  Collette: 

“Collette,  2  Victoria  Mansions,  « 

“Westminster  London. “ 

“  Replying  to  Yeomans  cable  twenty-second 
“Upon  receipt  in  Boston  of  one  hundred  thousand  pounds  'sterling  cash 
“and  one  eighth  of  shares  of  Company  whose  total  capital  shall  not" 
exceed  three  hundred  thousand  pounds,  transfer  of  our  and  Edison’s" 
rights  Great  Britain  Channel  Islands  Continental  Europe  will  be  made 
to  said  Company"  “Phonodoll" 

We  hope  to  hear  from  you  very  soon  as  to  waiver  of 
royalties  by  yourself  and  North  American  Phonograph  Company. 

Yours  very  truly, 


J5dis0T»"Pl!0n°flrapLt  >J^y  ]V[ai(to.  ^orqpaqy. 

•••  OFFICE  OF 


A.  0.  Tate,  Esq,, 

Private  Secretary. 

Orange.  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: - 

We  beg  to-  thank  you  for  yours  o*f  26th,  26th,  26th, 
and  26th  (personal),  and  for  yyour  promised  attention  to  the  matter 
of  the  "Waivers11,  which  we  are  desirous  of  having  settled  as  soon 
as  possible. 

We  think  we  should  have  something  from  Mr.  Edison  to 
the  effect  that  he  will  waive  a  fixed  amount  of  royalties  on  foreign 
business,  if  the  sale  by  Yeomans  goes  through,  as  seems  possible  at 

We  have  heard  nothing  more  from  Mr.  Yeomans,  since  we 
last  wrote  to  Mr.  Edison. 

You  may  possibly  see  Mr.  Mackintosh' before  he  returns 

Yours  very  truly, 


to  Boston. 

-l^S0r;@^>l»0I*0=I“uP1^  Toy  ]Y(Wg.  (^orrfpapy. 



Room  Z3.  / 

VTA  v  V  f\#\ 

Thomas  A*  Edison,  Esq.,  =r'‘J^ 

r.x  V  ‘  / 


Dear  Sir: - 

Bosto^, . . 189  0 

xv  ftfs'M* 

IV"  vis ffl 

follows:  - 

“To  Phonodo'll  Bodton1 

We  have  received  cablegram  from  \:oy4tte  1 

“London,  July  31st,  1890. 11 

"Two  injunctions  against  Company  gouraud" 

“and  sterioscopic  Company  issue  stopped  Company  hold  you  liable." 


We  understand  from  Mr.  Hutchinson  that  Collette  let  drop 
to  him  in  London  (when  he  first  called  to  enquire  of  Yeomans  where¬ 
abouts)  that  he  (Collette)  was  counsel  for  the  Steriescopic  Com-’ 
pany/ or  at  least  for  some  of  its  principal  members.  This  makes 
his  cablegram  look  very  fishy  especially  as.  we  suppose  Col,  Gouraud *< 
relations  with  you  to  be  such  that  he  would  not  care  to  antagonize 
your  interests. 

We  therefore  propose  to  send  the  following  cablegram  to 

Yeomans : - 

Yeomans,  Care  Munroe,  Paris. 

Is  not  Collette  counsel  Stereoscopic  Company, 
Answer.  . 

T.  A.  E.'  (2) 

July  31st ,  1390. 

?  And  to  answer  Collettes  as  follows 

Collette,  2  Victoria  Mansions,  Westminster,  London. 

We  cabled  you  on  Yeomans  assurance  money  ready.  If  money  not 
ready  consider  cablegram  withdrawn;  we  understand  you  are  counsel 
Steroscopic  Company. 

Eut  as  you  are  largely  interested  we  have  thought  proper 
to  do  nothing  until  you  have  had  an  opportunity  to  make  suggestions 
Please  telegraph  us  on  receipt  of  this  either- 
"See  no  objections  to  sending  cables”  or 

"Wait  my  letter  with  suggestions"  and  we  will 

govern  oourselves  accordingly. 

Yours  respectfully, 


^Hsoif^onograpli  'Toy  jV^ai^f'g.  ^orppapy. 

95  MILK  STREET,  -  .  R00m  73. 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.  , 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: - 

89  0 

Mr.  Mackintosh  cabled  as  follows  to  a  friend  of 
his  in  London,  to  ascertain  the  standing  of  the  Doll  Company  there: 
“Dressers  (Wish  you  would  ascertain)  whether  Edison  Phonograph" 

“Toy  offering  twenty  sixth  instant  successful  or  underwritten." 
“Helper  (This  is  very  important)  Cable  quickly."  . 
in.  reply  he  received  to-day  the  following  cablegram:-  “Sufficient" 
"doll  subscribed  injunction  threatened  unalloted." 

Yours  very  truly, 


^Ufior^'pljonoorapl)  T^y  ]V[apfg.  (Jorqpapy. 

'office  of  THE  TREASURER  V 
rMILK  STREET,  -  ..  Room  73. 

Boston, .<Jnd., . 189  0 

Uhoijj&s  A.  Edison,  Esq. 
talking  DDu.  /  Orange ,  N.  J. 

D&4, r  Sir:  - 

'  We  have  this  day  received  from  you  the  following 

telegram: - 

"float  send  Cable  to  Yeomans  regarding  Steroseopic  Com-11 
“pany  Cable  Collette  as  proposed  but  eliminate  the  following  » 
“Sentence:  We  understand  you  are  counsel  Steroseopic  Company," 

And  have  sent  you  reply  by  telegram  as  follows: - 

11  Please  let  us  know" 

“at  once  what  you  think  of  Gouraud’s  interference,  meanwhile  we“ 
"may  take  no  action  at  present.11 

Our  idea  in  taking  any  notice  at  all  of  Collettes ’ 
cablegram  was  to  signify  to  him  and  Yeomans  our  belief  that  they 
themselves  had  procured  the  injunction  of  the  Stereoscopic  people, 
in  order  to  conceal  the  fact  that  they  could  not  raise  the  money, 
or  in  order  to  make  it  a  basis  for  a  claim  for  reduction  oif  price. 
To  send  but  ofae  cablegram  and  that  in  the  form  you  suggest,  elimi¬ 
nates  the  only  thing  which  according  to  our  idea  it  'was  worth  while 
to  say:  and  it  seems  to  us  quite  as  well  to  say  nothing. 

T.  A.  E.  (2)  August  2nd  /DO. 

>  Col.  Gouraud’s  appearance  on  the  scene  is  puzzeling, 

Vie  cannot  think  that  he  is  in  collusion  with  Yeomans  and  we  had 
supposed  that  interests  and  yours  were  so  nearly  identical 
that  he  would  not  care,  perhaps  would  not  dare  to  interfere  with 
you:  and  even  if  we  are  wrong  about  this,  we  suppose  your  opinion 
as  to  the  significance  0f  any  action  of  his,  is  worth  more  than 
anybody’s  else. 

VVe  therefore  are  inclined  to  rest,  quiet  until  we  have 
your  ideas,  feeling  that  until  we  can  act  with  more  intelligence 
than  now,  silence  is  safest. 

We  should  be  glad  to  hear  from  you  at  length  as  soon  as 
you  can  make  it  convenient,  and  should  also  be  pleased  if  you 
could  tell  us  anything  about  the  Stereosoopic  Company. 

Yours  very  truly, 


.  ,  <7_^-*~<-.-fZ^'  -£*2 


S2  -**£**'  ,  *-*~*~*- 

^Pl}°n°t>rapl)  'Joy  jV^ar|fg.  ^oiqpaqy. 


Boston, 5th. 

!:yr- . 189  0 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Private  Secretary, 

Orange ,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: - 

We  have  to  thank  you  for  your  fa^or  of  August 
1st,  and  the  following -telegrams: - 

“Orange,  N.J.  Aug. 2nd,  1390. 

“To  Edison  Toy  Phono.  Mfg.  Co.“ 

“95  Milk  St.,  Boston," 

“Have. cabled  Gouraud  for  explanation  which  shall  probably" 
receive  Monday. »  (sgd)  Thos  A.  Edison. 

"Orange,  N.  J.  Aug.  5th, 1890.“ 

“To  Daniel  Weld,  Secty, 

"Edison  Co.,  95  Milk  St.,  Boston." 

"Reed,  following  from  Gouraud  Prospective  infringes  our  » 
“rights  grossly."  (Sgd)  A<  0t  Tate. 

Orange,  M.  J.  Aug. 5th ,  1890." 

"Daniel  Weld  Secty," 

"Edison  Toy  Mfg.  Co.," 

"95  Milk  St. ,  Boston" 

“Insull  will  attend  meeting  any  time  Thursday  have  you  reed" 

A.  0.  Tate  (2) 

August  Bth/90. 

"cory  prospeotua  engl.ish  Co.  or  have  explanations  been  mailed" 
,"t0  y°u-  “  '  ( sgd)  A.  0.  Tate, 

and  have  sent  you  the  following: - 

“A.  0.  Tate" 

"Orange,  H.  J. “ 

"Boston,  August  5th,  1890.“ 

"Your  two  received.  Directors  meeting  one  o’clock  Thursday" 
"Nothing  more  from  Europe,  direct-  See  London  Financial  Mev/s.  » 
“July  twenty,  for  prospective. “  fsgd)  Daniel  Weld  Secty. 

We  have  heard  nothing  lately  from  Yeomans  or  Collette, 
but  have  bben  shown  a  copy  of  “The  London  Financial  Mews11  of  July 
2i3th/90,  which  contains  the  prospectus  of  the  Company  proposed  to  be 
floated  by  them.  They  certainly  offer  for  sale  rights  which 
Yeomans  did  not  obtain  from  this  Company,  where  he  did  get  them 
from  we  do  not  know. 

Vie  trust  you  may  be  able  to  obtain  a  copy  of  the  above 
mentioned  newspaper,  and  to  let  us  know  what  Mr.  Edison  thinks  of 
the  advertisement  of  “The  Edison  Phonographic  Toy' -and  Automaton 
Co.“  L’d.  on  last  page. 

A  meeting  of  the  Directors  of  this  Company  has  been  oall- 

ed  for  Thursday  at  one  o’clock,  and  we  trust  you~oF  Mr.  Insull 
will  be  present. 

Yours  very  truly, 


.V  Hdisoi**pl|onofirapIi  Joy  ]Y[anfii.  gonjpapy. 


95  MILK  STREET,  \  .  R00m  73. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Private  Seqretai 

A  \s r  *  /BostOl 


i.5.t.....U.t.h.y . 189  0 

We  ben  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  favors  of  5th,  and 
6th.  inst,  and  of  telegrams  mentioned  therein,  and  refer  you  to  our 
other  letter  of  this  date  for  information  about  the  European  Company. 

In  matter  of  waiver  of  royalties  we  beg  to  reply  to  yours 
of  6tii.  inst,  by  saying  that  the  prospect  Of  receipt  of  any  money 
from  Europe  is  now  so  slight  that  Mr.  Edison’s  point  is  no  longer 

But  even  if  we  were  in  funds  we  think  that  we  ought  to 
be  relieved  on  the  .strength  of  the  fact,,  that  under  our  Mfg.  contract 
with  Mr.  Edison,  we  have  not  been  able  to  establish  a  domestic  busi¬ 
ness,  let  alone  a  foreign  one.  If  this  fact  were  occasioned  by 

neglect  on  our  part  of  course  we  ought  to  pay  just  the  same,  but  we 
have  not  been  guilty  of  lack  of  diligence,  and  therefore  feel  as  if 
we  ought  to  be  let  off. 

We  understood  Mr.  Insull  to  say  that  he  would  personally 

o.  Tate  (2)  Aug  u/60. 

take  this  matter  in  hand  both  as  to  Mr.  Edison  and  the  North  American 
Phonograph  Co.  We  will  take  it  as  a  favor  if  you  will  mention  the 
matter  to  him  and  make  sure  if  our  understanding  is  correct. 

Yours  very  truly, 


•“  li^LjS01^  "^P^o.nogPapli  Tfoy  jV^arjI'g.  ^orppapy. 

2  TREASURER  ••• 

Room  73. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. ,  1 

95  MILK  STREET. "  \ 

^  :t' 

^  '!  Boston, . ..auguiLt.....U.ttv,. . 189O 


We  be;-;  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  5th. 
The  cable  we  sent  to  Collette  was  as  follows: 

"Boston,  August  7th,  1090." 
"Collette,  2  Victoria  Mansions,  Westminster,  London. 11 
“We  cabled  you  twenty-sixth,  relying  on  Yeomans  assurance  money  ready" 
'  Your  Prospectus  excessive  and  unwarranted.  Have  written."  Phonodoll" 
and  we  have  received  from  Mr.  Yeomans  the  following: 

From  Spa  to  Phonodoll,  August  9th,  1090. 

“My  assurance  strictly  correct  prospectus  not  excessive  dont  shirk." 


To  show  you  what  other  advices  we  have  in  re:  the  European 
business  of  this  Company,  we  enclose  copies  off# 

1st.-  Letter  from  John  Higgles,  August  2/90  to  Mr.  J.  W. 


2nd.-  Letter  from  Messrs.  Collette  &  Collette  "Solicitors 
for  the  Edison  Phonographic  Toy  Co.  Limited,"  London  August  2nd,  1890, 

T.  A.  E.  (2)  Aug,  11/90. 

to  this  Company. 

3rd.-  Copy  of  a  letter  to  them,  of  this  date,  which  we 
propose  to  send  to'  them  soon. 

We'  shall  be  glad  to  have  any  suggestions  from  you  in 
reference  to  the  above. 

Yours  very  truly, 

.  <)  a  ,  x  <  *£  tlTLCd.- 



>•  Copy  of  letter  from  Mr.  John  Higgles  to  Mr.  J.  VI.  Mackintosh. 

Toy  Co.'  •  '  Dalston,  Aug.  2nd,  1890. 

do  a-/  Mr.  Maekintosh, 

On  the  31st  I  received  the  enclosed  cable.  X  did 
not  know  the  Solicited  of  the  Toy  Co. ,  so  I  called  on  Mr.  Eliott 
who  knows  him  well.  He  gave  me  a  letter  to  Mr.  Collette  (the  Soli¬ 
citor)  which  put  mo  on  the  velvet  at  once.  The  first  two  days  the 
applications  for  Shares  came  in  freely,  sufficient  to  warrant  going 
to  allotment.  The  morMng  of  the -third  day  they  had  legal  notice 
from  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.  of  New  Jersey  by  their  London 
Coibmissioner  Col.  Gouraud  that-  they  held  prior  rights  and  should  main¬ 
tain  them.  These  people  Mr.  Collette  said  had  some  ground  for  a 
claim  so  much  so  that  it  was  not  deemed  best  to  proceed  to  allotment. 
Hence  the  matter  will  rest  until  that  is  adjusted.  He  thought  it 
was  more  difficult  to  place  a  thing  on’ the  market  at  the  second  trial 
than  at  the  first. 

He  also  received  notice  from  the  London  Stereoscopic  it. 
Phonographic  Co.  Limited  of  Loudon  of  their  exclusive  right  to  use 
phonographs.  This  latter  the  Solicitor  did  not  think  much  of,  thought- 
they  would  not  be  sustained  in  Court, 

I  cabled  you  as  pr  enclosed  sorry  I  could  not  state  some¬ 
thing  more  cheerful.  Mr.  Collette  said  they  had  cabled  these  things 
to  Boston  the  31st,  but  I  deemed  it  best  to  follow  instructions  and 
be  sure,  you  knew  the  facts. 

Very  truly  yours, 

(sgd)  John  Higgles, 



2  Victoria  Mansions, 

Victoria  Street, 

London,  S.W.  2  Aug, 1890 

The  Edison  Phonographic  Toy  Manufacturing  Coy. , 

Gentlemen:  - 

Boston,  Massachusetts,  U.  S.  A. 

We  confirm  the  receipt  of  your  cable  message  to  us  of  the 
26th  ult.  as  follows 
“To  Collette  2  Victoria  Mansions “ 

“Westminster  London" 

“Relying  to  Yeomans  cable  twenty  second  upon  receipt  in  Boston  of“ 

“one  hundred  thousand  pounds  sterling  cash  and  one  eighth  of  shares" 

“of  Company  whose  total  capital  shall  not  exceed  Three  hundred  thou-" 
“sand  transfer  of  our  and  Edisons  rights  Great  Britain,  Channel  Islands 
11  Cont inent  1  Europe  will  be  made  to  said  Company.  PhonOdoll" 

On  this  basis  and  on  the  Contracts  between  Mr.  Yeomans 
and  your  Company  The  Edison  Phonographic  Toy  Coy.  Ld.  was  formed  in 
this  country  having  a  capital  of  L300,000.  The  subscription  list 
was  opened  on  Monday  morning  last  and  a  large  number  of  subscriptions 
came  in  and  ample  would  have  been  raised  for  payment  of  the  purchase 
money  and  provision  for  the  working  capital.  On  Tuesday  the  29th 
ult.  however  we  received  notice  of  intended  proceedings. 

1.  At  the  suit  of  the  London  Stereoscopic  Coy  Ld.  who 



claim  to  be  the  exclusive  licensees  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  and  all 
improvements  for  the  United  Kingdom. 

2.  By  the  London  Committee  of  the  Edison  United  Phono¬ 
graph  of  Mew  Jersey  represented  by  Col.  Gouraud,  who  stated  that  we 
were  infringing  on  the  rights  held  by  them. 

3.  By  Mr.  Anders  claiming  a  prior  Phonographic  Patent  of 
November  1387  previous  to  the  date  of  the  first  British  Patent  of 
Edison  which  our  Company  proposed  to  acquire  the  right  to  use. 

In  each  of  the  above  cases  legal  proceedings  were  threat¬ 
ened  if  the  Prospectus  and  advertisements  were  continued  to  be  issued. 
Under  these  circumstances  our  Company  had  no  alternative  but  Lo  stop 
the  issue  and  on  the  31st  ult.  I  cabled  to  you  as  follows: 

"Notice  two  injunctions  by  Gouraud  and  Stereoscopic  Com-” 
"pany  Issue  stopped. Company  hold  you  liable" 

We  regret  that  up  to  the  present  time  we  are  without  any 
answer  to  this  cable. 

The  position  is  very  serious  as  a  large  amount  of  money 
has  been  expended  in  the  formation  registration  and  issue  of  the  Com¬ 
pany  and  we  must  hold  you  liable  for  the  loss  which  has  been  incurred. 
If  you  have  not  replied  to  our  cable  and  fully  written  to  us  on  the 
subject  before  you  receive  this  letter  we  must  request  you  to  do  so 

We  would  strongly  recommend  you  to  send  over  an  accredited 



presentative  to  confer  with  us  before  proceedings  are  taken. 
Yours  Lruly 

(sjjd)  Collette  &  Collette 

Solicitors  for  the  Edison  Phonographic  Toy  Coy  Limit 


,  Boston  August  1890 

Collette  &  Collette, 

Solicitors  for  The  Edison  1'hono'jraphic  Toy  and  Automaton 

Gentlemen: - 

2  Victoria  Mansions, 

Victoria  Street,  S.  W. 

London,  England. 

We  have  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  letter  dated  August 


We  note  therein  that  you  give  the  name  of  your  Company  as 
The  Edison  Phonographic  Toy  Coy.  Ltd.  The  advertisement  concerning 
which  we  wrote  you  on  the  7th.  inst  makes  the  name,  The  Edison  Phono¬ 
graphic  Toy  and  Automaton  Company  Limited.  The  difference  is  impor¬ 

We  also  note  that  your  confirmation  of  your  cable  to  us 
of  51st  ult,  does  not  correspond  with  what  we  received.  Our  cable¬ 
gram  reads 

“Two  injunctions  against  Company  Gouraud  and  Stereoscopic 
Company  issue  stopped  Company  hold  you  liable" 

Your  letter  prefixes  the  word  "Notice"  to  the  above  and 
differs  in  one  or  two  minor  particulars. 

We  hardly  understand  why,  while  you  were  sending-  us  notice 
of  an  intention  to  hold  us  liable  for  the  failure  of  your  prospectus 


Collette  &  Collette  (2) 

you  did  not  accompany  your  letter  with  o.  copy  of  the  prospectus  .itself' 
but  ^presume  you  had  reasons  satisfactory  to  yourself. 

We  have  nothing  to  add  to  our  letter  of  7th  inst  further 
than  to  say  that  this  Company  has  never  given  any  v/arranty  of  title 
of  or  held  out  any  representations  as  to  the  extent  of  its  own  or  of 
Mr.  Edison’s  rights.  Both  you  and  Mr.  Yromons  had  access  to  the 
documents  showing  extent  of  our  rights.  Information  of  extent  of 
Mr.  Edison’s  rights  was  as  open  to  you  as  to  anybody.  We  do  not  by 
any  means  admit  any  infirmity  in  either  but  if  there  had  been,  you 
could  easily  have  discovered  the  same,  by  a  reasonable  degree  of  pru¬ 
dence  in  investigation.  In  viev/  of  all  this  any  talk  about  holding 
this  Company  liable  is  useless  and  ill  timed. 

We  beg  to  re-iterate  and  confirm  our  letter  to  you  of 

August  7th. 

We  have  received  the  following  characteristic  cablegram 
from  Mr.  Yeomans: 

“My  assurance  strictly  correct  prospectus  not  exces¬ 
sive  dont  shirk. « 

Yours  very  truly, 


relation  to  matter  of  the  English  Toy  Phonograph  Company  prospectus 
I  submitted  the  copy  of  the  advertised  prospeatus.  I  have  not 
received  a  copy  of  the  detailed  prospectus  which  the  advertisement 
stated  could  be  obtained  by  applying  to  the  office. 

Yours  very  truly. 




Samuel  Insull  Esq., 

16  Broad  St.  City. 

Dear  Sir 

Re  Toy  Phonograph  Company  . 

Yfe  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the 
11th  inst.  enclosing  copy  of  an  advertisement  issued  by  the  Edison 
Phonographic  Toy  and  Automaton  Company,  Limited,  in  London,  on 
Saturday  July  26,  1890,  and  we  note  your  request,  to  com? are  this 
advertisement  with  Mr.  Edison’s  contract  with  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Toy  Manufacturing  Company  of  August  6th,  1889,  and  with  the  Edison 
United  Phonograph  Company  of  March  11th,  1890,  and  see  in  what 
way  the  advertisement  in  question  infringes  the  right  of  the 
latter  Company  . 

We  have  examined  the  contracts  in  question,  and  find 
that  under  them  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Mfg.  acquired 

the  rigit  to  Mr.  Edison's  inventions  -  in  or  in  relation  to  Phono¬ 
graphs  or  Speaking  Machines  so  far  only  as  applicable  for  and 
in  such  a  form  as  only  to  be  adapted  for  use  in  or  in  association 

with  dolls  or  toy  figures  as  a  part  thereof  for  the  amusement  of 

children, "  .  .  :  .  ..  ..  -  .. ....... 



their  use  in  or  for  any  other  purpose  "  useful  in  business  or 
commercial  transactions  or  in  the  arts  and  sciences,  or  ibr  any 
useful  purpose  other  than  for  the  amusement  of  children,*  being 
expressly  excluded. 

We  find  that  the  rights  acquired  by  the  Edison  United 
Phonograph  Company  upon  his  inventions  relating  to  Phonographs  or 
Speaking  Machines,  do  not  include  the  right  to  use  any  o f  the  said 
inventions  "in  or  in  connection  with  dolls,  toys,  toy  figures  and 

Looking  at  the  Prospectus  of  the  Edison  Phonographic 
Toy  and  Automaton  Company,  Limited,  we  find  the  statement  that  the 
Company  has  been  fonndd  to  acquire  the  exclusive  rights  in  fe  q 
Phonograph  patents  "as  applied  to  toys,  dolls  and  auotmatic 
figures  o f  every  description.* 

If  the  words  underlined  are  regarded  as  simply  an  ampli¬ 
fication  of  the  words  "toys"  or  "dolls",  then  the  statement  is  not 
objectionable  ,  and  if  this  statement  was  the  only  one  in  the 
Prospectus  about  which  a  question  arose,  we  should  consider  that 
it  was  intended  to  mean,  and  did  in  fact  import  different  forms 
of  toys  and  dolls;  but  even  if  the  phrase  be  given  a  broader  mean¬ 
ing  than  here  suggested,  the  broadest  possible  meaning,  wo  still 
see  no  such  objection  to  the  statement,  as  it  appears  in  the  Pros¬ 
pectus,  to  justify  hostile  action  against  the  proposed  enterprise 
by  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company,  Thes  tatement  is,  that 



th»  Company  hau  been  f  owned  to  acquire  rights  of  a  certain  char¬ 
acter.  Yfe  do  not  see  how  it  is  possible  for  any  one  to  dispute 
that  fact.  It  may  bo  the  intention  of  the  nev/  Company  to  acquire 
rights  of  that  character,  no  matter  who  they  are  owned  by  now. 

The  next  quostioable  statement  appears  to  be  the  follow¬ 
ing  :  "  The  Phonographic  Apparatus  is  capable  of  a  groat  variety 
of  adaptations  to  toys  generally,  and  to  Speaking  Automata  for 
use  in  Bar  Rooms,  Restaurants,  Cigar  Shops,  and  Show  Boons  of 
all  kinds,  to  call  the  atteiftioh  of  customers  to  part j ax lar  artic- 
les.u  We  presune  that  this  statement  is  true.  It  may  have  been 
inserted  in  the  Prospectus  with  the  purpose  of  implying  that  the 
rights  about  to  bo  acquired,  by  the  Company  related  to  Speaking 
Automata  for  the  purposes  named.  There  is  no  necessary  implication 
howovter,  that  it  was  the  intention  of  the  Company  to  purchase  the 
rights  to  the  Phonogreph  for  those  -purposes-  It  stands  in  the 
Prospectus  as  a  -statement  of  fact,  and  if  true,  we  do  not  see  how 
legal  objactaton  can  be  tjisnte  it;  so  with  the  next  -statement  to 
wit  :  ■  The  fieltd for  advertising  by  means  of  Automatic  Talking 
Pi gtzoee  is  practically  limitless.11 

The  a«*®8age  of  the  prospectus  throughout  is  p  eyhaps 
misleading  in  that  it  dees  -not  espressly  limit  the  rights  which  it 
expects  to  acquire  fron  the  Pflison  Phonograph  Toy  Hfg.  Company,  to 
Phonographs  so  far  only  as  applicable  for  and  in  hueh  a  fefth  ohly 
as  to  be  adapted  for  use  ift,  *>*•  in  ¥l¥Vi  b*  Voir 


fibres  for  j£g_  amusement  of  children  ;  and  in3ofaJ.  furthePf  a3 
it  contains  -language  intimating  that  it  expects  to  acquire  or 
has  acquired  rights  to  Speaking  Automata  for  use  in  Bar  Rooms, 
*••**“*“••  0lK"'  «»  *»»'  *»».  or  «  ««.  t„ 

the  attention  or  customers  to  pnrtlo.ilai-  artidlo..  It  t  s,  mono- 
over,  mi.leadins  t,»t  lt  tha,  contracts  hnvo 

boon  .toi  into  „i,h  the  Edison  Ph„„o,~aph  Ios,  Ute.  to,nny 
or  Boaton,  a.  one  or  the  parties,  .here..  unam-.tena  th. 
to  be,  that  no  snob  contr.ot  hae  been  enterod  into,  it 
by  yeoman,  purporting  aot  .a  an  aBe„t  or  that  Cbmp.ny, 

At  th.  time,  «  cannot  pereeiv.  any  loml  sronna 

upon  »hioh  the  Edi.on  United  Phonograph  Company  can  complain  of 
th.  Project ua  in  cue.tion,  „„ 

od  etatute,  .rr.otin,.  th.  brineing  .at  of  Companies  in  Rutland 
»ibb  sever.  «*.  point.  s„a  p„vide.  .  to  .  femw 

eumstanc ed  lihe  m„,  „„lted  rhMr,^h  ^  ^ 

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Edison  General  Electric  Co. 




- -  <o*  \* 

NOTH -This  confirmation  should  be  checked  " 


tmmedlnicly^oii  receipt.  It  v 

e  of  Person  Sending. 

. -Maguire. . 

e  of  Person  Reel 

. Bundle. . 

Sept.  11,1890. . i 

From  whom  received:  A  Q  Tate 

To  whom  sent: 

Samuel  Insull. 

Mr.  Tate,  has  received  the  following  telegram  from  Daniel  wWL/ 
Secretary, Edison  Pgonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Company, of  Boston:- 
"  Directors  meeting  Friday  2  o'clock.  Yeoman?. s  here 
—  and  he  means  business.  Inform  Insull."  ^ 

Mr.  Tate  is  going/to  Boston  to-night. 


Rundle.  j/  Miller.  9.40.  Sept.  11/90. 

You  will  find  me  in  my  office  all  day  to-morrow.  V) 


?/,,■>£  8ep*  15,1890 


Dear  Sir  I- 

■ffa  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the 
13th  inet.  enclosing  copies  of  letters  addressed  by  Mr.  Edison 
in  his  own  capacity,  and  as  President  of  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Works,  to  the  EdiBon  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Company,  and 
requesting  our  opinion  on  the  questions  set  forth  in  your  letter. 

Will  you  be  kind  enough  to  forward  to  us  the  reply 
received  by  you  to  the  telegram  of  July  85th,  as  it  is  necesaary  . 
for  us  to  know  whether  in  reply  to  that  telegram  you  received  a 
recognition  by  the  Boston  Company,  of  the  transfer  of  your  manufact¬ 
uring  rights  to  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works.  If  you  will  forward 
to  us  the  reply  received  by  you,  we  can  then  determine  the  whole 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

X  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

/>/,••*«  /Vy 


.-4'cw ?J#r/C  Sept  19,  1890. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

X  Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir 

Re  Phonograph  Toy  Mfg.  Company. 

Referring  again  to  your  letter  of  the  13th  inst.  in  which 
after  laying  before  me  certain  correspondence  between  Mr.  Edison 
and  the  Boston  Company,  you  request  our  views  as  to  the  propriety 
of  two  letters,  one  of  which  has  been  addressed  to  the  Boston 
Company  by  Mr.  Edison,  personally,  and  the  other  by  the  Edison 
Phonograph  Works/  We  beg  to  reply  as  follows  :  There  is  no 
question  in  our /mind  tLt  both  Mr.  Edison  and  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Works  have  the  rigit/to  withdraw  the  offer  contained  in  the  tel¬ 
egram  of  July  25th/l890,  if  its  provisions  have  not  been  agreed 
upon  within  a  reasonable  time,  and  it  seems  to  us  that  a  reasonable 
time  should  be  such  a  time  as  would  enable  in  due  course  of  md  1, 
the  stock  and  the  cash  to  be  transmitted  from  Lonfcn  to  Boston.  The 
only  circumstance  which  renders  this  view  at  all  doubtful,  is  the 
suggestion  at  the  close  of  the  telegram,  that  the  transfer  of 


manufacturing  rights  by  Mr.  Edison  to  the  Phorr  graph  Works,  should 
be  recognized  by  the  Boston  Company  as  a  condition  of  the  consent 
contained  in  the  earlier  part  of  the  telegram,  but  the  difficulty 
arising  from  that  language  is  removed  by  the  fact  that  the  Boston 
Company  has  taken  no  notion  since  the  telegram  was  received  to 
recognize  the  transfer  from  Mr.  Edison  to  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Works.  We,  therefore,  advise  that  the  two  letters;  prepared  by  you 
to  be  addressed  to  the  Boston  Company  by  Mr  .  Edison  and  the  Edi8on 
Phonograph  Work  a  respectively,  are  proper.  We  therefore,  re-en- 
close  them  to  you  herewith  together  with  the  other  correspondence 
received  from  you. 

Yours  truly, /^) 



TOY  MFG,  00,  TELEPHONE  161 -21st. 

I'10'  138  FIFTH  /VENUE, 


t/ a*Z-y.t 

c£-6,  ia--t**-zz,  c-astes1  j 




I  beg  to  solicit  your  proxy  to  vote  the  stock  now  standing  in  your  name  on  tile  books  of  the 
Company  at  the  annual  meeting  of  stockholders  to  be  hold  at  Portland,  Maine,  on  14th  instant. 

I  seek  this  authority  for  the  purpose  of  effecting  a  reorganization  of  the  Company’s  business.  I  am 
satisfied,  and  I  believe  that  a  great  majority  if  not  all  other  stockholders  will  agree  with  me,  that  the 
proper  and  only  way  to  relieve  the  present  depression  and  secure  returns  for  money  invested  is  to 
inaugurate  a  practical  commercial  system  for  the  sale  of  speaking  dolls  to  the  trade  both  in  this 
country  and  in  Europe !  that  all  attempts  to  dispose  of  “  rights  "  should  be  abandoned  and  that  all 
energy  should  be  concentrated  in  an  effort  to  build  up  a  legitimate  business  by  the  actual  sale  of  the 
product  which  the  Company  was  organized  to  place  upon  the  market. 

It  is  not  my  intention  to  reflect  in  the  slightest  degree  upon  the  integrity  of  the  gentlemen  who  in 
the  past  have  had  charge  of  the  Company’s  affairs.  The  difference  existing  between  us  is  purely  one  of 
policy.  I  believe  that  the  present  condition  of  the  Company’s  business  proves  that  an  entirely  new 
method  must  be  adopted  to  ensure  success  ;  that  new  life  must  be  infused  before  any  hope  of  reward 
can  be  entertained,  and  it  is  to  secure  the  opportunity  of  infusing  new  life  and  adopting  new  methods 
that  I  now  seek  your  proxy,  which  I  shall  use  only  for  the  purpose  of  electing  a  Board  of  Directors 
who  are  in  sympathy  with  my  views. 

Should  I  be  honored  by  the  confidence  of  a  sufficient  number  of  stockholders  to  enable  me  to  ma¬ 
ture  plans  formed  only  with  the  interests  of  the  Company  in  view,  arrangements  can  be  made  to  pro¬ 
vide  funds  immediately  for  the  commencement  of  actual  business. 

Mr.  A.  O.  Tate,  whose  name  appears  on  the  inclosed  blank  form  of  proxy,  is  my  Private  Secretary, 
and  one  of  the  present  Directors  of  the  Company. 

Please  sign  the  within  form,  have  it  witnessed  and  re-mail  the  same 

in  envelope  sent  you  herewith. 

J?dIsorj*^>,)<,n°fipapH  Toy  ]V(ar}fg.  ^ogjpaijy. 

95  MILK  STREET,  -  -  Room  73. 

'  <y/  Boston, . Bet. ., . . . 1 89O 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  enclose  proposed  documents  relating  to  the 
Yeomans  matter.  These  follow  as  exactly  as  possible  in  the  changed 
condition  of  affairs  those  drav/n  last  summer  by  your  Counsel  Mr.  Lewis 
with  one  or  two  minor  modifications  suggested  by  Mr.  Hutchinson. 

You  will  naturally  want  to  submit  them  to  Mr.  Lewis.  We  would 
suggest  that  this  be  done  at  once,  as  Mr,  Yeomans  is  anxious  to  sail 
this  week,  and  if  he  is  to  go  on  with  the  work  this  Fall  it  is  for 
the  interest  of  all  parties  to  have  him  get  away  as  soon  as  possible. 

In  relation  to  the  proposed  license  to  be  given  in  escrow 
to  Trustee,  we  thought  best  to  follow  closely  Mr.  Lewis’s  form,  but 
would  suggest  that  you  take  a  look  at  your  letter  written  is  April 
17th,  1890,  and  especially  the  last  two  paragraphs,  as  a  basis  of  a 
hint  to  him  to  consider  whether  the  points  there  suggested  have  been 
sufficiently  covered. 

Yours  very  truly, 

CL* t&ZXuL. 

"Opljopograpl}  Toy  ]V^apiy.  ^oippapy. 


95  MILK  STREET,  -  -  Room  73. 

Boston, . Oct.  6th, . .  1890 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

C  ■  C  ■  <n  h 

Orange,  N.  J.  u  ^  ' 

Dear  Sir; - 

A  letter  from  yourself  individually  and  one  from 
you  as  president  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works,  each  dated  Sept.  22nd 
1890,  withdrawing  assent  to  sale  of  rights  in  certain  European  count¬ 
ries,  duly  received,  have  not  been  replied  to  because  negotiations 
in  relation  to  the  subject  matter,  taken  up  immediately  seemed  to 
make  a  reply  unnecessary  at  least  for  the  present.  We  may  take 
occasion  to  answer  them  at  a  later  date. 

•  Referring  to  your  report  on  the  condition  of  manufacture 
dated  May  9th,  but  received  by  us  some  time  later  than  that,  we  have, 
as  you  know,  had  our  Mr.  Magovern,  go  over  the  whole  ground  very  care¬ 
fully,  and  he  has  rendered  us  his  report/ a  copy  of  which  we  enclose 
herewith,  with  Appendix,  and  his  letter  of  Sept..  7th  189Q,  showing 
cost  of  mechanisms  .97  cents. 

We  also  enclose  as  bearing  on  the  same  subject,  letters 
written  by  our  oounsels  Mr.  Hutchinson  of  May  31st  1890  and  Mr,  Brown 

T.  A.  E.  (2)  Oct.  g^go 

of  May  6th  1890,  and  our  General  Manager  Mr.  Aiblien.&ept.  lith  1890. 

Mr.  Allien  has  made  himself  familiar  with  the  whole  subject 
and^ perhaps  be  of  service  to  you  in  the  way  of  explaining  details.. 

He  or  Mr.  Magovern  will  be  glad  to  furnish  you  with  any  information. 
Yours  very  truly, 


Message  just  received  over  the  telephone  from  Mr.  Tate: 

BOSTON,  Mass.  4  :  50  p.  m. 

I  can  elect  with  absolutely  no  opposition  the  following 
Board:  Edison,  Insull,  Tate,  Bordfeldt,  or  his  representative, 
Stevens,  Mackintosh,  and  Richmond,  who  is  a  business  partner  of 
Mackintosh.  This  gives  us  a  majority  with  Bordfeldt,  in  addition 
to  which  the  last  three  are  in  hearty  sympathy  with  us.  A  meeting 
has  been  called  for  to-morrow  to  decline  to  extend  Yeomans'  con¬ 
tract  beyond  November  1st,  the  date  already  conceded*  I  shall 
have  to  attend  to-morrow's  meeting.  Is  all  this  satisfactory.?: 

^  “  -  4  -  V-  ,sp 

Mr.  Tate  wants  me  t o  telephone  him  an  answer  right  away* 

($-C~  ^  trw 

J  Q  I  t  lOA-W'.f’  £j..,kh  C-  U-A  ^ 

4  oit-ppr tr,  k 



P'ttHT  (tlWH’.K  fS<J>»TAUH, 

•  trfrj/r//,  October  24th»189Q* 

Tjiomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir  : 

Replying  to  yours  of  2ist.  instant  I  beg  to  say  that  at 
the  time  it  was  being  written  a  majority  of  our  Executive  Committee 
were  in  New  York  in  consultation  with  Mr.  Borgfeldt,  who  stated  his 
ideas  in  full  and  notes  of  the  same  were  made  in  writing  and  acceded 
to  by  him  as  expressing  a  synopsis  of  his  views.  It  seems  to  me  that 
the  matter  should  be  considered  by  the  full  board  of  directors,  as 
soon  as  possible,  and  I  have  accordingly  ordered  a  meeting  called  for 
next  Monday  afternoon  at  two  o’clock. 

I  will  not  now  go  into  the  details  of  the  negotiations 
with  Mr.  Borgfeldt  further  than  to  say  that  a  comparison  of  views  has 
produced  such  results  as  seem  to  me  to  render  unnecessary  any  division 
or  differences  as  to  the  make  up  of  the  next  board  of  directors. 

I  defer  reply  to  other  points  until  after  the  meeting, 
except  that  I  feel  constrained  to  say  that  it  seems  to  me  erroneous  to 

say  that  the  majority  of  the  board  of  directors  has  decided  that  the 
wishes  of  the  stockholders  would  not  be  carried  out  by  the  election  of 
the  gentlemen  whose  names  were  submitted  by  you.  No  majority  of  the 
board  has  undertaken  to  lave  or  express  any  opinion  on  that  point 
whatever  may  have  been  said  informally  by  anybody  aS  an  individual  or 
a  stockholder. 

-Yours  very  respectfully. 



annual  meeting  of  stockholders  to  be  held  at  Portland.  Maine,  on  Thursday,  30th 

Company  are  in  a  condition  which  demands  the  serious  and  earnes 

ivelfare  and  I  seek  your  authority  to  effect  a  reorganization  of  its  but _ 

e  Company  contains  but  a  comparatively  small  cash  balance,  almost  its  entire 
rested  in  doll  parts  (heads,  legs  and  arms),  and  old-style  dolls.  The  un- 


while  the  debt  whit 
Thousand  Dollars. 

the  Con 

and  shares,  can  only  be 

;old  for  cash  a 

c  called  upon  to  liqi 

exchanged  fc 

.  n  the  Company’s  merchandise  has  been  unavailing ;  the  attempt  to 
capitalize  a  portion  of  the  foreign  business  and  obtain  funds  from  that  source  has  likewise  proved 
unsuccessful  •  if  is  therefore  only  by  the  intervention  of  some  of  those  in  interest. that  business  can  be 

unsuccessful ; 

I  am  satisfied,  and  I  believe  that  the  majority  of 
proper  and  only  tvay  to  secure  returns  'for  monev  invei 
.system  for  the  sale  of  speaking  dolls  to  the  trade  in  thi 
attempts  to  dispose  of  “  rights  "  should  be  abandoned  and 
effort  to  build  up  a  substantial  business  by  the  actual  si 
organized  to  place  upon  the  market. 

It  is  not  my  intention  to  cast  the  slightest  unfavorable  reflection  upon  the  gentlemen  who  have  in 
te  past  tad  charge  of  the  Company's  affairs.  We  differ  only  upon  a  question  of  policy.  I  believe  lhat 
the  present  condition  of  the  Company’s  business  proves  that  new  methods  must  be  adopted  to  ensure 
success  ;  that  new  life  must  be  infused  before  any  hope  of  reward  can  be  entertained  and  it  is  to  secure 
the  opportunity  of  infusing  new  life  and  adopting  new  methods  that  I  now  seek  your  proxy,  which  I 
shall  use  only  for  the  purpose  of  electing  a  Board  of  Directors  in  sympathy  with  my  views. 

Should  I  be  honored  by  the  confidence  of  a  sufficient  number  of  stockholders  to  enable  me  tn 

he  stockholders  will  agree  with  me,  that  the 
ted  is  to  inaugurate  a  practical  commercial 
i  country  and  throughout  the  world  ;  that  all 
that  all  energy  should  be  concentrated  in  an 
!e  of  the  product  which  the  Company  was 

n  be  provide 
Please  dal 

'f  stockholders  tt 

r  with  the  Company’s  best  interests  in  view  I  contidently  believe  that 
ly,  and  without  sacrifice,  for  the  commencement  of  actual  business, 
le  within  form,  have  it  witnessed  and  re-mail  the  same  in  envelope  sei 


9  Whereas,  Mr.  George  Borgfeldt,  in  behalf  of  the  firm  of 

George  Borgfeldt  &  Co.,  of  New  York  City,  has  made  a  proposition  to 
the  Executive  Committee,  looking  to  the  making  of  said  firm  sole 
selling  Agents  for  this  Company,  a  written  memorandum  of  which  propo¬ 
sition  was  taken  when  the  same  was  made  such  memorandum  having  been 
approved  by  Mr.  Borgfeldt  at  the  time,  and 

Whereas  said  proposition  comprehends  the  advanoe  by  said 
firm  of  funds  sufficient  to  enable  the  Company  to  proceed  at  once  to 
the  manufacture  of  dolls  for  the  supply  of  the  market,  and 

Whereas,  it  is  the  sense  of  this  Board  that  an  arrangement 
should  be  made  with  said  firm  on  the  general  lines  laid  down  by  Me. 
Borgfeldt  as  shown  bj*  said  memorandum  but  with  some  modifications 
of  detail, 

Now  it  is 

Voted;  that  the  matter  of  an  arrangement  with  the  firm  of 
George  Borgfeldt  &  Co.,  in  relation  to  said  firms  becoming  the 
selling  Agents  of  this  Company,  be  left  to  the  Executive  Committee 
or  a  majority  thereof,  with  full  powers. 

Voted  that  the  Secretary  be  instructed  to  send  a  copy  of 
the  foregoing  preamble  and  vote  to  Mr.  Tate  for  Mr.  Edison  and  to 
Mr.  Borgfeldt.  u 



The  above  is  a  true  copy  of  a  preamble  and  votes 
passed  by  the  Board  of  Directors  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Mfg.Co., 
at  a  meeting  duly  called  and  held  on  the  27th.  day  of  October  1890. 


CL • 


Whereas  this  Board  has  been  informed  that  one  of  its 
members,  Mr.  Tate,  has  given  directions  that  no  more  dolls  be  ship¬ 
ped  to  this  Company  from  Grange,  until  further  notioe  from  him,  and 
Whereas  this  Board  was  considering  the  question  whether 
it  was  not  advisable  to  sell  such  manufactured  dolls  as  it  has  on 
hand  at  Orange,  and  by  such  means  to  raise  funds  to  liquidate  its 
indebtedness  to  Mr.  Edison:  such  dolls  on  hand  being  more  than  suf¬ 
ficient  for  that  purpose: 

Now  it  is 

Resolved:  that  the  action  of  Mr.  Tate,  as  set  forth 
in  the  foregoing  preamble,  whether  taken  as  a  member  of  this  Board, 
or  otherwise,  is  in  the  opinion  of  this  Board  ill-advised,  injudicious 
and  unwarranted  and  this  Board  hereby  records  its  protest  against  the 
same:  and  the  Secretary  is  directed  to  send  to  Mr.  Tate  a  copy  of 
this  preamble  and  resolution. 

The  above  is  a  true  copy  of  a  preamble,  and  resolution 
passed  by  the  Board  of  Directors  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Mfg.  Co. 
at  a  meeting  duly  called  and  held  on  the  27th,  day  of  October,  1890. 


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[OCTOBER,  1890?] 

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[OCTOBER,  1890?] 


The  Stockholders’ Annual  Meeting  was 
adjourned  from  16th  to  30th  inst. 

The  enclosed  proxy,  when  executed, 
will  take  precedence  over  any  former  proxy 
that  may  have  been  given,  as  the  latest 


■  Sj'S Yrf/ 'ft f  EQUITABLE  BUILDING) 

<y  r"l 

n  /' 

Thomas  A.  Eaison, 

near  Sir: 

Re  Attached  Property  of  E.P.T.M'f’g.  Co.  We  beg  to 
call  your  attention  to  the  following  matters: 

(I)  It  would  be  well  for  the  Works  to  notify  the 
Boston  Co.  of  the  attachment.  In  fact,  it  is  almost  the  duty  of 
the  Works  to  do  so . 

(2)  Do  you  wish  to  have  the  attached  property  sold 
on  the  ground  that  it  is  perishable  and  expensive  to  keep  it  up? 
Possibly  the  Court  ccMld  bo  convinced  that  the  property  is  perish¬ 
able  and  would  order  a  sale  made  for  the  benefit  of  th9  creditors 
in  due  time.  Shall  we  do  this?  The  attachment  will  bo  ad-  C 

vertised  in  the  Newark  newspapers  so  as  to  give  other  creditors  a 
chance  to  come  in,  if  there  are  any,  and  they  wish  to  do  so,  but 
we  believe  there  is  no  mention  in  the  advert  is  e-nent  of  the  names 
of  applying  creditors.  After  the  period  named  in  the  advor tise- 
ment  has  expired,  two  or  three  months,  the  Court  makes  a  report  of 
the  amount  due, to  the  plaintiff  and  to  the  applying  creditors, 
which  report  is  filed.  Judgment  is  then  entered  on  the  report 

T^y  ^onjpaijy. 


*.*  OFFICE  OF  T 


;  Room  73. 

Boston,  . Nov.  19th, . 189  0 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  President, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Gentlemen: - 

Referring  to  your  favor  of  17th.  inst.  signed 
by  T.  A.  Edison,  President,  we  beg  to  treat  it  as  if  your  letter  of 
14th.  inst.  signed  by  Samuel  Insull,  Treasurer,  had  not  been  received. 

It  seems  to  us,  that  the  amount  which  you  have  claimed, 
is  not  justly  your  due.  We  should  be  glad  to  confer  with  any  re¬ 

presentative  of  yourselves, 

•  Mr.  Edison,  or  both  in  relation  to  the 

matter  at  such  time  and  place,  as  may  be  fixed  || iri  vou .  and  endeavor 
to  come  to  an  agreement  upon  the  subject,  or  if  this  does  not  meet 
your  views,  or  if  &  agreement  cannot  be  reached  after  such  conference 
v/e  are  ready  to  submit  the  question  to  arbitrators  as  is  contemplated 
by  our  manufacturing  agreement  with  life-.  Edison  dated  August  6th.  1889, 
and  upon  decision  duly  rendered  by  such  arbitrators,  we  expect  to 
settle  for  such  amount  if  any,  as  may  thus  be  found  to  be  due  from  us. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Co. , 



Hov.  22,  1890. 

Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Co., 

95  Milk  Street,  Bofcton,  Mass. 



V/e  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  two  favors  of 
the  19th  inst.,  one  addressed  to  our  President  and  the  otherto 
our  Treasurer. 

In  reply  we  beg  to  say  that  the  claim  uponwhid 
attachment  was  issued  was  not  a  disputed  claim.  That  claim  was 
not  susceptible  of  dispute  and  had  not  in  fact  ever  been  disputed. 
It  was  an  amount  past  due  for  merchandise  furnished  under  our 

We  still  have  claims  under  that  contract  against  you  upon 
which  we  have  not  as  yet  taken  action.  Some  months  ago  while  we 
were  engaged  in  the  process  of  manufacturing  mechanisms  for  you 
under  our  contract  you  requested  a  suspension  of  our  work.  That 
suspension  which  we  acquiesced  in  for  the  time,  left  us  in  possession 
of  certain  conpleted  mechanisms  under  the  old  model  and  of  certain 
mechanisms  in  various  stages  of  construction  under  the  same  modeL. 

It  also  left  us  in  possession  of  tools  especially  made 
production  of  the  mechanisms  in^sti^^  fe^l 
addressed  to  you  under  date  of  the  17th  inst.  was  written  to  you 

for  th 

s\^.eC  - _ _  - 

ett  er  to  you 



upon  the  assumption  that  the  negations  between  us  must  necessar¬ 
ily  fail  to  bring  us  to  the  same  mind  upon  these  subjects  of 
difference,  and  the  purpose  of  that  letter  we  desire  to  make  more 
manifest  in  this,  which  is,  that  we  now  desire  to  place  ourselves 
in  the  position  which  we  held  before  we  acquiesced  in  your  request 
for  the  suspension  of  work. 

We,  therefore,  notify  you  as  follows  :  We  have  on  hand 
a  number  of  completed  mechanisms  of  the  old  standard  whi ch 

we  hereby  deliver  and  tender  to  you  under  our  contract.  We  shall 
hold  them  to  your  order,  and  send  you  invoices  as  per  our  course 
of  dealing. 

As  to  in  completed  mechanisms  now  in  process  of  construc¬ 
tion  as  well  as  our  loss  upon  tools  especially  made  for  that  pur¬ 
pose  and  other  matters  outstanding  between  us  and  not  referred  to 
herein,  we  are  willing  to  follow  the  suggestion  of  your  letter  and 
make  them  the  subject  of  arbitration.  We  shall  do  this,  however, 
only  upon  condition  that  at  the  time  of  the  .submission  to  arbitra¬ 
tion  you  shall  give  us  security  for  the  faithful  performance  of 
aich  award  as  may  be  made.  If  you  accept  this  suggestion,  please 
communicate  your  acceptance  at  an  early  date.  If  you  are  not 
willing  to  accept  thia  rnggastion,  then  „o  shall  be  obliged  to 
«a„4  open  our  contract  right,  a,  to  the.,  subject.  ,e  „u  l0 



4  3 
all  others.  Hoping  to  hear  from  you  promptly,  we  beg  to  remain 
Yours  very  truly, 



C . November  25,  1890. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.,  'l.  £ 

Orange,  N.  J.  <  ^  O 

Dear  Sir,-  On  behalf  of  a  client  who  holds  some  Edison  Phonograph 
Toy  Manufacturing  Co.’s  stock,  will  you  kindly  furnish  us  with  such 
information  as  you  can  give  in  reference  to  the  present  prospect  of 
the  Companys  increasing  their  business,  and  whether  the  doll  is  now 
perfected,  and  whether  you  anticipate  any^ sales  for  the  Holiday  mar¬ 
ket.  Your  early  reply  Will  be  treated  in  confidence  and  will  greatly 
oblige  us. 

Dictated  G.  A.  L. 

Toy  ]V(WS.  ^onqpapy. 


95  MILK  STREET,  -  -  Room  73. 

Boston, . Nov. ...28th, . j  S9  0 

Edison  Phonograph  Works, 

f  d  ) 

Orange,  N.  J. 


Replying  to  your  favor  of  the  22nd.  inst.,  we 
beg  to  say  that  until  we  know  just  what  the  claim  is  on  which  you 
have  undertaken  to  attach  our  property,  and  also  just  what  part  of 
our  property  you  claim  to  have  under  attachment,  we  are  quite  unable 
to  discuss  the  matter  in  hand  with  any  intelligence.  It  seems  to 
us  only  fair,  also  to  acquaint  us  with  other  facts  in  regard  to  your 
suit,  such  as,  Court  in  which  it  is  brought,  the  return  day  of  writ 
etc. ,  inasmuch  as  we  have  no  information  on  these  particulars  from 
any  other  source. 

We  have  supposed  that  your  claim  was  not  only  sue- 
ceptible  of,  but  actually  in  dispute  and  must  continue  to  think  so 
until  the  contrary  is  in  some  way  made  to  appear. 

Your  letter  does  not  pake  clear  whether  such  completed 
mechanisms  as  you  claim  to  hold  subject  to  our  order  are  enclosed 
in  dolls  or  how  many  there  are.  We  should  be  glad  to  be  enlightened 
on  these  points. 

JJcHson^lioqoflraplt  Joy  JV^apfg.  gon)par,y. 


95  MILK  STREET,  -  .  Room  73. 

E.  P.  Works, 

Boston, . Nov.  26th, . 189  0 


We  should  be  glad  to  confer  with  your  representative 
and  with  Mr.  Edison,  or  his  representative  on  the  whole  subject. 

If  this  is  not  acceptable  to  you  we  are  ready  to  carry  out  our  manu¬ 
facturing  contracts  according  to  its  terms,  including  the  provisions 
for  arbitration. 

As  to  the  suspension  of  your  work  as  you  claim  at  our 
request,  we  beg  to  say  that  our  understanding  is  that  such  suspension 
took  place  before  any  request  of  ours  had  been  made. 

And  we  are 

Yours  respectfully, 

Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Co  , 

*  X3 

fu.,  ■■-!% 

-  \  / 


L’G  Devon  sltim;  Sli-ool. 

. . . .  December  3,  1890, 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir,-  Your  favor  of  Nov.  26th  is  received,  and  we  wish  to  thank 
you  for  your  explanation  of  the  affairs  of  the  Company.  On  the  be- 
hali  of  our  client,  we  wish  your  permission  to  publish  your  letter  in 
full  in  the  Boston  Advertiser.  Our  client  believes  you  perfectly 
right  in  taking  the  position  you  do  in  the  matter,  and  thinks  that  if 
this  letter  was  given  to  the  public  it  would  .open  the  eyes  of  a  good 
many  of  the  stockholders  who  are  in  ignorance  of  the  present  condition 
of  the  Company.  Awaiting  your  reply,  we  wish  to  remain, 

Yours  truly. 

r'  ' y$rs ctC&r-' 

Dictated  G.  A.  L. 



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/■30 ^$/?\ 9<Z(/f 004/1.  EQUITABLE  BUILDING) 

'Stcw'&rd. Dec.  10,  1890. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir 

We  beg  to  acknowledge  the/receipt  of  your  favor  of  the 
8th  inst.  spying  that  you  will  mak /  a  report  to  us  in  reference 
to  the  Toy  Phonograph  manufacture/,  and  suggesting  that  afte: 

!  receive  the  same  we  make  a  appointment  with  Mr.  Batchelor  to 
jive  us  such  additional  infornj4tion  as  his  memory  maybe  dil  e 
to  supply.  / 

Awaiting  the  receipt  of  your  report.,  we  beg  to  remain 
Yoytirs  truly,  /'<1 


_  _ 

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p&’s&iZ*'  ~s£Ur*£'  | 



To  Flange, 


Transfers  free  of  Edison's  rights  will  be  made  upon  receipt  of 
money  as  per  your  cable  of  sixteenth  instant  together  with  stock 
of  proper  agreement  for  delivery  thereof. 

Cop  y'« 

You  are  hereby  authorized  to  sell  all  rights  for  Great 
Britain, Continental 'Europe  and  the  Channel  Islands,  free  of 
royalties  under  license  agreement  dated:-.  .  and  of  rights 

accruing  under  manufacturing  contract  with  me  of  same  date 
provided  such  sale  he  effected  for  not  less  than^lOO, 000 'sterling 
cash,  less  commissions  and  expenses,  and  one  eighth  of  the  capital 
stock  of  a  corporation  capitalized  at  not  more  than^300,000  ster¬ 
ling,  and  upon  such  sale  being  made  I  will  make  and  secure  formal 
assent  to  appropriate  transfers  made  by  you. 

Assented  to- 


1890.  Sims-Edison  Electric  Torpedo  Company  (D-90-61) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  business  of  the  Sims-Edison  Electric  Torpedo  Co.  Included  are 
documents  about  the  demonstration  of  the  company’s  electric  torpedo  boat 
and  Edison’s  opinion  of  the  boat.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  Everett  Frazar, 
president  of  the  company. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  meeting 
announcements;  routine  correspondence  about  stock  transactions. 

^if%  ||.i1  limn  ||lei]|:iji:c  fjjp0r$reik  '^tntt{ptug» 

124  Water  Street, 



i’eb,  loth,  l;.0O, 

Thos.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Trustee  Sims-Edison  Elec.  Torpedo  Co. 

The  Laboratory,  Oran  g  e. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  take  pleasure  in  handing  you  herein  the  following  documents 
which  have  been  prepared  by  Mr.  W.  Scott  Sims,  General  Manager,  and 
myself,  by  request  of  the  new  board  of  directors  at  their  first 
meeting,  held  at  noon  on  the  eleventh  day  of  February,  viz.: 

A. -  Sims-Edison  Electric  Torpedo  Co',  in  a/o  with  W.  Scott  Sims. 

for  amounts  paid  by  him  and  due  by  the  Company  for  patterns, 
moulds,  tools,  cable  &e.,  per  vouchers,  f-2755.90 

B. -  Sims-Edison  Electric  Torpedo  Oo'.  in  a/o  with  W.  Scott 

She  »rST  1ST’  ”“e  by  hi”• from  “• 


simT’alBOn  El00tri0  Torpedo  ho.  in  e/c  with  w.  Scott 

Simsior  amount  of  outstanding  accounts  due  by  the 

Coup  any  and  appro vod  by  the  General  Manager,  1670. 4B 

Showing  total  indebtedness  on  Feli'y  ll,  1890 . Sfi 050.79 

Statement  of  assets  of  the  Sims-Edison  Electric  Torpedo  Co.  (  with 

note  re.  patents,  contracts  pending  &0.  &c.)  showing  value  of 

assets  on  Pob'y  11,  1890  to  be  .  ' 

*  *  *  ••••••..  .£00*420, 

X  remain,  dear  sir. 

Yours  very  truly. 




In  a/o  with  W.  Scot  i,  Sinn, 

afi  par  vnuohorn. 


laa-.i . 

July  27  To  amount  paid  for  pat, toms,  .  $595.00 

do.  Iron  moulds,  £77 ,(><•; 

do.  Tools  &<),,  512.06 

do.  0 shift,  0,000  ft.,  770-. 

$  2,7 55, 0(> 

Ho  to: 

Above  used  in  construction  of  now  improved 
22  mile  spend  torpedo  boat,  (stored  it;  Edison 
Machine  Vfttrko)  as  per  bills  rendered  by  75.  MV 
■Works  July  27 th,  18£,9 ,  and  paid  by  W.  Scott  Sims 
Jan.  25  th,  1690. 

Now  York,  Fob.  11th,  1890. 




In  account,  with  V7.  Scott  Sinn, 
aa  per  Vouchors. 

Sept. 21 
lBSS  . 
Doc.  17 

April  2 
Doc.  81 



May  is 

.Tuna  19 





To  paid  (!iw  C-uliok, 

"  do.. 

"  1  ■  do. 

"  J.  Dcgorton, 

M  Hull  S:  Todd, 

"  ('.•  Bencke-, 

"  Am.  Photo.  Co., 

■  Hesns, 

*  Fr.  D.  Chandler, 

*  P.  T.  P.  Allon, 

0  M.  v.  Smith, 

"  Mow  York  Knit  inn  Co., 

"  do. 

*  Rubber  Printer, 

“  33.  (?.  Soltmrn, 

0  Rout  &c., 

“  ExpenaoB  in  Rdlson  Laboratory 

18KB  to  liiiip, 

*  KxpnnuKR  t.o  Washington, 

To  paid  patent  foes  to,- 
J.  P.  Pitch, 

4-.  25 

a.  so 


a.  75 




Haw  York,  Pah.  11th,  1890. 







as  per  vouchers. 



May  1  To 

paid  Thor,.  A.-  Edison, 



"  do-. 



"  do. 




"  A.  0.  Day, 


June  1 

"  Pierce  &  Jones,  balance 

Due  Feb.  17' 90. 



Feb.  1 

"  Bishop  -S.  P.  Co., 


June  13 

"  Hein  Co.,  nett, 

55-.  ( Orig.  #105. 60) 

July  10 

*  Bergmann  &  Co,, 


Nov-.  13 

"  Electric  Reviews, 


Doc-.  31 

"  Fullerton  <5:  Rushmorenote 

452,  Due  May  23,'90. 



J  an. 

"  W.  S.-  S.  expense  a/c 



11  do-.  salary  a/c, 



11  do.  salary  a/o 


Jan-,  31 

"  %  N,  Deen, 


Feb.  5 

*  Storage  on  boat, 


B,  E, , 

New  York,  Feb,  11th,  1590. 

Note:  accounts, 

A  *2,755,90 

R  1,624.35 

0  1,670-.  45 



OP  , SIM  (5 -ISP  Ip  on  electric  torpedo  oompany, 

How  York,  February  11th,  1890. 




1  mila  boat  (lo  1/2  miles  UI,oed) 
witii  moulds,  patterns  &o, 
old  boat  copper  &C.,  valued  at, 

6.000  ft.  (  and  oxponses  incurred) 
loaned  W.  S.  s,  for  now  boat, 

940  sharos  of  Treasury  stock  at  $50, 

Books,  Pamphlets,  Real  &c., 

Total  assets, 

*  Indebtedness, 


P'lUmts,  America  and  Europe. 

'  Contracts  with  ,T.  v.  p.  Read  for  Europe, 
Contract  pendin/j  with  U.  S,  Gov't  for 
4  boats  at  12,500,  $50,000, 

prospective  profit,  30,000, 

Pen dinC,  appropriation  in  Congress  for 
\  40  or  more  boats. 






■c.s  , , 


General  Manager, 

j^-lftlisim  ||l«|fi(ic  torpedo  ^oinjiaitg. 


2// f. 9. 

d.24  Water  Street,  w.  scott  sims,  g« 

(fre-lJ  April  30th,  1890. 

ShoB#  A.  Edison  Esq«, 



n  *  ,  n  ,  a. 

Dear  Sirs 

Several  of  .the  South  Amerioan  delegates  now  in  this  country, 
having  accepted  the  invitation  of  the  officers  of  the  Sims-Edison 
Electric  Torpedo  Oo.  to  witness  an  exhibition  of  the  working  of 
their  latest  torpedo  boat,  the  Government  steaner,  "Chester  A. 

Arthur,"  has  been  placed  at  their  disposal  by  the  Hon.  Secretary 
of  War,  She  will  leave  pier  3,  E.  R.,  on  Friday,  May  2nd,  at  12  m. 
for  Willetts  Point,  Long  Island;  and  you  or  your  representative 
are  invited  to  accompany  the  officers  and  delegates  on  tills  trip. 
Please  make  acknowledgement  and  acceptance  of  this  invitation. 
Yours  very  truly. 



124  Water  Street, 

..z*  (?/*>/  July  10th,  li,90. 

Thos.  A,  Edison  Esq., 

Or  a  n  g  e0 

Dear  Sir: 

The  officers,  of  th®  Sims-Edison  Electric  Torpedo  Co.  v/ill  bo 
pleased  to  have  you  witness  an  exhibit  of  tho  working  of  the  Siios- 
Ertison  Electric  Torpedo  boat  ,  in  charge  of  Mr.  Scott  Siren,  the 
inventor  and  Gen'l  Mgr.  of  tJiin  Company,  on  Tuesday  afternoon  the 
15th  :innt .  at  3  o'clock.  The  stems r  “E.  B.  Bslsell*  v/ill  leave 
Vhird'H  pier  {Ho.  If.  or  17)  foot  of  Wall  St.  at  1:30  p.ra.  Tuesday  for 
Willetts  Point,  arriving  back  in  this  city  on  or  before  0  p.m. 

I  shall  bo  pleased  to  have  youi'  scknowleugamam.  and  accept¬ 
ance  of  thi«  invitation,  remaining, 


124  Water  Street, 

8ept.  19th,  189  OH) 

C- '  thfflnaa  A.  Bdlson  Bag.,' 
i  Orange. 

r  Bear  Sir: 

£*  1  dUly  r°0oiv8d  your  f *ror  of  *“*«  aTth»  «*«loaing  a  letter 

R  frOM  Mr*  w*  ®*  Bullen,  Milwaukee,  in  regard  to  torpedoes.  Owing  to 
my  abaenee  on  a  abort  waoation  reply  has  been  delayed.  I  have, 

C  h0W9Var*  ®ddreaaed  him,  thanking  him  for  the  auggeationa  given 
r  aad  bating  that  Mr.  Sima  will  be  pleased  to  oommunieate  with  him 
P&  in  tha  near  *hture  if  he  oan  see  an  opporttmity  to  avail  of  hia  aer 
^  vieea. 

RtRlly,  PRESIDENT  Suvia-DuisuH. 


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1890.  Telegraph  -  General  (D-90-62) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  technical  and 
commercial  development  of  the  telegraph.  Most  of  the  letters  are  from  the  law 
firm  of  Eaton  &  Lewis  and  concern  the  case  of  Welch  v.  Edison.  There  is  also 
a  letter  about  quadruplex  patent  royalties. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 

correspondence  regarding  the  Welch  case;  a  list  of  Western  Union  officials; 
unsolicited  correspondence  about  the  Writing  Telegraph  Co. 

#Jt**-*  c^f-^jcui^  CL^^sJeA^/f' 
jy^^ju-  <wc  CL^C^rzJ^cC' 




New  York,  -  ACc 





rp  . 

'i  .  DREXEL,  MORGAN  §•  CO. 
£ &’°l  -]  -I tr -  @  u  _ 



’  ’  *  <  M : ,  ; 



A.  0.  Tate,  Esq,, 

Edison's  laboratory, 
Orange,  N.’  j. 

Dear  Sir, 


This  will  introduce  to  you  Mry  0.-  Do  la  Touanne, 
to  the  French  Government  telegraphs.  Mr.  De  la  Touanne  is  about 
to  leave  for  Paris  and  I  am  anxious  to  have  him  see  some  thing  of 
Mr.  Edison's  laboratory  before  he  goes?  it  is  possible  that  he 
may  desire  some  information  relative  to  the  Railway  telegraph  ' 
system  which  I  hope  you  will  be  able  to  give  him.  Any  courtesies'""-  ifl; 
extended  to  him  will  be  duly  appreciated  by, 



Mr  a 


<y}j&UJ  7/cr/-.  -MaE-<Sh_17,_l8.90-. 

-  C  ^  L 



A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir; 

Re  Welch  vs  Edison. 

We  are  informed  that  this  case  will  proVfifcfr'be  urged  fo* 
trial  in  May  and  it  is  desirable  for  us  to  put  in  shape  our  defense 
as  soon  as  possible.  Our  Mr.  lewis  has  Collected  together  the 
early  Stearns  and  Edison  telegraph  patents  and  would  like  a  consul¬ 
tation  with  Mr.  Edison  at  an  early  date*-  the  earlier  the  better. 
Will  you  kindly  let  us  know  k£  what  afternoon  will  be  agreeable 
to  Mr.  Edison  to  have  Mr.  lewis  come  to  see  him  regarding  the  mat¬ 

Your  8  truljr, 


«n  k,  f 




A,  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J 
Dear  Sir;  ^  $/  / 

Re  Welch  vs  Edison. 


?£■/,  ,  ' 

/2/9  :'J}'roa(/u<Y/.y{  EQUITABLE  BUILDING) 

- - —  yl£w  Match.24,_18.9a. 

£  l-  /  /, 


Oy  ,  /- 


Mr.  Edison  told  me  yesterday  that  he  would  have  sent  in 
to  me  the  bound  volumes  of  the  testimony  and  arguments  of  the  tele¬ 
graph  case  tried  some  years  ago  before  Judge  Sandford.  The  title 
of  the  case,  I  thinlj,  was  the  Atlantic  &  pacific  Telegraph  Co. 
against  Western  Union  Co.,  or  the  title  reversed,  -I  do  not  recol¬ 
lect  which.  Will  you  kindly  see  that  these  books  are  sent  in  to 

Yours  truly, 

!Jhrs(r/,/’///;r:(4/<.  equitable  bl 

<stciu> //&?&  April  1.  139,0. 
..  Edison,  Esq.,  O  ^ 

c  ,  v 

Thomas  A, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir; 

Ho  Welch  vs  Edison. 

i  \  ^7  > 


V/e  have  had  a  preliminary  interview  with  Mr.  D1  Infrevillo 

with  his  testimony  and  expresses  himself  as  willing  to  bo  the  ex¬ 
pert  on  your  side  of  the  case.  He  says  that  he  is  so  busy  nowadays 
that  he  will  be  obliged  to  charge  you  a  retainer  of  $250.,  and  then 
charge  $75.  a  day  for  time  actually  occupied  in  the  case.  We  think 
it  best,  before  concluding  any  arrangement  with  him,  to  get  your 
approval  of  these  terms.  It  seems  like  a  largo  price  to  pay,  but 
if  you  wish  to  have  D’lnfrevillo  he  probably  cannot  be  had  for  less. 
Will  you  kindly  let  us  know  by  letter  whether  to  retain  him  and  al¬ 
so  have  a  telephone' message  sent  to  us  to-morrow  morning  in  regard 
to  the  subject,  as  our  Mr.  Lewis  lias  an  interview  appointed  with 
him  for  to-morrow  afternoon. 

Yours  truly. 



/ZtfL/Ut »ar/te> 


A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir; 

Re  Welch  vs  Edison. 

<ylsM>  'fyt'-r/y  April  7.  1890. 


Kindly  send  a  check  for  $250.  to  the  order  of  Georges 

D'lnfreville  as  his  retainer  in  this  case,  and  we  shall  hand  it  to 
him.  This  is  in  pursuance,  as  we  understand,  of  Mr.  Edison's  in¬ 
structions  to  retain  Mr.  fi'Infreville. 

Yours  truly, 


■Ac/y/  .Ar/AhmX  l_lo,_ia9o . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir; 

We  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the 
9th  inst.,  enclosing  check  to  the  order  of  Mr.  D’Infreville  as  re¬ 
tainer  in  the  case  of  Welch  va  Edison. 

Yours  very  truly, 




jl'/Y’tft/ft't/y  ( Eq 

.yi/uj  0ct «  15 » 

^  /  /tj 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Sir  :- 

Re  Welch  vs.  Edison  • 

It  will  be  necessary  for  you  to  make  the  enclosed  affi¬ 
davit  in  order  to  entitle  us  to  an  order  compellfe  g  the  production 
of  books  and  papers.  Will  you  kindly  swear  to  this  affidavit 
before  Mr.  Ran  dolph  and  return  the  same  by  first  mail* 

Yours  truly,  /) 




' — October  Tfi,  t.°.q 

•  9- 

Dear  Si)1:  >,  / 

Re  Welch  Case.  ',Ve  bee  to  say:  I 

(1)  Me  si’s  Hale  &  Fiske,  tlie  Boston  Attorneys,  ask 
for  a  "refresher"  of  $500.  They  are  fairly  entitled  to  it.  If' 
agreeable,  will  yon  kindly  send  us  a  cheque  drawn  to  their  order. 

(2)  Thetime  has  now  come  for  us  to  retain  Col.  In- 
?.erS2=i*  WS  Sha11  need  him*  If  agreeable,  please  send  a  cheque, 
for  $500^  drawn  to  his  order. 

(3)  We  have  a  letter  from  Messrs  Hale  &  Fiske  this 
morning,  saying  "Hie  case  is  liable  to  come  up  among  the  earliest, 
not  before  the  21st  inst.,  or  perhaps  the  28th."  General  Butler 
is  now  in  the  West  but  will  be  back  in  a  few  days.  The  talk  of 
settlement  has  tnded  in  nothing  tangible  and  we  must  now  go  to  wort 
m  dead  earnest  and  prepare  for  trial.  Can  Mr.  D' Irfreville  and 
our  Mr.  Lewis  have  all  they  need  of  your  time,  possible  several 
days,  beginning  Saturday  morning,  the  I8th  inst?  Please  tele¬ 
phone  us  on  receipt  of  this  whether  yon  can  give  them  Saturday. of 
this  week  to  begin  with, at  H* Infreville 1 s  office  here. 

SZ-Cf  'b-  ftk-h  -a. 

New  York  City,  Oct..  21,  1890. 

Wear  Mr.  Edison: 

'ion  Mth  s*  “"Ta  ln,°  *  ■llP»l- 

by  either  party  until  al  lL^  0a89,  cannot  bebrouGht  to  tria 

our  proposed  motion!  I  refer  to  our  tho  deeision  of 

to  tell  us  what  amounts  of  money  were  paid V°  C°mpGl  th^lai«tif 
dates  were,  touching  the  invention  in  dispute. ^  Wh&t  the 

you  today  I  shall  ^ot^presen /'to  .I.^e^so1^  'vhioh  I  received  from 
above  delay,  x  wiiiTto  put  o-r-r  n!+  immediately  in  view  of  the 
possible.  PUt  °ff  actualJy  retaining  him  as  long  a< 

pel  Mr.  ])'  Infreville  to  move  hifinstn/lents  t  think  Y°U  might  oon 
'hen  he  and  Lewis  could  see  you  there  Youn  !•  Y™r  Lab°ratory. 
valuable  than  theirs  even 

Very  truly  yours, 

:i.  Mr.  Lewis  went  to  Eoston  Tuesday 
i  Wednesday  to  compel  Welch  to  tell  us 
you  and  to  show  us  his  books&c. 
s  called  suddenly  to  Washington  and  was  not 
They  telegraphed  us  on  Tuesday  but  the 
s  until  Wednesday  morning,  too  late  to  stop 

near  Mr.  Edison:  ""  Y°Pk  °ity’  N°V*  7th’  I890‘ 

Welch  v  Edis 
night  to  argue  the  motion  < 
how  much  money  he  lent 
Butler  wa, 
in  Boston  on  Wednesday, 
message  did  not  reach  ui 
Mr  Lewis. 

a  member  of  l*  ?rovidmoe  by  the  death  of 

so  the  motion  could  not  have  been  heard?  We<to0Bto5r  anyway> 

sideration°  PMeanUme  ’ oST  TheyVaye' ‘the*™ tier 

a?- ”v,r 

Very  truly  yours, 




Mr.  ""  ,"’r'  »“•  ».  IMO. 

^leh.  to  .rj,^v^u^^:,.ii’^To  zjs*?  p?rr,y 

lt’u.  “  ■”»  -»■>  T  >»  »v.  yiu!  ISo^SI'r  «  ’’™«°d 

■itH?.  .”'  ”  th*  did  not  t.Ko  P1ao«.  iS  f™ 

"TlT.l  Kor^  ,*n“"y-  ‘n“t  **»'  th„  oao'  .m  ™, 

.;.jr=.TSi!=  ?  =-s-H  =£--=», 

to  Boston  counts  up/  *  th®  eXp9nSe  °f  these  Sequent  trips 

Very  tmly  yours. 

1890.  Telegraph  -  Phonoplcx  (D-90-63) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  Edison  Phonoplex  System  of  Telegraphy.  Most  of  the  documents  relate  to 
the  installation  of  phonoplex  circuits  on  various  American  and  Canadian 
railroads.  Some  of  the  items  deal  with  the  problem  of  finding  suitable 
batteries,  condensers,  and  other  components.  Much  of  the  correspondence  is 
by  W.S.  Logue,  field  agent  for  the  phonoplex  system.  Most  of  Logue’s  letters 
are  addressed  to  Edison’s  secretaiy,  Alfred  O.  Tate.  Tate  served  as  the 
company’s  electrician  and  oversaw  its  daily  business  operations.  Edison 
himself  was  only  tangentially  involved  in  phonoplex  operations,  and  very  few 
letters  to  or  from  him  can  be  found  in  this  folder. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The  case 
study  approach  begun  in  1887  continues  for  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad: 
substantive  items  relating  to  the  operations  of  the  phonoplex  on  that  railroad 
have  been  selected.  In  addition,  the  following  categories  of  documents  have 
been  filmed:  substantive  items  regarding  sales  strategies,  competition  with 
Western  Union,  and  Logue’s  role  as  field  agent  for  both  the  phonoplex  and  the 
Edison  Manufacturing  Co.;  correspondence  about  technical  problems, 
indicating  substantive  involvement  by  Arthur  E.  Kennelly,  chief  electrician  at 
the  West  Orange  laboratoiy;  and  an  advertising  circular  issued  by  the  Edison 
Phonoplex  System. 

The  following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  most 
documents  dealing  with  phonoplex  operations  on  other  railroads;  letters  of 
inquny  from  railroad  companies;  Logue’s  accounts  and  personal 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-01  (Battery),  D-90-02  (Bergmann 
&  Company),  and  D-90-27  (Edison  Manufacturing  Company). 

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Electrician,  EdiBon  company 

Dear  sirj- 

Referrinc  to  the  trial  of  the  ISO  Ampor*  hour 
08118  °f  ^  ^  W°U3d  Say  that  Placed  two  of  these  «*W»  ln 

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for  363  consecutive  hours. 




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Phonoplex  System  of  Telegraphy 

Between  offices  .equipped  with  the  Phonoplex,  nn  additional  and  absolutely  independent  circuit 
is  provided,  the  same  as  thoUgh'  an  extra  wire  had  been  strung. 






,,  ORANGE,  N.J.,  May  27,  1890. 

Dear  Sjr : 

Mr.  Edison,  during  the  past  few  months,  has 
greatly^improved  the  Phonoplex  System  of  Telegraphy 
in.  a  .direction  which  adds  vastly  to  its  usefulness,  and 
places  it' at  the  head  of  the  list  of  telegraphic  inven¬ 
tions  of  recent  years. 





The  introduction  of  the  system  has  been  greatly 
retarded,  in  the  past,  owing  to  two  causes  1  First,  the 
short-:  lifeuof  the  battery  which  we  were  obliged  to 
use  to  operate-  the  induction  coils,  and,  Second,  the 
restriction  of  the  length  of  Phonoplex  circuits  to  about 
one  hundred  miles,  Both  these  difficulties  have  been 
surmounted  in  the  following  manner, 


Requiring  a  cell  of  low  internal  resistance,  we  were,  at  the  commencement  of  our  business,  compelled 
to  use  the  well  known  forms  of  Fuller  and  .Bunsen,  which  required  renewal  twice  or  three  times  in  each 

expense  attendant  upon  such  frequent  renewal,  and  many  companies  anticipating  the  failure  of  the  sgstem 
through  the  neglect  of  operators  to  replenish  the  cells,  have  delayed  its  adoption.  We  are  now  using  the 

...  c  ......  EDISON-LALAM15E  BATTERY,  =- 


Mr.  Edison  has  provided  new  transmitting  devices,  by  which  we  are  enabled  to  operate  successfully 
circuits  of  almost  any  desired  length. 

We  earnestly  invite  the  attention  of  Railway  Companies  to  a  new  departure,  which  is  rendered 
practicable  by  the  adoption  of  this  system. 

Bearing  in  mind  the  facts  that  phonoplex  circuits  cannot  be  left  open,  that  conditions  of  weather 
have  absolutely  no  effect  upon  the  operation  of  the  system,  that  it  suffers  no  interruption  from  "grounds'’ 
or  "crosses,”  it  is  plain  that  a  despatched  v/ire  equipped  with  Phonoplex  instruments  would  insure  constant 
and  never-fading  communication  with  all  offices ,  and  prevent  the  delay  of  traffic  which  now  frequently  occurs 
through  the  failure  of  the  present  Morse  circuits. 

If  but  one  circuit  is  required,  remove  your  Morse  instruments ;  dispense  with  your  main  and  local 
batteries ;  substitute  the  phonoplex,  and  thereby  obtain  a  reliable,  economical  means  of  controlling  the 
movement  of  trains.  The  wire  over  which  the  phonoplex  operates  may  rest  upon  the  ground,  or  may  be 
crossed  at  not  only  one  but  any  number  of  points  with  other  v/ires  without  in  the  slightest  degree  affecting 
the  working  of  the  phonoplex  circuit. 

Dispatchers  will  further  appreciate  the  fact  that  it  is  absolutely  impossible  for  phonoplex  circuits  to  be 
left  open  through  carelessness  or  otherwise.  The  operator  works  a  local  circuit  entirely  independent  of  the 
main  line,  which  is  explained  by  diagram  in  accompanying  pamphlet. 

In  short,  barring  accident  through  the  violence  of  which  the  main  line  v/ire  might  be  broken,  it  is 
an  absolute  impossibility  to  interrupt  a  phonoplex  circuit. 

Please  note  carefully  our  special  detailed  reference  to  this  class  of  work  in  accompanying  pamphlet , 
the  matter  being  too  lengthy  to  embody  in  a  letter. 

Estimates  will  be  cheerfully  furnished  upon  application. 

Address : 


Orange,  N.  J 



Harrisburg,  Pa..... 

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Ch*^  ■  c^ffiu,^.  ■  Qsfcjfc, 

Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  your  inquiry  of  the  2nd*  inat,  in 
regard  to  the  induction  coil  sent  me  for  trial,  would  say  that  1 
have  not  had  very  satisfactory  results  from  its  use,  ait  it  seems 
that  as  soon  as  we  insert  the  coil,  Pittsburgh  would  Complain  Of  it 
being  too  low  for  satisfactory  work,  obliging  me  to  keep  it  off 
the  line  entirely. 

I  do  not  understand  why  this  effect  should  be  produced  in 
instance  -  I  would  be  very  glad  to  carry  out  any  instructions  or 
suggestions  that  you  might  make  -  We  put  the  coil  on  when  we  re  - 
newed  battery. 

Yours  truly. 

Division 'Operator* 



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My  Dear  Mr.  Logue, 

Referring  to  the  high  resistance  Fh1M»V«x  * 

say,  that  with  the  one  referred  to  we  did  not  g ft 
results  with  its  use,  upon  either  the  Pittsboigb  .  fp  !&£$&&& -Oipiftt 
It  seemed  to  keep  down  the  sound  at  the  Other 
constant  complaint  while  in  use.  .  •  , 

However,  we  received  one  of  these  oolls  jtttt  %,  $gtf  days  ago 
and  put  it  on  our  Pittsburgh  Circuit  and  it  la  giving  .WB 
satisfaction,  in  fact  we  are  having  better  rSSttltf  it  fh|0a 
with  the  smaller  coil.  It  has  now  been  in  UN  ftp  aMttt  a  Sfeji 
and  as  soon  as  we  remove  it  and  substltue  th>  Mil  ffi*  WH 
we  are  weaker,  so  that  it  is  evident  we  are  gtiflg  to  hSMI  Satis# 
faction  with  its  use. 

We  did  not  use  the  Pittsburgh  Qircuit  StMf  th* 
we  moved  back  into  old  quart  era,, 'which  was  abfSt  tfh  daps  «gde 

We  are  nicely  fixed,  even  better  titan  b»fW»*  \>. 

I  have  a  nice  little  room  to  mjraelf  M  4§  ftffT  ftnd  fSf*  •  ^ 
desk  at  the  old  place-glad  to  hear  from  yoo  sgalfle  . 

Polks  are  reasonably  well,  Ura.Thas  M  cold* 

I  have  been  exceptionally  buar  f»r  last  if*  months  and  a»t^ 
much  let  up  yet,  am  sort  of  reorganising  things  here* 



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1890.  West  Orange  Laboratory  (D-90-64) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  reports,  and  other  documents 
relating  to  experiments  and  tests  conducted  at  the  West  Orange  laboratory. 
Also  included  are  lists  of  experimental  accounts,  payroll  records  for  the 
machine  shop  and  laboratory,  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  labor  costs 
for  experimental  work. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  relating  to  orders,  personal  affairs  of  employees,  payrolls,  and 
shipments;  monthly  meter  accounts  for  electric  lighting  supplied  by  the 
laboratory  plant  to  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works  and  various  homeowners 
in  Llewellyn  Park;  reports  covering  water  consumption  at  the  laboratory. 

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-  \ 

M  r.  T  a  t  e  ,-  -  Feb.  26,  1890. 

Box  containing  100  slides,  and  - 

microscope  stand  forwarded  to  Mr.  Edison  by  express 
to-day;  Mr.  Edison  notified  by  letter. 



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|  STOREKEEPER :  Please  deliver  to . d/L C 

. . . . 

. /2 . *A.. . /£.£?.. . . £ . ,/x 

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Geo.  L.  English  &  Co., 


1612  Ohestnut  Street, 

Philadelphia,  Pa.,  U.  S.  A.  March  26t,h,  l«90. 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N. J. ; 

Dear  Sir:- 

Mr.  Kunz  informs  us  of  the  payment  to  him  of  the 
balance  dua  on  his  collaction,  and  we  tharafora,  take  pleasure  in 
enclosing  herein  a  receipted  bill  for  the  entire  amount  (S8000. ). 
We  beg  you  to  accept  our  thanks  both  for  ourselves  and  in  behalf 
of  Mr.  Kunz  for  your  promptness  and  courtesy  to  us  in  this  trans¬ 
action.  If  we  can  bo  of  any  service  to  you  in  any  way  at  any  time 
wo  shall  bo  most  happy  to  serve  you  to  the  best  of  our  ability. 

We  remain, 

Very  respectfully  yours, 

TO  GEO.  L.  ENGLISH  &  CO.,  dr. 



Mortgage  Department,  j 

'e  'iCujuXl  Life  Ins.  Co.  of  New  YorkT  * — ■ 



oft*.  tp**4. 

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v — _ 

In  reply  please  quote  ) 
Loan  J!o/ (@ t  3  /\ 

.</  > 

]'he  Manufacturing  Investment  Company, 

^  1 5  Broad  Street, 

'  ■'  ^  ■'  New  York,  f&u"  lSga 

<? .  e/&-  £’/!£c40 3d  2%.  f  'L  i |,A'  "‘1  v 

^  /7..J?  /Me 

„  \  frrrf  (M; 


t^Ccj  /C4^c^!^ 

<€«•***"  *-*Z*L  O-jj? 


United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 


New  York,.... 


Thomas  A  Edison  Esq;,  . 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirs  - 

This  letter  will  introduce  Commander  C.  F.  Goodrich,  of  the  United"" 
States  Navy,  who  desires  tomake  a  few  experiments  in  connection  with- electrolysis, 
’  lias  asked  us  if  it  would  not  be  possible  for:him  to •  avail  hiim  self  of  your 
laboratory  for  this  purpose.  Commander  Goodrich  will  letyou  know  more-in 
detail  of  the  nature  of  the  ■  experiments  that  he  desires  to  make. 

We-beg  to-add  thathe-is  much -interested  in  all -matters -pertaining 
to  the  application  of  electricity,  .both' for-lighting  and'other  purposes,  -in  United 
States  vessels  and  at  naval  stations. 

•We  should  be  glad -if ;you-conld.: arrange- to- make  a.  personal  appointment 
with  Commander  Goodrich. 

Thanking -you ’in  advance -f  or .  any  courtesies :  that. -you  may -be- able,  to -.ex¬ 
tend  to  -  him,  :we  are, 

’Yours  very,  truly, 

Assistant  to  General  Manager.' 


!<  S 

tfc/.b  -  p  <2 1 

fr',0  -oS-nf 


I.I  HIilIPOIiAS  BY  H  A.  1.1  0.  § 

Shis  experiment  was  originally  started  for 
■the  purpose  of  producing  an  entirely  new  line  of 
dynamos ,•  of  difforont  construction,  so  us  to  permit 
of  thoar  being  made  for  half  of  the  money  which  tic 
present  typo  of  clyuamo  costs  the  I.hchino  Works4, 

This-  was  a  vary  difficult  problem,  but  owing  to 
Croat  competition  it  was  thought  to  lx;  absolutely 
noccssary  to  meet  the  same-.  The  oxporiirents  con¬ 
tinued -for  a  sse.aib  length  of  tine'  and  were  very 
costly,  on  account  of  the  large  size  of  machined 
which  it  was  necessary’ to  make  in  order  to  get 
proper  results,  and  the  special  machinery  required 
to  make,  the  experiments'.  The-  ultimate  result  was 
beycihd  expectations,-  -inasmuch  as  the  dynamo  has  an 
.  output  per  pound  of  iron  twico  tliat  of  any  other  , 
known  dynamo,  and  in  addition,  tho  coot  of  construc¬ 
tion  is  less  per  pound  than  in  any  other  dynamo.  On 
account  of  lack  of  facilities  and  a  groat  rush  of 
orders,  tho  type  of  dynamo  could  not  be  changed  by 
tlio  I.Iachino  Works’.  But  when  the  question  of  tlio 
production  of  largo  dynamos  to  bo  directly  connected 
with  triple-expans  ion-engines ,  which  is  to  bo  th3 
future  method  of  producing  light  moro  choaply,  v/as 

Carried  Forward 



Br ought  forward  $10,753.79 

discussed,  it  v-as  found  that  the  new  type  of  ma- 
ohino  was  the  only  one  that'  would  moot  all  the 
conditions,  and  Mr'.  Henderson  and  tho  Machine  Eka. 
have  adopted  that  foiw,  and  will  use  it  hereafter 
in  all  large  Station  work  as  soon  as  facilities 
will  permit;  it  is  probable  that  for  iaolatod  work 
a  change  in  the  old  type  could  be  made  substituting 
the  now  model.  Of  the  several  forms  built,  tho 
perfected  form  was  shipped  to  Schenectady  for  test. 

From  this  apparatus  and  data  given  tho  dosigno  of 
tho  largo  now  Confml-Station-'friple-.iJxpans  ion- 
bynamo  wero.  vrsa&o. 

G  I  I  E  A  P  D  Y  H  A  M  0. 


This  is  a  portion  of  the  experiment  on  Multi¬ 
polar  Dynamo,  of  which  an  explanation  is  givon  above. 

B  A  1  A  H  C  I  21  a  BO  X.  S50V76 

Owing  to  the  groat  competition  in  our  snail 
town  bus inosc  with  tho  V/estinghouse  Electric  Co., 

1  was  urged  by  the  people  at  -#05  Fifth  Avo.,  and 
all  othors,  to  got  up  some  system  which  would  per¬ 
mit  of  covering  a  largo  aroa  at  a  small  exponso  for 
wiro,  so  as  to  compote  with  Westingliouso.  A  model 
of  a  dovice  by  which  a  five-wire  system  could  1x3 
used,  was  made;  the  sum  entered  hero  roprooonts  tho 

cost  of  the  first  box  built  at  the  Laboratory,  and_ _  ; 

twolve  others  built  to  rrwft-P  n  +.r>«+.  hv  f 11  •  ■S'ty-'i-J- 

Bi-;  Forward 


Borgmann  &  OoV  A  trial  vraa.  mad e  at  tho  Jkibora- 
toi^y  which  resulted  successfully.  Afterwards  ob¬ 

jections  xroro  made  to  tho  effect  that  a  five-wire 
system  rendered  the  use  of  too  many  wires  necessary, 
and  tho  people  at  $55  fifth  Ave.  wore  umrilling— 
although  the  system  was  a  success — to  enter  into 
competition  when  no inn  so  many  wires.  All  tho 
bo;;os  are  now  in  the  Laboratory . 

h  Y  21  A  If  0. 

This  experiment  reprosonts  a  portion  of  the 
worJ:  on  Multipolar  Dynamo,  of  which  an  explanation 
is  given  in  the  foregoing. 


This  apparatus  is  invariable  it  is  a  seals 
or  balance  by  moans  of  which  determinations  can  bo 
made  with  accuracy  and  rapidity'.  Since  its  com¬ 
pletion  the  apparatus  has  boon  usod  by  mysolf  and 
my  Assistant,  Mr.  Konnolly,  in  all  dotorminations 
made  by  us. 

PBBSSVEE  1>s,4a.o0 

This  was  an  experiment  to  produce  a  cheaper 
and  more  reliable  Pressure  Indicator,  which  would 
bo:  absolute  and  not  liablo  to  get  out  of  order;  the 

experiments  were  conducted  by  mo  on  account  of  tho 

Carried  Forward  $14,207.41 


Br.  Forward  §14,207.41 

lai'go  number  of  complaints  -'relative  to  pressure 
indicatoiv;  varying  all  over  the  country,  causing 
great  lamp  breakage  and  misunderstanding,  she 
pressure  indicator  tkuj  .  Completed  and  was  a  perfect 
success.  It  .is  at  the  Laboratory  now.  I  do  not 
know  why  the  Udison  Go.  does  not  adopt  it. 


In  view  of  tho  danger  attendant  upon  tho  uso 
of  alternating  cm-rento  and  the  undesirability  of 

intx-oducing  idiom  into  houses  and  other  buildings, 

X  experimented  at  the  time  the  Kells  on  Company  was 
contemplating .  the;  manufacture  and  sale  of  alter¬ 
nating  apparatus,  upon  a  method  of  convex-ting  such 
currents  into  continuous  cux-ronts,  the  idoa  being 
to,  altoi-nate  tlxo  current  on  the  outside  system  and 
by.  moans  of  a  convex-ter,  3ond  none  but  continuous 
cux-rents  over  interior  systems.  The  apparatus 
which  X  made  is  now  on  exhibition  at  the  Lenox 

There  wei-e  a  groat  many  complaints  about  zincs 
no-5  being  pux-e,  meter  ineorroct  «c.,  and  the  wholo 
matter  was  taken  up  at  tlio  Laboratory.  An  entire 
change  was  made  in  tlio  motor,  tlio  sources  of  error 

Carried  Forward  §15,676.04 


$1B  ,676V.  0,4 

Brv  ?c 

vtavo  eliminated  and  good  sines  wox-o  obtained.  This 
is  one  of  the  experiments  that  was  carried  ovox-  for 
a  Ions  period  to  find  out  the  sources  of  error  in 
the  sines  and  how  they  could  bo  corrected. 

A  *T  S  F~°  H  M  E  H.  4,509.07 

2o  moot  competition  with  V/ostingliouso,  thoi-o 
were  ex-oat  demands  tint  wc  siiould  m!;o  a  system 
whereby  the  outlying  parts  of  tovnir,  could  lx-  roachod'. 

It  wg ts  necessary  to  usa  a  continuous  transformer. 

A  groat  many  experiments  wore  tried  in  tlxio  con¬ 
nection,  hut  it  was  found  tint  the  bosk  typo  vras  that 
of  doubling  one  motor  dynamo;.  Since,  however,  the 
great  dangers  in  the  distribution  of  high  tension 
currents  by  means'  of  induction  lave  boon  shown ,  it 
was  co  ncluded  th$t  the  Edison  Company  lad  better  ; 
not  risk  even  the  use  of  a  continuous  current  t runs- " 
fonnor,  which  is  far  loss  dangerous  than  an  altox-- 

nating,  and  accomplish  the  same  resxilts  by  using 
two  motors  instead  of  trying  to  combine  the  two  in 
one.  There  were  several  of  tlic3e  iransfomers  made 
of  difforont  types,  which  have  now  at  the  laboratory. 

fJOiffliPiE-TBiKB  system-. 

Shis  is  a  subdivis  ion  of  experiments  upon  my 
five-wire  system,  the  object  of  which  1  have  ex¬ 
plained  in  the  fox-egoing. 

H  .  e  m  o  r  a  n  cl  u  n 

Experiment  No1.  174,  Indue ti  onl  on  Glass  .  '  $202*.  57*. 

This  v/as  an  experiment  c (inducted  by  Mr,  Edison  for  the  pur- 
pose  of  arriving  at  a  means  tel  prevent  the  blackening  of  incandes¬ 
cent  electric  lamps’.  Bill  itl  against  the  Edison  Lamp  Company.. 

Experiment  Ho’.  28,  STORAGE  BATTERY — §188'. 01 

Look  up  your  pay-roll  sheets  and  let  me  know  vrho  v/orlced  on 
tliisio  i 

Experiment  Mo'.  108,  THOMPSON  VAGVUUM  EX. - §13.56 

This  was  an  experiment  condticted  by  Mr.  Edison  in  connection 
with  exhausting  lamps’.  Bill  it  against  the  Lamp  Co’. 

Experiment  No.  187,  CIRCUIT  BRE 

Bill  this  against  the  Edison\  Electric  Light  Co...  It  was  an 
experiment  upon  a  circuit  breaker\f or- use  in  connection  with 
Capital  Punishment 


Bill  this  against  the  Edison  iliac hine  Works'.  It 
poriment  made  in  connection  with  tile  discharge  of  field  magnets, 
to  determine-  the  best  means  of  protecting  a  dynamo  from  the  effect 
of  lightning!.  1 


This  v/as  an  experiment  made  to 
tion  balance  principle  could  not  be 
sence  of  iron  ore1.  Bill  it  against 

ascertain  whether  an  indue, ~ 
smployed  to  detect  the  pre- 
ihe  Ore  Milling  Cot. 


R  $165*.  06 

This  experiment  is  explained  by Hits  title,  made  to  derive 
information  for  use  in  connection  with  dynamos'.  Bill  it  against 
the  Machine  Works*.  1 

May  14,  1890*. 

Cl.  CO.  COaJju  <5L, 

Osi  coo CHU  l/\ 



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8  *  18  BROAD  STREET. 

A.  0.  Tat e, Esq. , Private  Secretary, 
Edison  Labratory, 

Orange, N.J. 

1  ear  Sir; - 

■Wew  York> . Sept* . 3,1890. . 189 

t  1A 

I  have  yours  of  Aug.  28th,  as  to  experimental 
account  of  Electrical  Railroad  Works.  These  accounts  should  remain 
in  the  same  name  they  are  at  the  present  moment.  As  soon  as  the 
contract  is  closed  vaith  the  North  American  Company  they  will  be 
billed  against  that  Company.  I  will  advise  you  of  the  execution 
of  that  contract. 

With  reference  to  the  account  against  the  General  Company, 
for  otter  experiments, these  accounts  should  be  got  up  to  the  first 
icSi^on  “  P°SSible-  •^^Usin.g  the  Labratory 

shall  have  to  have  the  exact  amount  of  the  bills  up  to 
August  1st. 

Yours  truly, 

vise k. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 
Dear  Sir 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.  yy  J..,  U—  y> 

“  £*.  y-f** 

Dear  Sir  :-  /<e,  t  r  U  %  tfi  ,  c .  ^  K^J 

I  beg  to  report  as  follows  upon  the  condition  of  somey/f^, 
sample  tubes  of  The  Safety  Conduit  Co.  sent  for  test  to 
your  laboratory. 

These  tubes  are  9>  7”  long,  and  1”  internal  ,  1«  ?/8 » 
external  diameter. 

Six  of  these  lengths  were  received  on  the  21st.  ult. , 
and  according  to  your  instructions  were  immersed  in  the 
fresh  water  tank. 

Yesterday  four  were  removed  for  test  after  22  days 
immersion.  The  exterior  surface  of  these  has  somewhat 
deteriorated,  and  the  original  gloss  has  disappeared. 

The  insulation  resistance  of  these  tubes  averages 
15,000  ohms  each,  or  at  the  rate  of  30  ohms  per  mile. 

They  have  been  replaced  in  the  tank  for  further  tests. 

Yours  faithfully, 

(A-  .  C  •  . 

Electrician . 

Ui  }  4-'-/'  ’  ■ 


Thomson  Electric  Welding  Company, 

LYNN,  mrtss. 



(ynm  Sgpt.  13.  liiSO. 

"tr  t/'y  i 

'  £  /U/‘  f~.r) 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Uev/cllyn,  N.J. 

Doar  Sir:-  c"  __ _ . . 

V/e  ship  you  herewith  -one  typo  ID  C.G.  Dynamo  and  one  typo  10 
A  Welder  good  for  ah  out  put  of  10,000  Watts,  with  primary  E.  M. 
P.  300  volts,  Wo  include  our  usual  instructions  for  operating 
the  plant,  which,  although  not  absolutely  required,  will  facili-.. 
tate  the  manipulation  of  the  same.  We  will  add  to  the  printed 


instruction  the . fol lowing:  reactive  coil,  type  2  C.C.  is  the  one 
to  be  connected  to  terminals  of  switch  board,  while  type  10  E.E. 
is  to  be  used  in  series  with  the  welder.  The  latter  has  two  ad¬ 
justments,  one  operating  a  s.vitch  in  base  of  t  he  coil  carpi ing  the 
windings  either  in  series,  multiple  or  series  multiple  as  indica¬ 
ted  by  tiro  marks  j  //  jj|j  on  index,  Reactive  coils  first  men¬ 
tioned  adjust  the  amount  of  over  compounding  which  is  set  for  10 
per  cent, ,  on  full  load;  the  secondary  is  firmly  looked  by  a 
notch  on  the  curved  iron  rod;  in  moving  the  secondary  (copper- 
shield)  so  as-  to  cover  the  primary  less  compounding  effect  is  ob¬ 
tained,  more  if  moved  in  the  opposite  direction. 

The  dynamo  when  leaving  the  factory  is  so  adjusted  that  han¬ 
dle  P  will  stan^vertical  for  non  sparking  position,  Flexible 


connections  to  binding  posts  nro  to  cross  each  othor-  in  'front  of 
bearing.  It  will  be  well  to  ground  the  frame  of  welder  as;  well 
as  base  of  reactive  coil  to  nearest  water  pipe.  Speed  machine  is 
loOO  revolutions;  size  of  puley,  12  inches  by  10  1-2  face.  Any 
other  information  required,  v/ill  gladly  be  given, 

Truly  yams, 

Thomson  Electric  Welding  Oo. 

J'&.i  -  |c.;(-e.  V| 




■  -t-rtbt.  HUOilL^D  twfLY  IU 
16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

September  18th,  1890 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq.,  Private  Secretary, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  sir:- 

I  have  yours  of  the,'16th,  with  reference  to  the 
precautions  which  you  are  now  takirjg/to  prevent  unauthorized  per¬ 
sons  from  getting  into  the  Laboratory. 

I  trust  that  the  Gate  House  will  prevent  some  of  the 
trouble  which  you  have  had  in  the  past. 

Yours  truly, 

Second  Vice  President , 

The  following  memorandum  was  dictated  yesterday  by 

Ur.  llolzer,  who  is  particularly  anxious  to  hear  from  you  on  the 
subject  referred  to:- 

"About  a  week  ago  I  ] landed  to  Ur.  Tate  about  27  pennyweights 
of  plain  surface  wire,  such  as  you  intended  to  test,  and  of  which 
you  asked  ine  to  furnish  you  with  about  100  ounces.  I  would  like 
very  much  if  you  would  give  me  an  answer  in  the  matter  as  to 
whether  you  thought  you  could  approve  of  the  wire,  so  that  it  may 
be  introduced  in  your  Works." 


(fcc3 KX 

dJL  l  vn  -ve 

f  t  V__, 

Oi \  v  \ 

Uu-vC-C^  (—> 


— fcjuh  -  -e  c^c* t^p 



Thomas  A.  Edison,Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir;- 

I  enclose  you  copy 
25th, received  from  the  Thomson  Electric  Welding  Company. 

I  have  acknowledged  receipt  of  the  letter  and  told  them  that 
if  you  need  any  assistance , you  will  commmicate  with  them. 

Yours  truly, 

16  &  18  broad  street. 

September  29th, 1890. 


mi-.  W»,  irmuil, 

-'I'lhj  hi  ■'*> t. >-j.c  0o_  . 

#  Id  Bread  Si.,  If.V.Ciby, 

Wo  shipped  to  the  Mson  Labors  on  the  SOth.inst. 
by  we  Delaware  ft  Lackawanna .R,  ft,  /nil  River  Line ,  the  f  oil  win? 
apparfti.uc , 

One  It  ft  U  Dynamo, HuO 
One  .10  A  A  Wolcey/tH 
One  lo  C  0  Switch  Board/-  l.v 
One  <3  0  (!  Reactive  flail  ;'i44 
One  10  K  15  0  * 

Ii  you  a  <  d  any  assistance  whatever  in  _•*  -arc  to  nut’  in, 
this  In  operation, we.  will  send  an  expert  to  you. 

You  re  truly, 

Tho:nson  Electric  "’e idin<-  Oc. 

C-enl.  Manager 

New  York  City,  Oct.  21,  1890, 

Dear  Edison:  • 

Re  Laboratory  Contract.  Since  the  last  meeting  of  the 
Hoard,  I  have  rewritten  this  contract  and  introdviced  all  the  change 
required  by  the  Board.  I  think  that  they  will  still  make  one  more 
change,  but  practically  this  contract  is  finished.  In  due  time 
I  shall  ask  for  a  conference  with  you  and  Mr,  Insull ,  jointly, 
when  I  shall  explain  to  you  just  what  changes  have  been  made.  Mean 
time  I  enclose  a  copy  of  my  last  edition  the  I3th,  dated  Oct. 14, 
1890  for  your  reading,  if  you  care  to  look  it  ove  before  I  visit 
you  in  a  few  days  hence. 

Very  truly 



Charles  Batchelor,  Esq., 

#33  Y/est  25th  Street, 
New  York  City  . 

Dear  Sir:- 

Mr.  Ott  has  a3ked  me  to  inform  you  that  he  had  to 
order  your  Scale,  and  that  the  same  has  not  yet  been  received 
at  the  Laboratory;  the  same  remarks  appiy  to  the  Motor- and  the 
Lines.  Your  Magnet  is  being  wound. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(  /£■  9<}j 

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Take  the  list  which  Randolph  prepared  in¬ 
cluding  depreciation  and  per  centage  on  tools  &c.  and  de 
cide  how  many  of  these  items  ought  to  go  into  cost. 

Decide  who  shall  own, when  the  contract  expires^ 
any  new  machinery  which  is  bought  from  time  to  time  for 
the  Laboratory  and  paid  for  by  the  General  Co. 

Practically  how  shall  Mr.  idison's  one  fourth 
be  distinguished  from  work  done  by  him  ^or  parties  with 
whom  he  is  under  contract  to  make  experiments,  for  in¬ 
stance  such  as  the  Phonograph  Company,  Ore  Milling  Co.  &t 
,When  he  does'  work  in  the  Laboratory  for  the  N.A.P.Co 
shall  that  come  under  his  quarter,  or  shall  it  be  turned 
over  as  outside  work  as  provided  for  in  the  contract? 

As  regards  work  on  experiments  forr  the  Elec¬ 
tric  Rai lway  what  shall  constitute  cost.*  Perhaps  Ran¬ 
dolph's  mem.  might  be  taken  as  a  basis  of  cost  in  this 
regard.  If  there  should  be  a  profit,  to  whom  would 
it  belong?-  fflur.  Edison  or  the  General  Company? 


'L- •  ’A  "=N^*S^eH^-  , 

uld UIaa  aid  \ 


415,  Batchelor  Special 
442,  Process  i’or  Purif/ipg  Syrian 
425  How  Furnace  for  C .  A.  Brown 
422,  Carbon  Experiment 

~h0  -ovu’  o?:per  imonts  above  mentioned  are  for  the  Lamp 
Manufacturing  Department . 

Experiment  Wo,  432,  Foe  her  Pa-.ont  Exp. 

Tins  represents  work  performed  in  connection  with  Legal 
Feeder  Patent  litigation,  for  Mr.  Jencta . 

Experiment  Ho.  379,  Determination  of  Conductors. 

She  so  are  determinations  liaison  Systems  in  Milv/aukoe,  Cin¬ 
cinnati  etc. 

Experiment  Ho.  40S,  Soot  Bxp . 

-his  t/as  an  experiment  to  ascertain  whether  the  ejection  of 
soot  from  a  smoky  chimney  could  be  reduced,  with  particular 
reference  to  the  39th  St.  Station. 

' Experiment  Ho.  303,  Resistance  of  wires . 

To  determine '  the  resistance  of  ■■wires  at  different  tampera- 

Exporimant  No.  126,  Vulcanite  Solvent. 

Experiment,  Ho.  151  Wrought  Iron. 

Experiment  Ho.  23,  STORAGE  BAOTERY . 

Experiment  Ho.  367,  Insulation  test  on  C-utta  Porcha,  for  HEW  YORK 

Experiment  Ho.  305,  Insulation  test  for  Hr.  Insull;  Mev/  York 
Works . 

Experiment  Mo.  167,  Motor  Exp.,  self  explanatory . 

Experiment  Ho.  194,  Ply  Biological :  experiments  conducted  in  con¬ 
nection  v/ith  death  by  electricity. 

Experiment  No.  428,  Model  Motor  i-leter;  'i'hi3  was  work  performed  in 
connection  with  tho  construction  of  a  meter 
I  for  litigation  purposes.  Tho  meter  will  also 

:  be  employed  oomnercially  by  tho  Edison  Gen'!. 

Company.  Model  furnished. 

Experiment  No. 

Experiment  No. 
Experiment  No. 

Experiment  Mo. 
Experiment  No. 

Experiment  No. 

Experiment  No. 
•  Experiment  No. 

Experiment  No. 
Experiment  No. 

Experiment  IIo. 
Experiment  Mo. 

Experiment  Ho. 

Experiment  No. 
Experiment  No. 

Experiment  No. 

425,  Test  on  Trolley  Wire;  work  done  in  determining 
the  strength  and  conductivity  of  trolley  wire 
for  Edison  Gen'l.  Elec.  Cc.  Reports  furnished 
to  Gen'l.  Oo. 

419,  Testing  Lightning  Arresters;  self  explanatoiy . 

417,  Model  Transformer  and  Tools;  Trans  former  ins 
been  remodeled  and  finished,  and  is  now  on 
test . 

411,  Lighting  Lamps  with  Intermit tont  current ; 
Exporir.nnt  for  Mr.  Edison. 

594,  Standard  Copper  Resistance';  This  was 'Work  done 
for  New  York  Works;  standard  resistance  raade 
and  furnished  to  Works. 

592,  Winding  bobbins  for  Siemens  Alternating  Ma¬ 
chine;  for  Edison  Gen'l.  Elec.  Go.  alternating 
'currant  work. 

403,  Standard  Clark  Cells;  furnished  Standards  to 
Hew  York  Works. 

400,  Permeability  of  Cast  Iron  and  Mitis;  work  done 
for  Schenectady  Works  and  curves  and  datft/ 

37G,  Alternating  and  Straight  current  machine,  in 
connection  with  alternating  current  work. 

378,  Alternating  Transformer,  Wostin^iouso  Pattern; 
work  done  in  testing  and  improving  upon  Westing 
house  Transformer. 

338,  Dynamometer  to  teat  No.  20  Dynamo;  work,  done 

to  test  ooramertfial  officionoy  of  No.  20  dynamo. 

145,  Transformer;  Experiments  made  on  continuous 

current  transformer  of  2  different  types.  Ma¬ 
chines  made,  but  actual  designs  altered. 

3G9,  New  Style  Lamp  Socket;  made  at  suggestion  of 
Mr.  Insvtll;  model  furnished  to  Mew  York  Y/ks. 
with  explanation  and  sketches; 

401,  Test  on  Now  meter  made  in  connection  vTith 
Experiment  No*  1G7. 

35G,  Insulation  test  on  Eons i late;  tests  made  for 
Eergp.nnn  &  Co.  on  tieir  order;  reports  fur- 

353,  Multiple  Wire  System;  Experiments  made  to 
render  mult iple  wire  systems  effective. 

Experiment  Wo.  260,  Scale  for  Determinin';  location  of  feeder  Mains 
this  was  an  apparatus  that  lias  been  used  ever 
since  its  completion  in  determining  conductors 
for  Central  Stations.  It  will  continue  to  be 
exceedingly  useful  in- that  respect. 

Experiment  Ho.  363,  Alteration  on  Sprague  Motor  Stylo  6.  Shis  is 
part  of  i-ir,  ;,‘di son’s  car  schema,  and  also 
part  of  general  dynamo  construction. 

Experiment  Wo.  247,  Main  s;  experiments  connected  with  under¬ 
ground  systan. 

Experiment  No.  434,  Repairing  Instruments  for  Minneapolis  Exhibit • 


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1891.  Dick  (A.B.)  Company  (D-91-01) 

Th's  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  mimeograph  business  of  the  A  B 
r  n™  peArt?in  the  USC  of  Edison’s  name  by  J-  Lewis  Young,  sales  agent  for  the 
report  f  to’  Great  Britain.  A  few  letters  deal  with  royalty  payments.  There  is  also  an  annual  financial 

1891.  Edison,  TA.  -  General  (D-91-02) 

This  folder  contains  documents,  primarily  correspondence,  covering  a  wide  variety  of  subjects.  Some  of  the 
material  relates  to  personal  matters.  Also  included  are  documents  that  deal  with  more  than  one  subject,  such 
as  a  letter  about  both  the  electric  light  and  the  phonograph.  Documents  concerning  subjects  that  do  not  fall 
under  the  main  subject  categories  are  also  filed  in  this  folder.  Among  the  items  are  numerous  letters  from 
°C°  f  P-  La‘hr°P-  ^“collaborated  with  Edison  on  a  science  fiction  novel  called  Progress.  There  are  also 
letters  from  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison  s  attorney,  regarding  a  variety  of  legal  matters5 

1891.  Edison,  TA.  - , 

Is  (D-91-03)  [not  filmed] 

Tills  folder  contains  documents  relating  to  Edison’s  personal  and  business  finances.  Most  of  the  items  ar 
routine  letters  of  acknowledgement  from  the  German  National  Bank. 

1891.  Edison,  TA.  -  Articles  (D-91-04) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  requesting  Edison  to  write  articles;  correspondence  relating  to  articles 

h^fo  '•  n°SihIiVnmei.n  :  ”  cd  iUerS  fr0m  i°urnalis,s  seeking to  interview  Edison.  Related  material  can 
be  found  in  D-91-43  (Phonograph  -  General). 

1891.  Edison,  TA.  -  Autograph  and  Photograph  Requests  (D-91-05)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  requesting  Edison’s  autograph  or  asking  for  his  photograph. 

1891.  Edison,  TA.  -  Bills  and  Receipts  (D-91-06)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  bills  and  receipts  for  routine  West  Orange  laboratory,  personal,  and  office  expenses. 

1891.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Book  and  Journal  Orders  (D-91-07)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  relating  to  the  ordering  of  books  and  journals. 

1891.  Edison,  T.A.  Checks  (D-91-08)  [not  filmed] 

1891.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Clubs  and  Societies  (D-91-09)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  receipts,  and  other  routine  documents  relating  to  Edison’s  membership 
Jnsfiin lo  ho  PI80?1  •  “I  Profess.onnl  organizations.  Included  are  documents  pertainingto  the  Brooklyn 

Institute,  the  Electric  Club,  the  Essex  County  Countiy  Club,  and  the  Pan-Republic  Congress  Committee 

1891.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Creditors  (D-91-10)  [not  filmed] 

™Sri°'dr  COntainS  routi"c  “frospondenco  relating  to  unpaid  bills  for  Edison's  personal  and  West  Orange 
laboratory  expenses.  Related  documents  can  be  found  in  D-91-06  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Bills  and  Receipts).  8 

1891.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Employment  (D-91-11) 

a"itd!lCn.?htr-<:reSP0?dCnCe  frr  0r  ab.0Ut  Cmployecs  and  former  or  prospective  employees.  Included 
rpmmmTV  handwritten  notes  regarding  various  employees,  requests  by  former  employees  for  letters  of 
recommendation,  and  letters  about  other  personnel  matters. 

1891.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Family  (D-91-12) 

™^0'd,Cr  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  by  and  about  Edison's  family.  Some  of  the 
“  '  .C°n“rn  thc  m°nth'y  s‘'Ppnd  Pa!d  fay  Edis°a  to  Margaret  Slilwcll,  his  former  mother-in-law.  Other 
hv  Tlinm^  A,0rH-°  phyS,‘Ca  hcalth  °f  Edison’s  aged  father.  Samuel.  Included  also  are  a  few  letters 

personaTfaTO  Ed'S°n’  ^  ^  fr°m  boarding  sch°o1'  and  rccluests  from  various  relatives  for  money  or 

1891.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Real  Estate  (D-9 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  thc  purchase  and  sale  of  land  and  buildings,  along  with  other 
ocuments  pertaining  to  Edison’s  real  estate  holdings.  Included  are  numerous  letters  about  Edison’s  mortgage 
on  tbe  Chandler  property  in  Newark,  N.  J„  and  the  foreclosure  suit  brought  against  that  property.  Safe 
S  ‘:  t:rnfrrgut  “ taxes fdu.e  on  Edlson’s  Silver  Lake  property  and  correspondence  rcgardingold  deeds 
to  land  at  Menlo  Park.  Many  of  the  letters  are  by  Edison’s  attorney,  Sherburne  B.  Eaton. 

1891.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Secretary  (D-91-14)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  rontains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  Alfred  O.  Tate’s  role  as  Edison’s  private 
secretary,  along  with  occasional  items  pertaining  to  Tate’s  private  life.  Routine  letters  addressed  to  Tate  in 
his  capacity  as  Edison  s  secretary  or  representative  that  do  not  fall  under  the  main  subject  categories  are 
|CJ!"a.  y  fdcdln  th,s  f0!dar-  ^“  included  are  several  routine  items  regarding  John  F.  Randolph’s  role  as 
fhl  hTsin^c  f  CCPer.a "I  S  °ffiCe  assistant- Le,ters  addrcssed  to  Tate  that  deal  with  a  specific  subject  or 

the  business  of  a  particular  company  can  be  found  in  their  appropriate  subject  folders. 

1891.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Shipping  (D-91-15)  [not  filmed] 

mherf  eouinrnf  If  tn  an,d°lhcr  documon,s  relating  to  the  shipment  of  supplies,  machinery,  and 

1891.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  -  Advice  (D-91-lfi) 

™Li°fn°fe?hf  ifoTmonif.0  Correspondonc°  suggesting  improvements  in  Edison’s  inventions,  asking  him  for 
advice  on  technical  matters,  or  requesting  his  assistance  in  improving  or  promoting  an  invention. 

1891.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  -  Business  (D-91-17)  [not  filmed] 

hfom’rfnf ‘if "S  "’“‘f' °  corresPondence  from  individuals  requesting  agencies  for  Edison’s  inventions, 
bfsfnesflvhh  Edison. PUrC  laSC  "  ^  aSk''ng  f°r  °thCr  inf°™ati°n  ab°Ul  his  invcntioas’  "  to  do 

_  mutacturing  Co  Included  arc  letters  concerning  agreements  between  Edison,  Felix  Lalande,  and  Georges 
Chaperon  in  regard  to  galvanic  batteries;  correspondence  pertaining  to  a  rental  dispute  between  the  company 

1891.  Electric  Light  -  General  (D-91-22) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  electric  lighting  and  power.  Included  are 
letters  pertaining  to  cable  insulation,  electrocution,  insurance  for  central  stations,  and  lamp  filaments.  There 
is  also  correspondence  from  Charles  T.  Porter  in  regard  to  a  Porter  engine  at  the  West  Orange  laboratoiy; 
a  letter  by  Hermann  Claudius  about  the  early  electric  light  work  done  at  Menlo  Park  and  Pearl  Street;  and 
a  copy  of  an  article  by  Dr.  Horny  G.  Piffard  describing  the  use  of  Edison  current  for  medical  purposes. 

1891.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  -  General  (D-91-23) 

COntains  “"-“pondence  relating  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  Although  this 
“nfinued  unde  °iha  f  °f  Ed,so“  Gcncral  Elcctric  Co.  on  August  1,  1890,  certain  business  operations 

z muss  ^  ic,,“  ■,e  * 

1891.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  -  Illuminating  Companies  (D-91-24) 

of>Edhn?>nhmd!im  correspondence,  reports,  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  organization  and  operation 
illuminating  companies.  Included  are  many  letters  and  some  reports  from  William  D.  Marks, 
supervising  engineer  and  general  manager  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Philadelphia.  Some  of  these 
mrrnT  d  P  a,m  investigation  of  a  boiler  explosion  in  the  Philadelphia  central  station.  There  is  also 
correspondence  from  F.  S.  Gorton,  secretaiy-treasurcrof  the  Chicago  Edison  Co.,  relating  to  environmental 

1891.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  General  Electric  Company  -  General  (D-91-25) 

ler  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co.  Most  of  the 
E,a‘°n'  8cncial  counsel,  and  pertain  to  assignment  of  patents,  interferences,  and 
legal  services  A  few  documents  in  Edison’s  hand  relate  to  the  choice  of  new  dynamos  for  the  Edison 

1BV1.  exhibitions  (D-91-31) 

^ihe  P^nfnClC-  COnr-CC,rn,in?  cxhibi,ions  in  Canada,  Europe,  and  Ihe  United  States.  Some 

1891.  Fort  Myers  (D-91-32) 

“nta|ns  correspondence  pertaining  to  the  maintenance  of  Edison’s  home  and  property  at  Fort 
Myers  Florida.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  William  E.  nibble,  caretaker,  and  relate  to  the  sale  and  shipment 
and TameT  Wn,  °lhcr  it“n)'s  [r°m  Fort  MVcrs-  One  letter  announces  the  arrival  of  Edison’s  father,  Samuel, 
and  James  Symington.  Related  documents  can  be  found  in  D-91-12  (Edison  T.  A.  -  Familvl 

1891.  Mining  -  General  (D-91-34) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  mining  and  ore  milling.  Included  are 
numerous  inquiries  from  mine  operators  regarding  the  application,  buying,  or  leasing  of  Edison’s  ore 
run  wT8  eC!Ulpment- Some  of  the  letters  are  by  John  Birkinbine,  a  consulting  engineer  hired  by  Edison  to 
h  i  ST8  §rx?°n  S  a" j  “dviSe  hlm  on  related  Pr°jccts-  0thcr  letters  pertain  to  business  dealings 
between  Walter  S.  Mallory  and  the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Co.,  Ltd.  g 

1891.  Mining  -  Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Company  (D-91-35) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  Iron 
1  ra' ,n«  Co-  Most  0  th0  are  by  Walter  S.  Mallory,  secretary-treasurer  and  general  manager. 
Some  of  the  documents  relate  to  a  visit  by  Ira  Miller,  Lewis  Miller,  and  Mallory  to  the  Ogden  mill  There  is 
°f  °rC  Pr°PCrty  lhC  WCSI  and  ,he  a“)uisiti°a  °f  crushing 

1891.  Mining  -  Edison  Ore  Milling  Company,  Ltd.  (D-91-36) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Co.,  Ltd.  Included  are 
inquiries  regarding  the  amount  and  value  of  Edison’s  stock  in  the  company.  included  are 

1891.  Mining  -  Foreign  (D-91-37) 

^°^rlnr=0rldC,nCeT  and,°lhCrd0CUments  rclat!"g 10  mm‘ng  a"d  ore  milling  in  Canada,  South 
Africa,  Sweden,  and  Venezuela.  Included  are  documents  pertaining  to  ore  samples  sent  to  Edison  and  offers 
to  sell  or  rent  mining  properties  to  him.  There  is  also  a  letter  by  T.  Forster  Brown  containing  an  extensive 
report  on  magnetic  iron  ore  resources  in  various  regions  of  the  world. 

1891.  Mining  -  Mines  and  Ores  (D-91-38) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  mines  and  ores  to  be  bouaht  sold 
wanmd’t°r  ‘  n  ‘  ,me  °Lti1I° lettCrS  deal  w!th  thc  min!ng  intcrests  of  individuals  and  companies  who  either 
wanted  to  sell  property  to  Edison  or  to  have  their  ores  tested.  There  are  also  inquiries  regarding  Edison’s  ore 

rnn“nsPbry°Edisom  ^  °f  'he  f°ldCr  *  “  9'Page  ““  °f  mi"ing  pr0pcrties  in  New  J«*K  with 
1891.  Mining  -  Ogden  Mine  (D-91-39) 

™Sorf°‘de“0atains  “rrespondence  pertaining  to  activities  at  Edison’s  Ogden  mine.  Included  are  letters  and 
1891.  Mining  -  Surveys  (D-91-40)  [not  filmed] 

Ih'pnf°‘dcr“ntainS  rou*ine  correspondence  and  reports  from  Samuel  G.  Burn,  R.  D.  Casterline,  and  Arthur 

mon  .  ;  M  lZ  Srcy  d0mcstic  m!ning  ProPorties  Edison.  The  documents  relate  to 

properties  in  New  Jersey,  New  York,  and  Pennsylvania. 

1891.  Motion  Pictures  (D-91-41) 

oflithe'dlptt^rc^ainS  cPrr®?P,0nd®nc0  pcrtnining  to  the  kinetograph  and  other  motion  picture  equipment.  Some 
l  lnqU,r!“  fromu  ,he  PubIic  sce*<ing  information  about  the  kinetograph,  suggesting 

eTeTfrom  Over  &  ir?Hng  bUy,°r  T  maChi"eS  f°r  CXhibiU°n  °r  sales  Proses.  Also  included  are 
L  D  cksZand  John  Ot  “  *  P  laWyCrS’  regarding  patent  aPPIications  and  assignments  by  W.  K. 

1891.  Patents  (D-91-42) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  to  and  from  Edison’s  patent  attorneys  and  agents,  along  with  other 
documents  relating  to  domestic  and  foreign  patent  applications,  patent  litigation,  and  other  patent  matters. 
Included  are  letters  pertaining  to  patents  for  the  electric  lamp,  the  phonograph,  and  ore  milling  machinery. 
There  are  also  letters  congratulating  Edison  on  the  successful  outcome  of  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  v.  U.S. 
Electric  Lighting  Co.  and  reports  by  attorney  Sherburne  B.  Eaton  to  the  Patent  Litigation  Committee,  which 
was  created  to  review  the  status  of  pending  interferences.  Many  of  the  letters  are  from  the  law  firm  of  Dyer 

1891.  Phonograph  -  General  (D-91-43) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  about  the  technical  and  commercial  development  of  the  phonograph. 
Some  of  the  letters  arc  by  Edison’s  attorney,  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  and  relate  to  Edison’s  suit  against  Ezra  T. 
Gilliland  and  John  C.  Tomlinson.  There  are  also  letters  about  Edison’s  investment  in  the  Phonogram  a 
monthly  phonograph  magazine  published  by  Virginia  H.  McRae;  items  regarding  the  lawsuit  between  the 
North  American  Phonograph  Co.  and  the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co.;  correspondence  about 
musical  recording  sessions  at  the  West  Orange  laboratory;  and  requests  for  information  about  phonographs 
and  cylinder  recordings.  Individual  letters  pertaining  to  more  than  one  phonograph  company  are  also  filed  in 

1891.  Phonograph  -  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company  (D-91-44) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the  Automatic 
Phonograph  Exhibition  Co.  Included  are  documents  concerning  the  company’s  lawsuit  against  the  North 
American  Phonograph  Co.,  the  appointment  of  trustees,  and  a  disagreement  with  the  Edison  interests  over 
the  sale  of  machines  and  the  use  of  appropriate  nameplates  on  them. 

1891.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Company  (D-91-45) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  pertaining  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Co.  Most  of  the 
letters  relate  to  taxes  owed  by  the  company  to  the  State  of  New  Jersey.  There  are  also  letters  about  patent 
applications  and  the  election  of  company  officers.  Among  the  correspondents  are  Eaton  &  Lewis  and  Dyer 
&  Seely,  two  law  firms  that  handled  company  affairs. 

1891.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Works  -  General  (D-91-46) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertainingto  the  business  of  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Works.  Many  of  the  letters  are  from  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s  attorney,  and  relate  to  various  legal 
matters.  Included  are  letters  about  the  transfer  of  property  to  the  township  of  West  Orange  and  the  company’s 
lawsuits  against  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Co.  and  the  North  American  Phonograph  Co. 

1891.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Works  -  Accounts  (D-91-47) 

This  folder  contains  routine  financial  records  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works.  Included  are  monthly 
statements,  time  and  payroll  sheets,  and  memoranda  of  daily  shipments  and  weekly  billing  statements  to  the 
Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

1891.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  General  (D-91-48) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  commercial  development  of  Edison’s 
phonograph  in  the  United  Kingdom,  Germany,  Mexico,  and  Russia.  Included  are  letters  about  the  presentation 
of  the  phonograph  to  various  foreign  dignitaries.  Among  the  correspondents  are  Julius  H.  Block,  Edison’s 
phonograph  agent  in  Russia;  Josef  Hofmann,  the  Polish  pianist;  and  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s  attorney. 

1891.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company  (D-91-49) 

PhnnI0„IdCIh  rnt?in?  c.or.rcsP°"dence  and  othcr  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  United 
romoanv"  and*°t  ^  d°cu?1<int|  abou* the  assignment  of  Edison’s  English  phonograph  patents  to  the 

company  and  items  about  the  technical  development  of  the  nickel-in-lhe-slot  phonograph.  TTiere  are  also 
letters  about  the  presentation  of  a  phonograph  to  the  president  of  Chile.  Among  the  correspondents  are  G  N 
Morison,  secretary  of  the  company;  Jesse  Seligman,  a  New  York  investment  banker  who  helped  organize  the 
company;  and  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s  attorney. 

1891.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  Frnzar  &  Company  (D-91-50) 

j?n^0ltd<T  T,!ainS  1C°7eSp°nden“  aad  othcr  documents  relating  to  phonograph  sales  agencies  in  China  and 
,Ina‘Udcd  ,are'etters  a^°ut  the  shipment  of  phonograph  supplies  to  China  and  Japan  and  an  agency  for 
mckebm-the-slot  phonographs  m  Japan.  All  of  the  letters  are  by  Everett  Frazar,  Edison’s  phonograph  a^ent 

1891.  Phonograph  -  North  American  Phonograph  Company  -  General  (D-91-51) 

“"-espondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the  North  American 
Phonograph  Co.  Some  of  the  documents  pertain  to  a  note  for  $68,575  owed  to  Edison  by  Jesse  Lippincott, 
Phnnn  w  Cnmpa"y' 0lher  llems  concern  »  Pr°P°sed  suit  against  the  company  by  Edison  and  thcEdison 
honograph  Works,  a  controversy  over  the  exhibit  of  phonographs  in  Canada;  and  the  payment  of  taxes  owed 
by  the  company  to  the  State  of  New  Jersey.  Many  of  the  letters  are  by  ITtomas  R.  Lombard,  vice 

1891.  Phonograph  -  North  American  Phonograph  Company  -  Subsidiary  Sales  Companies  (D-91-52) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  affairs  of  various  regional 
mmn  Parre-SiUnderi  ®°ntraCt  W1,h  thc  Norlh  American  Phonograph  Co.  Many  of  the  letters  arc  by^local 
company  officials  seeking  to  purchase  phonograph  components  or  offering  suggestions  about  technical 
improvements.  At  the  end  of  the  folder  is  a  nationwide  list  of  local  phonograph  companies. 

1891.  Phonograph  -  Talking  Doll  (D-91-53) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  concerning  the  manufacture  and  promotion  of  Edison’s  talking  doll.  Most 

the  doll  sZeof  tht,,10  diS?n  Phono8raPh  T°y  Manufacturing  Co.,  which  marketed 

“°m.e°f  th.e  “re  from  stockholders  inquiring  about  the  financial  status  of  the  company.  Also 
.ncluded  lire  letters  from  Edison’s  attorney,  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  regarding  the  termination  of  the  company’s 
foreign  license  because  of  non-payment  of  Edison’s  guaranteed  royalties.  y 

1891.  Sims-Edison  Electric  Torpedo  Company  (D-91-54) 

™^°'dcr  “ntains  corr®spondence  pertaining  to  the  business  of  the  Sims-Edison  Electric  Torpedo  Co. 

rd0rUm0n"  a,-°Ut  *hC  SpCCd  a"d  range  0f  thc  comPany’s  cIec‘ric  torpedo  and  lettersTbout  the 
a  emnuTfiiterestEdtenin  ,[  ‘hc  t0rpcd°  in  Europc’  °thcr  itcms  pertain  *°  the  unsuccessful 

electrician  Mnst  »  ?8  thc  "CW  comPany  s  board  of  directors  and  becoming  its  consulting 

electrician.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  Everett  Frazar,  president  of  the  American  company. 

1891.  Telegraph  -  General  (D-91-55) 

TuinS  corfresP°ndcace  rclali"S  to  thc  technical  and  commercial  development  of  the  telegraph. 
Some  of  the  letters  are  from  the  law  firm  of  Eaton  &  Lewis  and  concern  the  ease  of  Welch  v.  Edison.  Other 
he  m  ?„„rn °  ^adr(uplcx  putent  royalties.  Also  included  is  a  letter  from  Stephen  Vail  (son  of  Alfred  Vail, 
the  co-inventor  of  the  telegraph)  offering  an  original  telegraph  receiver  for  sale. 

1891.  Telegraph  -  Fhonoplex  (D-91-S6) 

TclLr^nhv  Mncfnf,TrrrP°ndCnCe  °thcr  documents  Pertaining  to  the  Edison  Phonoplex  System  of 
Te'egraphy.  Most  of  the  documents  relate  to  the  installation  of  phonoplex  circuits  on  various  American  and 
Camuhan  ra.lroads  Some  of  the  items  deal  with  the  problem  of  finding  suitable  batteries,  condensers  and 

SS*  HH  n,COrirr,rPO"dCnCe  b  by  W'S’  field  a8ent  for  the phonoplex  system.  Most 

,  are.addre?sed  t0  Edison  s  secretary.  Alfred  O.  Tate.  Tate  served  as  the  company’s  electrician 
nnl°  W  ,ts  da,'y  b“s'ness  operations.  Edison  himself  was  only  tangentially  involved  in  phonoplex 
hflRR7  r  %"nd  V7y  n"ers  !°  0r  from  him  can  be  found  !n  lhis  folder.  The  case  study  approach  begun 
on  that  raHroTh  r  h°  Pcnn^lva"la  substantive  items  relating  to  the  operatio/of  the  phonoplex 

station,  mu  u  C,Cn  f  C-  d'  In  addltlon’  lhe  foIIowing  documents  have  been  filmed:  a  summary 
statement  of  the  phonoplex  business  for  the  first  three  quarters  of  1891  and  a  letter  by  Tate  providing  an 


1891.  Telephone  (D-91-57) 

Co!VndWel™'uniorSPOndCnCe  EdiS°n’S  PatCnt  assi8"mcnts  ‘°  the  American  Bell  Telephone 

18^1,  West  Orange  Laboratory  (D-91-58) 

^the°  WesrOram>oCh!horn?ndCnA  f'  rcP°f  tal aad  0,b®r  documents  relating  to  experimentsand  tests  conducted 
GVneram  ^  T0'^"1017-  a  mduded  ,arc  1,sts  of  experimental  accounts  chargeable  to  the  Edison 

purchase  o^a'compkte^Tof^UdS.'clectrica'rpatents0  d°CUmCn,S  *h° 

1891.  Dick  (A.B.)  Company  (D-91-01) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
mimeograph  business  of  the  A.  B.  Dick  Co.  Some  of  the  items  pertain  to  the 
use  of  Edison’s  name  by  J.  Lewis  Young,  sales  agent  for  the  mimeograph  in 
Cireat  Britain.  A  few  letters  deal  with  royalty  payments.  There  is  also  an 
annual  financial  report  for  this  company. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  requests  for 
autographed  photographs  of  Edison;  letters  of  transmittal  and 
acknowledgement;  annual  meeting  announcements;  other  routine  business 

..  ..  M  ,  Uear  Sir:— We  enclose  herewith  our  check  #403 

on  the  Chatham  National  Bank  of  New  York  City  in  the  sum  of  $749.  52 
in  payment  of  royalties  fear  quarter  ending  January  1st,  1891,  as  per 
. enclosed  statement.  *  7  r 

At  the  annual  meeting  of  the  Stockholders  of 
this  Company,  held  this  day,  the  retiring  Board  of  Directors  were 
reelected  and  the  enclosed  statement  of  the  past  years  business, 
was  read,  approved  and  ordered  placed  on  file. 

At  the  meeting  of  the  Directors  immediately  following , 
a  dividend  of  ten  per  cent  was  declared  on  both  Preferred  and 
Common  stock,  amounting  to  $15,000.00,  payable  June  1st  next,  and 
the  balance  of  the  NET  GAIN  for  the  year,  amounting  to  $15,312.01 
was  ordered  to- be  placed  to  the  credit-  of  Surplus  account . 

It  will  be  noticed  that  notwithstanding  the  expenditure 
of  $13,576.04  for  prosecuting  infringers  of  patents  owned  by  us, 
the  statement  shows  an  actual  NET  GAIN. of  over  30 %  on  our  Capital 
stock .  *■-. 

A  glance  at  the  Comparative  Statement  of  the  business 
done  during  the  past  three  years  shows  a  steady  and  healthy  growth 
in.voluhe,  and  a  corresponding  yearly  increase  in  profits. 

The  business  for  the  ensuing  year  will  be  pushed  vigor¬ 
ously  and  we  confidently  expect  to  be  able  to  show  a  larger  in¬ 
crease  still  in.  volume  and  profits  at  the  next  annual  meeting. 

Yours  very  truly, 

A.  B.  Dick, 

President . 


Statement  of  the  business  of  the,  A.  B. 
for  the  year  ending  April  30th,  1801.'  ' 

~  ^lGS'  f0r  the  y ear  $  158 , 817 91 


Oost  of  Mdse .  sold  and  on  hand 
including  labor  and  material 
Less  inventory  of  stock  on  hand 
Actual  SHOP  COST  of  Mdse,  sold 
Aod  Royalties  paid  on  same 

Total  cost  of  mse,  sold 

Add  profit  on  Discount  account 
GROSS  PROFIT  for  the  year 

§  77,538.36 
— 24.,  5_6i._C.S_ 
_ 3.905.38 

95’,.940 . 85  • 
983. 56 

Expense  account  proper 
Advertising  " 

Salary  '• 

Commission  " 

Interest  &  Exchange  Acct. 

Collection  Expense  Acct. 

Hew  York  Expense  Acct. (13  months) 

Philadelphia  »  Acct.(  7  months) 

Total  General  Expense 
NET  PROFIT  on  goods  sold 

_ 4.,163_.d9_ 

_ 53, 037.55. 


ordinary. expense. 

Patent  Expenses  for  prosecuting 

Deduct  accounts  charged  to 
Profit  &  Loss  account 
ACTUAL  NET  GAIN  for  the  year 

Add  undivided  profits  in  Surplus 

Total  undivided  profits 
April  30th,  1891 

- 13,.57_6_._0_4 _ 


_ _ 97.81 _ 


_ 9,_6_55-.-0_7. _ 

39 . 837 . 08 


Statement  of  Assets  and  Liabilities  of 
A.  B.  Dick  Company.  April  30tli,  1891. 


Cash  on  hand 

Accounts  and  Bills  Receivable, 
Office  Fixtures  at  Chicago 
Hew  York  and  Philadelphia 
Patents  and  Contract  account 
Mdse .  on  hand  as  per  Inventory 
Columbian  Exposition  Stock 
Total  Assets. 

$  4,457.53 



$  193,373.01. 


Accounts  we'  o we  (for  April  1891) 
Capital  Stock, 

Undivided  Profits  in 
Surplus  account 
Undivided  Profits  earned  in 

year  ending  April  30th,  1891. 
Total  Liabilities 






in*  to  *18  W~re  n0t  in0lUde  a  statement  of  notes  amount- 
ing  to  .16,000  given  by  us  to  secure  a  loan  made  by  the  Gillilan< 

fnrv,L1nnmPany  of  Adrian,  Mich,  who  manufacture  our  goods,  and 
entire  Sant  "T/TT  ^aranteed  notes  and  ^rtgfge  oA  thei3 
thereby  it  Snd  Llabilities  are  affected  alike 

thereby,  it  actually  forms  no  part  of  our  business  statement. 

A.  B.  Dick, 

President . 


Comparative  Statement  of  Sales  for  the  years  ending 
April  30th,  1889,  1890  and  1891. 

Mimeograph  Supplies 
All  other  goods 
Total  Seles 

Year  ending 

79 , 422 .38 

Year  ending 





Year  ending 

$  70,419.79 
152,817. Ol" 

Percentage  increase  in  Total  sales  1891  over  1890  35-.  ll£ 
Percentage  increase  in  Total  sales  1891  over  1889  92.41^; 

Comparative  Statement  of  Gross  Profits  for  the  years 
ending  April  30th  1889,  1890  and  1891 

Mimeograph  Supplies 
All  other  goods 

Year  ending 





Year  ending 

$  36 ,702.15 

Year  ending 

f:  42,391,02 
49,381. 34 

_ 5,150.55 

96 , 923. 41~ 

Percentage  increase  in  Total  profits 
Percentage  increase  in  Total  profits 

1891  over  1890 -50.  -81# 
1891  over  1889-114, 64# 

Mr*  Thomas  A.- Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir  Eaelosed  please  find.  New  York  Ex¬ 
change  for  $660.00  in  full  of  annual  dividend  of  10#  on  sixty  six  (66) 
shares  of  stock  registered  in  your  name  on  our  hooks  ,as  specified. in 
receipt  herewith,  which  please  sign  and  return. 

Yours  very  truly, 


We  are  just  in  receipt  of  a. letter  from  Mr.  J.  Lewis 
Young,  London,  Eng,,  who  has  been  handling  Mimeographs  for  us  in 
Great  Britain,  in  which  he  advises  us  as  follows: As  I  have 
fully  explained  the  whole  of  the  circumstances  to  Mr.  Edison,  I  am 
quite  sure  he  will  not  see  me  a  loser  by  the  motives  which  have  ac-  I 
tuated  you.  The  fact  of  the  matter  is,  you  have  an  agreement  with 

Mr.  Edison  for  selling  an  invention  in  the  United  States  only,  and 
you  have  desired  to  extend  that  business  to  other  countries  without 
taking  any  risk  upon  yourselves,  etc.,  etc."  k  x  h.h  x  "I  regard 
myself  as,  and  those  interested  with  me,  as  you  will  find  perhaps, 
at  the  right  moment,  as  perfectly  independent  of  the  A.B.  Dick  Co. 
with  an  absolute  right  to  sell  a  copying  apparatus:  called  the  Edi¬ 
son  Mimeograph.  And  if  you  can  see  your  way  to  supply  us  with  ma¬ 
chines,  you  are  at  prefect  liberty  to  do  so."  x  x  x  x  x  "As  regards 
Mr.  Edison's  name,  I  certainly  never  understood  that  Mr.  Edison  ob¬ 
jected  to  it;  in  fact,  I  have  reason  to  believe  that  this  is  not 
the  case;  and  it  is  singular  to  remark  that  it  is  only  when  you 
found  we  were  likely  to  have  litigation,  that  you  found  it  was  like¬ 
ly  to  be  dropped." 

In  regard  to  the  above,  we  will  be  pleased  to:  have  you  write 
us  a  letter  in  conformity  with  our  contract  with  you,  stating  brief, 
ly  that  our  company  is  the  only  one  who  has  a  right  to  use  your 
name  in  connection  with  the  Mimeograph.  And  if  you  have  been  in 
correspondence  with  Mr.  Young  on  thi 3.  s ub j e ct ,  we  should  be  pleased 
to  have  you  send  us  a  copy  of  your. correspondence,  or  a  synopsis  of  , 

Trusting  that  you  will  give  this  matter  your  early  attention, 

Dictated  A.B.D. 


'and  other'  -  '  ' 

M^laV'fel €#<:©1)ayiC:e§, 

lihtftUts  a*  Edison,  u*.  imL — /o 

!’ :  ■  Otange,  N.  d.  . 

L  ,  .  A  „  »?ar  Sit  ir-»our  tto taypi  the  etb  inst.  .dny  it 

*°  tre“  ',>u'  Mr-T',"og  *“1' 

TDsnkln?  yon  fw 

■  •  /W  W  «y, 

M  bbanch^S"'  '  fiSwJWipveograph, 

«. _ IsSslSL 

S2-I54  LAKE  STREET.  CHICAGO.  « *^03™  Antwerp  ”  (-y? 

m^auy/r  0ct«  i*.  1891.  /jp 
Mr.  Thomas  A,  Edison,  '' 

Orange,  N.  J. 

the  Chatham  NationS^aS'oflS^rf  ciJJT  S"1  ^  °hfk  #563L  0n 

swra:  wSS-^' 

897  Mimeographs  at  75*  $672.75 

418  Mimeographs  Exported,  5*,  _  20,90  $695.65 

Amount  of  repairs  16s  ,9 


PleaseAreoeipt ,  and  oblige 

Yours  veiy  truly, 


0CT  1  C  I09J  y 

1891.  Edison,  T.A.  -  General  (D-91-02) 

This  folder  contains  documents,  primarily  correspondence,  covering  a 
wide  variety  of  subjects.  Some  of  the  material  relates  to  personal  matters. 
Also  included  are  documents  that  deal  with  more  than  one  subject,  such  as  a 
letter  about  both  the  electric  light  and  the  phonograph.  Documents 
concerning  subjects  that  do  not  fall  under  the  main  subject  categories  are  also 
filed  in  this  folder.  Among  the  items  are  numerous  letters  from  George  P. 
Lathrop,  who  collaborated  with  Edison  on  a  science  fiction  novel  called 
Progress.  There  are  also  letters  from  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s  attorney, 
regarding  a  variety  of  legal  matters. 

Approximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  from  the  law  firm  of  Eaton  &  Lewis  regarding  salaries; 
documents  that  duplicate  information  in  selected  items;  duplicate  copies  of 
selected  documents. 

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(fic.  c/Y~  Cyoyyt  A&a^^Uk4^dLr  \ 

1 b^rt-wu-  tboi  — - 


Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

New  Yorfc  City,  Jan.  I2th,  I89i. 

?“a1da?1or“;o  "4  ■  *IU  »°"s  *”  ^ 

,v  ,  ,  Pe  Contracts.  Mr.  Bush  has  given  me  a  oodv  of  the 

We  have°ne^  h  J6fre\LiPpln00t^  811(1  the  Graphophone  cSJpany. 
taka  fh™  U  ?ad  the?  bef°re*  He  Save  them  to  me  today.  I  shall 
take  them  out  to  you  in  a  day  or  two,  in'  person. 

c  +  ?e  Fofffited  Stock.  /Bush  saysthat  Lippincott  got  my 
6  Tnn  flhLf Snanlng^ha!>  L'had  doited  in  your  behalf  the^ 

it  was  all  riVWN*^*+*+^*+St00V-  Bush  says  that  LiPPincott  said 
a11  but  that  sometime  in  the  future  he  would  try  to 

convince  ^  that  you  opght  %i i  all  fairness  to  give  him  back  soJe 
oi  lx..  i  tola  Bush  that  you  were  already  out  of  nooket  soma  hnr>H 

nes7'a^drthI+a^nMi’+  Llpplh??U  or  ^tody  else  inPthe  whole  busi- 
ness,  ana  that  equity  was  all  on  your  side. 

*  ,  .  Ogderi  Defective  Record.  At  Mr.  Perry* s  reauest.  T 

the6oiSnnM^«th+  "&&*  °f  getting  the  public  records^  title  to1 
much°trouMer  stra>ght,ened  out  “«  1  think  I  can  do  it  without 

biq  nr^yffaii  Inj«notion  Suit.  Mr.Bush  has  given  me  a  copy  of 

!iPttduri£:  1  haTve  sent  to  Mr.  Gottschalk  to  get  kirn  me  a 
, 1  hear  that  a  friend  of  Tomlinson  hasput 
night  ^  11  f  °f  Speak8I,S  at  Holland  Society  Dinner  tomorrow 

/  Please  exouse  jr  inted  signature  to  avoid  delay. 

!  /  Very  truly  yours, 

I  /  S.B. Eaton  p  A.G.M. 

New  aork  City,  Jan  16,  1891. 

Deal’  Hr.  Edison:  ‘ 

Re  Filament.  Suit.  The  record  is  closed  in  the 
Filament  Case.  All  testimony  is  ended.  The  next  thing  is  to  pre¬ 
pare  the  case  for  argument.  We  ought  to  get  it  before  Judge 
Wallace  the  last  of  February  or  early  in  March  ,  if  he  will  consent 
to- hear  it.  Dyer  is  not  well  and  has  gone  away  for  two  weeks. 

Re  Anmiql  Meeting.  The  personnel  of  the  new  Board 
will  probably  be  settled  at  the  next  meet/ng.  The  Annual  Meeting 
takes  place  at  12  next  Monday.  Mr.  Willard  told  me  today  that  ho 
thought  there  would  be  no  difference  ofybpinion. 

Re  Coplay  lease.  Rare  cannot  find  the  deed  from  dead 
Forster  to  himself.  I  am  going  to  examine  the  records  in  the 
Surrogate's  Office  here  to  see  if  it  throw  any  light  on  this  pro¬ 
blem.  I  wish  to  avoid  bringing  an  action  to  remove  cloud  of 
title,  if  possible,  for  it  wotild  be  tedious  and  expensive.  I  shall 
be  out  to  see  you  in  a  few  days  and? shall  explain  this  matter 
more  fully.  j 

Re  Exhibition  Co'.  Gojttschalk  sends  me  word  that  his 
Company  will  give  Insull  full  powe^f  to  adjust  differences.  That 
being  so,  I  think  we  can  save  the  Exhibition  Co.  Still  t 
deal  of  hard  work  will  have  to  be  1 

i  good 

Ra  Phono.  Works. and  Edison  Demand  Notes.  The  Board 
approved  the  issue  of  demand  notes  already  given  you.  The  Selig- 
mann  Director  declined  to  vote  either  way  until  he  could  investip 
gate.  The  meeting  adjourned  untip.  nextbTuesday  when  the  questi  n 
of  demand  notes  yet  to  be  gitoen  mou,  and  ompensation  to  you  for 
loss  in  selling  securities,  will /come  i 

Re  Lipp incot t  Note.  When  you  return  I  shall  go 
to  Orange  to  submit  /to  you  the  agreements  which  1  have  drawn  in 
this  matter,  before  (showing  then*  Jo  Bush.  Meantime  X  shall  retain 
the  old  note  and  takl^  the  new  owe. 

Very  truly  yours, 

S.B. Eaton,  p  A.G.M 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 
near  Sir: 


■yfcu,’  ?A-r/jn\  16,  1891. 

4-7^c-  rc  •  ^  aSrS0abl0,  Will  you  kindly  send  me  a  cheque  for 

$736, oS,  in  full  payment  of  my  salary  to  January  I,  1891.  My 
last  cheque  paid  me  up  to  August  18,  1890.  Prom  that  date  to 
January  X,  is  four  months  and  thirteen  days,  making  $736.55. 

I  pay-  disbursements  out  of  my  salary.  These  dis¬ 
bursements  amo  unted  in  the  yea  r  1890  to  about  $700.  This  in¬ 
cludes  your  share  of  my  firms  cash  disbursements  in  the  E.U.P.Co. 
although  your  share  has  not  been  charged  to  yonr  account*  Our  * 
cash  disbursements  in  that  matter  were  $1,061.77-.  We  have-not 
been  paid  as  yet  a  penny  of  those  disbursements  ,  nor  has  our  bill 
for  serv  ices  been  paid'. 

,  Some  of  the  items  of  cash  disbursemnts  I  have  made 

for  you  relate  to  matters  which; are  not  properly  covered  by  my 
agreement,  and  I  may  at  some  future  time  bring  this  matter  again 
to  your  attention.  However,  it  is  comparatively  a  small  affair. 


I  S<J| 

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Y  Y  \ 

i  if 



Nevr  York  City,  Feb.  16,  1891, 

A. 0. rate,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir 

Pursuant  to  yourvre quest  I  mail  you  under  separate 
cover  a  copy  of  the  last-edTfion  of  the  Electric  Railway  nontract, 
being  wieneteenth  proof,  Feb.  5,  T89’.  This  contains  the  changes 
made  by  ...r  "illard  and  "r  "oster  injoint  conference  about  '"eb  4 
The  last  edition  of  the  laboratory  contract  is  the  I5h 
'6  1  have  but  one  copy,  but  shall  get  two  more  from 

the  printer  today  and  mail  them  to  you  tomorrow/  "‘ill  jrcra  kindly 
make  on  one  of  them  the  changes  which  you  spoke  to  me  about  on 
riday  and  return  it  to  me  Please  make  the  changes  you  suggested 
which  would  result  in  altering  the  present  phraseology  and  plan 
as  little  as  possible  The  other  copy  please  cetain  for  your  files 
T  have  made  notes  of  quite  a  number  of  changes  which  are  still  to 
be  made  in  thisrcontract  An  earlier  ed;tion  was  executed  in  Octo¬ 
ber,  but  it  was  understood  that  changes  might  be  made  ani  that  the 
>ent  might  then  be  executed  again 
Ve  ry  t  rul y  yours , 

3  S  'Eaton,  p  A  0  n'i 

dated  .Tan • 



EATON  &  LEWIS  ,7 


yi/cw  .  If,r  THOT  . _ 

^  c  ^  <L> 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Phonograph  Matters.  I  beg  to  sum  up  progress 
within  the  last  few  days  as  follows: 

(I)  Re  E.P.Co.  Mr.  Bush  informs  me  that  he  v/as  in  s 
error  in  stating  that  Mr.  Lippincott  holds  a  writing  from  you 
personally  to  the  effect  that  there  were  no  claims  against  the  E. 
P.Oo.  when  the  deal  was  made.  Mr.  Bush  now  states  hhat  this 
statement  was  made  to  Mr.  Lippincott  by  Mr.  Gilliland,  acting  as 
your  agent.  Mr.  L.  believes  that  this  statement  was  in  writing 
and  will  endeavor  to  find  the  writing  itself  just  as  soon  as  he  is  ' 
able  to  go  through  his  safe. 

(2)  Re  N.A.P.Co.  Mr.  Bush  notified  me  on  the  13th 
mst.  that  the  statement  of  the  entire  indebtedness  of  this  Company 
are  still  in  course  of  preparation  and  that  a  copy  would  be  given 
me  at  the  earliest  moment. 

(3)  Re  E.U.P.Co.  The  first  annual  meeting  for  the 
election  of  Directors  will  take  place  on  March  2nd.  Unless  you 


/and  Gou mud  make  some  arrangement  about  voting  on  your  joint  hold- 
/  ings,  the  Seligmanns  will  carry  the  election.  They  hold  just 

half  the  stock,  while  you  ard  'Gou-  aud  hold  the  other  half.  I  hold 
your  certificate  of  stock  in  my  possession.  Mr.  lord  holds  Gour- 
aud’s  certificate.  Gouraud  is  here  and  no  doubt  he  will  confer 
with  you  about  the  approaching  election.  My  own  judgment,  is  that 
Cochrane  and  associates  do  not  attend  to  business,  and  ought  to 
step  out,  but  I  suppose  that  at  the  approaching  election  the  same 
thing  will  be  done  as  was  done  last  year,  viz:  the  Seligmann 

pepple  will  select  their  fo  r  men,  while  you  and  Gouaud  will  select 
\  your  and  his  four,  and  somebody  like  Mr.  Mills  will  be  the  ninth 

(4)  Re  N.A.P.Co.  When  yovi  return  I  think  you  will 
have  to  name  a  day  for  a  long  conference  with  Lipp-incott,  Bush  and 
myself  about  settling  up  the  complications.  On  that  occasion  we 
must  give  them  some  pretty  plain  talk. 

(5)  Re  Consolidation.  Y/estinghouse  had  an  inters 
view  in  hhe  Daily  Continent  yesterday  stating  there  was  no  founda¬ 
tion  for  the  telegraphic  reports  from  Pit  sburgh  that  a  consolida¬ 
tion  was  on  the  carpet. 

Very  truly  yours. 


Edison  Mimeograph  Company, 



February  18th.  1891. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 

Lewellyn  Park, 

New  Jersey. 

My  Dear  Tate, 

I  feel  absolutely  ashamed  of  myself  for  not  having  had 
the  courtesy  to  write  to  you  before  this,  but  I  have  been  so  busy 
and  so  much  occupied  in  this  little,  muddling,  messing  Mimeograph 
Business  that  I  have  almost  forgotten  that  I  am  what  I  am,  and 
have  been,  and  it  is  only  within  these  lhst  few  days  that  I  have 
been  able  to  get  out  of  the  absolute  one-ness  of  idea  in  which 
.  the  whole  thing  has  thrown  me. 

How  are  you  getting  on,  and  how  are  all  things  prosper¬ 
ing  with  you? 

I  intended  from  time  to  time  to  let  you  have  a  report  of 
how  things  were  going  on  here,  and  I  have  sent  for  various  things 
connected  with  the  Phonograph. 

f/  •  The  Phonograph  is  getting  lower  and  lower  in  public  es¬ 

timation,  that  is  my  opinion,  until  it  found  itself  the  other  day 
at  the  Aquarium  at  Westminster,  being  exhibited  for  3d.  a  time, 
that  is  about  half  the  price  of  a  museum.  Col.  Gouraud 

in  order  that  he  might  endeavour  to  get  a  rise  a £  out  of  the  Press 
asked  me  to  go  down  there  with  a  Mimeograph,  which  I  did.  The 
Press  saw  the  Phonograph,  which  they  had  seen  hundreds  of  times 
before,  and  absolutely  pooh-poohed  it,  and  the  Mimeograph  of 
course  they  had  seen  in  various  other  fOrms  in  hundreds  of  thou¬ 
sands  of  times  before. 

I  /  When  I  found  out  what  kind  of  business  was  proposed  at 

the  Aquarium,  of  course  I  withdrew  the  Mimeograph,  as  I  could  not 
stand  being  ■smade  a  side  show  of.  It  seems  to  me  that  the  gallant 
Colonel  will  soon  run  to  the  end  <o£his  tether,  and  then  probably 
something  will  be  done  with  this^Hjjd  invention. 

I  should  be  very  glad  myself  to  give  an  order  for  1000 
phonographs,  not  quite  to  the  pattern  which  was  put  out  in  Ameri¬ 
ca  when  I  was  there,  but  very  similar  to  it,  and  at  least  5,000 
phonographic-dolls,  and  I  could  do  a  business  with  them  right 
away  and  make  a  profit  of  £10  each  on  the  phonographs,  and  £1  each 
on  the  dolls,  and  I  oould  probably  keep  that  up  for  some  considera¬ 
ble  time;  but  thirty-two  millions  of  people  in  England  alone 

require  a. lot  .of  supplying  when  you  have  the  right  thing. 

.  -  ,  I  am  glad  to  tell  you  that  the  law-suit,  which  the  other 

people  thought  right  to  bring  against  me  for  infringement  of  the 
patent  is  luckily  very  soon  to  be  brought  to  a  close,  and  there¬ 
fore  I  hope  that  I  shall  win  the  case  of  which  I  thingt there  is 
every  probability,  as  I  hoped  from  the  first,  and  I  shall  once  more 
regain  some  peace  of  mind.  What  with  this  law-suit,  the  loss  of 
,1°  much  money  in  the  Phonograph  Business,  the  absolute  standstill 
which  it  ultimately  reached,  and  the  difficulty  of  even  making 
the  slightest  impression  with>vtheMimeograph  Business  in  conse¬ 
quence,  and  of  the  copying  apparatus  being  full  of  inferior  ma¬ 
chines,  I  have  been  eonsiderably  worried,  and  really  out  of  myself 
right 6r>  thingS  Seem  now  quite  lighter,  and  I  hope  to  go  on  all 

Dick  continually  writes  me,  and  he  is  very  kind,  al¬ 
though  very  sharp  after  the  oof.  For  every  dollar  that  he  has 
made  out  of  me  I  have  spent  something  like  100  for  him  in  adver- 
tising  the  Mimeograph  Business,  and  X  think  it  would  have  been  ' 
only  fair  for  him  to  have  let  me  carry  stock,  instead  of  which  I 
have  not  only  to  find  the  money  to  pay  for  the  goods  before  they 
: PUt  °n  !hlp’  but  have  t0  keep  them  in  stock,  and  then  sell 

them  on  credit  because  no  one  in  this  country  pays  cash,  so  that 
it  has  really  been  a  serious  matter,  as  I  could  not  get  my  money 
from  Gouraud,  and  he  is  afraid  now  to  ask  the  Seligmans  toad- 
f or°the ^be at ^  m°re5  h0WeVer>  811  thlngs  wil1  turn  out  in  the  end 

that  the  wLt«rV«at  IT  WifS  and  family'  «•  in  good  health,  and 
that  the  winter  has  not  been  so  severe  with  you  as  it  has  with  us 

8*.*e8S*  ln  proportion»  because  you  are  somewhat  accustomed  to  ’ 
cold  and  we  are  not, 

..  .  We  have  had  skating  for  six  or  seven  weeks  together, 

which  is  unprecedented,  even  this  morning  we  had  ten  degrees  of 

t  „>,nn  know  JifJI  can  d0  anything  for  you  here  in  London, 

I  shall  be  very  happy  indeed  at  all  times. 

Give  my  kind  regards  to  Insull,  when  you  see  him. 

Yours  very  sinosmiir 

S  € 

*a»«2  S^odga  < 

5/  ^oxSa. 




...v  9 


^  //^V  ^/'^"v  r  ^2-r^ 

^  «S^J,  Tzztt  ^ 

On-^K  -Y^yho^.  §Le_*i_^^  Jl  , 


,  The  Grand  Secretary  will  be  especially  (  for  donations  of  nuloKrapl.  leliers 
to  the  first  division,  under  the  head  of  Unite,!  State  and  Foreign  Countries,  which  is  far 
from  complete.  He  is  anxious  to  secure  letters  as  well  ns  a  page  of  manuscript  of  the 
writers  of  America.  ‘  1 

*  ,  °ur  ‘autograph  cases  are  of  the  finest  made,  and  cost  into  the  hundreds  of  dollars, 
and  all  donations  will  be  well  displayed  and  due  credit  (riven  for  all  sad.  contributions. 

AutognapL;)  eolIcctioQ, 


l  ^Jtogpapl)  $  J^etteps  v* 



First  Division  Civil  and  Military  Officers,  Authors  « 
Distinguish ed  Citizens. 

Second  Division  Masonic  Officers,  Write  is  and  Editors, 


dull  and  Military,  1776-181 

0)  Presidents.  (2)  Cabinet  Ojlicers.  <3)  Judges  Supreme  Court. 
U)  Senators,  [5)  Representatives.  (6)  Generals,  (;)  Scientists,  <S) 
Authors  and  Representative  Men  and  Women,  (ij)  International 
American  Congress,  /St/*. 

v  Ministers  from  h 


Masonic  Grand  Officers,  1844-90. 
asters,  (2)  Senior  Grand  I  Cardens,  (3)  'junior 
,  (4>  Grand  Treasurers,  15)  Grand  Secretaries, 
1/  Priests,  17)  Grand  Commanders,  (8)  Grand 
'h.  (ijj  Grand  Matrons  Order  Eastern  .star. 


(i)  General  Grand  High  Priest  and  See  re  fa  1 
Masters  and  Recorders ,  Templars,  (3)  General  t. 

Royal  and  Select  Masters,  (4 
»L~  ./.  Rife,  (5 1  General  Grand  Matrons.  Order  Eastern  Star. 
Ut)  Editors.  <7)  Authors,  (8)  Representative  Masons.  American 
and  Foreign, 

ci^ . 

My  Dear  Mr  Edison, 

I  am  sorry  that  I  have  not  written  to  you  before  this, 
but  I  have  beeh  so  busy  with  the  introduction  of  'the  Mimeograph 
business  into  this  country  that  every  moment  of  my  life  seems 
occupied,  including  Sundays. 

I  should  be  very  much  obliged  to  you  if  you  could  send 
me  over  one  of  those  water  motors  for  the  Phonograph,  which  you 
constructed.  I  should  be  very  willing,  of  course,  to  pay  for  it 
if  you  would  allow  me  to  do  so,  or  to  send  you  anything  in  ex¬ 
change  for  it.  I  would  like  to  have  the  motor,  governor,  and 
base,  or  if  you  can  find  it  in  your  heart  to  send  me  a  complete 
machine,  so  much  the  better. 

I  daresay  you  have  heard  that  I  have  quitted  Gouraud 
in  consequence  of  the  unsatisfactoriness  as  to  relations  with  you 
&c. ,  but  at  the  same  time,  there  v/ill  be  a  business  in  the  Phono¬ 
graph  for  the  man 'who  knows  how  to  handle  it,  but  it  will  not, 

I  am  quite  sure,  bed  done  through  company-mongers,  my  idea  is  to 
buy  a  Phonograph  for  £5,  and  to  sell  it  for  £20,  and  as  fast  as 
you  can  make  them  sell  them,  and  divide  the  difference  with  those 
who  have  got  a  right  to  it. 

I  get  many  enquiries  for  the  Phonographic-doll, and  could 
sell  a  large  quantity  of  them  if  I  had  them.  I  hope  that  one  of 
these  days  you  will  get  all  the  reward  you  deserve  for  your  la¬ 
bors  on  the  phonograph. 

I  have  written  to  Mr  Tate  a  letter  which  probably  he 
might  read  to  you,  or  at  least  portions  of  it,  in  regard  to  what 
is  being  done  here. 

Y/ith  kind  regards  believe  me 


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Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:-  I  enclose  you  a  letter  from  Mr.  Winslow  Allderdiee 
of  Warrep,  Ohio,  doted  21st  ult.  He  is  the  man  who  invented  our  shaft  drawing 

machinery  at ;the  rolling  mill.  He  is  a  man  of  some  ability  but  I  know  nothing  of 
the  merits  of  this  carbon.  Nor  do  I  know  that  you  care. for  my  such  thing  as 
arc  light  carbons. 

Vours  reap'y, 

.  ...  . 


\  V*  \  ^ 

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/?77id~yd/sSs.yScs<c.A  y/t-ts  /srls/s  </ys*y/sA  A-y  yZ. 

d^-Ae-t^.  //ty  /ic*/y  '/ 


(f  rtxh-x  d  l 

D-  B^  StroOsE,  \(^&copvfcal  Stools,  $955,000.00.^/  SE<p  'a?KRISe', 

ihe  8or?<§a©k  f|?a©f->irce  ©ompang, 

=  ^  —  y 

V/e  have  no  .catalogue  of  our  cigarette  machines.  They  make 
a  tout  90,000  cigarettes  a  day,  and  are  making  99  per  cenhof  ithe 
cigarettes  made  in  the  United  States.  You  can  see  t!ie  character 
of  their  work  by  looking  at  any  American  cigarettes  you  now  see 
on  the  market. 

If  you  will  advise  me  o  f  the  country  and  place  where  the 
machines  are  wanted, I  will  gveyou  further  information. 

Yours  truly, 

Pres '  t. 



The  Western  Onion  Telegraph  Company. 



To _ 

Letter _ 

Sheet _ 


Rec’d  ai 

Electrical  Engineer. 

A  Weekly  Review  of  Theoretical  and  Applied  Electricity. 

New  York,  150  Broadway, . March.  17th, 


A.  Edison,  Esq*, 

Orange,  N,  J, 

Dear  Sir: 

In  pursuance  ofay  usual  custom,  I  propose  to  deliver 
a  lecture  on  the  “Progress  of  the  Year“,  in  which  will  be  brought 
out  the  improvements  made  during  1890. 

As  an  additional  feature  in  this. year's  lectu're  ,  I 
Purpose,  as  far  as  possible,  to  have  each  inventor  describe  hi* 
own  improvements,  and  to  that  end  I ‘would  consider  it  a  great 
favor  if  you  will  support  me  by  your  presenoe  and  assistance 
on  the  evening  of  the  lecture.  The  latter  will  be  held  at  the 
Electric  Club,  No.  17  East  22nd  St.,  New  York,  on  Friday, 

March  27th,  at  8  P.  M, 

I  shall  call  upon  you  to  explain  your 
and  Thermo-Magnetic  Motor.  If  you  can  bring  with  you 
a  large  chart  showing  the  invention,  it  would  be  of  naterial 
assistance.  A  blackboard  will  be  provided.  j 


Kindly  inform  me  whether  1  may  ® imt  on  you,  and  rest 
assured  in  advance  of  my  appreeuatuon  and  willingness  to  recipro¬ 
cate  the  favor. 

An  early  reply  will  oblige. 

Electrical  Engineer. 

(incorporated  ] 

A  Weekly  Review  of  Theoretical  and  Applied  Electricity. 

New  York,  150  Broadway, . 

fsf'H-? . 

Mr*  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  J, 

. March  19th  T 

...  1891 

I  -elves  your  „t8  raspet  thit  ^  to 

6*  P"e"”t  *'  ”3’  *■  ™  -v9,  however,  kinaly  „„„„„ 

to  assist  its  ,  t  sould  surest  that  you  aslesate  to  Mr.  Kenr.Uy 
the  «„  *  „p„.sMfaB  you  that  sve„l„e.  ,  have  „„„„ 

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Yours  truly, 

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8.  BERGMANN,  Preside 


Bergmann  Manufacturing  Co.  ”»*«»«■■ 


EXPERIMENTAL  manufacturers  or  .  telephone  . 

W0RKS-  Electric  Lighting  Specialties. 


New  York,.... 

. 1891. 

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Nev/  York  City,  April  II,  1891. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  be/;  to  submit  the  following: 

(I)  Re  Attachment  of  Works  v  Toy  Co. 

Jad.sce  Depue  heard  argument  on  both  sides  today  on  the 
;j  question  of  allowing  is  to  appeal.  Governor  Bcdle  argued 
strongly  against  it.  Tile  Judge  finally  decided  in  our 
favor.  It  turns  out  that  when  ho  was  in  active  practice 
he  gave  an  opinion  on  a  question  once  which  committed  him 
to  the  view  as  regards  principles  of  law  on  which  he  has 
decided  this  attachment  against  as.  i/e  said  today  it  was 
decidedly  a  case  to  appeal.  The  conditions  in  favor 
and  against  appealing  I  shall  submit  to  you  orally  the 
j  first  of  the  week.  They  are  too  complicated  to  submit 

!  in  writing.  I  shall  also  discuss  the  question  of  talcing 

the  opinion  in  advance  of  sane  New  Jersey  lawyer  in  high 
standing  like  Ex  Chancellor  Runyon.  I  shall  arrange  with 
Mr.  Insull  for  both  of  is  to  visit  you  early  in  the  week. 

(S)  Edison  v  Gilliland.  Mr.  Lewis  is  con¬ 
fined  to  his  house  with  a  severe  attack  of  grip,  but  is 
at  work  on  this  case.  We  are  going  right  ahead  with 
the  beginning  of  taking  of  testimony,  being  compelled  to 
do  so  by  Lippincott's  repeated  demand  to  examine  him. 

We  may  lose  our  case  if  we  have  to  alter  our  caref  .illy  ’ 
preparod  plan,  but  what  else  can  we  do?  Lippincott  will 
not  wait  for  us  to  examine  him  at  the  end  of  the  case, 
as  we  originally  planned. 

(3)  Re  Glenmont.  The  title  to  tne  pro¬ 
perty  has  been  passed  to  Edison  and  the  Insurance 
Policies  transferred.  The  deeds  are  now  at  the  County 
Clerk's  being  fecorded.  Tne  assignment  of  the  personal 
property  has  been  prepared  and  'is  on  my  desk  ready  fbr 
execution.  It  runs  from  you  to  Mr.  Insull  and  from  him 
to  Mrs.  Edison.  I  shall  take  it  out  to  Orange  for  your 
signature  when  T  go  there  with  Mr.  Insull  early  next  week, 

(4)  Re  New  York  Concentrating  Works.  In 
behalf  of  Mr.  patchellor  and  associates,  including  my¬ 
self,  I  would  like  to  put  this  matter  into  shape.  But 

I  am  deterred  by  the  stringent  clause  in  the  lease  to  you 
from  the  P.  and  R.  Co.,  prohibiting  you  from  having  any 
associates.  Had  we  not  better  ask  them  to  waive  that 
prohibition?  I  shall  bring  a  copy  of  the  Pifth  section 
of  that  lease  to  discuss  with  you  at  our  proposed  vis't 
next  week. 

(5)  Re  Prescott  Pinal  Payment  on  Quadru- 
plex  patents.  Mr.  if  at  e  wrote  me  under  date  of  March  5th 
asking  whether  you  could  accept  a  cheque  sent  by  Mr. 
Prescott  for$2, 494. 39,  as  "final  payemnt".  I  examined 

the  matter  and  wrote  you  on  March  9th  for  further  in¬ 
formation.  I  have  received  no  answer  to  that  letter. 
Will  you  kindly  reply  to  my  latter  of  March  9th,  so  that 
I  can  ge t  this  matter  out  of  the  'way. 

(6)  Re  Railway  Rights  in  Europe.  Mr. 

/  Insull  wants  to  know  on  behalf  of  the  General  Company  who 
owns  your  Railway  Inventions  for  Europe.  I  cannot  tell. 
I  would  like  to  have  some  person  in  our  behalf  ask  what 
tne  Cie  Continental  claim  in  this  regard,  Do  they  claim 
to  own  these  inventions  themselves?  And  7  would  like  to 
know  without  letting  them  know  that  we  are  making  enquiry 
’  t.  through  Mr.  Siegel? 

Shall  i 

(7)  Re  Handford  British  patent  of  1882, 

No.  2,336.  It  is  claimed  that  this  patent  was  assigned 
to  you,  and  I  have  asked  Mr.  Insull  to  have  a  thorough 
search  made  at  the  Laboratory  to  find  out  if  that  is  so. 
.If  it  is,  you  are  to  assign  it  to  the  Edison  and  Swan  Co. 
together  with  other  patents  which  they  have  now  asked  you 
to  assign  .  Was  this  Handford  patent  assigned  to  you? 

(8)  Re  Ore  Milling  Co.  Royalty.  I  have 
prepared  a  Supplemental  Agreement  between  the  Ore  Milling 
/Co.  and  the  Concentrating  Works  whereby  the  time  for 
paying  the  first  years’  guarantee  royalty  is  postponed 
a  year  and  the  rate  of  royalty  is  increased  to  25  cents, 

I  have  turned  these  documents  over  to  Mr.  Perry  for  him* 
to  have  them  executed. 

(9)  Re  Assigning  Certain  Patents  to  Gener¬ 
al  Co.  Certain  patents  which  some  claim  you  ought  to  as¬ 
sign  to  the  Lamp  Company  are  to  be  assigned  to  the  Gener¬ 
al  Co.  and  tii at  Company  is  to  give  you  an  agreement  to 
protect  you  from  damages.  I  have  drawn  this  agreement 
under  instructions  from  Mr.  Insull  and  shall  show  you  a 
copy  when  we  go  to  Orange.  It  is  important  that  you  should 
understand  it. 

(10)  Re  Unanswered  Questions  on  Phono¬ 
graph  Matters.  ]  have  already  given  you  opinions  on 
two  questions,  but  have  not  had  t irne  to  dispose  of  the 
rest.  Those  two  are  (I)  That  even  if  you  wanted  to,  you 
could  not sell  tue  E.P.Co.  Stockjlield  as  collateral  secu¬ 
rity,  at  public  auction  or  otherwise,  and  buy  it  in  your 
self,  or  have  it  bought  in  your  behalf,  and  (2)  That  you 
cannot  treat  your  new  patents  and  inventions  as  your  own, 
notwithstanding  the  fact  that  the  expenses  have  not  been 
paid.  Mr.  Hornblower’s  opinion  on  these  two  questions 
agrees  with  rny  own,  and  was  given  in  both  cases  without 
knowing  in  advance  what  my  views  were.  I  shall  try 
to  answer  your  remaining  questions  at  an  early  date.  Those 
phonograph  matters  are  voluminous  and  complicated  and  so 
interwoven,  that  in  order  to  answer  a  single  question,  I 
have  to  wade  through  very  many  documents. 

(11)  Re  Phonograph  Reorganization.  Mr.  Rush 
sonde  word  that  he  will  see  Mr.  Ineull  and  me  on  Monday 
afternoon,  and  tnat  he  wants  to  have  matters  settled  at 
that  conference.  I  assume  that  Mr.  Insuli  will  urge 
the  appointment  of  a  Receiver,  but  owing  to  my  absence 
at  Syracuse  I  have  not  seen  him  for  a  day  or  two. 

(12)  Re  II. A. Co.  Electric  Railway  Contract.  Mr. 

ovsr  with  me  the  final  cnanges  which  he 

and  Mr  Wetmore,  representing  the  N.A.Co.,  have  m°de  in 
tms  contract.  Coster  says  tnat  the  N.A.Co.  is  ready 
to  execute  tne  document  with  these  ciianges.  I  shall 
explain  them  to  you  and  Mr.  Insuli,  anf for  convenience 
of  reierence  T  will  say  that  the  only  changes  of  import¬ 
ance  are  on  the  middle  of  page  12,  also  on  the  middle  of 
Wnere  tiie  'vord  "average"  is  omitted,  also  on  the 
I2tn  line  and  24th  line  of  page  23(  see  Coster's  copy  of 
2.nd  proof  which  I  shall  nave  with  me  to  show  Mr.  Insuli) 

Please  excuse  printed  signature  to  avoid  delay. 

Very  truly  yo  urs, 

S. B. Eaton. 

Q,£„<  C  fy  JU,£cstA*t«. 

<yCbi, .  £  ■ ., 

A/rsulz  /j/z  £ 


April  11. 

Dr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park,  Orange ,  N.  J. 
My  Dear  Edison :- 

I  like  occasionally  to  drop  into  the  Society  of 
Electrical  Engineers  when  there  is  an  interesting  subject  under 
discussion,  and  receive  so  many  invitations  to  join  the  Society 
that  I  think  X  shall  no  longer  neglect  it.  I  enclose  a  blank  ap¬ 
plication  and  will  be  greatly  obliged  if  you  will  head  the  list  of 
endorsers,  as  a  reminder  of  acca^ional  pleasant  meetings  and  of 
the  time  when  we  were  arovmd  at  night  digging  up  the  streets  to¬ 

With  compliments  and  best  wishes  to  yourself  arid 
kind  remembrance  to  mutual  friends,  I  am, 

Very  sincerely  youi's^^i^”* 

■ - 

i  ,  vtf* 


. 'llUu !. . /UcT'ib 

Edison  Laboratory. 


. (2^h^. . .  /AT  •  /<j^/  '  j 


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.  — — - - - — — - -  ••••■■  ■•  -  . ••■••••• . •&; 

'•Hurlbut's.  Co. 

CPHonr,1l42  COHUAHDT.' 

'T.  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

New  York, 

N.  Y. 

y APr11  20  th.  1, 


&(  />  ft/C  U  i.  j  /y/  APR  ai  1891 

Ans'd . IS 

Dear  Sir:- 

One  of  our  correspondents  in  Bergen, Norway , Mr.  Adolph 
Halvorsen, advises  us  that  he  is  building  a  new  steamer  for  the 
Medeterranean  trade  and  has  decided  to  call  her  the  "Edison"  af¬ 
ter  yourself. 

We  enclose  a  letter  from  Mr.  Halvorsen  which  he  requested  us 
to  forward  to  your  address. 

Yours  very  truly, 

^Yr  ^Tt  Cr-rc<3^ 


Msxn.  C'C-Ol..  ^ 


Address  after  May  1st, 
^son  Building,  42  Broad  St 



Dear  Mr  Tate: 

Re  Waterhouse  Cable  to  Mr.  Edison.  I  send  a  letter  to 
London  by  tomorrow's  mail  but  do  not  send  the  deeds.  We  want 
something  else  before  we  consent  to  execute  the  deed  as  explained 
in  my  said  letter. 

Very  truly  yours, 

A. 0. Tate,  Esq. 

•  r .  "r 

C  tubs 

Dr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park,  Orange,  H.  J. 

My  Dear  Sir:- 

Pressure  of  business  and  a  death  in  a  collateral 
branch  of  the  family  have  prevented  me  from  sooner  acknowledging 
your  kindness  in  signing  my  application  for  membership  to  the 
Institute  of  Electrical  Engineers,  for  which  please  accept  my 

thanks  - 


QuELLMALZ  $j  y^tDLEPv 


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|  @eyet,  .im  SRoimt  9Rai  1887. 

Farbenfabrik  Vitriolwerk  Geyer. 

Gustav  Zchierlich, 

Oeyer  im  Erzgebirge. 

E.  U.  ' 


der  Mm  v 

Vitriolwerk  Geyer  lagernden  Schwefelkiesabbrande 


im  Auftrage  der  Schwarzenberger  Hlitte 


Chemiker  Daillli  in  Duisburg, 

Direktor  der  Duisburger  Kupferliutte. 



Stn  13.  3)cc«ttv6<*  i8?o. 

,  Anoei  uuorsontio  J  linen  mo  itosultato  von  8  Pi-ouen,  tlieiille filings  zur  genanon  Kenntmss  ilor 
Verliilltnisse  nooli  tier  Vollsliindigkeit  entbelirou,  aber  dock  positiv  duruuf  himveisen,  dnss  die  Laugerei 
jener  Produkte  ein  lukrutives  Gcschilft  wird. 

Ioh  habo  die  Prolicn  sowolil  clioniiscli  unnlysirt  ids  uiiuli  golaiigt,  und  'werden  Sio  sioli  wundeni 
tiber  die  Verschiedonlieit  dor  Resultnte.  Es  ist  nttmlich  in  amor  Probe  l  Gramm  Silber  pro  100  Kilo  mis- 
geluugt,  es  sind  aber  6,4  Gr.dnrin.  Der  Grand  des  goringon  Aiisbringens  liegt  unstreitig  in  deni  sen  gi- 
rmgen  Sclnvefelgehnit  des  Materials;  denn  man  sah  beim.  ItBstoii  aucli  liiclit  die  Spur Schwefel  irorbreiiuen. 
Die  in  denProben  vorfliullichen  Scliwefelgehalte  werden  (lurch  soliwefelsanre  Sake  hervorgebraelit,  es  liabon 
aber  dieselben  nuf  LBslichiiiuehen  des  botrelfenden  Motalles  gar  keinou  Einfluss,  simdern  bier  wirkt  mir 
der  Schwefel,  der  ills  soldier  an  Metall  gebnnden.  ist.'  Ill  alien  den  Pinball.  wo  sieli  viel  Sillier  ausgelmigt 
hat,  brannte  anch  dor  Scliwefol  sichtlidi,  und  wenii  os  als  ein  grosser  Vortheil  anzusehc-ii  ist,  dass  das 
Material  sehr  wenig  Schwefel  hat,  so  mOsste  man  dooli  beim  Hosten  schwefollialtigeru  Moterialien  zilsetzoa, 
welches  die  Sadie  veithenoru  wilrde,  wonn  solche  Materia  lion  11'idit  billig  zu  boaclinffen  wilren. 

Das  vortrefflidisto  was  liier  eintreten  kiSnute,  wilrn,  wenn  in  der  Umgegend  Brando  vorkonirnen, 
welclio  zuviol  Schwefel  enthalton,  11111  ziun  ItBsten  geeignet  zu  sein,  und  wird  sieli  dies  Material  in  den 
Breitonbrminer  Biiinden  finden,  wenigsten  naeli  frflheren  Prolan  zu  urtlieilen.  fell  werde  duritlw  Ver- 
sticlie  nnstellen,  wie  sieli  das  Material  miter  Zusatz  von  Scliwefelkies  beim  RBsleu  verhiilt  und  li.nen  die 
Kesnltato  nuttheilen.  Sie  worden  sclion  aus  den  Proben  erselien,  dass  die  liBclisten  Silbergehalte  crzicll 
smd,  Wo  der  meiste  Schwefel  vorhanden  war  und  wciilen  bci  weitorem  Zusatz  bis  zu  2,6—3"/,  die  Uesul- 
tato  nocli  viol  grosser  misfallon,  als  die  besten  miter  diesen  Prcben.  Die  tins  dem  Material  erzielten 
Purple  Ore  (Eisenstein)  ergaben  allerdmgs  zioinlich  bedeutende  Kiickstlinde,  und  ist  der  Eisengebalt 
nur  111  tier  emeu  Probo  nnf  41,49%  hernbgesunken,  welches  gegeniiber  dein  Rilckstanil,  von  36, 2,,/11  wolil 
zu  wenig  sein  wilrde,  aber  dor  Durclischnitt  wird  sieli  doeli  aucli  ziemlieli  gilnstig  lierausstellon  in  Betreff 
dos  Eisengehaltes.  Sollten  Sie  iibor  sonstigo  Verhilltnisse  nocli  Auskunlt  wilnschen,  z.  B.  wilre  der  Zinlnm- 
halt  der  Materialien  jedonfalls  wescntlicli,  indem  das  Zinkoxyd  als  die  stiirkste  Metallbasis  beim  RBsten 
von  grossen  Einfluss  ist,  so  bitto  niicli  darauf  aufmerksiim  niuchen  zu  wollen.  Mun  kBnnle  dieses  allor- 
““’S®  nuo“  spitter;\dn  jedocli,  olie  man  die  Sadie  anfiingt  nocli  viele  Proben  gemuolit  werden  mlisseu  11111 
die  Mischungsverlillltnisso  dor  verachiedenen-Substanzen  festzustellen. 

Die  Resultnte  sind 

Chemisehe  Analyse:  tiiiigenrcsultatc : 

A.  oben.  Silber  12  Gramm 
Blei  0,87% 

Kupfer  0,16% 
Schwefel  0,73% 

A.  nnten.  Silber  12  Gramm 

Blei  0,69% 
Kupfer  0,12% 

_  Schwefel  0,09"/,, 

B.  Sttd.  Silbi'r  8  Gramm 

Blei  0,6  % 

—  .  Rilckstand  32,3% 

Silber  2,6  Gramm 
(Puiple  Ore)  Eisen  47,72  »/„ 

B.  Nord.  Silber  14  Gramm- 
Blei  1,47% 
Kupfer  0,38% 
_ •  Schwefel  ^16°/ 

Bloi  0,6% 
Knpfer  0,12% 
Schwefel  1,20% 

0.  oben  Silbei  6,6  Gramm 
Blei  0,9% 

Kupfer  0,2  % 

_ Schwefel  0,85  % 

0.  unten.  Silber  G,4  Gramm 
Blei .  0,43 11 /o 
Kupfer  0,2% 

_ _ Schwefel'  0,82% 

D.  oben.  Silber  8  Gramm 

Blei  1,38  «/» 
Kupfer  0,08  °/° 
Schwefel  0,92  °/» 

Silber  7,4  Gramm 
;  Eisen  46,1  % 

'.  Silber  1,0  Gramm 
Eisen  49,36  % 

Rilckstand  24,2  % 

Silber  1,6  Gramm 
.  Eisen  60,7  % 

Eisen  44,4  °/0 
Rilckstand  31,8% 

,  ,  Me  angegebeuen  Silbergehalte  b'eziehen  sieli  aUe  nuf  lOO  Kilo.  Das  Purple  Ore  rbnrUsentirt  den 
nnch  der  Laugerei  zur  Eisengewinnung  kommenden  .  hsenstein.  Das  Gold  liess  sieli  niebt  i„  iiB 4T  1 6 
wilgen,  wiewolil  der  ziemlich  gleich.nllssig  sein  wird.  In  dem  d  rch  b  ”  m  "1,0U  Pr0^ln 

ber  stellt  sieli  derselbe  auf  121  Gramm  pro  100  Kilo  Silber  Dio  chemisehe  A  ,  Ug°f°  Sow°,menBn  Sll‘ 
.C.^>be“  ***  n"ch’  iml°m  ai°  Luiwinob?1,  zn  'hingo  auflmlten «mf 


•'  ..r}!e,n00|*  r“oksttndigpn  17  Proben  sind  nun  fertig  gestellt  nnd  haben  duj 

kies  auf  a«einde3«feSohat  n  S'?"***  Tt"  eegeb°n’  Dio  Proben  wurt,°"  durcl.  Zu 
Kies  aut  3  und  3  /,  Sohwefel  gebraoht  und  ehloriirend  gerSstot  pp. 

Es  ergaben  sioh  folgende  Eesultate: 

P.  Durchschnitt. 

Silber  ausgolaugt  7,90  Gramm 
Kupfer  0,15  “/. 

Blei  0,02  7° 

:  Sohwefel  1,46 

Purple  Ore  (Eisen)  47,0  •/ 

Jtilokstand  . .  30,0  % 

Silber  ausgelaugt  6,66  Gramm 
Kupfer  0,12  “/„ 

Blei  1,20% 

Sohwefel  1,17  •/ 

Purple  Ore  (Eisen)  40,20  “/. 

_ _ _ Itttckstond  37,3  °/0’ 

Silber  ausgelaugt  7,d~Griu7im 
Kupfer  0,18“/0 

Blei  1,06“/. 

•  Sohwefel  0,82“/. 

Purple  Ore  (Eisen)  40,8 

"  ’  '  36,2  “/„ 

”  Befsten  (2“/0Schwefel)  Silber  uusgelaiigt  8,0  G: 

Kupfer  0,18“/,, 

Blei  0,96“/,, 

Sohwefel  0,80  •/ 

,  Purple  Ore  (Eisen)  446“/„ 

Eflckstaud  ...... 

E.  Slid.  Stuffen.  (2  »/o  Sohwefel)  Silber  nnsgehiugt  7,5  Gramm" 
Kupfer  0,2  % 

Blei  1,5% 

. .  Sohwefel  1,28  "/„ 

.  Purple  Ore  (Eisen)  '  46,00  »/„ 

~ _ _  Ettckstand  31,0  % 

E.  sad.  (2  %  Sohwefel) . ^  Silbm^usgeiau^SbO  Grubmr 

Kupfer  0,18  •/. 


P.  StuSen  (2“/0  Sohwefel) 

Sohwefel  0,80  % 

Purple  Ore  (Eisen)  48,6  o /„ 

Ettckstand  27,2  “/, 

Silber  ausgelaugt  G.O  Gninini 
Kupfer  0,10  •/„ 

Blei  0.86  % 

Scbwefel  0^00  ”/, 

Purple  Ore  (Eisen)  37,60  % 

---  .... _ Ettckstand  42,20  “/„ 

E.  Nord  (3%  Sohwefel)  Silber  nusgelougt  8,16  "Grumin 

Kupfer  0,21  % 

Blei  1,06  % 

Sohwefel  1,80  % 

Purple  Ore  (Eisen)  46,00 

_ Ettckstand  '  31,40% 

Silber  ausgeluugOrs  Gramm 

G.  oben  (2  %  Schwe(bl) 



,  F.  Fein.  (2  »/0  Sohwefel) 

Purple  Ore  (Eisen)  - 

0,12  „ 

0,08  •/ 

1  7« 

Silber  ausgelaugt  6,6'  Gramm- 
Kupfer  0,16  “/„ 

Sohwefel  0^03  % 

Purplo  Ore  (Eisen)  40,20% 

_ _ _ Ettckstand  38,40  % 

i.  StulTen unten (3  7»  Schwofel)]Silber  aus^kh^t'liXGmm, 

fefOT  ?«16% 

Purple  Ore  /Eison)  ' 


Auslaiigen  ein 
:  von  Sohwefel- 





'Kupfer  0,21  Vn  ' 

Blei  1,20"/.  ..  '  . 

Schwofol  '  0,96  % 

.  Purple  Ore  (Eisen).  48,20.%  . 

- - - - - - - - -  ■  ■  Bflofcstand  26,80%  .  * 

G.  fem  unten  (2%  Sohwefel)  Silber^d^Igt  V.b  (iramm  '  .  - - 

Kupfer  0,16%  .  , 

Blei.  0,89%"; 

Scliwefel  •  1,23  %  ’  ' 

Purple  Ore  (Eisen)  44,20  % 

- — -  !-  . Biickstnud  3B;10%  '  : 

Sfc.  fein  oben  (2%  Scliwefel)  .  Silbor  "ausgeiuugt  6,8  Gramm  ' - 

.  .  Kupfer  0,11  % 

.  Blei  0,79% 

:  Scliwefel'  0,80% 

Purple' Ore  (Eisen)  42,30% 

- - -  Bookstand  3RRn«  /, 

G-  ““ten:  (2%^R-etel)  Silber  ausgeiuugt  6,4  Gramm - ’ - - 

•  .  Kupfer  0,2% 

Blei  .  0,96% 

Scliwefel  1,26  % 

Purple  Oro  (Eisen)  40,4  % 

— - — - ; — _ _ Bflckstnnd  37,6% 

E-  Bord  Stuffen  (2%  Scliwefel)  Silbor  nusgolaugt  6,5  Gramm  ~  - ' - 

Kupfer  0,13%. 

Blei.,  :  0,93% 

Scliwefel'  1 18  % 

Purple  Ore  (Eisen)  43,00  % 

- - - — ^  „.  _  - - ______  ■'  Biicksland  34;80  % 

G.  Stuffen  oben  (2%  Schwefol)  Silber  misgoluugt  6,63  GmmlT - 

Kupfer  .  0,16  % 

Blei  ..  0,85% 

Scliwefel-  '  0,73  % 

Purple  Ore  (Eisen)  39,60  -«/ 

Kilekstand  39,80%'. 

■rih ofrfK 



^Ci.  ^ CX.^tc^y'^  <■ 

U^c-<_e_  Ot-u. 

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Messrs.  EATON  &  LEWIS  have  removed  their 
law  office  from  120  Broadway  to  the  EDISON  BUILDING, 



Meor/cn,  M.tfly  ... 



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g|  pte 

My  dear  Mr  Edison, 

2Hh  June  1391 

I  received  a  letter  from  you  through  your  Secretary 
On  March  11th  on  the  subject  of  the  phonograph  for  which  many  t  hanks  - 
Your  phonograph  has  been  a. great  amusement  here  and  I  am  only  anxious 
to  be  able  to  obtain  one  of  the  newer  pattern  I  wr#e  jtou  about  >-  q0 
you  think  that  the  Phonograph  Ccmpany  would  let  we  ha,ve  one?  I  he 
present  cylinders  ate  V0ry  brittle, they  break  Without  reason  Txm 
simply  ehange  of  wither;  the  one  that  Cutting  sent  me  from  New  yn^ 
arrived  brbken  a?  also  did  mine  to  him  although  they  were  very  cateUfe- 
ny  packed  for  post  -  T^s  is  a  veyy  unfortunate  .objection  to  this 
large  diameter  of  cylinder  and  I  expect  that 'the  smaller  and  longer 
cylinders  are  very  much  less  brittle  -  Why  they  do  . not  bring  out  the 
Phonograph  Company  in  England  1  cannot  understand  -  It  would  certainly 
succeed  .but  nothing  is  being  done  -  Perhaps  you  will  find  time  to 
dictate  me  a  line  aS  to.  wither  one  of  these  .new  machines  was  obtain* 
j*blef-  I  would  return  the  present  one  if  X  could  get  the  new  one  in 

i  he&r  ^hofa  cutting  that  yoUT  irdn  Separator  it  Working  splendidly 


,  1  "  'M^ddid 

which  I  am  very  glad  to  hear  -  You  have, I  Suppose , completely 
abandoned  Eleetr^Aty  in  favour  of  Mining  operations  ?  x’ato  occupied 
in  -working  a,  ‘Company  for  the  electric  lighting  of  the  City  of  Loiidon 
and  have  Men  much  exercised  as  to  whether  we  should,  ad ppt  covert xijujjbs r" ' 
current  M  iiternatin^  -  We  have  decided  on  (the  being 
perfectly  impost ibie^t&the  City,  to  find  sites  for  central  Station 
on  the  continuous  current  principle, or  to  obtain  sufficient', rodm  in 
the  streets  tp  lay  the  conduits  -  We  are  using  ponpentric  mains  and 
2000  volts  and  converting  stations  under  the' control  of  the  Company  in 
different  parts  of  the  City, and  feeding  from  thence  on  to  a  three  wire 
system  -  X  hope  that  this  plan  Will  succeed  as  it  seems  to- me  the 
only  one  by  means  bf  which  we  dan  get  our  -cables  laid  at  all,. 

Hoping  you  are  well,  1 

Believe  jne,; 

Yours,  veiy  tmsiy 

Thomas  A  Edi$6n  Esq, Orange , New  York. 

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«v ' 

(  ■  1  °ften  reforred  to  the  incident,  where  you  put  me  in  the 

sW^?.=cfc.n  reeard  to  the  latitp<Jepauestion  of  Ekathex4nb^g.HiiiociiFi_iD 


„J.  BLOCK". 


Fairbanks  &  Cs,  H.  Disston  &  Sons, 

W.  i  8.  Omiglas,  Eclipse  Wind  Engine  C". 


Jmporters  of  Machinery,  Hardware  &c. 

*  L  ,  -  -  ■  .  ;; 

Trading  Finn  |  Jelcchams 


Joseph  Perkins  &  Sons.  nr.  Reildilcli 

Willcoi  5  Gibbs  Sen.  Had  C". 
Soidol  &  Nanmann.— Durkopp  &  C". 

July  4/16 




T  h  o  n 

In  reply  to  your  favor  of 
Antwortlich  Ihres  Geelirten  vom 

A.  EDISON  Eeq. 
Orange  .  N.  J. 

My  dear  Sir;- 

The  ruaaian  papers  report, 
that  you  intend  to  reviait  Europe  in  August  *  that  you  will  also  go 
to  Petersburg  ,  where  you  inteixl  to  stay  a  week. 

I  an  exceedingly  anxious  to  knoY/  whethor  these  rumours  are  yioIIx&ki 
fbunded  h  if,  as  I  do  hope ;  they  are,  permit  tee  to  remind  you  of 
the  intention  you  expressedfwhen  I  had  the  great  pleasure  of  seeing 
you, )to  visit  the  Ural,  when  next  going  to  Europe. 

Your  superior  knowledge  of  the  geography  of  the  country,  in 
vhich  I  have  been  living  fbr  so  long,  is  fresh  in  my  memory, 
ybu twill,  therefore,  easily  understand  why r  I  would  be  greatly  dis¬ 
appointed  if  you  should  not  be  able  to  carry  out  your  fbxmer  inten¬ 
tion,  to  some  extent  anyhow.  I  mean  to  say,  that  if  your  time  will 

„.A-  P-  P-  Pot 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.  #S, 

not  permit  you  to  go  as  far  as  you  then  intended,  I  do  sinoer 
ly  hope  to  have  the  pleasure  of  showing  you  the  most  interesting 
of  all  cities  of  Russia,  her  ancient  capital,  in  which  I  liv^  * 
the  most  interesting  of  all  fairs ,*0  fair  at  Nijni  Novgorod. 

The  first  is  a  comfortable  nights  journey  from  Petersburg  *  the 
second,  a  ditto  from  Moscow • 

You  may  rest  assured,  that  I  will  gladly  do  all  in  my  power 
to  make  your  stay  in  Russia  as  agroeablo  for  you  as  possible  *  I 
would  feel  exceedingly. obligedif  you  could  drop  me  a  card,  Btating 
when  you  expect  to  touch  Russia. 

In  anticipation  of  a  fevorable  roply  I  beg  to  rozrain 

-July  : 

Your  loan  of  Seventy-five  Thousand  Dollars 

with  the  U.  S.  Trust  Company  must  be  attended  to  by  the  25th  of 

this  month.  Pern;  has  interrogated  than,  and  they  are  willing  to 

re^new  it  for  six  months  at  3ix  per  cent,  or  they  will  renew  for 

four  months  at  5  l/2X«  It  is  not  desirable  to  renew  the  note  for 

four  months,  because  that  will  make  it  fall  due  in  November,  which 

considering  your  present  obligations  would  be  most  inconvenient. 

Shall  I  tell  Perry  to  arrange  for  the  six  months  renewal?  If  so, 

just_mark  0.  K.  on  this  ^letter  and  send  it  back  to  me. 

,  ,  W  ■.  <  v 

J  ■( 


Yours  very  truly, 

Thomag  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

tel'**  • 



^/l?CACr24cw/(y_ J.uly_20-,-1891'. 

Thomas  A,  Edison,'  Esq,, 

Orange,  New  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir:  j 

Referring  to  your  favor  of  the' 14th.  inst . ,  in  which  you 
enclosed  a  copy  of  an  advertisement  bj the  Electro -Chemical  Com¬ 
pany  of  this  City,  which  contained  an ! unauthorized  use  of  your 
name,  I  beg  to  state  that  I  wrote  a  sharp  letter  to  the  above  named 
Company,  calling  their  attention  to/the  fact* and  threatening  to 
bring  an  action  for  damages  for  an J  illegal  use  of  your  name, 

I  have  received  a  letter  from  the  Electro-Chemical  Com¬ 
pany  promising  that  they  will  not /make  any  further  use  of  your  name 
in  connection  with  their  business/. 

Trusting  this  will  be  satisfactory  I  remain. 




Dear  Mr.  Edison:  N°W  Y°Tk  °ity’  July  30,189^ .  / 

havf  instructedRmeI'toagonaheadeandTrotPate?t<1,it  ^ati°n^o^ittee 
Perkins  Lamp  Factory  at  Hartford  8R  -n-*unction  against  the 

Lanp  pactorj  of  thPs  St?  2m  aeainst  the  23rd  Street 

ting  companies  of  this  City^  proSy  the  illumina 

Driscoll  and  Stleringer  are  collect  ?  I touSt  Morris  ComPany. 
be  used  in  these  proceedings  But  th»  t  f°r  the  afr ida'r its  to 
are  away  on  vacation.  Wallace  is  i£  n!!dT  !ind  a11  the  lawy9rs 
is  in  Europe.  Lowrey  has  gone  to  th^  f°r  &  m°nth’  Seward 

Riber  for  six  weeks.  XerTeZls^Zn'V™'*  °n  the  Detroit 
wilderness.  The  result  is  tw  ?  °  "f  X)W  for  a  m°nth  in  the 

get  ready  for  the  above  proceed^ 8h^1  have  to  stay  here»  and 
as  our  lawyers  and  ~  t0  b9  aa  -on 

M.y,  th.  .Sat  S  1uZ*T.rLa  Up  *hs  MM1°  ■* 
in  a  bill  for  $20,000  for  his  argument  ®b®ean*  He  how  sends 
Patent  Litigation  Committee  JaTkfTu  over Lt  e*ceaBiv*-  ^ 

Poned  final  decision  until  to^orraw.  JXe  2  »"8  **.««*  P°«t- 
Paymg  it,  at  any  rate  that  is  the  L«  f  Davls  was  in  favor  of 
are  rather  opposed  to  it.  We  hwTL  h®  eave*  and  Merest 
$18,000  in  the  Filament  Case  alSnl!  itZlZ'Z  ^  L°Wr8y  °Vei< 

rageous.  “When  we  win  +v>»  aoo^  *  think  the  chaise  is  out~ 

but  not  now.  0388  °n  appeal*  we  can  pay  him  liberally, 

Patience  and  go?d  naturfon  w  part  howevef1*  thRt  very  pui*°8°* 

Paying  my  bill  after  all.  But^T  may  reHuIt  in  their 

aJ-i.  But  I  must  c cnf ess  it  makes  me  mad. 

about,  but  you  Sirmnanfc^arlTJft®8, 1  °l!?ht  to  888  yoa 

Sincerely  yours. 

Liverpool  Overhead  Railway.  TJa^rams^  traction. Liven 
Engineers’  Oil  ice.  '  ' 



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The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  .York. 

Executive  Office,  16-18  Broad  St. 

J!ew  York,  September  11th,  1891. 

Bioinas  A.  Edison,  Esq 
Orange,  H.  J 
Dear  .Mr.  Edison  • 



Ans' d _ UU  jg 

‘fc'a-  v 



Mr.  De  -Witt  J..  Seligman,  Editor  of  the  •  Epoch,”  a  weekly 
\  &sul^al  $£  hl^h  Standing  in  this  city  which  has  boon  very  friendly 
^.ispn  interests,  sends  word  to  me  that  he  is  especially 
>;  ««#*»«**  'that  -|  , representative  of  his  paper  should  have  an  intor- 

,  view«tth  you  oh, the  possibilities  of  the  phonograph.  I  do  not 
Often  inmxrit  myself  to  encourage  or  transmit  requests  of  this  sort, 
bht  «t»  pm»snt  oase  seem^  to  be  one  in  which  it  may  bo  proper  for 
«<!  to  break  the  rule.  If,  you  care  to  moke  an  appointment  for  any 
date  after  Monday  next,  you  might^diroct  word  sent  to  Mr.  George 

..^’Hanson,  ArbUckle  Gilding,  Brooklyn,  who  is  Mr.  Sell  man' a 

#pro«entative  for  this  purpose. 

•  ,*•  _  '  I  am  pleased  to  hear  through  Insull  that  you  were  satis- 

h«d  Witti  the  lino  of  policy  as  to  the  sale  of  lamps  to  rival 
•.^i^hating  companies,  outlined  in  the  resolutions  submitted  to 

This  letter  needs  no  reply  from  yourself  to  me. 

1  'vt-c. 

st  6.  *- 

Very  truly  yours. 

O.o.  a  l ovVbu 

\ \  tS'f  L'  {•  £*. .  &C*s/**“ 

i  $ «£h*bpu*e4i.<-*«JL>  JtjU*  tj//  f  fr/  / 

?//  F  ?/ 

New  York  City,  September  12,  1891. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

I  beg  to  submit  the  following.: 

(1)  Your  objection  to  signing  the  proof  of  claim 
against  Lippincott's  assignee,  for  the  promissory  note,  is 

| not  well  taken.  It  creates  no  cloud  on  the  title.  You  can 
|| do  with  the  note  and  the  security  just  tfiat  you  want,  the 
ijsame  as  if  you  had  never  proved  the  claim.  The  proper  thing 
lifor  you  to  do  is  to  execute  the  document  I  sent  you,  relating 
"to  the  note,  in  my  opinion. 

(2)  Touching  the  proof  of  claim  for  $82,500,  it  is 
true  as  you  say  that  the  amount  is  due  from  the  N.  A.  P.  Co. 

;|But  Lippincott  was  also  a  party,  along  with  the  N.  A.  P.  Co., 

[i to  the  agreement  of  August  1st,  1888.  It  will  not  hurt  your 
;!  claim  against  the  N.  A.  P.  Co,  to  make  this  proof  of  claim 
: against  Lippincott.  My  usual  rule  in  cases  of  assignments, 
j| is  to  put  in  every  possible  claim  you  can  think  of,  and  then 
j[ let  the  assignee  strike  them  out  if  he  wants  to.  It  does  not 
hurt  you  to  make  the  claim,  and  it  is  good  tactics  to  do  it. 

(3)  Please  take  my  word  for  it  that  the  esecution 
Ij of  these  three  proofs  of  claim  will  not  in  any  way  at  all 

| alter  your  rights  against  others,  or  cloud  the  sale  of  the 
ijnote.  The  claims  must  be  filed  by  Tuesday  at  latest,  so 
| kindly  swear  to  them  to-day  and  send  them  to  me  by  bearer, 

I;  if  you  conclude  to  do  so.  Bush  thinks  that  Lippincott's 
| Estate  will  pay  in  full,  if  you  and  Insull  take  hold  of  the 
;|N.  A.  P.  Co.  For  that  reason  and  on  general  principles,  you 
; ought  to  prove  every  possible  claim,  especially  when  it  does 
"not  prevent  you  from  making  claims  against  others  for  the 
||  same  thing. 

(4)  Enclosed  please  find  a  form  of  assignment  sub- 
jjmitted  by  the  E.  U.  P.  Co.  I  have  made  some  pencil  inter lin- 
lieations.  The  form  now  seems  tome  to  be  all  right.  The 

||  theory  is  that  you  now  assign  the  entire  pending  application 
|j  of  Case  No.  96  to  the  E.  U.  P.  Co.  ,  and  that  they  now  write 
you  a  letter  promising  that  when  the  application  is  allowed, 
they  will  execute  this  form  of  agreement,  thereby  assigning 
ij  back  to  you  "dolls,  toys,  toy  figures  and  clocks."  Those  are 
ij  the  exact  words  used  in  Sec.  1,  Agreement  March  11,  1890, 
j  between  you  and  the  E.  U.  P.  Co.,  where  your  rights  are  re- 
|j  served.  Is  this  form  satisfactory  to  you?  If  so  please 
!j  initial  it  and  return  it  to  me  by  bearer. 

(5)  You  may  be  interested  to  see  the  resulution 

I  here  enclosed,  marked  A.  B.  Please  destroy  after  reading. 

| I  sent  it  to  Mr.  Marcus  to-day  for  the  minutes.  Mr.  Villard 
jj  tells  me  that  the  transaction  is  entirely  satisfactory  tp 
lihim,  and  that  he  told  you  all  about  it  on  Thursday. 

(6)  The  Pat.  Lit.  Can.  have  rejected  Lowrey's  bill 
absolutely.  They  say  that  they  will  not  pay  it  even  if  he 
withdraws  from  the  case.  Mr.  Wright  is  particularly  opposed 
to  paying  it.  You  may  remember  that  I  told  you  about  it  at 
Long  Beach.  I  met  Lowrey  at  a  big  dinner  givei  to  Mr.  Just¬ 
ice  Field  at  Villard's  country  place  last  ni$rt.  I  told 
Lowrey  what  the  Committee  had  decided,  and  advised  him  to 

ji  withdraw  the  bill  and  accept  whatever  the  Committee  choose 
jto  pay  him.  He  took  my  advice,  and  instructed  me  to  say  that 

_ . . . i 

T.A.E.  #2. 

*“h — »* «» «-«.» 

'  .  .  J7)d  fff.havo  commenced  the  injunction  proceedings 

■  against  the  Perkins  Lamp  Co.  at  Hartford.  The  papers  are  all 
printed  in  a  pamphlet,  and  served.  We  shall  serve  similar 
papers  next  Tuesday  on  the  Mount  Morris  Illuminating  Co.  of 
this  city  and  on  the  23rd  St.  Lamp  factory.  Driscoll  and  I 
got  up  these  papers  during  August.  He  broke  down  and  is  now 
laid  up  in  bed.  But  Dyer  is  back  and  lias  helped  me. 

(8)  Of  course  Insull  told  you  that  Bush  consents 
to  turn  the  N.  A.  P.  Co.  over  to  you.  Bush  said  he  must  see 
Ir,  Knox,  Lippincott  s  Pittsburgh  lav/yer,  before  formally 
assenting.  Knox  is  about  to  return  from  Europe.  Bush  is 
at  Newport,  but  they  will  both  meet  here  in  a  week  or  two 
when  I  hope  to  be  able  to  report  further  progress.  The  plan 
includes  the  settlement  of  the  claim  of  the  Works  by  arbi- 
tration#  . 

r ,  ,  .  1  aslfed  Vi  I  lard  last  night  v/hy  he  thought  the 

Genera1  Co.  s  stock  was  now  going  up  on  the  market.  He  said 
that  he  thought  that  the  people  at  the  corner  intended  to 
declare  an  extra  dividend  of  ten  per  cent,  on  the  General 
Co.  s  stock  and  use  a  million  and  a  half  of  the  Light  Co.'s 
securities  to  do  it. 

„  I  ?*  /lease  return  by  bearer  the  three  proofs  of  claim 
executed  and  sworn  to  by  you  if  you  see  fit;  also  return  the 
|  enclosed  form  of  assignment  from  the  E.  U,  p.  c0.  with  your 

approval  initialed  on  it.  y 

J _ 


SEP  1  4  1891 

/ZLL.JBc//  ' 

■  cfr  ie,,sL 




Sqitdnfcer  16th,  1S91, 


My  d  ear  Bdison:- 

I  received  a  letter  from  J.  r!  a  while  ago  reminding 
of  an  old  deal  v/hich  I  hai  not  forgotten.  I  enclose  New  York 
Exchange  for  §100.00  and  will  send  along  tin  balanc  e  as  soon  s 

!al0V/  'r  had’  f°r  a  year  or  so>  a  Aguiar  Monkey  and  Parrot 
else  you  would  have  liear  d  fPom  me  before. 

Thanking  you  for  past  favors,  I  remain, 

Sine  erely  your  s, 



; SEP  1  8  1891 

A ns’d/tfe^L  2-2-18  f>/ 

}  \>  L  ‘e.  r' 

\  ^  v-> 

'~L  t  7 

^  V  ‘ 

0-£te>cr't^L4  trxdU, 

9/9  VLtaJul 


,  'fysr/,'/  ?/yr„/  ft/Z 


SEP  3  0  1891 

jf-  i*  ftCs-- 

\f  £««-'  ^ 

0-4  y 

y  ^  7'uy 

fi&Xtw  (iS~c^L'&h 

%*&  ft /£&&*--■  ^k&£*~- 

?§Cv*^  $,$*■***& 


Cj  ^  °  M' 

September  28th,  1891. 


Please  do  not  forget  to  let  me  knows-on. Wednesday,  next  what 
day  and  hour  it  will  suit  you  to  meet  Goneral  Grubb,  his  'friends,  end 
myself.  Gen.  , Grubb  sails  on. the  8th  for  his  post  ini; Spain,  and  he  is 
very  anxious  to  meet  you  before  he  returns,  and  theii  Know  if  we 
fail  to  raise  the  money  in  Newark  he  will  get, it  for  us  in  London. 

Prof.  Gildersieevo,  of  the  JohnstHopkins  University,  Balti¬ 
more,  Md.,  who  has  been  for  several  months  in  Germany,  informs  me  that 

14  is  a  common  expression  in  Germany,  when  a  fellow  has  no  genius  or 
brains  to  say  that  is  "no  Edison*. 

Hoping  you  will  not  forget  this  appointment,  as  it  is  very 
important  to  me,  I  remain 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Yours  truly, 

i  p  -  189! 

i  ^  u  -v  '  '  1 

- W'// 

-.  ^<=  '^‘*f~ '  CS  cPtS-t 

^cf  "*• 

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3  1>  £  l7boZ^?“  "t/tiji^  n^*J&dt\J^  . 

/°*  <A*-^M-£j~dh}  er)j-t. , 



Dear  tfr.Fldison:  Ans  ^ 

I  was  very  glad  to  see  in  the  II. y. World  the  n>tel(ti-orl  , 

your  new  method  oi‘  moving  electric  cars.  As  President  A  the"  Pro  v.^. 

Telephone  Co.,1  have  been  resisting  the  overhead  trolley  for  the 

past  year.  I  do  hope  you  will  evolve  -  and  of  course  you  will  -  ** 

that  which  will  prove  to  be  the  survival  of  the  fittest. 

I  have  often  thought  of  that  picturesque  group  at  the  Maples- 
wood  Hotel, out  of  which  you  so  judiciously  took  your  pick.  I  wonder 
if  your  good  wife  knows  that  Mr. Me  Gilvray  is  dead.  He  was  a  fine 
fellow, and  is  much  mourned, 

I  expect  to  take  a  loafing  trip  to  Mew  York  in  the  course  of 
a  few  weeks, for  the  first  time  in  six  months; can  I  get  a  sight  of 
you  if  I  run  over  to  Jersey?  I  hope  your  deafness  does  not  increase 

as  mine  does.  Dear  .dear,  what  a  misfortune;  But  we  must  bear  ifi? 
we  don't  grin”  ^ 

I  have  been  trying  to  do  a  little  inventing  myself  lately, 
have  been  working  on  ball-bearings  for  about  two  years.Have  taken 

out  several  patents, and  have  about  as  many  applications  pending"?" 
have  reason  to  believe  I  have  got  a  pretty  good  thing, as  I  have  ha 
one  running  at  Attleboro, Mass. .showing  a  saving  in  power  over  the 
lubricated  bearing  of  7 5%. My  invention  consists  in  an  improved 
method  of  using  the  balls.  I  will  have  a  printed  description  be¬ 
fore  long, which  I  will  send  to  you.  I  have  made  several  types, but 
have  now  settled  down  on  one  as  the  best.  It  seems  to  me, and  to 
those  who  have  seen  it, as  very  applicable  to  the  dynamo.  I  have  had 
requests  from  three  electric  companies, one  of  which  asked  me  to 
concede  to  them  the  exclusive  use  for  that  purpose.  This  I  have 
declined  to  do, however, having  felt  that  not  only  on  account  of 
auld  acquaintance, but  your  eminence, as  well, you  ought  to  have  the 
opportunity  of  first  producing  it  in  that  connection  if  you  cotton 
to  it.  I  am  having  a  little  model  made, and  if  it  is  done  by  the 
time  I  go  to  N.Y.  I  will  take  it  on  with  me.  You  may  have  the  cu¬ 
riosity  to  see  it  if  nothing  more. 

V/hat  a  pity  the  people  who  bought  the  phonograph  have  made 
such  a  botch  of  it.  That  is  they  have  around  here  at  any  rate. 

I  am  always  glad  to  learn  of  your  continued  successes.  But 
don't  kill  yourself.  Devote  plenty  of  time  to  wife  and  babies. Thus 
your  days  will  be  long  in  the  land.  So  mote  it  be. 

Sincerely  Yours, 






,W  M 




trivefhk?'110"  !"  an  indefatiSable  "'ork^,  devoted  to  Ins  profession,  and 
gives  Ins  time  day  and  night  and  at  all  seasons  of  the  year  to  the  service 

f.  llvVccnn-5',  0f  latC  rare  1,C  l,M  but  »PP“™d  in  Court;  being 
nractice  A  c,°,nsultatlons  aad  b'  ‘he  general  supervision  of  a  large 
•ind  otdehtS°Ur  Wyer’'Vith  “cellent  prompt  to  decide 

and  quick  to  act,  he  possesses  rare  qualifications  which  make  him  at 
once  a  trusted  legal  adviser  and  a  valuable  business  associate 

Mr-  Eat°a  ,s  a  member  of  the  Bar  Association  and  the  Law  Insti- 
r,  and  ,belo”gs  to  tile  Union,  University,  Lawyers’,  Players’  and 

dubTin  ti  S’  f°  the  ne"’ly  0rganii!ed  Metropolitan  Club,  and  to  several 
clubs  other  places,  including  the  Raleigh  Club  of  London. 

.  . .  WM.  13.  riOKNIU.OWEli, 

October  20,  I89l. 

Re speq-fcfully  fo warded  to  Mr.  Edison  for  his  files. 


Private  Secretary. 

Hornblower,  Byrne  STaylor, 

October  14th,1891. 

S.B.Eaton,  Esq., 

44  Broad  St., New  Yoik  City. 

■  Dear  Sir:- 

We  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  le  tter  of  the 
14th,enc losing  check  on  the  German  National  Bank  of  New  York, to 
,?our  order  for  $150,  in  payment  of  our  bill  of  services  rendered 
-"'to  Ml*-Edison.  We  send  you  herewith  receipt  for  sans, and  thank 
you  for  your  trouble  in  the  matter. 

Very  truly  yours 

TA£-  >:-)<  , !, 


\  1  ' 

cx  — ^k..oLA_e_ 

ce--^'-'^^^  •=-  c S^Ls.  C Ja  ^ 

A  *  x^'  "■  •'  ■ '^  ^'e  Ka  * — •  '  j-'  ■*  -•• 

0,0  ah  @~et~L->  ; 

tfU*.  y..^..  TTr  -tr  7^. 

i0rtvt<:«"<S  5^-^e-e- 



‘^j  cs  o  j-y^x^~  l 
*-  tAA 



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tfcfK Jt-'d*  Al^(f^r  '^3 

yv^c-^^Aj^LyKAy\  '^^L'~ 

henry  j.  swan, 


TCLCPHONC  ,200.  AlS'aL 


Denver,  Cotx)..-fe^gfe^//->:^<  S#.  /<\«g/  ,  ! 

c*' "A 7'Y—-Y<j  r> 

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t/yctS Of-  jfast'Vr.-t'/t—  ti^t.,.  /  Crt,r'/'  s-t‘-yr  £ 

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r  r"~'/7  ^s"  — — 

18  f /  New  Y°rk 

city,  November  20,  I89T. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

The  bottom  part  of  the  second  page  of  this  letter 

will  amuse  pou. 

The  writer  was  a  class-mate  of  mine  at  Yale,  He 
is  now  a  Doctor  of  Divinity  and  a  Professor  in  the  Andover  Seminary 
He  is  begging  money  for  the  Andover  Phillips  Academy. 

He  wrote  me  for  a  donation,  and  askod  me  to  try  to 
yet  one  from  you.  I  replied  that  as  for  myself,  I  was  already 
giving  away  too  much  for  my  means,  and  that  as  for  you,  What  one 
of  my  duties  was  to  keep  beggars  away  from  you,  for  you  were  over  - 
run  with  them.  Tnis  is  his  return  letter. 

Kindly  return  after  reading. 

Very  truly  yours, 

6f  C”° '  l:  VEX) 


^  jp~ 



"Jit,  }vij/&jl/  _  /h,  fttvtvrtls  Gr?wsww£?fi tun,  jf 
yo-e?  &  ~ 

J&UyCO  <lM&/  <lCt-  ^t-CAS^- 

Q-AOLM/&4  Ct/t-O  Wo  ^ 



November  19th,  1891, 

Major  S,  B,  Eaton, 

Edison  Building, 

Eraod  Street,  New  York  City. 

My  Dear  Major  Eaton:  — 

I  have  your  letter  of  the  19th  instant 
advising  me  that  you  have  settled  your  bill  against  the  Edison 
United  Phonograph  Company.  I  am  very  glad  indeed  to  learn 
that  this  matter  has  been  cleared  up.  I  think  that  in  malting  this 
sacrifice,  you  conserved  your  own  and  Mr.  Edison’s  best  interests. 


l  EATO  N  a 

Dear  Mr.  Inoull: 

The  total  bill  of  Eaton  &  Low 1b  for 
ing  tlio  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company  was 
Professional  Services 
Cash  Disbursements ,  about 

organizing  and  launch- 
as  follows: 

•  •  §G,  000 




■mu  -  *■  *  .  Ji»u*P*Co*  v ill  not  pay  but  a  portion  of  those  b ilia 

•wo0^V?n^ia  0ne7lialf  tho  disbursements  ;  the  other  §400  r/o 
propose  to  charge  in  equal  ^ares  to  Mr.  Edison  and  E.P.V/Orks. 

other  As  on  account'  of  services.  The 

-?£' Lp^'cSsS  fi°  in  equal  oha1*8  t°  Mr.  Edison  and 

V nr'n  Hi®  “ount  0lf ^eable  to  E.P.viorko  as  above,  would  be' 
•Thev' 1  Otmpgny  l»a  never  yet  paid  us  a  penny  for  sorvicos. 

°  bil1- 

j  1  or.  Th0  clmfs°  t0  Mr>  Edison  pursuant  to  the  above  will  also 

II  bo  v1,9j0 .  But  it  is  covered  by  Mr.  Edison’ s  Salary  Contract  with 
If  m0‘  Consequently,  wo  have  no  claim  against  hin”  ■Wllh 

ThiS  upshot  of  the  abo've  matter  is'  that  the  E.U.P.Co  rim-*, 
about  one-half  of  our  bill;  we  shall  charge  one -qSr ter  of  Sc 
'  M^mSon^  «*•  Ot  tor  one  -quarter  is  covered*  by 

*iir  *  v/ii5oa  out  in  «** 

•  rcthri  T  ®f  ,00TB?  1  f®  tti6QPP°intpd  in  the  way  the  E.U.P.Co.  lias 

•  °kd  •fm08t  incessantly  for  months,  and  by  forcing  " 
vahrshiJ-  *??***>*  0n  the  1»000  ^c^inos,  rendered  the  E.U.P.Co. 

JS  t0  f°minS  «*  the  CoJ^ 

■nSaJw.1  »?.  ?y  rea80n  ’i® ins  eo  being  that  it  is 

against  wi .  Edison  s  interests  for  me- to  have  any  altercation  with 
any  of  his  companies.  Hence  I  submit  to  what  >  SjSTt  /  " 



'  life  is  like  corned  beef- 
loan.  Tliis  is  the  slice  of  lean.  ' 

i  slice  of  fat  and  a  slice  of 

/;t  cC/-OT 


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23rd,  SrfbjL 


sin  the  city  Monday  next, Novembe] 

.1  bM 

^  I  ^ 

Thos.A.Edison.Esq. , 

Orange,  Hi  J. 

Dear  Mr . Edison: - 

Will  yua  uc  in  Mio  cii;  jviunaay  nex^jiHoveiiiDer 
30th?If  so, or  if  you  can  make  it  convenient  to  be  here, I 
want  to  ask  a  favor.  You  are  a  highly  esteemed  member  of 
the  Press  Club  of  Nev;  York, and  we  should  like  very  much 
to  have  you  present  at  the  election  that  day, and  I  should 
personally  esteem  it  quite  an  honor  to  have  you  vote  the 
enclosed  ticket.  There  is  quite  a  warm  fight  of  course 
as  there  always  is, and  I  dont  know  whether  I  will  be 
elected  as  Eirst-Vice-Fresident  or  not  -  in  fact, do  not 
care  very  much, but, it  would  be  a  source  of. much  gratifi¬ 
cation  to  me  to  have  you  come  around  dnd  cast  yow  lots. 

The  polls  are  open  from/®  A.M.  to  7  P.M.  and 
in  m«U  in  and  8rend.  t£e  afternoon  and  evening 

ditto'  Jihrk,it*W*uld  eiv® “t^ch  Pleasure  to  have  -ou’ 
dine,  with  me  at.^the  Hotel  Imperial  .that  evening. 

#;mo  .  ,  I,kti ow  ^ou  are  very  busy, of  course, but  two  or 
three  hours  away  from  your  fascinating  laboratory  arh 
rubbing  up  against  a  lot of  newspaper  boys, would  not  do 
you+ «ny  harm  -  in  fact, think  it  will  be  a’ benefit  to 
°n  vu°h  «  » «»■*- 
Very  sincerely  yoir.s 

(Enclosure)  (V 

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■  V 

.^r .:., 

•— -  •  ....;  . 

1891.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Articles  (D-91-04) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  requesting  Edison  to  write  articles; 
correspondence  relating  to  articles  about  Edison  or  his  inventions;  and  letters 
from  journalists  seeking  to  interview  Edison. 

Approximately  70  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  requests 
from  journalists  with  no  reply;  routine  correspondence  relating  to  interview 
arrangements;  letters  of  transmittal  and  acknowledgement;  duplicate  copies  of 
selected  items. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-91-43  (Phonograph  -  General). 

Th&mas  A.  Edison  Esq. 

'Enclosed  please  find  a  copy  of  the 
Christmas  number  gf  the  ‘•Examiner”  containing  the  predictions  of 
celebrated  men  for  the  y^ar  1891. 

1  beg  you  wiivaccept  my  thanks  for  your  courteous  response 
to  the  importunities  of  pur  correspondent. 

Yours  Sincerely, 

Heni'E  •  Romeifee’s  .  Press .  puttings. 

no  eieTh  avenge,  new  yqrk. 


)  I 

London,  Paris,  Berlin. 

Washington,  D.  C. 

bo.  O.  - 


Electrical  Engineer. 

A  Weekly  Review  of  Theoretical  ami  Applied  Electricity. 

New  York,  150  Broadway,. 


~s£T  tdX.  exLjf  ~zz£i^ 

/  O 

£**><.  >r~ 

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Electrical  Engineer. 

J  [INCORPORATED.]  j  .  ^ 

A  Weekly  Review  of  Theoretical  and  Applied  EUctri'city. 

.ZB.ngg  ( 

\  New  York,  150  Broadway,-..^ 


<^-tsz-e_  Xul 
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if8»mry  ...ssthj,  j89 

Thomas  A.  ftiism,  Bsq.g 

Oraagef,  N.  J. 

Deai?  sir: 

I  am  making-  a  collection  of  portraits  and  brief  bio¬ 
graphies  of  men  prominently  connected  with  the  mining  and  met¬ 
allurgical  industries  and  would  be  greatly  obliged  if  you  would 
sand  me  a  portrait  of  yourself  (cabinet  size-  if  you  have  it)  putt¬ 
ing  your  autograph  below  your  portrait,  and  if  you  will  also 
give  me  with  it  a  brief  biographical  sketch which  you  can 
state  the  chief  enterprises  you  have 'been  connected  with  or  in¬ 
terested  in. 

It  is  proper  that  there  should  be  some  collection  of 
those  who  in  ona  way  and  another  have  contributed  to  the  devel¬ 
opment  of  our  great  mineral  industries  and 'I  an  endeavoring  to 
make  this  collection  in  such  a  manner  that  it  will  hereafter  be 
of  value. 

Hoping  you  will  kindly  favor  me  with  your  portraitand 
biographical  sketch,  I  remain. 

New  York, Feb.  14th,  1891. 

Mr  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  sir,- 

1  have  the  eng/aving  forwarded  by  your  Secretaiy 
and  have  to  thank  you  for  complying  with  my  request.  The  engraving 
has  been  forwarded  to  the  maga/ine  and  a  cut  will  be  made  from  it  to 
appear  in  the  April  number,  as  stated  in  my  communication  of  a  few 
days  ago. 

Yours  respectfully, 

jgf  Jr/ 


Dear  Sir: 

Have  you  seen  the  February  number  of  the  Street 
Railway  Review?  We  inclose  herewith  a  table  of  con¬ 
tents,  which  will  suggest  the  range  of  topics  discussed. 

We  believe  you  would  find  it  profitable  to  place  a  copy 
each  month  in  the  hands  of  your  various  foremen,  and  that 
the  investment  would  be  a  most  satisfactory  one. 

We  will  join  you  in  this,  and  on  receipt  of  Five  Dollars 
will  mail  six  copies  one  year,  to  such  officers,  directors,  or 
employees,  of  your  company  as  you  may  name. 


If  you  have  not  seen  a  copy  send  for  sample  which  will 
be  mailed  free. 


334  Dearborn  St.,  Chicago. 



Editorial  Notes . 

National  Electric  Light  Association . 

Stop  at  Street  Intersections  Only . 

The  No  Seat-No  Faro  Fnlncy . 

The  Street  Railway  a  Progressive  Institution . 

A  California  Calamity . 

A  Now  Cincinnati  Line . 

Tho  Fcstivo  Nowshoy . 

Out  of  Town . 

Tho  Only  Electric  Lino  in  Ireland . 

Tho  Schuylkill  Electric  Railway . 

Machined  Whools  for  Street  Railway  Sorvico . 

Tho  Ulna  Register . . 

Aluminum  Trolley  Wheel . 

Oenett  Air  Drako  for  Cable  and  Electric  Cars . . 

Street  Railway  Law . . . . 

Uygonie  and  Veterinary . . . 

A  Woll  Known  Mnnngor . . 

Tho  Other  Sldo . . 

Tito  Tramway  Rail  ro.’s  System . 

Tho  Open  Carotte . 

An  Object  Lesson . 

A  Now  Clutch  Pulley . 

Now  Trolley  Wire  Clamp . 

A  Shoo  and  Stocking  Street  Car . 

World’s  Fair  Eloctrlclan-J.  P.  Uarrott. 

Cicero  and  Proviso  Electric  Co . 

Echoes  From  tho  Trndo . 

P.  T.  Bnrnura  on  tho  Electric  System... 

Poraonals . 

Highly  nonored . 

Johnson-Hathaway . 

Boston  Letter. . 

Street  Car  Patonts . 

Caught  on  tho  Hush  Trip . 

Turned  Up  by  The  Sweeper . 

Directory  of  Street  Railways . 

Electric  Railways  of  North  Amcrlcn  ... 



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The  Daily  Continent 



TA-  £r  - 

/fe1  cl  , 

The:  Phonogram, 

tfhe  Official  Organ  of  the  Phonograph  Companies  of  the  ifnited  states. 


!  *'  Room  87,  Pulitzer  Building, 

V.  H.  MCRAE, 

Mr.  A.  0.  Tate, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N,  J. 

My  Dear  sir:  - 

I  take  pleasure  in  forwarding  you  by  this  mail,  six  co¬ 
pies  of. the  Phonogram,  five  of  which  are  for  Mr.  Edison  and  one  for 

I  have  read  with  much  interest  the  different  accounts  of  Mr. 
Edison’s  latest  invention,  The  Kinetograph,  and  write  to  ask  if  you 
cannot  obtain  for  the  Phonogram  cuts  illustrative  of  this  new  Electri¬ 
cal  wonder. 

I  am  especially  anxious  to  publish  somewhat  in  advance  of 
other  journals,  all  matters  connected  with  Mr.  Edison’s  interests,  be¬ 
cause  the  magazine  is  so  closely  identified  with  him,  and  I  feel  so 
gratefully  appreciative  of  his  many  acts  of  kindness. 

Trusting  the  Phonogram  will  reaoh  you  safely,  &&  remain, 
*5  G  Very  truly  yours, 



Electrical  Engineer. 

A  Weekly  Review  of  Theoretical  and  Applied  Electricity. 
Edited  by  T.  Commerforp  Martin  Joseph  Wetzler. 

New  York,  150  Broadway, . June.  19,  1891.. 

Mr,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park, 

2  Q/9/ 

Dear  Sir: 

At  the  suggestion  of  Mr.  Margin  T take  the  liberty  of 
balling  your  attention  to  the  enclosed  clipping  from  The  Electrical 
Engineer  of  June  17th,  containing  an  article  by  myself. 

Very  truly  yours , 



PfirKt,-  ‘ftrjy.d?'  r.  j 

GEORGE  M.  PHELPS,  President. 

1 :  JileohjeapEngl  n  a  or. '  • 

tfea  Electrical  Engineer.  ^ 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park, 


A  Weekly  Review  of  Theoretical  and  Applied  Electricity. 

Edited  by  T.  Commerford  Martin  «m  Joseph  Wetzler. 

New  York,  150  Broadway, . June . 24, . 1891.-, : i8ij 


I  have  pleasure  in  handing  you  herewith. a  letter  this 
d4y  received  from  Mr,  Prank  Harrison,  together  with  an  extra  press 
copy  of  my  reply  to. same* 

Kindly  return  this  letter  for  our  files.  I  have  no  objection 
to  your  making  copy  of  it  if  you  so  desire. 

Very  truly  yours, 


Mr„  Frank 


j  Dear  Sire  j 

i  <  i  ■  I  I  have  yours  o i  the  M&6  and  ro;<irihs.  Vo 

(pioxfc  fro/n  my  article  An  fha  EloairAnal  Engineer* 


\;e  rjispa 

Wf  ;pfyonp$rnphs  have  been  placed  on  trial  in  some  business 
°?^-<?eV  j)n$  j^^urned  with  the  verdict  ^Failure^  The  verdict.  -was, 
no  ^Vpt\a  j^st  «po  but  it  was  not  failure  ,<?:f  the  machines  it,  was 
fai,lnt\gf  \^s  mao.,, 

■•^\Y*y*';s»rfc  is  a  strange  coincidence  that  only  this 

I  »rticie-^0ttt  t*oc  collapse  and  failure  of  .the  phono- 

wjv  what  yv,  Mc&nt  v.o  rau  fv:.  „u.„e;.  and  ' 

.lav.  l'i.’e  hi  thy  v ,  ->*  o  y  r  o  p  u  C  ,o  ?  m  :n-, . ,  .  ......  '  . .  . 

artioje  from;  .reflect!^  upon  trie  mnsspera 

CojnpsWe  vhf.cji,  aft  we  ell  ia-ior;,iVli?  bfen 

KovcpveVn  whot|you  /per:fomnt.(  ^ 

a  differenim?Uer„  !•»'  i?  highly  ,  ’  .,• 

*  ifioossful  hero  and  used  ox™ 

nctly  state  in  my  arbioloo  lha  'Sdis  '>,  ,,  ,  „  *• 

I  -v  oonewu  Company  uses  30 

or  mpya  pachint  anc.  the  use  of  tht  phonoArhs  - 

,  re  “n  is  spreading  west-" 

•  i,  oi  Vhe 

IVi"  fi'«n  S!.ier;e«!.nVtlo 
'■He  waohuio  ?.«38.U*((  that 




;;V'V  *?*? 

/  artioie  )»»••****  tt 

COWWffB  wh^cp 
K'PffSVeVp,  v.'ber./C'U 

.  X  Vvu"*  u  )>  5 2't  Wi *  *‘y. '  oai  S’  n  (,  *& f  o 
yhs  #f\)  Gr  fc iTa^ .;,  sif  vn  ’•?  )*&  ohi  no  ■  •; « ci  X  }'  <>  that 
a  ,n;feK«vim?ttsr,  tl  is  Uglily  *vms*i'ttA  Hero  and  used  ex¬ 
actly  state  in  W  article.  »w  Riiir,  A  oouernl  Company  ixees  30 
or  may*  >,acbiW  «*•  the  an*  of  evading 

W  liwotU^  o^..  >- ..(.••■ 

aaenine/’  v^/S8a° 

/:'s  t0.«r»  eflison.  ariCs  his  method,  $&•  ^ 

i.4/«'  •  raMlU  *  •v,f  ;■»•■;  !(v 

aa^osH'i  and'  the  rf  ore  ray  high  esteem  :(oj*  that  ger.tlwav,  *<U  tin-, 
snjfciir  shy  .serious  seisqtie  distaybaneeo 

I  /l!8U8V«  it  i»<  the  autlooS  '•  »*'  J  v'l'‘:r  •  ^  '  aI  " 

under  adequate  manayenent  of  mmn«yf,  •■•'■  >-'•■'  •••'•  * 

X  «ni  forwarding  Mr*  Mis  on  your  sorswu. ’..a’..’..*.-.-.  ‘ 

it  vm  fitere-.r  him*- 


Electrionflnsjnecr.  ■ 

Electrical  Engineer. 


A  Weekly  Review  of  Theoretical  and  Applied  Electricity. 

New  York,  150  Broadway, . July.  .1,  1891, 

A.  0.  Tate,  C  ^  <Z  <- 

Llewellyn  Park,  ^ 

Orange,  N.  J, 

Dear  Sir: 


I  enclose  herewith  two  letters  received  this  morning 
from  Prank  Harrison  which  are  truly  remarkable  comnunications  and 
might  be  said  to  be  positively  unique*  I  regret  now  having  wasted 
*o  much  powder  on  the  man-he  crazy.  X  also  enclose  here- 
press  copy  of  my  reply  to  hi.  voluminous  correspond^ 

Very  truly  yours, 

P«  S.  You  may  keep  his  letters  if  you  wish. 

with  an  extra 

Treasurer  arid 

Business  Manager. 


Frank  Harrison, 




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Prank  Harrison*, 


Dear  Sir? 

I  am  ur 
anfl  the  very 
position  ancl  Views 


1,  1891, 


ider'  obligations  to  you  for  your  letters  of  the 
Clear  end  explicit  way  ;n  which  yov. state  your 
i  therein. 

Very  truly  yours,, 




— . ^ . . 

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/  -Z^y,  X~-^  ~ 

Electrical  Engineer. 

A  IFeehly  Review  of  Theoretical  and  Applied  Electricity. 
Edited  by  T.  Commerford  Martin  «»„  Joseph  Wetzler. 

New  York,  150  Broadway, . Auglist. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Iileirllyn  Park,  Orange  ,  N.  J, 

Dear  Sir! 

I  enclose  herewith  another  rambling  IrttS^fran  Mr. 
Prank  Harrison  toother  with  an  extra  press  copy  of  my  reply 
thereto.  j 

I  shall  pay  no  more'  attention  to  this  remark  stole  corres¬ 
pondent  to  whom  the  words  ■  journalism"  and  "cupidity ’seem  to  be 




Mr.  Frank  R.  Colvin, 


Melrose,  Mass.  August  15th. lgffi. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  written  Mr. Thomas  R.  Lombard  to  day 
that  if  the  Phonograph  people  would  buy  a  sufficient  num¬ 
ber  of  the  October  number  of  my, Magazine, at  Five  Dollars 
per  100  I  would  publish  your  article  in  it.  That  is  the 
best  article  that  has  been  written  on  the  Phonograph  since 
Mr. Edison  improved  it.  The  October  number, being  the  first 
one  published  from  Boston,  wijJl  be  a  SPECIAL  NUMBER  of 
about  30.000  eopiesjit  will. contain  SPECIAL 
printed  on  better  paper, better  ink, and  -in  every  way  im¬ 

Since  our  correspondence  of  a  few  weeks  ago, I  have 
critically  examined  the  P.and  find  that  as  you  state ,dt  is 
an  . improved  machine.  : I  see  where  it  could  be  extensively 
used -in  a  commercial, way, -as  an  assistant  to  stenograph¬ 
ers.  I  believe  I  could  use  it. 

My  magazine  is  now  published  with  regularity, ten 
days  ahead  of  date. THE  CIRCULATION  IS  VERY  LARGE  and  far 
reaching, and  is  growing  very  rapridly. 

Yours ^very  truly, 

J'Q'&uJk  tpffrrrvoevi, 

tyU  a** . 

I  would  like  . to  see  your  publication  regularly, and  :if 

agreeable  will  Ex. with  you. 


*  il/ 

I  V 

Mr,  Prank  Harr  ts  on, 

Melrose,  Masso  ' 

Dear  Sirs 

I  have  your  oosjuanioation  of  the  3.5th,  m 
viiat  to  make  of  .it,  The  article  I  wrote  for  The  Ei 
eer  sometime  a, .to  in  regard  to  the  phonograph  way  wr 
to  interest  our  readers,,  w.i  thou ary  thought  of  fc'ar 
Jndireo  tlj^  iVom  any  source,  A  copy  of  tins  art  te.1  <t 
in  the  same  manner  that  it  -me  sent  to  a  number  <>■•  * 
periodicals,  simply  as  a  clipping  which  mt.ent  by  c*i 
Electrical  Engineer  does  rot  print  rend a r 1 -• -< 
money,  advertising  or  promises  to  buy  a  K, 
of  the  pap**,  and  to  tall  you  the  truth  w«s  have  no 
paper  or  publisher  that  does. 

Your  latter  therefore  has  no  particular  in 
except  to  keep  on  file  aa  a  written  evidence  of  your 
Very  tru^y  yours 

:b  er 


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got  himself  thought  find  spoken  of  tho 
world  over  ns  tlio  grentost  of  inventors, 
/  01111  few  persons  have  thought  to  think 
upon-whnt  thin  so-toworing  reputation 
'  is  hosed  What  in' reality  has  this  in¬ 
ventor  invented  otlior  than  tl.nt  wonder¬ 
ful  toy— the  Phonograph  ?  ■ 

thore  'w 

illiterate  in 

it  one  response  from 
anonymous  writer,  whose 
reply  was  no  reply  indeed,  but  a  sort  of 
hodge-podge  of  vague  generalities  ns  to 
Mr.  Ellison’s  greatness  and  the  glory  it 
roilects  upon  the  country  at  largo.  Wo 
again  ask,  “  What  lias  Mr.  Edison  in- 
vented  besides  the  remunerative  Phono-.  I 
graph?  By  What  processes  I, as  lie  a  1 
tamed  to  such  greatness— who  is  li 
press  ngent?” 

Why  lias  Mr.  Edison  sold  his  entire  in 
lerest  m  the  phonograph?  The  "Wizard1 

.  _  t  inventors,  on  lJl0 
“ground  lloor"  of  all  his  successful  in¬ 
ventions.  Ho  sold  the  patents  of  the 
phonograph  for  a 'fortune;  yet  he  was  a 

r£,T\tor,ir  th°  p|,0,i°s”iph 

The  Phonograph  stocklioldora  mo  ad- 

i  eiral,  ,r°XI  n''?° tllolr  8loclt  for  that  of 

What  are  tho  stooklioldors  in  the  ninny 
dlWdS?11  C°nlpanics  <loi"S witl1  their 

We  know  what  E<lison  is  doing  with 
his  million  dollnrsof  cnsli  received  for  all 
ofliisrights,  titleand  intorestin tho  Phon¬ 
ograph.  Ho  lives  one  mile  and  a  half 
the  etlltor’s  humble  abode  in  regal 


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nrf  ,  '  1 

tsh  itU,  to-TLO  a  AJa 


Thomas  A. Edison, Esq. , 


Ogden,  N. J.  AUG  2  7  3091 

Dear  Mr. Edison:-  Ans  d - - - jg 

I  think  you  will  be  interested  in  the 
marked  matter  on  the  enclosed  Review, therefore  I 
forward  it  to  the  wilds  of  New  Jersey. 

Did  your  waste  basket  catch  that  inter¬ 
view  I  sent  out  two  or  three  weeks  ago? 

Very  sincerely  yours,  ■» 


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15'  Park.  Row, 

— Q-Si^ _ s  > _ A&/. !i. 

v  !  ^  c  l  1 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  1 

Llewellyn  Park,  N.  J.  f  \f~ 

My  Dear  Mr.  Edison:-  \^j  _  \ 

o  V.  ^  ® 

The  enclosed  clipping  from  the  “Evening  Post," 
of  this  date,  leads  me  to  the  conclusion  that  you 
have  accomplished  what  you  and  I  talked  about  two 
or  three  years  ago.  A  cut  of  your  plan  I  had  made 
then,  but  it  has  never  been  used.  May  not  the 
Electrical  Review  be  privileged  to  bring  the  matter  j 
out  fully  after  waiting  these  several  years  ? 

Without  boasting  permit  me  to  say  that  we  have 
on  our  staff,  in  Mr.  Robert  H.  Read,  the  best  elec¬ 
trical  writer  of  the  day,  and  if  you  can  spare  an  ■ 
hour  or  half  an  hour,  we  could  secure  data  for  a 
brilliant  presentation  of  your  latest  work,  and  we 
should  take  pleasure  in  illustrating  graphically  and  •! 
clearly, all  cuts  to  be  made  at  our  own  expense,  un-  ! 
less  you  should  desire  them  afterwards.  .  j 

Kindly  let  me  hear  from  you  and  very  much  j 

oblige,  j 

Yours  very  sincerely,  I 


(Enclosure)"  OCT  6-7 




OCT  2  8  1891 

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Be.r  Sir:- 

•A  Decennial  Number  of  the  Electrical  Review, 
celebrating  the  end  of  its  tenth  year  of  publicatibn, 
will  be  issued  February  20th, 1892,  r 

This  number  will  be  of  particular  historic  and 
prophetic  value,  and  we  desire  your  co-operation.  Will 
you  kindly  send^u^-ncij  later  than  January  5th,  earlier  if 
convenient,  your^pnoiograph  with  comments  relating  to 
electrical  work  for  publication  in  the  Review,  It  is 
our  desire  to  present  the  views  of  a  few  of  the  most 
eminent  men  in  this  field,  and  while  the  line  of  thought 
is  left  for  you  to  decide,  we  would  deem  it  a  favor  if 
you  would  give  the  Review  your  views  on  the  following: 

Future  of  the  Incandescent  lamp. 

Your  new  Street  Railway  System, 

Electrical  Treatment  of  Magnetic  Iron  ! 

Ore,  j 

Very  respectfully  yours, 


^  ^  UiilUL  OULL^U- 0-~Y_  f. 

f  .c^lVED 
,.  av#  eA 

mmsWiiua 7,  ?so. 

Mew  York  Pee.  26th.  91 

i  fir. -At  the  "or Id1 ; 

lanqust,  (ip.  Depew ,  in  the  course  -o  t..e^  tremendous  progress  tnat  has  been -made-  in  electrical  -4~t  t..«  d-./s  of  ihc  ecnbennial  I'-xalbition.  He  mentioned  the  fact  that  at 
■let  tins*,  tue  only  evidence  of  *  practical  knowledge  of  the  use  of  electricity  was  th* 
ires  overhead, whereas,  in  93  at  the  Chicago  Fair,  there  will  be  a  building  twice ias 
l*  aS  thS  3°0per  Infetitats*  devoted  to  electrical  apparatus  exclusively , and  nearly  ai: 
is  work  of  one  man,  meaning  yourself. 

The  Editor  ^f  the  Mew  York  World  has  asked  me  to  make  Mr.  Depwe's  re- 
.ark  the  text  of  answer  1.1  n!».  t.o  bo  toi hHshed  in  the  World  of  Sunday.  I  write  at  his 
'quest,  to  ask  you-if  you  can  snare  the  time  for  the  purpose,-  to  send  me 'a  line  makin, 
appointment  for. me  to  call  on  you. 

I  have  had  the  pleasyre  of  meeting  you,  occasionally  at  the  »e  11  owe  raft  Club 
d  elsewhere,  at  dinner.  I  should  take  great  interest  in  preparing  such  an  artic{e  as. 
it  which  The  World  proposrs. 

Yours  very  truly, 

- . 

1  ^  ^Cc 
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<J/-*-'(  AV*vk-'  fl*-c^ltX^'d 
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^  S^f 

Thomas  Maguire,  Esq., 


Ofa.  ^  ^895  December  31st,  1891. 

Edison  laboratory,  Orange,  N.  J.  /' 

Dear  Sir:-- 

I  beg  1  /ou  herewith,  letter  from  Chas. 

W.  Price,  of  the  Eleotrioal  under  date  December  30th, 

requesting  one  of  Mr.  Edisoi  nt  photographs.  Please  give 

3  matter  your  attentii 

Yours  truly , 

Enc.  F.  29. 

Private  Secretary. 


Very  glad  to  receive  your  letter.  I  heard 
from  your  other  signature  that  Mr.  Edison  would  con¬ 
sider  the  matter  next  week .  I  think  if  you  will- let 
him  know  that  it  is  on  occasion  in  whiSh;he  should  .  - 
certainly  be  represented,  the  end  t)t  t«(n.  years' elec¬ 
trical  progress,  that  he  will  do  sobbing  to  aid  -the 
Rflviflw  in  making  the  story  complete  and  synmetri cal. _ 
I  leave  Jan.  6  to  be  abBent  two  or  three  weeks  and- 
would  like  to  know  about  the  matter  before  that  time. 
It  will  not  be  necessary,  however,  for  the  article 
to  be  written  until  the  latter  part  of  January,  if 
that  will  be  any  convenience.  We  should  have  it  in 
■the  office,  however,  not  later  than  Feb.  1st.  -We- 
would  like,  at  the  first  moment  possible ,  one  of  Mr, 
Edison's  recent  photographs. 

Thanking,  you  for  your  kind  interest,  I  remain. 
Very  sincerely  yours. 

1891.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Employment  (D-91-11) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  from  or  about  employees  and 
former  or  prospective  employees.  Included  are  Edison’s  handwritten  notes 
regarding  various  employees,  requests  by  former  employees  for  letters  of 
recommendation,  and  letters  about  other  personnel  matters. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  requests  for 
employment  at  the  West  Orange  laboratory  or  company  shops;  routine  letters 
of  recommendations  on  behalf  of  prospective  employees;  interoffice  notes 
relating  to  salaries  and  disposition  of  checks;  correspondence  regarding  the 
estate  of  Frank  McGowan,  a  former  Edison  employee;  duplicate  copies  of 
selected  documents. 

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1891.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Family  (D-91-12) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  by  and  about 
Edison’s  family.  Some  of  the  documents  concern  the  monthly  stipend  paid  by 
Edison  to  Margaret  Stilwell,  his  former  mother-in-law.  Other  items  pertain 
to  the  mental  and  physical  health  of  Edison’s  aged  father,  Samuel.  Included 
also  are  a  few  letters  by  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Jr.,  written  from  boarding  school, 
and  requests  from  various  relatives  for  money  or  personal  favors. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed  except  for  duplicate  copies  of 
selected  material. 

jfw  AS'  //?/ 



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- 1 


Real  Estate,  Insurance, 


M,  JL<£ss'f/ 

"("  rl  & 


■(/('■'S’Xy _ July  7  f  1891 

A.  0,  Tate,  Esq,, 

X  Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir:  / 

Your  favor  of  the  30th.  ult  „  enclosing  letter  received 
by  Mr.  Edison  from  Mr.  James  H.  White  L  Port  Huron,  Michigan,  in 
regard  to  the  forclosure  of  a  mortga^4  is  duly  received. 

I  will  give  this  matter  my  Attention  at  once  and  report 
to  Mr,  Edison  later,  j 


Real  Estate,  Insurance, 




°L~j  gC/. 

44-  BUi 

'kd£V'Mc>r/&_ July  24thT  1.SQ1 

m,jto  ,  .  A?e  Sl^ington  Mortgage  held  by  your  Father.'  Mr' 

7®  *  i.  oal“iot  s&y>  as  I  don’t  know  whether  the  maker  of  the  ««*« 
18  sood*  Your  ^ther  ought  to  know  about  that. 

...» ..,.'!'.s-:sir:.s’f»s's,r — «■  — 

M  oblige^1""  'lve  °*  Instructions  a„m 

—  TC  S«k^  r.-n*  ^  [.mut^  Rn, 

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The  Builders’  Elevator  Co. 

SEP  19  1891  a 

Ans’tf—'C\:>.//  J2  3" 


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SiTOpJpmi  #vclf^sfra  of  Unwk, 

Walter  Damrosch,  Conductor.  D 

Mr.  Tlios.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

C4 v/gfaj  sept.-  24th,  1891 


Dear  Sirs  -  ' 

SEP  25  3891 

A  ns'dj££/z- 


The  management  of  the  Symphony  Orchestra  of  New  York  has 
in  contemplation  a  series  of  four  Subscription  Symphony  concerts  at 
Music  Hall,  Orange,  during  the  coming  winter. 

These  concerts  will  be  given,  provided  a  sufficient 
number  of  advance  subscriptions  is  received  from  the  music  lovers  of 
Orange  and  vicinity  .  Believing  that  you  are  interested  in  musical 
events  of  this  character ,  X  tahe  the  liberty  of  requesting  your  sub¬ 
scription  and  the  names  of  your  friends  in  Orange  who  would  be  lihely 
to  subscribe  to  the  concerts.  The  cost  of  a  subscription  tichet,  in¬ 
cluding  a  reserve  seat  to  each  ponoert,  will  be  $  6.00  Subscribers 
will  have  the  privilege  of  choice  of  seats  in  the  order  in  which  their 
subscriptions  are  received.  The  dates  have  not  yet  been  selected,  but 
it  is  probable  that  the  concerts  will  occur  in  the  months  of  December, 
January,  February,  and  March.1 

Trusting  that  I  will  be  honored  with  an  early  and  favor¬ 
able  reply,  X  remain. 

Very  truly  yours  , 

■  ’Th-vrn* 


Aao-cU^q  J&tiisO 

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Sept.  28,  1891. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Llewellen  Park, 

Orange,  II. J. 

Dear  Sir: 

With  your  permission,  we  will  be  very 
much  pleased  to  name  one  of  these'  flowers 
for.  Mrs.  Edison.  ■ 

In  the  box  of  flowers  sent,  vie  have 
marked  the  one  we  prpose  to  name  for 
Mrs.  Edison. 

I  send  you  by  express,  to-day, 
charges  prepaid,  a  box  of  Begonia  flowers, 
which  please  accept  with  my  compliments. 

Of  the  beauty  of  these  flowers,  you 
can  judge  by  the  samples  sent,  but  the  re¬ 
markable  thing  about  them  is  that  they  can 
be  grown  in  almost  any  position  in  the/- 
garden,  the  same  as  geraniums  or  colics, 
and  as  they  bloom  continuously  from  June 
until  frost  cuts  them  down  in  the  fall, 
their  effectiveness  for  decorative  gar¬ 
dening  purposes  can  not  be  exaggerated. 

These  beautiful  flowers  (and  they  are 
truly  remarkable),  are  the  result  of  the 
work  of  a  specialist,  Mr.  Thomas  Griffin, 
of  Westbury,  Long  Island,  who  has  devoted  . 
several  years  to  their  hybridization  and 
culture,  and  he  is  now  ready  to  introduce 
them  to  the  gardening  world.  He  has  a  sol¬ 
id  acre  of  them  growing  on  Long  Island, 
and  I  do  not  believe  the  country  nan  pro¬ 
duce  a  floral  display  to  equal  it. 

The  fLowers  sent  you  are  considerably 
smaller  than  they  have  been,  on  account  of 
the  long  continued  hot  and  dry  weather,  but 
under  favorable  conditions,  the  plants 
will  produce  flowers  that  will  average 
sx%  inches. 

Yours  respectfully, 

P.S.--4fyou  consent  that  we  shall 
use  her  name  in  this  connection,  I 
assure  you  that  it  will  not  be  used  for 
advertising  purposes,  or  in  any  way 
objectionable  to  you. 


O'  ^ 


Walter  Damrosch,  Conductor. 

Office,  music  hall, 

Oct  3rd,  1861 

Mr.  A.  D.  Tate',  Private  Sec.  , 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  %  ,T. 

Dear  Sir:- 

-£jr,GEI  V££) 

OCT  5  -  1891 

A  ns,’d-d^t±l^L.J8  f/ 

Allow  me  to  thank  you  for  your  kind  favor  of:  the  2nd 
Inst.  The  subscriptions  for  the  series  of  concerts  in  Orange  are 
coming  in  very  promisingly,  and  there  is  no  doubt  whatever  but  that  the 
requisite  number  of  advance  subscriptions  will  be  received;  therefore, 
will  you  kindly  ask  Mrs.  Edis'on  how  many  subscription  seats  she  would 
Tike,  and  in  what  part  of  the  Hall  ?  I  will  then  select  seats  as 
hear  those  designated  as  possible,  and  send  you  word  os  to  their  exact 
location  and  numbers. 

.Thinking  you  for  your  interest,  I  remain 

Yours  very  truly, 

«/?  »•>/  I  (u 

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1891.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Real  Estate  (D-91-13) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  purchase  and  sale 
of  land  and  buildings,  along  with  other  documents  pertaining  to  Edison’s  real 
estate  holdings.  Included  are  numerous  letters  about  Edison’s  mortgage  on 
the  Chandler  property  in  Newark,  N.  J.,  and  the  foreclosure  suit  brought 
against  that  property.  There  are  also  letters  concerning  the  taxes  due  on 
Edison  s  Silver  Lake  property  and  correspondence  regarding  old  deeds  to  land 
at  Menlo  Park.  Many  of  the  letters  are  by  Edison’s  attorney,  Sherburne  B. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  letters  from 
individuals  wanting  to  buy  or  sell  land  and  buildings. 


/Y't/r/fr:7''yiwjiuv.vr_  BUILDUP, 

✓J&5WL  Feb.  20.  1891. 

A.O  Tate,  Esq. 


Private  Secretary, 
's  Laboratory, 
Ofcange,  M .  j  . 

.  1  beSt  o  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  favor  of 

the  I7th  mat.,  enclosing  noticefrom  the  Clerk  of  the  Court  of 
Chancery,  Trenton,  Mew  Jersey,  and  Summons  regarding  foreclosure 
proceedings  brought  by  the  Mutual  Life  Insurance  Company  of  New 
York  against  John  P.  Chandler  e't  al,  in  regard  to  certain  property 
upon  which  Mr,  Edison  holds  a/mortgage  of  $1,000.  The  bond  and 
mortgage  of  Mary  S.  Chandlev  which  you  enclosed  were  duly  received. 

I  beg/to  state  that  this  matter 
my  immediate  attention.  / 

Very  truly  yours, 

/Zvyj*  vaefoaptvwmaxM  buiiding*  3 

/].  ylcw  3^^_Eeb.._.27_tli..jj.83a^f_ 


v  I  v\ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.  J., 

Dear  Sir:- 

Be  Mary  s.  Chandler  Mort6,6,  for  *1,000.  Referring 
«o  year  letter  ,h,  lnh.  ln.t„  .elation  mon. 

'■**  “  P"0,,0rty  in  "”*«•  l*  »«««  »«  one  los  ed  .  „f  r„.- 

olcor.  from  Rrederio*  0.  Bora,™,  aolloitor  for  Xh.  Mu,.!  u„ 
Inauranoe  0.op.„»  of  Re.  for!,  ..  have  had  Mj._ 

Burnhon,  and  flM  the  facta  to  a,  a.  folio..: . 

The  Mutual  J,lf.  Insurance  Oo,  hold  a  prior  mortg.g. 
for  #6,000., a,  6  per  .eat,  latere.,,  0.  ,he  property,  ^ 

.hie  addition,  via.;  priviieg..p 

Their  Mortgage  i.  dated  Keener  29, h„  1888,  -  .M  the  latere., 
thereon  is  Paid  to  June  29,  1890,  leaving  dsfml,  fop  ^ 

month.,  inter..,,  ending  ^  ^  ^ 

0O"Pa",  h“  *“»  foreoloaur,  suit  ss4„.t  Jolu, 

0.  Chandler  and  hi.  .if.,  „„  heir,  a,  i..,  „ 

case  may  be. 

Mr.  Burhham  has  given  us  to  understand  that,  if  you  wish, 
for  the  purpose  of  protecting  your  interests,  to  foreclose  your 
mortgage  and  take  possession  of  the  property  subject  to  The  Mutual 
Life  mortgage,  they  will  suspend  their  action,  and  give  you  an  op¬ 
portunity  so  to  do.  In  this  event,  we  understand  that,  by  paying 
up  the  interest  in  arrears  and  the  interest  as  it  falls  due,  you 
would  have  no  further  trouble  in  the  matter. 

In  such  event,  you  would  own  the  property,  and  as  a  lien 
on  the  property  The  Mutual  Life  mortgage  would  remain  indefinitely, 
subject  to  your  right  to  pay  it  off  at  will,  and  to  their  right 
to  demand  payment  at  will.  Of  coirae  you  would  have  t o  pay  the 
foreclosure  expenses,  say  $50  .'more  or  less. 

This  method  ofl  settlement  would  require  no  ready 
money  except  for  interest,  and  after  you  have  omce  obtained,  possess- 
ion  of  the  property  you  could  dispose  of  it  on  any  terms  that  you 
Pleased,  subject  to  The  Mutual  Lite  mortgage. 

Please  instruct  me  what  you  wish  done,  and  oblige, 

Very  truly  yours, 


/ 2 <2 idwar/u'e 


\  y£? 

diu£*^  _  _ _ _  _ 


^4*'  V-  y/^4V'  J}*"-  **-  ~a~  /- /f***'£~ 

/L'  $t  (&AS+Jt  ^  '  Y 

£*>  **  *{%L**S  J?D  4</_ 


A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secy, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  return  papers  r yarding  the  Chandler  property  in 


I  find  myself  unable  to  do  anything  in  the  mat, ter. 
If  ohe  property  is  worth  £21, 000.  I  do  not  see  how  Mfc.  Edison 
can  suffer  any  loss. 



M  r.  Edison,-  .f 

Referring  to  the  attached  from  Major  Eaton 
in  reCard  to  the  Chandler  property,  Mr.  DouClas  does  not  want  to 
GO  into  this.  Do  you  vri sh  any  reply  made  t.o.  Major  Eaton's  letter? 

/]  . . 




■Slsw  ?/or/7 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 

Orange,  N.  J, , 

Dear  Sir:- 

Re  Mary  S.  Chandler  Mortgage.  In  reply  to  your  fa¬ 
vor  of  the  2nd.  inst.  making  certain  enquiries  with  respect  to 
the  Chandler  house  in  Newark,  I  nave  procured  the  following 
inf ormation: - 

(1)  Mr.  White,  the  New  Jersey  appraiser,  for  the 
Mutual  Life  Insurance  Co.,  says  that  the  hous^isworth  $11,000. 

(2)  Mr.  Burnham,  the  attorney  ,.ffcr  the  Mutual  Life 
thinks  that  the  house  has  never  been  rented,  unless  it  is  now  rent¬ 
ed  to  a  man  who  appeared  to  have  an  interest  in  the  house  stt  the 
time  the  loan  was  made,  and  was  instrumental  in  procuring  the 
loan,  Mr.  White  said  that  this  man's  name  was  Wann;  but  Mr. 
Burnharn  said  it  was  Murray,  and  that  he  claimed  to  be  acquainted 
with  you, 

(3)  The  house  is  in  a  good  locality,  one  block  and  a 
half  from  Broad  Street,  in  the  heart  of  the  City.  Most  of  the 
occupants  of  the  houses  in  that  neighborhood,  own  them,  for 


wninh  reason  Mt.  Burnham  said  he  « ould  not  state,  the  .average  rent. 

As  a  result  of  this  morning's  oonversation,  I  ha/ e  two 
propositions  for  protecting  your  interests:- 

(1)  To  foreclose  your  mortgage  as  proposed  in  si  other 


(2)  To  allow  the  Mutual  life  to  proceed  with  their  fore¬ 
closure,  and  at  the  se le  for  you  to  buy  it  in  at  a  figure  that 
"HI  caver  their  $6,000.  mortgage,  your  mortgage  and  the  expenses 
of  the  sale,  a  total  of  about  $7,200.  If  anyone  bids  over  you, 
you  will  then  get  your  $1,000.  If  you  buy  in. the  property, 

then  Mr.  White  says  the,  Mutua^  life  Company  will  make  you  a  loan 
of  $6,000.,  on  same  teZZyji/ you  wish.  The  advantage  of  the 
latter  course,  is  that,  their  mortgage  covers  an  alleyway  in  the 
rear,  which  is  not  included  in  your  mortgage;  So  if  they  were!.- 
to  foreclose,  and  you  were  to  buy  at  the  sale,  you  would  acquire 
the  additional  right  which  you  would  not  acquire  fromf oreclos ing 
your  own  mortgage.  With  regard  to  the  expense,  either  of  fore¬ 
closing,  yourself,  or  buying  in  at  the  foreclosure  sale,  it  will 
be  about  the  same.  I  think  I  told  you  it  might  be  $50.  to  $60. 


On  further  convention  wiyh  Mr.  Burnham,  I  find  it  will  be  more. 

He  states  that  the  expense  in  the  Mutual  Lif  eforclosurev.will  be 
about*200.,net  more.  He  thinks  your  forclosure  would  be  the  same, 
3f  they  suspended  their  forclosure  now  to  oblige  you, they  would 
expect  you  to  pay  their  costs  to  date,  which  are  small. 

The  reason  why  the  Mutual  life  wishes  to  get  rid  of  this 
mortgage  is  because  the  mortgagor  does  not  pay  his  interest.  If  you 
took  the  property  you  might  have  the  same  trouble. 

Trusting  that  this  will  give  you  a  fair  understanding  of 
the  matter, 

Very  yruly  yours, 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 


44  building ) 

■ylhv'&vr/fy^  June  19.  1891 . 

In  looking  over  a  trunk  of  old  papers  left  in  my  custody 
when  the  Machine  Works  moved  from  Dey  Street,  I  find  two  papers, 
which  I  enclose  herewith.  One  of  these  papers  appears  to  be  a 
Sheriff's  Deed  to  Charles  Batchelor  of  certain  lands  in  Menlo  Park, 
and  the  other  paper  appears  to  be  a  proposed  Deed  to  you  by  Mr. 
Batchelor  and  wife  of  the  same  property. 

The  first  of  these,  namely  the  Sheriff's  deed  appears  to 
be  an  original  document,  but  does  not  seem  to  have  been  recorded. 
The  other  document,  namely  the  proposed  conveyance  by  Mr.  Batchelor 
and  wife  to  yourself, has  not  been  executed. 

If  I  can  serve  you  in  any  way  in  connection  with  these 
documents,  please  command  me. 

Very  “truly  yours, 

(0  ■  'ij  /.vr"^| 


,  44-  d 

‘  L'  ’ . r 

A. 0. Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary. 

Dear  Sir: 

^or:?:rst*rSH/°rnSv°°T!?"“  «  »•  ££■£*• 

rei erred  to  in  your  favor  of  the  23rd  inst. 

««■  **>»*  one  “LI  *i‘ha  **  f°-Se,000 

would  amount  perhaps  to  $140.  TTfus  11 ?re  exPori£es 

iSf5So:  sxxzr  °r  “"“~r ■irss.rLS4 

less,  Mr.  ?;dison^stsecSritvr’w^^nSS.n0  m°re  thBn  $0»500  «n°™  °r  . 
then  will  be  toosue  ^rs  handle  r  @  ,^lped  °^t*  Hls  onll'  redress 
for.e  .1,.  ,MemM  .eai„.t  IS  pLpSL!  '  “  "°r  “**  ““ 

«u  ..".fiLinrs  tZ$LmTt?Z,V»  *•«>.  «• 

vided  Mr.  Edison  appears  in  the  forea?  »  th  Edlson  mortgage,  pro- 
Mr.  Edisonwas  sefVed  in  the  fore^n!  Proceedings.  No  doubt 

was  or  not,  he  ought  to  appear  1  prooMil»«-'  Whether  me 

appear  for  him  in  thefe^nr Mr'  EdiSOn  should  direot  me  to 

p"  t.«.s  S  ;;«£:• f ■;  °;?.ri,r:riS”?'  r,r  ^  °f 

self  on  foreclosure  he  should  bld/or  the  property  it- 

regard.  But  my  impression  is  from  y^lon  ^£^0^ '  *’1  that 
care  to  bid.  your  setter  that  ho  does  not 

Hoping  the  above  will  be  satisfactory,  I  remain, 



-  J une_  26.,_ 18  91. 

Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq,, 

Orange,  New  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir:  / 


I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  24th,  inst..,  return¬ 
ing  the  Sheriff  *s  Deed  to  Charle/Batohelor  of  certain  lands  in 
Menlo  Park  and  also  the  proposed  deed  to  yourself  by  Mr.  Batchelor 
and  wife  of  the  same  property, 

I  have  taken  step/to  have  the  latter  deed  executed  by 
Mr.  Batchelor  and  his  wif^,  and  will  give  the  matter  attention  un¬ 
til  the  same  oan  be  completed. 

Very  truly  yours , 


77  7 

J-!  c^.friey 

J \  Lc\md-  O-V-'V-.,  ‘b-'^.it 

*'/  t_  C^kx.  "£*  r.  <£- 

/^—J/"~t^  -A  'it-  fi^js  i./^_, , 
a--/  //it^.f.  V. 

4 - -A.  CL o£_ 

UlJ/r-  ^^U  At:r,L  y 

/'tf> - L.^$,d_  A-S. - oZ  «_.  V^'  Ijt 

mt*o,  ^M., 

A ' A*— @oL 

a/e^U,  J-/ tyn - J-eJ~.oAh~~.oL... 

fl~h  a  }J  , 






4-4-  &'/Vf/.e^Z$Z(Ce6{zaxsati  BUILDING) 

~/l,eu/&cw&. -Aug-.- 29,-189-1-.- 

Dear  Mr.  iate: 

Your  letter  of  yesterday  is  at  hand  with  the  Deed  of 
Watchung  Avenue  to  the  Township  of  West  Orange. 

You  add  a  note  to  your  letter  saying  that  you  had 
instructed  the  Y/orks  to  make  me  a  copy  of  the  Mortgage. 

This  is  the  first  I  have  heard  of  any  mortgage  of 
this  sort.  Our  Mr.  Hobson  says  he  asked  you-  if  there  was  any 
mortgage  on  this  property  and  that  you  said  there  was  not  any. 

Auite  likely  the  mortgage  does  not  cover  this  highway.  When  I  get 
the  mortgage  from  the  Works,  I  shall  find  out  just  what  the  facts 

Very  truly  yours, 



*oJh.  v- 

Jr  /C->« 

13,  f&*jt 

<K-r  ol^Lb^C 

,  ( /*-«-  X  &  ) 

.yPety^/w/y  Sept .  1, 

>  nto-a  ,\aQ\  „.•■  ■. 

I  beg  to  enclose  herewith  the  fol- 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Llewellyn  Park ,  Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Menlo  Park  Lots 
lowing  papers: 

(a)  Deed  of  Andrew  J.  Disbrow,  Sheriff  of  Middlesex  Co. 
N.  J.,  to  .Olrarles  Batchelor,  dated  November  10,  .1884,  recorded 

in  the  County  of  Middlesex  in  Book  242  of  Deeds  on  page  464; 

(b)  Bargain  and  Sale  Deed  from  Charles  Batchelor  and 
his  Wife,  to  Thomas  A.  Edison,  dated  June  30,  1891,  and 


recorded  in  Middlesex  County  on  July  6th,  1891  in  Book  242  of  Deeds 
on  page  469. 

The  property  described  in  the  above  deed  are  lots  1  in 
Block  C,  and  1  to  20  inclusive  in  Block  L  and  8  to  15  inclusive  in 
Block  M  on  a  "Map  of  the  Menlo  Park  Homestead  Association  on  New 
Jersey  Railroad. 

You  will  remember  that  X  found  these  deeds  among  a 
lot  of  old  papers  of  yours  sent  to  me  from  Dey  Street.  I  have  had 

them  recorded  at  your  request . 

Very  truly  yours, 

— - 


'4-  &'/wer.a(;3$kee6(n 

.ylQs/.fyvT/{y  Oct .  10,  1891 . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Chandler  Mortgage  at  Newark  owned  by  you.  Re¬ 
ferring  to  Mr.  Tate's  favor  of  the  3rd  inst.,  I  have  to  say  that 
this  property  will  be  sold  under  the  foreclosure  proceedings  of  the 
Mutual  Life  Insurance  Company,  on  the  27th  inst.  at  2  P.  M.  at  the 
Newaric  Court  House.  We  are  looking  after  the  proceedings  so  as  to 
secure  what  wo  can  on  your  second  mortgage,  in  case  the  property 
brings  more  than  the  amount  of  the  first  mortgage. 


OCT  1  A  i$c)i 

/ms  'ct^kiL  /&M.  18  ^ 



~/kt ut>Qfc/ytey  Nov,  so,  1891 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N,  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

; El  Vi? 


tins’ d- 

Re  Chandler  Mortgage.  The  property  of  the  late  Mrs. 
Chandler  has  been  sold  under  mortgage  foreclosure  for  $7,500. 

The  claim  of  the  Mutual  Life  Insurance  Co.  is  $6,624.99 
and  the  Sheriff's  fees  are  $94.50,  a  total  of  $6,719.49.  This 
leaves  a  surplus  of  $780.51  for  which  we  wish  to  apply,  in  your 
interest.  Will  you  please  send  us  your  bond  and  mortgage  for  the 
purpose  of  making  such  application. 

fildUy  - 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

/d"  ’  S/*y  (  EDISON  BUILDING) 

^/^'(^y^„Deq ...  .2nd, ...1891 . 

_  i&ZVV  £r) 

Orange,  11.  J. 

Re  Chandler  Mortgage.  I  befe  to  acknowledge  the  receipt 
of  your  letter  of  the  1st  inst.,  enclosing  the  Mary  S.  Chandler 
bond  and  mortgage  for  One  thousand  do liars. 


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Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

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ISBN  0-89093-702-8. 


itfcoru  mp&hA 



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